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Seal of the

Width of the bridge, from outside to

outside of the parapets, 55 feet; carriageAdmit the Bearer

way, 33 feet 4 inches. to witness Tue CEREMONY of laying THE FIRST STONE

" Go and set London-bridge on fire,”

said Jack Cade, at least so Shakspeare of the

makes him say, to “ the rest ” of the in

surgents, who, in the reign of Henry VI., New London-bridge, came out of Kent, took the city itself, and

there raised a standard of revolt against on Wednesday, the 15th day of June, 1825. the royal authority. “Sooner said than (Signed) Hens WJODTHORPE, Jud.

done, master Cade,” may have been the

answer; and now, when we are about to Clerk of the Committee.

erect a new one, let us“ remember the

bridge that has carried safe over." City Arms.

Though its feet were manifold as a cenV.B. The access is from the present bridge, tipede's, and though, in gliding between and the time of admission will be between its legs, as it the hours of twelve and two.

“ doth bestride the Thames," N° 281.

some have, ever and anon, passed to the bottom, and craft of men, and craft

with goods, so perished, yet the health It has been truly observed of the design and wealth of ourselves, and those from for the new bridge, that it is striking for whom we sprung, have been increased by its contrast with the present gothic edi- safe and uninterrupted intercourse above. fice, whose place it is so soon to supply. It consists but of five elliptical arches, which embrace the whole span of the By admission to the entire ceremony river, with the exception of a double pier of laying the first stone of the new Lonon either side, and between each arch a don-bridge, the editor of the Every-Day single pier of corresponding design: the Book is enabled to give an authentic acwhole is more remarkable for its simp!i- count of the proceedings from his own city than its magnificence; so much, in- close observation; and therefore, collatdeed, does the former quality appear to ing the narratives in every public journal have been consulted, that it has not a of the following day, by his own potes, single balustrade from beginning to end. he relates the ceremonial he witnessed,

New London-bridge is the symbol of an from a chosen situation within the cofferhonourable British merchant : it unites dam. plainness with strength and capacity, and will be found to be more expansive and ornamental, the more its uses and purposes At an early hour of the morning the are considered.

vicinity of the new and old bridges presented an appearance of activity, bustle,

and preparation; and every spot that The following are to be the dimensions could command even a bird's-eye view of of the new bridge :

the scene, was eagerly and early occupied Centre arch--span, 150 feet; rise, 32 by persons desirous of becoming spectafeet; piers, 24 feet.

tors of the intended spectacle, which, it Arches next the centre arch-span, 140

was confidently expected, would be ex. feet; rise, 30 feet; piers 22 feet.

treinely magnificent and striking; these Abutment arches—span, 130 feet; rise,

no way disapanticipations were in

pointed. 25 feet; abutment, 74 feet.

So early as twelve o'clock, the avenues Total width, from water-side to water. leading to the old bridge were filled with side, 690 feet.

individuals, anxious to behold the apLength of the bridge, including the proaching ceremony, and shortly afterabutments, 950 feet; without the abut. wards the various houses, which form the ments, 782 feet.

