« НазадПродовжити »
The industry vill be the constituency, and activity
therein the basis of suffrage.
Elections will take place in
the industries. Instead of elections in Kansas, Connecticut, and Colorado, the railroud industry of the United states will elect representatives to the Industrial Congress. So, like
wise, will the coal-mining industry, the farming industry,
the printing industry, the fishing industry, and all the other
no quote De Leon, "The mining, the rail
road, the textile, the building industries, down or up the line, each of these, regardless of former political boundar
ies, will be the constituencies of that new central authority
the rough scaffolding of which was raised last week in Chicago.
With the Working Class organized industrially, it is
capable of assuming the integral conduct of national production and distribution.2 The coal-mine workers, integrally
organized in a national industrial union, will take posses
sion of the mines and hold and administer them in the inter
3 est of all workers. Their slogan is, "The mines to the
control of the miners, the wealth to its producers prosperity for the workers!.4
Similarly, the W. I. I. U. ap
peals to the workers in all other industries to organize
integrally to assume the conduct of the nation's production.
The coal miners, together with workers in copper,
iron, and salt mines, etc., will be organized into the
1. Daniel De Leon, "Socialist Reconstruction of Society, " 38. 2. Ibia, 37. 3. "The Mines to the Control of the Miners," 9. 4. Ibid, 8.
With all other industries, likewise, or
ganized in their respective departments, the workers will be
1 ready for "Industrial Democracy, ready to elect their representatives to the new "Industrial Congress which is
to take the place of the present political Congress.
"For Socialist production the Industrial Department
is essential," explains the official organ of the W. I. I. U.,
"as a means of co-ordinating productive effort in such a way
as to provide Industrial Democracy for the workers.
ministration of the Industrial Department rests upon the work
ers in all the industries comprised by the Department.
tions take place in the industries, and officers can be removed
At the same time efficiency is attained and produc
tion so arranged and planned over the entire country as to
prevent all waste, over-lapping, and disorganization in
"In place of Departments of Justice, War, Labor,
State, of a political character, functicning primarily as
offices guarding capitalist interests, the future will see
Departments of Mining, Manufacturing, Transportation, Public Service, purely industrial and democratic throughout,
interested not in protecting the property rights of an ex
ploiting class but in meeting the needs of the workers and in promoting the welfare of all under a classless society.
1. Ibid, 11 2. Ibid, 9 3. Industrial Union News, Feb. 21, 1920.
In local affairs, "the Industrial Councils will become the centers of civic administration in place of the present form of city government.
Chicago, for example, would have
no mayor, no city attorney, none of its present officials,
but would be governed by the Industrial Council for that dis
- & Council composed of industrial and technical man
agers elected by and responsible to the actual workers in the various industries.
The W. I. I. U.
expects that, "As a functioning body
under Socialism, the Industrial Council will consist of dele
gates from all branches of activity in the city or town.
will be charged with the regulation of all matters pertain
ing to the city or district as such.
Associated with it, and
responsible to it, will be, necessarily, certain boards and
committees appointed or elected for the supervision of par
2 ticular branches of civic affairs."
At present, the General Executive Board has much
power, but under Socialism its members will become merely
executive heads, representing their respective departments,
3 each responsible to his constituents.
The Convention, on the other hand, is the cocoon
from which will emerge the future Industrial Congress.
De Leon-ites picture vividly its transformation:
"In a completely organized industrial system there
would be practically no Local Unions represented, but only
Industrial Union News, February 7, 1920.