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LIVES, MANNERS, AND ECONOMY,
ARRANGED ACCORDING TO THE SYSTEM OF LINX.EUS.
By The Rev. W. BINGLEY, A. B.
FELLOW OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY,
AND LATE OF ST. PETER'S COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE.
IN THREE VOLUMES.
BY J. ADLARD, NO. 39, DUKE-STREET, WEST SMITHFIELD ;
THE CAMEL TRIBE.*
THE Camels, like all the other genera of this order, are provided with four stomachs, in consequence of which they not only live solely on vegetable food, but ruminate or chew the cud. They swallow their food unmasticated. This is received into the first stomach, where it remains some time to macerate ; and afterwards, when the animal is at rest, by a peculiar action of the muscles, it is returned to the mouth in small quantities, chewed more fully, and then swallowed a second time for digestion.
There are seven species, two of which only are found on the old continent, the rest being confined to South America. In the lower-jaw are found six front teeth, which are somewhat thin and broad : the canine-teeth are at a little distance both from these and the grinders ; in the upper jaw there are three, and in the lower two. The upper lip is divided.
• The Linnzan order PECORA commences with this tribe. VOL. II.