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The industry vill be the constituency, and activity

therein the basis of suffrage.

Elections will take place in

the industries. Instead of elections in Kansas, Connecticut, and Colorado, the railroud industry of the United states will elect representatives to the Industrial Congress. So, like

wise, will the coal-mining industry, the farming industry,

the printing industry, the fishing industry, and all the other

national industries.

no quote De Leon, "The mining, the rail

road, the textile, the building industries, down or up the line, each of these, regardless of former political boundar

ies, will be the constituencies of that new central authority

the rough scaffolding of which was raised last week in Chicago.


With the Working Class organized industrially, it is

capable of assuming the integral conduct of national production and distribution.2 The coal-mine workers, integrally

organized in a national industrial union, will take posses

sion of the mines and hold and administer them in the inter

3 est of all workers. Their slogan is, "The mines to the

control of the miners, the wealth to its producers prosperity for the workers!.4

Similarly, the W. I. I. U. ap

peals to the workers in all other industries to organize

integrally to assume the conduct of the nation's production.

The coal miners, together with workers in copper,

iron, and salt mines, etc., will be organized into the

1. Daniel De Leon, "Socialist Reconstruction of Society, " 38. 2. Ibia, 37. 3. "The Mines to the Control of the Miners," 9. 4. Ibid, 8.

Mining Department.

With all other industries, likewise, or

ganized in their respective departments, the workers will be

1 ready for "Industrial Democracy, ready to elect their representatives to the new "Industrial Congress which is

to take the place of the present political Congress.

"For Socialist production the Industrial Department

is essential," explains the official organ of the W. I. I. U.,

"as a means of co-ordinating productive effort in such a way

as to provide Industrial Democracy for the workers.

The ad

ministration of the Industrial Department rests upon the work

ers in all the industries comprised by the Department.


tions take place in the industries, and officers can be removed

at will.

At the same time efficiency is attained and produc

tion so arranged and planned over the entire country as to

prevent all waste, over-lapping, and disorganization in


"In place of Departments of Justice, War, Labor,

State, of a political character, functicning primarily as

offices guarding capitalist interests, the future will see

Departments of Mining, Manufacturing, Transportation, Public Service, purely industrial and democratic throughout,

interested not in protecting the property rights of an ex

ploiting class but in meeting the needs of the workers and in promoting the welfare of all under a classless society.


1. Ibid, 11 2. Ibid, 9 3. Industrial Union News, Feb. 21, 1920.

In local affairs, "the Industrial Councils will become the centers of civic administration in place of the present form of city government.


Chicago, for example, would have

no mayor, no city attorney, none of its present officials,

but would be governed by the Industrial Council for that dis


- & Council composed of industrial and technical man

agers elected by and responsible to the actual workers in the various industries.

The W. I. I. U.

expects that, "As a functioning body

under Socialism, the Industrial Council will consist of dele

gates from all branches of activity in the city or town.


will be charged with the regulation of all matters pertain

ing to the city or district as such.

Associated with it, and

responsible to it, will be, necessarily, certain boards and

committees appointed or elected for the supervision of par

2 ticular branches of civic affairs."

At present, the General Executive Board has much

power, but under Socialism its members will become merely

executive heads, representing their respective departments,

3 each responsible to his constituents.

The Convention, on the other hand, is the cocoon

from which will emerge the future Industrial Congress.

De Leon-ites picture vividly its transformation:

"In a completely organized industrial system there

would be practically no Local Unions represented, but only


Industrial Union News, February 7, 1920.
Ibid, March 6, 1920.

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