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or Gaulish-antiquities; the other, mingled with the teachings of the as in this monograph, gathers from saints, deserving careful attention them a tribute to the wider teach- for its still wider bearing. ings of history and its science. The Cornish stone worship, and

Some notion of his far-reaching well worship, is another survival and suggestive remarks on the to the present day of that marvel. general bearing of his subject lous unity in old faiths, brought should, if possible, be given to our face to face with Christianity, readers in Mr. Borlase's own words, which has joined East and West in such as will be found in part at The Sanctifying Stone still p. 56: “We must never forget that remains between Sennen and the Christianity is an oriental religion cliff at the Land's End, through the cast in an oriental mould; that its gap of which whoever passes rebirth was marked by no cataclysm ceives benefits, the nature of which severing East from West, that no is remembered by the farming man barrier was then fixed in the tide who guided us to it this present of culture continuously flowing autumn; the St. Piran's Well, from Asia into Europe, and that it where, at least till lately, children was not till it had existed long were passed through the cleft of years in the world that its influence the rock, and, taking the water, on society and the reaction of were believed cured of the rickets; society upon it, stamped it with the divining by bubbles raised when outward characteristics of its own dropping crooked pins into the and caused it to assume the form it well of St. Madderne; the hangwears to-day. It should be no ing rags on thorns in the inclosure matter of surprise if we recognise of the Madron Well, just as among in its earlier phases incidents which the Yezedees of Persia, or just as, we know still belong to a still-exist- so Mr. Borlase tells us, (p. 52), “ in ing Orient stubbornly conservative Japan it is still a constant usage of its ancient forms, an Orient in the interior of the island of more remote than Asia Minor or Niphon; I have myself witnessed Palestine; if we should find, as pilgrims tying strips of cloth or we do find, the story of Sakya Muni paper on visiting some sacred clothed in a Christian garb; if we spring.” All this, and much more, should dig up on the banks of which points to sun-worship and the Indus representations in the worship of Belus, not to speak stone of events in the life of of Pigsy stones, still haunted by that great teacher pourtrayed in a fairies ;-all this, as Mr. Borlase style of art identical with that so instructively brings it out, is found in the catacombs at Rome.” another and a further lesson in It is just in this way that the sub- the lingering on not merely of old ject of this essay receives—and superstitions but of the older ineragives in return-so much of eluci. dicable potent Fetichisin, and of the dation from other subjects, such beliefs springing from it. It is the as the survival of faiths, or the manner in which Christianity was adoption of one faith by another, treated by the Keltic mind in the or the education of the race and its British Isles, and the comparisons larger civilisation ; for all which it affords, that give such high we must send our readers to the interest to Mr. Borlase's present essay itself, only remarking that essay, though only in supplement they will also find there a section to his presidential address to the on Christianity in Ireland, and on last meeting of the Cornwall the Pagan superstitions, inter- Royal Institution; and wecommend

both to the careful consideration of known writers, and the intimation our readers. We suppose, by his of his conviction that he, Mr. name, Mr. Borlase has an almost Malet, can explain everything, we hereditary right to be the historian fail to find any definite idea in the of Cornish antiquities. If so, we book. We will, therefore, let the admire the more the modern cast writer speak for himself-only of thought with which he has saying that if it be thought that adorned his studies.

the gem we select suffers from

want of setting, its merit as an The Beginnings. By the Author individual jewel is quite on a par of “ New Pages of Natural His- with that of the general character tory," 1869; "The Circle of Light, of the work. or Dhawalegeri,” 1869 ; “ The In

“We attempt to generalise the position terior of the Earth,” 1870; “Inci

of creation in the following brief epilogue : dents in the Biography of Dust.” Creator.-Go forth, my Light, and from 1877. London: Trübner, 1878.

the space around, When a writer, citing three lines

Gather the wand'ring Vapours

to my care; of his own composal, as to which

So shall they add their glories to it is indiscoverable whether they

thine own, are intended for verse or for prose,

And fill my Kingdom with bright tells us I wrote thus, from a long

worlds of Love ! and close observation of nature,

Light. – I fly to execute my Lord's

decree. under cosmical laws,” he intimates

Who wanders there? his own familiarity, of course, with

Vapour.—A vapour, all chaotic, cold, and at least the rudiments of mechani

dark, cal knowledge. But when further,

Laden with matter. in a book proposing to instruct the

Light. Turn round, that I may see if

this be true. world “on the beginning of the

It is! Wilt thou have light, earth,” we find the sentence follow

and warmth, and order ? ing, we see that there is a more Vapour.—Yea, if thou deignest to bestow modest “beginning" which has yet

these things. to be made by Mr. Malet: “ As the

Light. The gifts depend upon thyself.