streets through which the procession was


to pass, had their windows graced with boats manned, to increase the bustle and numerous parties of well-dressed people. interest of the scene. St. Magnus' on ine bridge, St. Saviour's At eleven o'clock London-bridge was church in the Borough, Fishmongers'-hall, wholly closed, and at the same hour and the different warehouses in the vi- Southwark-bridge was thrown open, free cinity, had their roofs covered with spec. of toll. At each end of London-bridge tators; platforms were er cted in every barriers were formed, and no persons nook from whence a sight could be ob- were allowed to pass, unless provided tained, and several individuals took their with tickets, and these only were used seais on the Monument, to catch a bird's- for the purpose of arriving at the coffereye view of the whole proceedings. The dam. There was a feeling of awful sobuildings, public or private, that at all lemnity at the appearance of this, the overlooked the scene, were literally roofed greatest thoroughfare of the metropolis, and walled with human figures, clinging now completely vacated of all its footto them in all sorts of possible and im- passengers and noisy vehicles. probable attitudes. Happy were they who could purchase seats, at from half a At one o'clock the lord mayor and crown to fifteen shillings each, for so the sheriffs arrived at Guildhall, the persons charge varied, according to the degree of engaged in the procession having met at accommodation afforded. As the day ad- a much earlier hour. vanced, the multitude increased in the The lady mayoress and a select party street; the windows of the shops were to the coffer-dam in the lord closed, or otherwise secured, and those of mayor's private state carriage, and arthe upper floors became occupied with rived at the bridge about half-past two such of the youth and beauty of the city o'clock. as has not already repaired to the river: The Royal Artillery Company arrived and delightfully occupied they were: and in the court-yard of the Guildhall at two were the sun down, as it was not, it had o'clock. scarcely been missed-for there

The carriages of the members of par“ From every casement came the light,

liament and other gentlemen, fonding Of women's eyes, so soft and bright,

part of the procession, mustered in QueenPeeping between the trelliced bars,

street and the Old Jewry. A nearer, dearer heaven of stars !"

At twelve o'clock, the barrier at the The wharfs on the banks of the river, foot of the bridge on the city side of the between London-bridge and Southwark- river was thrown open, and the company, bridge, were occupied by an immense who were provided with tickets for the maltitude. Southwark-bridge itself was coffer-dam, were admitted within it, and clustered over like a bee-hive; and the kept arriving till two o'clock in quick suicriver from thence to London-bridge pre- cession. At that time the barriers were sented the appearance of an immense again closed, and no person was admitted dock covered with vessels of various des- till the arrival of the chief procession. By criptions; or, perhaps, it more closely one o'clock, however, most of the seats resembled a vast country fair, so com- within the coffer-dam were occupied, with pletely was the water concealed by multi- the exception of those reserved for the iudes of boats and barges, and the latter persons connected with the

procession. again hidden by thousands of spectators, The tickets of admission issued by the and canvass awnings, which, with the gay committee, consisting of members of the holiday company within, made them not

court of common council, were in great unlike booths and tents, and contributed request. By their number being judicito strengthen the fanciful similitude. The ously limited, and by other arrangements, tops of the houses had many of them also there was ample accommodation for all their flags and awnings; and, from the ap- the company. At the bottom of each pearance of them and the river, one might ticket, there was a notice to signify that almost suppose the dry and level ground the hours of admission were between altogether deserted, for this aquatic fete, iwelve and two, and not a few of the fo:worthy of Venice at her best of times. tunate holders were extremely punctual All the vessels in the pool hoisted their in attending at the first mentioned hour, flags top-mast-high, in honour of the oc- for the purpose of securing the best places. ansion, and many of them set out their They were admitted at either end of the bridge, and passed on till they came 10 tators. It was covered with canvass to an opening that had been made in the keep out the rays of the sun, and from balustrade, leading to the platform that the transverse beams erected to support surrounded the area of the proposed ce- it, which were decked with rosettes of remony. This was the coffer-dam formed different colours, were suspended flags in the bed of the river, for the building of and ensigns of various descriptions, the first pier, at the Southwark side. The brought from Woolwich yard; which by greatest care had been taken to render the constant motion in which they were the dam water-tight, and during the whole kept, created a current of air, which was of the day, from twelve till six, it was very refreshing. The floor of the dam, scarcely found necessary to work the which is 45 feet below the high water steam-engine a single stroke. On passing mark, was covered, like the galleries, with the aperture in the balustrade, already scarlet cloth, except in that part of it mentioned, the company immediately ar- where the first stone was to be laid. The rived on a most extensive platform, from foor is 95 feet in length, and 36 in which two staircases divided—the one breadth; is formed of beech planks, four for the pink tickets, which introduced the inches in thickness, and rests upon a mass possessor to the lowest stage of the works, of piles, which are shod at the top with and the other for the white ones, of less iron, and are crossed by immense beams privilege, and which were therefore more of solid timber. By two o'clock all the numerous. The interior of the works was galleries were completely filled with wellhighly creditable to the committee. Not dressed company, and an eager impaonly were the timbers, whether horizontal tience for the arrival of the procession or upright, of immense thickness, but was visible in every countenance. The they were so securely and judiciously bands of the Horse Guards, red and blue, bolted and pinned together, that the and also that of the Artillery Company, liability of any danger or accident was en- played different tunes, to render the intirely done away with. The very awning terval of expectation as little tedious as which covered the whole coffer-dam, to possible; but, in spite of all their endeaensure protection from the sun or rain, vours, a feeling of listlessness appeared had there been any, was raised on a little to pervade the spectators. In the mean forest of scaffolding poles, which, any time the arrangements at Guildhall being where but by the side of the huge blocks completed, the procession moved from the of timber introduced immediately beneath, court-yard, in the following order :would have appeared of an unusual sta

