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mensity, the same circular distance, the

Barbarous Superstitions. same bending down of the horizon.

“ Tue Patagonians regard the milky way as the hunting forest where departed souls

delight themselves in hunting ostriches.”From FILICAIA.

FALKNER, p. 115. “ ITALY! Italy ! oh thou whom Fate Gifted with beauty, an unhappy gift,

“ THE Kamtshadales make of the rainA deadly dower of infinite miseries, bow a new garment for their aerial spirit, Whose traces by the hand of Sorrow traced edged with fringes of red-coloured seal skin, Furrow thy front! oh that thou wert less and leather thongs of various gaudy dies. fair,

They explain the nature of storms by the Less beauteous, or more strong, that they shaking of the long and crisped hair of their who now

aerial spirit.”-STELLER, p. 64. With feigned endearments of their love beguile

“ Tae Kopts break out into exultation Thy life, might love thee less, or fear thee at the appearance of an earthquake, as they

imagine that heaven is opened, and that Then should we not behold the hostile hosts every celestial blessing is going to alight on In armed squadrons rushing down thy Alps, the land of Egypt."— Pococke, vol. 1, p. 195. Nor Gallic herds upon the banks of Po, Drinking the blood-stain'd waters. Italy ! “ The Kamtshadales account for earthWe should not see thee, with a sword not quakes by the driving of an infernal deity thine,

beneath the earth ; the earth is shaken, they Girt for the war, and from a foreign bow say, when the dog that draws the sledge of Shooting thine arrows, when the war has this infernal deity scratches his fleas or ceased,

shakes off the snow from his hide."-STELVictor or vanquish'd still to be a slave.”

LER, p. 267.


“ The Calmucs hold the lightning to be

the fire spit out of the mouth of a dragon, From FILICAIA.

ridden and scourged by evil Dæmons, and “ WHERE is thine own right arm, O Italy? the thunder they make to be his roarings." Why dost thou use the stranger's ? he who - Pallas, vol. 1, p. 343.

aids, He who attacks thee are Barbarians both, “RESPECTING storms, the people of Chili Now both thine enemies, both once thy slave. are of opinion that the departed souls are Thus then it is that thou rememberest returning from their abode beyond the sea, Thine old illustrious empire! this thy faith, to be able to assist their relations and Thy plighted faith to Valour! Go, divorce friends. Accordingly, when it thunders That honour'd husband-go, and wed thyself over the mountains, they think that the To Sloth! Adultress, amid blood and groans

souls of their forefathers are taken in an And hissing arrows take thy sleep-sleep on engagement with those of the Spaniards. Till the’sword wake thee, drowsy as thou art, The roaring of the winds they take to be the And naked in thy paramour's embrace, noise of horsemen attacking one another ; Till the avenging sword awake and strike." the howling of the tempest for the beating

of drums, and the claps of thunder for the discharge of muskets and cannons. When the wind drives the clouds towards the

possessions of the Spaniards, they rejoice that the souls of their forefathers have repulsed those of their enemies, and call out aloud to them to give them no quarter. When the contrary happens, they are troubled and dejected, and encourage the yielding souls to rally their forces and summon up the last remains of their strength."VIDAURE, p. 122. Meiner.

" Some of the pagan Arabs believed that of the blood near the dead person's brain was formed a bird named Hâmah, which once in a hundred years visited the sepulchre; though others say this bird is animated by the soul of him that is unjustly slain, and continually cries Oscâni, Oscũni, i.e. give me to drink, meaning of the murtherer's blood, till his death be revenged; and then it flies away."-SALE.

“ Mohammed having hung up his arms on a tree, under which he was resting himself, and his companions being dispersed some distance from hinn, an Arab of the desart came up to him and drew his sword, saying, Who hindreth me from killing thee?” to which Mohammed answered, “God!” and Gabriel beating the sword out of the Arab's hand, Mohammed took it up, and asked him the same question" Who hindreth me from killing thee?” the Arab replied, “ Nobody!” and immediately professed Mohammedism."-SALE.

