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before we can put them in the position we wish, disturb trade and invite the propagation of all and all these are essentially matters of time. True, sorts of unsound and violent doctrines. the sooner we begin the better, and for this reason. In conclusion, let me say that I am afraid we I should substitute one word, confiscation for shall probably not be lucky enough to be able to compensation, in Mr. George's speech and say, attempt this great work in the best way, whatever "Can nothing be done to remedy this injustice till that may be. But one thing I do pray for, and the land has been confiscated,' for I think it can that is that it will not be our lot to attempt it in hardly be denied that we should be able to carry what, I fear, is the very worst.-I remain, Sir, a compensative scheme a very long time before we yours truly, could hope to confiscate the land." My friends the
CHARLES WICKSTEED, confiscationists speak as if we had the game in our hands and had only to choose between confiscation
With reference to Mr. Wicksteed's letter, Mr. and compensation, utterly ignoring the fact that Saunders writes as follows: we have gigantic forces to contend against, and! It was not until I saw this letter in print that I that we may be able to do the whole thing one way discovered the exquisite vein of satire by which it while we are squabbling about the other.
is pervaded. The blue veil under which Mr. WickThis is not all, however. Mr. George says that steed has concealed his view prevented me from much as the landowners take it is little to what discovering the baited trap which he has so they destroy by denying the people free opportuni- ingeniously laid for the landlords. It is true that ties. I quite agree with him, and consider that it he boldly proposes to give them four thousand five is of much more importance, and that the poorest hundred millions of pounds, which is expressed in classes will derive infinitely more advantages by the ten figures, thus £4,500,000,000; this is the bait. taking over of the land to be let for the benefit of But the final result is to “ depend altogether upon the people than by the mere relief from the millions the temper and sense of justice of people at the we are paying in rent. Now, according to my time;" this is the trap. We may therefore feel scheme you get this greater advantage at once. Is quite satisfied that “temper and a sense of justice" not this a solid advantage over a plan which would will remove two of the figures from the long array put this off indefinitely, which would leave the which denotes the amount, and the figures removed peasants under the squire and parson for another will be the 4 and the 5. generation or two?
Mr. Wicksteed attributes to me a statement to If the confiscationists advocated restoring the the effect that “there ought to be an inquiry into land at once to the people, and of appropriating
how the land was obtained by the present owner." the ground-rent for the use of its rightful owners I have never made any such statement, and I fail at one stroke, I could respect their position ; the to see how the case is affected by the method in plan would be bold, if dangerous; they would be
which the landlords' demand originates. The working on a noble principle for a noble object, / landlord claims to participate in the results of futuro if a little merciless to their fallen foes. But they labour without contributing to that result. No don't advocate this, first, perhaps, because they
method of obtaining the power to do this can make shrink from the literal carrying out of their teach
it just or bearable. To the present generation it ing; second, because they know they can't do it.
makes no difference whether this power was obSo they propose that the landowners are to be tained by force, fraud, inheritance, or purchase ; in gradually taxed out of their rent, to be done to | any case the offect is the same—the landlord robs death in the course of time, through a long and industry. He robs the industry of the present and bitter strife they are to be knocked down by a series
the industry of the future. If a man buys the of blows, all of them hard enough to make them power to do this he invests his money for a share writhe, none of them hard enough to kill them ;
in a fraud. The fact that he does so according to this process is to go on till the aggregate number
law merely shows that our lawmakers committed a of blows has been sufficient to do for them, and breach of trust for their own benefit. then and then only are we to jump upon our fallen When a fraud is discovered it should be stopped, foes and claim our inheritance and the manage and it will be a bad day for this country when we ment of our estates, both of which they would, as adopt the policy of paying robbers for not robbing an aliernative, gladly have given us a generation us. It will be a precedent always encouraging to before for a “consideration," which, heavy as it the unscrupulous and fraudulent. The people are might appear, would be very much the cheapest, strong enough to take their rights, and to buy them the safest, and the pleasantest way of getting rid of would be a confession of weakness and cowardice them.
for which they would deserve the contempt and The plan is economically unsound, which I would
the suffering that such a course would entail. show had I the space. It is dangerous, as it is more
-:0: than possible that during thestruggle the landowners
RESUMPTION. might manage to thrash us, it is but a compromise after all as we are to continue to pay the
TO THE EDITOR OF THE DEMOCRAT. landowners large amounts for an indefinite period, Sir,- It is high time to place incontrovertible it would afford no real or visible relief that I can facts before the industrious classes, staggering facts see to the poor during all the earlier stages. At any that will expose the ignorance of the privileged rate, the bitterness of this strife would have the classes if they dispute them, and convince them of tendency to demoralise instead of elevate the the weakness of their position when they underpeople, it would, in the unsettled state of society, stand them.