A body of the Artillery Company: bility. In fact, the whole was arranged

Band of Music.

Marshalmen. as securely and as comfortably as though

Mr. Cope, the City Marshal, mounted, and in th it had been intended to serve the time of all the lord mayors for the next century

The private carriage of - Saunders, Esq., the Water

Bailiff, containing the Water.Bailiff, and Nelson, to come, while on the outside, in the river, every necessary precaution was

Carriage containing the Barge-masters.

City Watermen bearing Colours. taken to keep off boats, by stationing offi- A party of City Watermen without Colours. cers there for that purpose. With the

Carriage containing Messrs. Lewis and Gillman, the

Bridge-masters, and the Clerk of the Bridge-house exception of the lower floor, which, as already mentioned, was only attainable by Another party of the City Watermen.

Carriage containing Messrs. Jolliffe and Sir E. Banks, the possession of pink tickets, and a small The Contraciors for the Building of the portion of the floor next above it, the

New Bridge.

Model of the New Bridge. whole was thrown open without reserva- Carriages containing Members of the Royal Society tion, and the visitors took possession of Carriage containing oslon Holmes, Esq., the Bailir the unoccupied places they liked best.

Carriage containing the Under-Sheriffis. The entire coffer-dam was ornamented Carriages containing Thomas Shelton, Esq., Clerk

of the Peace for the City of London ; W. L. Newwith as much taste and beauty as the man, Esq., the City Solicitor; Timothy Tyrrell, purposes for which it was intended would F.:9, the Reine mbrancer; Samuel Collingridge,

Esq., and P. W. Crowther, Esq., the Secondaries; possibly admit. The entrance to the plat- J. Boudon, Esq., Clerk of the Chamber; W. Bolform from the bridge, was fitted up with

Jand, Esq., and George Bernard, Esq., the Com.

mon Pleaders : Henry Woodthorpe, Esq., the crimson drapery, tastefully festooned. Town Clerk, Thomas Dewman, Esq., the Coinmun The coffer-dam itself was divided into Sergeant : R. Clarke, Esq., the Chamberlain.

These Carriages were followed by those of several four tiers of galleries, along which several rows of benches, covered with scarlet cloth, Carriages of Members of the Privy Council.

Band of Music and Colours, supported by City were arranged for the benefit of the spec

full uniform of his Office.

his Assistant.


Members of Parliament.