If they are graces who attend

In Cytherea's train. These nymphs by various colours now

Their various feelings tell,
For Cupid, though the boy be blind,

Can judge of colours well.
For faith and constancy they blend

With white the azure blue,
To show the tyranny of power

Alone the straw's pale hue.
A constant and an ardent love

In fiery tints is seen,
And hope, that makes affection sweet

Displays itself in green.
The mingled red and white display

A love triumphant there;
The copper's cankerous verdure speaks

Love, envy, and despair.
A faithful and devoted heart,

The girdle's circling white,
And thus a simple ribband speaks

A woman's heart aright.
The hue of burnish'd gold, so bright,

That emulates the flame,
The gay and gorgeous emblem shines

Of power and love and fame.
O sovereign beauty, you whose charms

To all superior shine ! Whatever colour pleases you, That colour shall be mine.

May, 16, 1798.

The Love Language of Colours. From AGUSTIN DE SALAZAR Y TORRES. O SOVEREIGN beauty, you whose charms

All other charms surpass,
Whose lustre nought can imitate

Except your looking glass.
A choir of nymphs, the planets they

Who live but by your light,
For well we know the sun bestows

The borrowed rays of night.
A choir of graces they, for sure

That title they obtain,

[Ancient London Pastimes.] “ The youths of this city also have used, on holidays, after evening prayer, at their masters' doors, to exercise their wasters and bucklers, and the maidens, one of them playing on a timbrel, in sight of their masters and dames, to dance for garlands hanged athwart the streets. Which open pastimes in my youth being now suppressed, worser practises within doors are to be feared."'--Srow.

' i. e. cudgels. See Nares' Glossary in v. who quotes this very passage from Stow's London.

J. W. W.

marchethe to tho mountaynes, and often it The Ten Tribes.

hathe befallen, that sume of the Jewes han “ In that same regioun ben the moun- gon up the mountaynes, and avaled down taynes of Caspye that men clepen Uber in to the valeyes; but gret nombre of folk the contree. Betwene tho mountaynes the ne may not do so, for the mountaynes ben Jews of ten lynages ben enclosed, that so hye and so streght up, that thei moste men clepen Gothe and Magothe, and their abyde there, maugre hire myghte, for thei mowe not gon out on no side. There mowe not gon out, but be a littille issue, weren enclosed 22 kynges with hire peple, that was made be strengthe of men, and it that duelleden betwene the mountaynes of lastethe wel a 4 grete myle; and aftre is Sythye. There Kyng Alisandre chacede there zit a lond alle desert, where men hem betwene tho mountaynes, and there he may fynde no watre, ne for dyggynge, ne thoughte for to enclose hem thorghe werk for non other thing, wherfore men may not of his men. But whan he saughe, that he dwellen in that place: so is it fulle of myghte not don it, ne bryng it to an ende, dragounes, of serpentes and of other venyhe preyed to God of Nature, that he wolde mous bestes, that no man dar not passe, parforme that that he had begonne. And but zif it be strong wyntre.

And that alle were it so, that he was a Payneme and streyt passage, men clepen in that contree not worthi to ben herd, zit God of his grace Clyron; and that is the passage that the closed the mountaynes togydre; so that Queene of Amazoine makethe to ben kept; thei dwellen there, alle faste ylokked and and thoghe it happene, sum of hem, be forenclosed with highe mountaynes alle aboute, tune to gon out, thei conen no manner of saf only on o syde; and on that syde is the langage but Ebrow, so that thei can not see of Caspye. Now may sum men asken, speke to the peple. And zit natheles, men sithe that the sce is on that o syde wherfore seyn, thei schulle gon out in the tyme of Ango thei not out on the see syde, for to go tecrist, and that thei schulle maken gret where that hem lykethe ? But to this slaughtre of Cristene men, and therfore alle questioun Ischal answer, that see of Caspye the Jewes, that dwellen in alle londes, lergothe out be londe, undre the mountaynes nen alle weys to speken Ebrew, in hope and renneth be the desert at o syde of the that whan the other Jewes schulle gon cut, contree; and aftre it strecchethe unto the that thei may undirstonden hire speche, endes of Persie. And all thoughe it be and to leden hem into Cristendom, for to clept a see, it is no see, ne it touchethe to destroye the Cristene peple. For the Jewes non other see, but it is a lake, the grettest seyn that thei knowen wel, be hire propheof the world. And thoughe thei wolden cyes, that thei of Caspye schulle gon out putten him into that see, thei ne wysten and spreden thorghe out alle the world, and never, where that thei scholde arryven, and that the Cristene men schulle ben undre hire also they conen no langage, but only hire subjeccioun als longe as thei han ben in owne, that no man knowethe but thei, and subjeccioun of hem. And zif that zee wil therefore mowe thei not gon out. And also wyte how that thei schulle fynden hire weye, zee schulle undirstonde, that the Jewes after that I have herd seye, I schalle telle han no propre lond of hire owne for to