The law light caused a movement on the

Is reciprocal to obedience. whole body of waters, so the waters

Vapour.-If to rotate be to obey, I find acted on their bed. No one can

It joyous. May there be nought say where the general level of that

else to do!" early bed was. But as it deepened With which aspiration from the ever-acting erosion of the heartily sympathise. We can add waters, they were of necessity nothing to this but the assurance gathered unto one place, and the that these words are actually bed which they had rested on printed as we have quoted them, became dry land.” This, no doubt, scansion and all, and that the explains the beginnings.

preface to the book has a signature Mr. Malet takes exception to the which we conclude to be that of a very gentle hint which we endea

real live person. voured to give him in a notice of his previous lucubration about dust, The Annotated Bible. By Rev. that it is a pity to go to the expense J. H. Blunt, M.A., F.S.A., Rector of paper and print without having of Beverston, &c. London: Rivingat least an intelligible idea to com- tons. 1878. municate. Beyond shallow We have no pretensions to take carping at Laplace, Sir William doctrinal theology within Thomson, and several other well. domain, but mention this







book as at once of unquestioned of conflict between capital and orthodoxy, for which Mr. Blunt's labour, certainly, to modern notions, other works are an ample guaran- leaves Nabal very much in the tee, and as also fairly abreast with right; and yet as certainly the the present needs of Bible readers. writer of the story in the book of At this gift-book season it is just Samuel considers him signally in the “ Bible a father would desire the wrong, and that “folly was with to give to his son, just the book a him." David and his six hundred young man should desire to have, men to modern ideas is very much Volume I. only is yet published. a brigand chief, living by plunder, With the Pentateuch it takes from and levying blackmail for exemption the book of Genesis down to the from it. The annotation (p. 351) rebook of Esther.

reminds us how to correct this wrong The nationality of the Jews is version of facts : “David stood in perhaps the strongest and the need of supplies; he and his men most enduring in all history, had protected the property of and the study of the

Nabal, and it was quite in accorwhich led up to it, and which also dance with oriental habits that he secured it, will always be of highest should send to the prosperous

man interest. The sacred books of the in the good day of his sheepshearJews are the records of the nation's ing to ask a gift of food in requital life, and athwart that rigid and of the obligation.” exclusive nationality are stretched But the annotations have a far-reaching precepts of civilisation higher than historical value, and a and brotherly kindness for all value beyond even that of elucimen and for all time. Deuter. dation; ethical teaching is onomy has its strong and fierce brought out in very few words : for injunctions for the extirpation of instance by the note on the story evil doers, whether as the nations of Naaman and his contempt for around or as the men who did evil; the Jordan to which the wise little and yet we read therewith, what maid bid him resort, see p. 447 :Mr. Blunt's note (p. 236) calls “ These are words of wide applica


“ the first tion to the Christian life, pointing example of humane principles in to tests of obedience which seem

“ When thou comest nigh trifling, but are crucial; and to unto a city to fight against it, then acts of faith where the means seem proclaim peace unto it; it shall be insufficient for the end ; temptaif it make answer of peace



if tions often illustrate the first, and it will make no peace, but will sacramental acts the second.” Just make war, then shalt thou besiege so. It is a lesson too for the value it:" (Deut. v. 20.) Still further fol- of little things, and the importance lows the wise provision by which of habits; a lesson that it is easier fruit trees were not to be cut down to do a great thing than a small even to supply wood for engines of one, paradox as it may seem ; easier war in a long siege, but only such that is to gird up the mind and the trees as were of no use for food. will to resolve on some effort, than The law as to captives is another to maintain both in that attitude, example of humane civilisation. So, which makes the thing itself easy in another way, is the law of the without effort till it becomes leper, with its salutary regulations habitual. Total abstinence for for the isolation of contagious example is often actually easier diseases. The story of Nabal and than temperance, though the habit David, one of the earliest examples of temperance were the better


thing. But the space at our dis- land to spend it, he gets sick of posal forbids us to give further the monotony of secured wealth. quotations to show the full in- Said one such gentleman in our formation and the admirable teach- hearing, “Oh, yes; I have plenty ing which this work offers. We of peaches under glass, and they send our readers to the book itself. always get ripe.

always get ripe. I thought of The history of the Jews should be throwing stones this summer and studied in their own records, and breaking some of the glass, for a the obscurity which great antiquity change. Nothing ever happens in part has brought upon them, and here ; now, in Australia, when the no less the sacro-sanct character floods were out, I used to put itself which has environed them, sticks in the garden walks to mark makes it expedient to gather to- the rising of the water, and calcugether whatever may bring light to late how soon the house would be the investigation. In contem- flooded. There was some exciteporaneous illustration, Egyptian ment in that.” and Assyrian for instance, Mr. Blunt It is a little difficult for quiet has been particularly happy. We home dwellers, who would feel it a close this notice of his book with serious matter if their peaches did every commendation of it, as well not ripen, to understand such a supplying a want to the student, speech. The quietly-told, realistic and at the same time providing for picture of the life of an Australian his edification while thus searching sheep farmer contained in this the Scriptures.