A“spirited foreign policy" is a stale artifice for by quoting historical precedents, and I will second distracting our attention from home reforms, and a his efforts from time to time. wilful perversion of truth is another trick of State- I now beg to offer the following conclusive ericraft.
dence that the people can abolish the House of Taking up the Times this 13th of October, I find Lords in spite of Lord Salisbury's assertion to the a leader holding up Henry George to odium, through contrary.--Yours, fear that the land question will receive an impetus
LEX, should he become mayor of New York, and I immediately suspect that the proprietors of that “March 19, 1648. An Act for abolishing the House paper are of tho class now beginning to be in terror
of Peers. of the awakening intelligences of the landless “ The Commons of England assembled in Parliamass.
"ment finding, by too long experience, that the Henry George is not the foe to “civilised order” “ House of Lords is useless and dangerous to the that the Times represents him; he advocates the people of England to be continued, have thought l'esumption of no man's land. Perhaps he is not fit to ordain and enact, and be it ordained and aware that resumption in England is constitutional. " enacted by the present Parliament and by the He merely recommends the taxation of rents so“ authority of the same, that from henceforth the long as land rents remain to be taxed; and where - House of Lords shall be and is hereby wholly is the wrong when land rent is the natural revenue “ abolished and taken away; and that the Lords of the State ? Originally there was no other “shall not from henceforth meet or sit in the said revenue.
“ House of Lords, nor shall sit, vote, advise, Let the landed class honestly pay our rates and "adjudge, or determine of any matter or thing taxes and we shall not seek to molest it; let it
“ whatsoever as a House of Lords in Parliament. continue to shirk its duty and we will do our best “Nevertheless, it is hereby declared that neither such to enlighten the landless masses as to the forgotten, “Lords as have demeaned themselves with honour, but wholesome corrective of resumption.
“courage, and fidelity to the commonwealth, their In your last number it was seen how King “posterities, who shall continue so, shall not be Henry V. resumed lands because they contributed "excluded from the public councils of the nation, nothing to support the State, and similarly, by the “ but shall be admitted thereunto and have their advice of his lords, King Henry VIII., a bolder “free vote in Parliament, if they shall be thereunto man, resumed the lands of the English monasteries “elected, as other persons of interest elected and in 1535 A.D." for the profytte of thys realme.” (Act " qualified thereunto ought to have. And be it 27 Henry VIII., c. 28; Act 31 Henry VIII., c. 13, “ further ordained and enacted by the authority A.D. 1539 ; Act 37 Henry VIII, c. 4, A.D. 1545, aforesaid, that no Peer of this land, not being Statutes of the Realm, vol. iii., p. 75, &c.)
“elected, qualified, and sitting in Parliament aforeThe very essence of land tenure was State “said, shall claim, have, or make use of any privilege service, or reddit or rent. The original grantees or “ of Parliament, either in relation to his person, landholders thoroughly well understood this, and “ quality, or estate, any law, usage, or custom to that they could not convey a better title than they “ the contrary notwithstanding. had received.
“HEN. SCOBEL, Clerk in Parliament.” Lancastrian kings would resume the lands of Yorkists as traitors, and Yorkist kings would
— :0:resume the lands of the Lancastrians as traitors, and by the same rule landless masses can resume the
A LEAFLET LEAGUE. soil from the traitors who appropriate those rents
TO THE EDITOR OF THE DEMOCRAT, which were intended to support the State. “ The profit of the realm” is paramount, and if
SIR,-In this month's issue you allude to the it can be shown that Clissold Park, Richmond activity of the Primrose League, and draw attention Hill, or Highgate Woods would afford healthy to the necessity for the creation of a counteracting recreation to the people and tend to their elevation, organisation. the resumption of them for the use of the public,
Political, like every other kind of machinery, to do without compensation, would be a constitutional
its work successfully, must be adapted to the proceeding fully concurring with the original con
requirements of the work it has to perform. Our dition of land tenure.