In the time of Antecrist, a fox dwellen in, in alle the world, but only that schalle make there his trayne, and mynen an lond betwene the mountaynes.

And zit thei zelden tribute for that lond to the Ti. e, descended. See MENAGE in v. Avaller. Queen of Amazoine, the whiche makethe It is an old Anglo-Norman word made up from hem to ben kept in cloos fulle diligently, the Latin. Spenser and Chaucer both use it. that thei schalle not gon out on no syde,

“ Such a rain from heaven 'gan availe." but the cost of hire lond, for hire lond Troil, and Cress. Book iii.-J. W. W.

you zou.

hole, where Kyng Alisandre leet make the playn that highte Megon, anon this cursed zates;' and so longe he schalle mynen and Emperor mett with hem with his hoost, for perce the erthe til that he schalle passe to have slain hem and hewen hem to peces. thorghe, towardes that folke; and whan thei And anon the Cristene men kneleden to the seen the fox, theischulle have gret marveylle grounde and made hire preyeres to God to of him, because that thei saughe never suche sokoure hem, and anon a gret thikke clowde a best; for of alle othere bestes thei han cam and covered the Emperor and alle his enclosed amonges them, saf only the fox, hoost, and so thei enduren in that manere, and thanne thei schullen chasen him and pur- that thei ne mowe not gon out on no syde; suen him so streyte, tille that he come to and so schulle thei ever more abyden in the same place that he came fro, and thanne darknesse tille the day of dome, be the mythei schullen dyggen and mynen so strongly, racle of God. Also zee schulle understonde tille that thei fynden the zates that Kyng that out of that lond of derknesse, gothe out Alisandre leet make of grete stones and a gret ryvere, that schewethe wel, that passynge huge, wel symented and made there ben folk dwellynge be many redy stronge for the maystric, and tho zates thei tokenes, but no man dar not entre in to it.” schulle breken, and so gon out, be fyndynge -Ibid. of that issue.”—MAUNDEVILLE.

Province of Darkness.

The Faery Falcon. “ In the kyngdom of Abcaz is a gret

“ In the contree of litille Ermonye is an marvaylle ; for a provynce of the contree,

old castelle, that stont upon a rocke, the that hathe wel in circuyt 3 jorneyes, that

which is cleped the castelle of the sparremen clepen Hanyson, is alle covered with

hawk, that is bezonde the cytee of Layays, derknesse, withouten ony brightnesse or

beside the town of Pharsipee, that belonglight; so that no man may see ne here, ne

ethe to the lordschepe of Cruk, that is a no man dar entren in to hem. And natheles riche lord and a gode Cristene man : where thei of the contree seyn, that som tyme

men fynden a spare-hauk upon a perche men heren voys of folk, and hors nyzenge,

righte fair, and righte wel made, and a and cokkes crowynge, and men witen wel, fayre lady of Fayrye that kepethe it, and who that men dwellen there; but thei knowe not

that wil wake that sparhauk 3 dayes and 3 what men, and thei seyn that the derknesse

nyghtes (or 7) withouten companye and befelle be myracle of God; for a cursed

withouten sleep, that faire lady schal zeven Emperor of Persie that highte Saures, pur

him whan he hathe don, the first wyssche suede all Cristene men to destroye hem, and

that he wil wyssche of erthely thinges, and to compelle hem to make sacrifises to his

that hath been proved often tymes. And o ydoles; and rood with grete host, in alle that

tyme befelle that a Kynge of Ermonye, that ever he myghte, for to confounde the Cris- was a worthi knyght, and doughty man, and And thanne in that contree,

a noble prince woke that hauk som tyme, dwelleden manye gode Cristene men, the

and at the ende of 7 days and 7 nyghtes, whiche laften hire godes, and wolde han fled

the lady can to hym, and bad him wisschen, in to Grece: and whan they weren in a for he had wel disserved it; and he an

swered, that he was gret lord ynow,

and ' It is hardly necessary to say that this is wel in peece, and hadde ynowghe of worldly the old form for gates. It is a corruption of the ricchesse, and therfore he wolde wisshe non Anglo-Saxon z and y, as may be seen in the next

other thing but the body of that faire lady, extract, and is not said to be found except in MSS. written after the twelfth century.