Members of wie Goldsmiths' (the Lord Mayor 6) whose patience, by the bye, was exemCompany.

plary, were gratified by the ceremony of Lord Mayor's Servants in their State Liveries.

those poles returning, till the arrival of Mr. Brown, the City Marshal, mounted on horseback, and in the full uniform of his Office.

the expected personages, satisfied every The Lord Mayor's State Carriage, drawn by six bay desire. A sweeping train of aldermen horses, beautifully caparisonerl, in which were hís Lordship and the Duke of York.

were seen winding in their scarlet robes The Sheriffs, in their State Carriages. through the mazes of the pink-ticketCarriages of several Aldermen who have passed the Chair,

ted staircase, and in a very few minutes Another body of the Royal Artillery Company. a great portion of these dignified elders

of the city made their appearance on the The procession moved up Cornhill and floor below, the band above having predown Gracechurch-street, to London- viously struck up the “ Hunter's Chorus" bridge. While awaiting the arrival of from Der Freischütz. Next in order enthe procession, wishes were wafted from tered a strong body of the common-coupmany a fair lip, that the lord of the day, cilmen, who had gone to meet the proas well as of the city, would make his ap- cession on its arrival at the barriers. Inpearance. Small-talk had been exhausted, dependently of those that made their apand the merits of each particular timber pearance on the lower platform, glimpses canvassed for the hundredth time, when, of their purple robes with fur-trimmings, at about a quarter to three, the lady were to be caught on every stage of the mayoress made her appearance, and re- scaffolding, where many of them had been novated the hopes of the company. They stationed throughout the day. After these argued that his lordship as a family man, entered the recorder, the common serwould not be long absent from his lady. geant, the city solicitor, the city clerk, the The clock tolled three, and no lord mayor city chamberlain, and a thousand other had made his appearance. At this cri- city officers, “ all gracious in the city's tical juncture a small gun made its re- eyes.” These were followed by the duke port; but, except the noise and smoke, it of York and the lord mayor, advancing produced nothing. More than an hour together, the duke being on his lordship's elapsed before the eventful moment ar. right hand. His royal highness was rived; a flourish of trumpets in the dis- dressed in a plain blue coat with star, tance gave hope to many hearts, and and wore at his knee the garter. They finally iwo six-pounders of the Artillery were received with great cheering, and Company, discharged from the wharf at proceeded immediately up the floor of the Old Swan Stairs, at about a quarter-past platform, till they arrived opposite the four o'clock, announced the arrival of the place where the first stone was suspended cavalcade. Every one stood up, and in a by a tackle, ready to be swung into the very few minutes the city watermen, place that it is destined to occupy for bearing their colours flying, made their centuries. Opposite the stone, an elbowed appearance at the head of the coffer-dam, seat had been introduced into the line of and would, if they could, have done the bench, so as to afford a marked place for same thing at the bottom of it; but owing the chief magistrate, without breaking in to the unaccommodating narrowness of upon the direct course of the seats. His the staircase, they found it inconvenient lordship, who was in his full robes, offered to convey their flags by the same route the chair to his royal highness, which was that they intended to convey themselves. positively declined on his part. The lord Necessity, however, has long been cele- mayor therefore seated himself, and was brated as the mother of invention,and a plan supported on the right by his royal highwas hit upon to wind the flags over this ness, and on the left by Mr. Alderman timber and under that, till after a very ser- Wood. The lady mayoress, with her pentine proceeding, they arrived in safety daughters in elegant dresses, sat near his at the boitom. After this had been accom- lordship, accompanied by two fine-looking plished, there was a sort of pause, and intelligent boys her sons; near them were everybody seemed to be thinking of the two lovely daughters of lord Suffolk, what would come next, when some one in and many other fashionable and elegantly authority hinted, that as the descent of dressed ladies. In the train which arrived the flags had been performed so dex- with the lord mayor and his royal highness terously, or for some other reason that did were the earl of Darnley, lord J. Stewari, not express itself, they might as easily be the right hon.C.W.Wynn, M. P., sir 6. conveyed back, so that the company, Warrender, M. P., sir I. Corfin, M. P., sur

Pontis vetvsti

G. Cockburn, M.P., sir R. Wilson, M.P., hill, and executed by Messrs. Green, Mr. T. Wilson, M.P., Mr. W. Williams, Ward, and Green, in which firin he is M.P., Mr. Davies Gilbert, M. P., Mr.W. partner. Mr. Jones, on presenting it to the Smith, M. P., Mr. Holme Sumner, M.P., lord mayor, thus addressed his lordship: with several other persons of distinction, “ My lord, I have the honour to inform and the common sergeant, the city pleaders, you, that the committee of management and other city officers.