little book “ Ups and Downs”

gives some idea of the curious form Ups and Downs : a Story of of excitement which lies in what Australian Life. By Rolf Boldre- seems so prosaic an occupation. wood. S. W. Silver and Co., Jack, the hero of the volume, is London.

a very ordinary young man; he One occasionally meets men in might have been Tom, Dick, or this old England, where everyone Harry, for any difference it would is worked more than he likes, who have made.

But he possesses seem to have a positive craving for strength and an active disposition, active labour. They are generally and enough money to speculate in bronzed, handsome, athletic; they sheep. These qualifications are talk of seeing life as if it were sufficient for the hero of such a something only to be accomplished story. He is not only capable of, in a far-away region—as if"life" but his “health is sweetened by,were a romantic element of exist- the constant labour ;" and he ence which could only be found far thinks himself in luck if a decent from the haunts of civilisation. neighbour lives within fifty miles. The man who talks in this way He can ride, too, in the Australian generally turns out to have been a

sense. sheep farmer in Australia. He "In a general way,” says our despises everything in England as author, “it might be thought being devoid of excitement. If he that a ride of forty miles, exwants employment he advertises clusive of two or three hours' for something “which involves galloping, at camp, was

a fair an active open-air life.”

day's work. So it would have hope he will get it, we may say appeared, doubtless, to the author generously when

such of Guy Livingstone,' who in one advertisements. If he has made a of his novels describes the hero fortune and returned to old Eng- and his good steed as being in a

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condition of extreme exhaustion “"Get up, man, and listen. I after a ride of thirty miles. Whyte thought I could not be mistaken. Melville, too, who handles equally The river has got us this time.' well pen, brand, and bridle, finds “I hear,' said M‘Nab, standing the horses of Gilbert and his friend at the window, with all his senses in Good for Nothing,' or 'All about him. It can't be the river; Down Hill,' reduced to such an and yet, what else can it be? 'enfeebled condition' by sore “I know,' cried Jack; 'it's the backs, consequent upon one day's water pouring into the back creek kangaroo hunting, that they are when it leaves the river. There compelled to send a messenger for must be an awful flood coming fresh horses a hundred miles or down, or it could never make all more to Sydney, and to await his that row. The last time it filled return in camp.

up as smoothly as a backwater "With all deference to, and lagoon. Listen again! sympathy with, the humanity “The two men stood, half-clad which probably prompted so merci. as they were, in the darkness, ever fully moderate a chronicle, we deepest before dawn, while louder, must assert that to these gifted and more distinctly, they heard the writers little is known of the fall, the roar, the rush of the wild astonishing feats of speed and waters of an angry flood down a endurance performed by the ordi deep and empty channel. A very nary Australian horse.

deep excavation had been scooped " Hawkesbury, indeed, rather of old by the Warroo at the comgrumbled when the party arrived mencement of the anabranch, at Gondaree at what he considered which, leaving the river at an an indifferent day's work. He, his angle, followed its course for miles, men, and their horses would have sometimes at a considerable disthought it nothing worth ' making tance, before it re-entered it. a song aboot,' as Rob Roy says, to “My conscience !' said M‘Nab, have ridden to Bimbalong, camped I never heard the like of that the cattle, * cut out' or drafted, on before-in these parts, that is. I horseback, a couple of hundred would give a year's wage I hadn't head of fat bullocks, and to have crossed those weaners back. I brought the lot safe to Gondaree only did it a day or two since. stockyard by moonlight. This May the Devil — but swearing would have involved about twenty never so much as lifted a pound of hours' riding, a large proportion of any man's burden yet. We'll not the work being done at full gallop, be swung clear of this grip of his and during the hottest part of the claws by calling on him. day. But they had done it many “With this anti-Manichæan a time and often. And neither assertion, M‘Nab went forth, and the grass-fed horse, the cattle, nor stumbled about the paddock till he the careless horsemen were a whit managed to get his own and Jack's the worse for it.”

horse into the yard. These he A fair specimen is given of the saddled and had ready by the first excitement which a food brings streak of dawn. Then they with it in this adventure of John mounted and rode towards the Redgrave and M‘Nab, his overseer. back of the river paddock.

“Ăn hour before dawn he “ I was afraid of this,' said sprang suddenly up and shouted to Jack, gloomily, as their horses' M‘Nab, who slept in an adjoining feet plashed in the edge of a broad, room.

dull-coloured sheet of water, long

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