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TOPOGRAPHICAL, STATISTICAL, AND OTHER INFORMATION, OF ALL
FROM THE MOST RECENT AND AUTHENTIC SOURCES.
BY THOMAS BALDWIN,
ASSISTED BY SEVERAL OTHER OEXTLENEN
CONTAINING MORE THAN TEN THOUSAND ADDITIONAL NAMES.
ACCOMPANIED BY A MAP,
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ASTOR, LENOX AND
Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1845, by
THOMAS BALDWIN, in the clerk's office of the District Court of the United States, in and for the
Eastern District of Pennsylvania.
ADVERTISEMENT TO THE THIRD EDITION.
ENCOURAGED by the extraordinary marks of favour with which the first and second editions of the UNIVERSAL PRONOUNCING GAZETTEER have been received, the authors have spåred no pains nor expense in order to render the present edition still more worthy of the public patronage. They have carefully revised the whole work, and made a number of corrections, which, though for the most part minute to appearance, they cannot but regard as important in a work of this kind; because, if the period allotted to education is too short, as all will admit, to learn what is really useful, surely no time or labour should be wasted in acquiring erroneous habits or ideas, which can only be corrected afterwards by an additional and perhaps far greater expenditure of time and labour.*
An Appendix has also been added, containing more than ten thoucand additional names, comprising all the small towns, rivers, &c., in the United States; the cities, villages, and counties of Texas, besides a great number of places in Mexico and California, to which our existing relations with those countries give at the present time great interest and importance.
It may be observed that we have rarely given in the Appendix the pronunciation of the names of places in the United States, partly because a large portion of them can readily be pronounced by any one who knows how to read, and the insertion of the pronunciation in these cases would often materially interfere with that condensation and brevity at which we have so studiously aimed ; and partly on account of the inherent difficulty of the subject, there being frequently no settled pronunciation of the names of places even among the inhabitants themselves. This is perhaps necessarily the case when the
* It may not be improper here to call the attention of our readers to the great advantage possessed by a stereotype work, from the facilities it affords for attaining absolute accuracy. All persons who have any acquaintance with the subject must be aware of the difficulty or rather impossibility of print. ing any work which shall at first be entirely free from typographical errors. This difficulty is greatly increased in a book like the present, in which many signs and figures are employed to mark the pronunciation. In a stereotype work the errors may be corrected in the plates as they are discovered, while those parts which are already correct remain undisturbed. In this way any conceivable degree of accuracy may be gradually attained.