opponents' League is admirably adapted to produce JOHN WHEELWRIGHT.
the ends it has to arrive at, viz., the enticing into London, 13th October, 1886.
the Tory ranks of voters by social bribery. But as
Democratic Radicalism could not, if it would, pro:0:
cure recruits by blanket bribery or big mixes, where
a speech from the Chancellor of the Exchequer and THE POWER OF THE PEOPLE.
a cup of tea from the neatest thing in Duchesses TO THE EDITOR OF THE DEMOCRAT.
is sandwiched in with Punch and Judy shows and
the performances of nigger minstrels, we need not SIR, -If words mean anything THE DEMOCRAT | trouble to note their machinery, our work being means an exponent of the people's strength. The not to bribe, but to reason people into joining us. masses have forgotten the constitutional maxim Is it not possible to organise from our ranks a that “the people are the source of all power," or they body of volunteer visitors who, under the active would act upon it. Mr. Wheelwright has chosen supervision of superintendents would, week by the right way to convince them of their power / week, distribute from ho'ůse to house pamphlets and leaflets setting forth the various items in our pro J. M. C., Glasgow, thinks that in order to pregramme with facts bearing upon them, &c., and if, vent revolution and bloodshed, reformers should in addition, the supervisors formed lodges of in- | devote their attention to the abolition of distraint struction wherein the visitors under them could be and hypothec, “which would cause a perfect perfected in a full knowledge of the great truths collapse in the value of all heritable property, and the party is advocating and the advantages to be would open up the way for other legislation." derived from the reforms it presses for, then in a short time would be created an army of earnest thinkers and workers, who would quickly reduce to OUR Colonists are astounded to find that flattery impotence the beer and blanket bribers of the Prim
inket, bribers of the Prime and favouritism prevail in connection with the rose League.
Indian and Colonial business at South Kensington Seeing the nature of the work such an organisa | instead of energy and merit. It cannot be other. tion would perform, the name of the Leaflet League wise when royalty is at the head of affairs, but they does not seem
inappropriate.--I am, sir, your
inappropriate. I am. sir. your have happily been without our experience. obedient servant,
With all the distress and starvation in London Clapham Liberal and Radical Club.
the people pay sixteen millions annually to ground landlords, who contribute nothing to the poor
rates, highway rates, sewers' rates, and other rates, We gladly give insertion to the proposal of Mr.
by the expenditure of which their properties are Best. The name he suggests is a happy thought.
benefitted. There is, however, no occasion to wait for the formation of such a League. Let any Radical who
SIR WILFRID LAWSON says: “ The Liberal party wants to be up and doing buy 25 copies of THE
is immortal as long as it supports true principles." DEMOCRAT, and sell them.
That is quite true, but the Liberal party have been -:0:
talking about governing Ireland without representa
tion, and have proposed to give British money to TO THE EDITOR OF THE DEMOCRAT.
Irish landlords. The Liberal party must clear SIR.-I should like to say a few words in answer | itself from these proposals, or its “immortality.” to “J. B.'s" letter in your last issue, as we have
will be very limited. much in common to complain of. I, like him, reside in a Tory county where they try to crush
The Magistrates of Chelsea have sanctioned the Liberalism, and Democracy still more; but in spite ejectment of five thousand poor people at Chelsea, in of the Primrose League we are steadily advancing, order to obtain a grand approach to the newlyand “J. B.," if he only puts his shoulder to the built aristocratic Cadogan Square. It is a signifiwheel, may find it not so hopeless as he appears to
cant fact that the solicitor to the Vestry is also the think in his own neighbourhood. When the first
solicitor to Lord Cadogan. The Chelsea Antimonthly issue of THE DEMOCRAT was issued I only Eviction L
Eviction League, 14, Marlborough Road, should knew of one beside myself who took it in, so I re
receive the support of every one who can contribute solved to canvass it. Last month I got standing
a mite. orders for 25 copies, and sold several over that number. I have now ordered 50 copies for each
A REPORT too terrible to be believed comes from month, and am sure of selling them.--Yours truly, Bombay; it is to the effect that the Duke of
W. KEELING. Connaught will probably succeed Sir Herbert West Street, Midhurst, Sussex.
Macpherson in the command of the Madras army.
