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INDEX TO THE ECONOMIC JOURNAL

ORIGINAL ARTICLES :-

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REVIEWS:-

Adams, Prof. H. ('.., The Science of Finance, an Investigation of Public' Ex-

penditures and Public Revenugs. By Prof. C. F. Bastable '..." Hori 432
Agnelli, Arnaldo, Libero Scambio. By Prof. C. F. Bastable .. ......... 243
Ansiaux, Maurice, Travail de Nuit des Ourrières de l'Industrie dans les Pays
Etrangers. By A, H. Blomefield ... ...

... ...... 70
A postol, Pan), L'Artèle et la Co-opération en Russie, son histoire et son état

actuel. By E. Castelot ... ... ... ... ... .... ... 238

PAGE

551

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REVIEWS (continued)-
Arendt, Charles, Economie Politique Scientifique ; Définitions et Jethodes.

By E. Castelot ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 236
Ashley, Prof. W. J., Translated and Edited by, Reflections on the Formation

and Distribution of Riches, by Turgot. By Henry Higgs... ... ....
Bernstein, Eduard, Die Voraussetzungen des Sozialismus und die Aufgaben

der Sozialdemocratie. By J. Bonar ... ... ...
Brentano, Prof. Lujo, Gesammelte Aufsätze. By Ernest Schuster ... ... 248
Brough, William, Open Mints and Free Banking. By L. Darwin.....

70
Brown, Mary Willcox, The Development of Thrift. By Helen Bosanquet
Census, The Federal, Edited by a Special Committee. By A. L. Bowley ... 428
Chance, W., M.A., Our Treatment of the Poor. By Helen Bosanquet ... 563
Children's Labour Question, reprinted from The Daily News. By Helen
Bosanquet ... ... ... ... .. ...

... ... 228
Cohn, Prof. Gustav, System der Nationalökonomie. By Prof. W. J. Ashley... 256
Davidson, Prof. John, The Bargain Theory of Wages. By Prof. F. Y.

Edgeworth ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 229
Devine, Edward Thomas. Ph.D., Economics. By Edwin Cannan ... ...
Diehl, Prof. Dr. Karl, Veber das Verhältnis von IVcrt und Preis im ökonomis-

chen System von Karl Marx. By F. M. Butlin ...
German Coal Miner, A, How the English Workman Lives. By Prof. F. Y.
Edgeworth ...

440
Giddings, Franklin Henry, The Elements of Sociology. By Prof. H. Sidgwick 411
Hall, Fred. S., Sympathetic Strikes and Sympathetic Lockouts. By Ernest
Aves ... ...

.. ... 424
Howard, E., To-morrow : A Peaceful Path to Real Reform. By F. M. Butlin 71
Hull, Charles Henry, The Economic Writings of Sir Willian Petty, together

wilh the Observations upon the Bills of Mortality, more probably by Captain
John Graunt. By Henry Higgs ... ...

... ... 564
Inama-Sternegg, Dr. Karl Theodor von, Deutsche Wirtschaftsgeschichte. By

Prof. W. J. Ashley ... . ... ... ...
Knapp, Georg Friederich, Grundherrschaft und Rittergut. By Prof. W. J.

Ashley ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 253
Koren, John, Economic Aspects of the Liquor Provlem. By Sidney Peel ... 565
Lawrence, F. W., Local Varialions in Wages. By C. P. Sanger ... ... 421
Loria, Prof. Achille, La Costituzione Economica Odierna. By J. Bonar ...
Mabilleau, Léopold, Rayneri, Charles, and Count de Rocquigny, La Prévoyance
Sociale en Italie. By E. Castelot ... ... ...

236
Macfarlane, C. W., Value and Distribution: an Historical, Critical, and

Constructive Study in Economic Theory. By Prof. F. Y. Edgeworth ... 233
Mantovani, Felice, Bilanci di Trenta Famiglie di Contadini in Provincia di

Treviso. By Henry Higgs ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 79
Marco, Prof. A. de Viti de, Saggi di Economia e Financa. By Prof. C. F. Bastable 242
Marx, Karl, Value, Price, and Profit. By F. M. Butlin ...
Mase-Dari, E., Sul Bilancio dello Stato. By Prof. C. F. Bastable ... ... 562
Massart, Jean, et Emile Vandervelde, Parasitisme organique et parasitisme

Social. By Ernest Mahaim ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 75
Mayo-Smith, Richmond, Statistics and Economics. By L. L. Price ... ... 557
Menger, Dr. Anton, The Right to the Whole Produce of Labour; the Origin

and Development of the Theory of Labour Claim to the Whole Product of

Industry. By J. Bonar ...
Micheli, M. Horace, State Purchase of Railways in Switzerland. By W. M.

Acworth ... ... . ... ... .. . ... ... ... 69

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REVIEWS (continucd)

PAGE
Neymarek, Alfred, Vocabulaire Manuel d'Economic Politique. By E. Castelot 236
Odgers, William Blake, Local Government. By F. W. Hirst... ...

224
Ogilvy, A. J., The Third Factor of Production, and other Essays. By J.

Bonar ... ... ... ... ... ...
Orueta, Clemente Vidaurre y, Economia Politica. By Prof. F. Y. Edgeworth 441
Patten, Prof. Simon N., The Development of English Thought. By Prof.

W. J. Asley ... ...
Philippovich, Prof. E. von, Grundriss der Politischen Oekonomie. By J.

Bonar ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Richmond, Mary E., Friendly Visiting among the Poor; A Handbook for

Charity Workers. By Helen Bosanqnet ... ...
Rodbertus, Karl, Overproduction and Crises. By Prof. E. C. K. Gonner ...
Romanes, J. H., Betterment and Municipal Impro"ements. By Edwin

Cannan ... ...
Seligman, Prof. Edwin, The Shifting Incidence of Taxation. By Prof. C. F.