has appointed your lordship, in your chaThe lord mayor took his station by the racter of lord mayor of London, to lay the side of the stone, attended by four gentle- first stone of the new London-bridge, and men of the committee, bearing, one, the that they have directed me to present to glasscut bottle to contain the coins of the your lordship this trowel as a means of present reign, another, an English inscrip- assistance to your lordship in accomplishtion incrusted in glass, another, the mallet, ing that object.” and another, the level.

The lord mayor having signified his The sub-chairman of the committee, consent to perform the ceremony, Henry bearing the golden trowel, took his station Woodthorpe, esq., the town clerk, who on the side of the stone opposite the lord has lately obtained the degree of L. L. D., mayor.

held the copper plate about to be placed The engineer, John Rennie, esq., took beneath the stone with the following inhis place on another side of the stone, scription upon it, composed by Dr. Cople. and exhibited to the lord inayor the plans stone, master of Oriel-college, Oxford :and drawings of the bridge.

quem propter crebras nimis interiectas moles The members of the committee of

impedito cvrsv flyminis management, presented to the lord mayor

navicvlae et rates

non levi saepe iactvra et vitae periculo the cut glass bottle which was intended

per angvstas favces to contain the several coins.

praecipiti aqvarvm impetv ferri solerent

Civitas Londinensis The ceremony commenced by the chil

his incommodis remidivm adhibere volens dren belonging to the wards' schools, Can- et celeberrimi simvl in terris emporii

vtilitatibvs consvlens dlewick, Bridge, and Dowgate, singing

regni insv per senatvs arctoritate “ God save the King." They were sta

ac munificentia adivta

pontem tioned in the highest eastern gallery for

sitv prorsvs novo that purpose; the effect produced by their amplioribvs spatiis constrvendvm decrev

ea scilicet forma ac magnitudine voices, stealing through the windings

qvae regiae vrbis maiestari caused by the intervening timbers to the

tandem responderet. depth below, was very striking and pecu

Neqve alio magis tempore

tantum opus inchoandvm dvxit liar.

qvam cvm pacato ferme toto terrarym orbe The chamberlain delivered to his lord- fama opibus multitvdine civivm et concordia pollens

Imperivm Britannicvm ship the several pieces of coin: his lord


item gavderet ship put them into the bottle, and de

artivm favtore ac patrono posited the bottle in the place whereon

cvivs syb avspiciis the foundation stone was to be laid.

novvs indies aedificiorvm splendor vrbi accederet, The members of the committee, bearing

Primum operis lapidem

posvit the English inscription incrusted on

Ioannes Garratt armiger glasses, presented it to the lord mayor.

praetor His lordship deposited it in the subjacent

anno regis Georgii Quarti sexto stone.

a. s. m.d.ccc.xxv. Mr. Jones, sub-chairman of the Bridge

loanne Rennie S. R. S. architecto. Committee, who attended in purple gowns and with staves, presented the lord mayor, on behalf of the committee,

Translation. with an elegant silver-gilt trowel, em

The free course of the river bossed with the combined arms of the being obstructed by the numerous piers “ Bridge House Estate and the City of

of the ancient bridge,

and the passage of boats and vessels London,” and bearing on the reverse an

through its narrow channels inscription of the date, and design of its being often attended with danger and loss of life

by reason of the force and rapidity of the current, presentation to the right hon. the lord

the City of London, mayor, who was born in the ward, and is desirous of providing a remedy for this evil,

and at the same time consulting a member of the guild wherein the new

the convenience of commerce bndge is situated. This trowel was de

in this vast emporium of all nations,

under the sanction and with the liberal aid of signed by Mr. John Green, of Ludgate.


xv. die Ivnii

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