to have it at his wille ; and sche answered J. W. W. hym, that he knew not what he asked, and

tene men.

seyde that he was a fool to desire that he seyne, the feld florisched; for als moche a myghte not have; for sche seyde that he a fayre mayden was blamed with wrong scholde not aske but erthely thing, for sche and sclaundered, that sche hadde don forwas non erthely thing, but a gostly thing; nycacioun, for whiche cause sche was demed and the kyng seyde that he ne wolde asken to the dethe, and to be brent in that place, non other thing. And the lady answerd, to the whiche sche was ladd. And as the • Sythe that I may not withdrawe zou fro fyre began to brenne aboute hire,sche made zoure lewed corage, I schal zeve zou with hire preyeres to oure Lord, that als wissely outen wysschinge, and to alle hem that as sche was not gylty of that synne, that he schulle com of zou. Sire kyng, zee schulle wold helpe hire, and make it to be knowen have werre, withouten pees, and alleweys to alle men, of his mercyfulle grace; and to the 9th degree zee schulle ben in subjec- whanne sche hadde thus seyd, sche entred cioun of zoure enemyes, and zee schulle ben into the fuyer, and anon was the fuyr nedy of alle godes.' And never sithen, quenched and oute ; and the brondes that nouther the Kyng of Ermonye, ne the weren brennynge, becomen white roseres, contree weren never in pees, ne ther had fulle of roses; and theise weren the first den never sithen plentee of godes; and thei roseres and roses, bothe white and rede, han ben sithen alleweyes undre tribute of that ever ony man saughe. And thus was the Sarrazines. Also the sone of a pore this maiden saved be the grace of God."man woke that hauke and wisshed that he Ibid. myght cheve (chevirl) wel, and to ben happy to marchandise. And the lady graunted hym; and he became the most riche and the most famouse marchant that myghte

LADY GRANGE. ben on see or oner the; and he becam so “The true story of this lady, which hapriche, that he knew not the 1000 part of pened in this century, is as frightfully rothat he hadde; and he was wysere in wiss- mantic as if it had been the fiction of a chynge than was the Kyng. Also a knyght gloomy fancy. She was the wife of one of of the temple wooke there, and wyssched a the lords of session in Scotland, a man of the purs everemore fulle of gold, and the lady very first blood of his country. For some graunted him. But sche seyde him, that he mysterious reasons, which have never been had asked the destruccioun of here ordre, discovered, she was seized and carried off in for the trust and the affiance of that purs, the dark, she knew not by whom, and by and for the grete pryde, that thei scholde nightly journeys was conveyed to the Highhaven; and su it was. And therfore loke, land shores, from whence she was transporthe kepe him wel, that schalle wake; for zif ed by sea to the remote rock of St. Kilda, he slepe, he is lost, that nevere man schalle where she remained amongst its few wild inseen him more.”—Ibid. from the History of habitants, a forlorn prisoner, but had a conMelusine, by John of Arras.

stant supply of provisions, and a woman to wait on her. No inquiry was made after her,

till she at last found means to convey a letOrigin of the Rose.?

ter to a confidential friend, by the daughter “BETWENE the cytee and the chirche of Bethelem, is the felde Floridus, that is to

3 For this strange history, see Sir Walter Scott's note in loc. (vol. iv. p. 246, Murray's

edit.) “She had become privy to some of the I "Ce mot est vieux, et signifie venir à bout Jacobite intrigues in which her husband, Lord de quelque

personne, ou de quelque chose, et s'en Grange (brother of the Earl of Mar, and a Lord rendre maitre.” RICHELET, in v.-J. W. W. of Session,) and his family were engaged." * See poem, The Rose, p. 439.-J. W. W.

J. W. W.

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