Bastable ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Sites, Clement M Lacey, Centraliscd Administration of Liquor Laws in the

American Commonwealths. By Sidney Peel ... ...
Souchon, Prof. A., La Propriété Paysanne, Étude d'Economic Rurale. By

E. Castelot ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Stetson, Charlotte Perkins, Women and Economics. By Frances M. Butlin ...
Swain, Henry H., Economic Aspects of Railway Receiverships By W. M.

Acworth ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 68
Tessonneau, Marcel, Esquisse d'un Tableau Raisonné des Causcs de la Pro-

duction, de la Circulation, de la Distribution et de la Consommation de la
Richesse. By E. Castelot

236
Villey, Prof. Edmond, L'Envre Économique de Charles Dunoyer. By J.

Bonar ... ... ... ... ...
Virgilii, F., e Garibaldi, C., Introduzione alla Economia Mathematica. By

Prof. F. Y. Edgeworth... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Waxweiler, Émile, La Participation aux Bénéfices. By Prof. Ch. Gide 238
Weber, Adna Ferrin, The Growth of Cities in the Nineteenth century. A
Study in Statistics. By Prof. F. Y. Edgeworth ... ...

558
Woods, Robert A., The City Wilderness. By J. Carter ...

426
Wright, Carroll D., Outline of Practical Sociology. By A. L. Bowley

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NOTES AND MEMORANDA :-

Acworth, W. M., Professor Cohn and State Railway Ownership in England...
An English Savings Bank Manager, The Problem of our National Savings ... 569
Bondfield, Margaret G., Conditions under which Shop Assistants Work ... 277
Bowley, A. L., Wages in the United States and Europe

136
Bradby, Barbara L., and Anne Black, Women Compositors and the Factory
Acts ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...

" ... .. 261
Brooks, John Graham, Organised Labour in the United States ... ...
Burlumi, Theodore A., The Overproduction of Currants
Butlin, Frances M., International Congress of Women... ... ...
Chapman, S. J., Tho Trades Union Congress and Federation ... ... ... 80

The Regulation of Wages luy Lists in the Spinning In.

dustry ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 592
Cohn, Gustav (Translated by C. A. Foley), State Railways and State Revenue

in Prussia ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 93

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NOTES AND MEMORANDA (continued)

Dawson, William Harbutt, The Housing of the Working Classes in Germany 445 Deverell, Edith M., Slate Clubs ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 266 Duckworth, Arthur, The Economic Aspect of Australian Federation ... ... 322 Edgeworth, Prof. F. Y., On a Point in the Theory of International Trade ... 125

Professor Seligman on the Mathematical Method in

Political Economy ... ... ... ... ... 286 Flux, Prof. A. W., The Danish Lock-Out

...

.. ... ... 455 Hutchins, B. L., Notes towards the History of London Wages

699 Ilbert, Lettice, Labourers' Dwellings ... ... ... ...

605 Jastrow, Henriette, Domestic Servants in Germany ... ...

... ... 625 Kiaer, A, Th., The Norwegian System of Regulating the Drink Traffic ... 101 Mahaim, Ernest Prof. (Translated by C. A. Foley), Political Economy in

Belgium ... Oncken, August, New Tendencies in German Economics ... ... ... 462 Parker, E. H., The Chinese Salt Trade. An Opening for British Enterprise 116 Seligman, Prof. E., on the Mathematical Method in Political Economy ... 286 Soyeda, J., Letter from Japan ... ... ... ... ... ... 469, 651 Triidinger, Otto (Translated by C. A. Foley), State Protection of Industry

and Commerce in Württemberg ... ... ... Westergaard, Prof. Harald, Mortality in Extreme Old Age ... ... ... 315 Wood, George Hy., The Course of Average Wages between 1790 and 1860 ... 588 Z., Compulsory Arbitration... ... Z., Successful Profit-Sharing ...

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RECENT PERIODICALS AND NEW BOOKS... 150-160, 342-352, 494-504, 674-687

THE ECONOMIC JOURNAL

MARCH, 1899

OUGHT MUNICIPAL ENTERPRISES TO BE ALLOWED

TO YIELD A PROFIT ?1

WHATEVER views he may hold as to the remote future, I do not suppose any one will be inclined to deny that just at present in this country the economic work—the purely and obviously economic work-of municipalities and similar local governments is increasing in importance, not only absolutely, but also in proportion to the whole of human economic activity. So if an English economist holds that economics ought to be useful to the population of this particular planet, not merely as an intellectual exercise affording food for thought and speculation, as Adam Smith says of religion, but also as affording some guidance in practical affairs, he is bound to endeavour to give some general answers to the important questions to which the extension of municipal economic activity gives rise. One of the most important of these questions is: Should municipal enterprises pay, or should they be worked at cost price ?-should they bring in where possible something in aid of the general rates of the locality, or should all such aid be foregone by the general body of ratepayers ?

Recently a Minister of the Crown, who had considerable municipal experience many years ago, likened a municipality to a joint-stock company. If the parallel were exact, there would be an end to the question which I have propounded, for no one supposes that joint-stock company enterprise could be carried on if dividends were disallowed. But the parallel is not at all exact. It is a useful comparison, however, and we cannot do better than approach the question with a brief review of the

Read before Section F of the British Association, 1898.
No. 33.–VOL. IX.

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