Of course, this means that the real commander, - -:0:
whoever he may be, would have to control the ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS
army and look after the Duke, just as our Prime
Minister has to govern the country and please the GEORGE LOVETT. We are glad to see that Mr. | Queen wherever she may be. Walkinshaw's pungent letter in the September DEMOCRAT, has called forth abuse from his oppo- | THE VALUE OF PUBLIC OPINION.-On Oct. 9th. nents ; it shows that they are being pricked in their | 1886, Mr. Gladstone, writing to Rev. J. S. Jones, of hearts, and that we may hope for their conversion. | Newport, Mon., said: "I hold it to be my duty to J. D. McDade (Pittsburgh, Pa.) writes : “The
watch the currents of opinion in Parliament and signs of the times manifest a hopeful awakening in
the country with a view of using them for the best." the cause of Land Law Reform, as witness the
This shows how practical statesmen are intluenced nomination of Henry George for Mayor of New by the expression of opinion, and that efforts in York, and the 47 by 42 vote on “Land Nationalisa
| that direction are not wasted. tion" at the Trades Congress, in Hull, England.
TO OUR FRIENDS INTERESTED IN LAND LAW Rev. H. M. KENNEDY, Vicar of Plumpton, Cum. | REFORM.-Mr. Wm. Cowling, author of “ Copit berland, writes to state that from personal expe Hall: a Tale of the Land Laws," is now delivering rience he knows that the native Celts—those that a course of lectures on “ Our Land Laws and Labour were left of them-were by iniquitous laws com Interests." Friends wishing to arrange for lectures pelled to pay for diminished holdings and lessened on this subject can do so by communicating with rights, excessive rents, again and again increased Mr. Wm. Cowling, Mr, Woodcock's Office, Trinity upon their own sole improvements.
| House-lane, Hull,
LETTER FROM THE CHILDREN'S out crying, he was that done up with the long
walk and with keeping himself from drinking the DEMOCRAT.
milk; mother said she knew that was it, though MY DEAR CHILDREN,-If the Editor of The Bobby never said a word. Father said Bobby DEMOCRAT can be so kind as to print them, I should have a drink of milk every day, but mother should like you to read two letters about my said it was too far off, and then father said Molly address to you in the October DEMOCRAT. I shall could go for it (that was me), and I should have have a little to say to you about each of them. I a big piece of bread and butter for fetching it for
To the Writer for Children in THE DEMOCRAT. him. But father got out of work, and Bobby
SIR, I am not in the habit of reading The couldn't have the milk, and baby died, and oh, Mr. DEMOCRAT, but I happened to see your letter in children's DEMOCRAT, when I think about that big the October number, addressed to children of the piece of bread and butter my head swims. But United Kingdom, and read your remarks at the Bobby, he doesn't mind there not being so much conclusion, referring to what would be sufficient bread in the house as there used to be; his mouth for the maintenance of a family during the whole is very dry, poor Bobby; and he can manage withtime of the children's growing up. You appear to out the milk, as we have got some water pretty think all families alike in this respect. You near. But please tell me, how can babies be kings evidently had only the cases of day-labourers, and queens when they haven't got lots of money. small shopkeepers, and artizans, in your head; | I am, your little friend, MOLLY SHARPSET. houses where the babies are attended to by their I find I haven't time to write about these letters own mothers and sisters, and where the housework what I intended to write : please take care of them, (there can't be much of it) is done by the woman | my dear children, and perhaps next month we may and children of the family. It is all very well to talk them over. speak as you have done about what will maintain a
I remain, your affectionate, DEMOCRAT. family of that sort; but you addressed your letter
_ :0:to the children of the United Kingdom, and therefore you should not have left persons of consequence and
GLADSTONE AND IRISH LANDLORDS. families of distinction entirely out of the considera Hear him in his speech :-He said, “I think it tion. I can only say that it must be a rich person would be a most unfortunate day to witness the indeed who could afford to spend weekly what it will adoption of any legislation contemplating the cost from beginning to end to maintain our family extirpation from the country of the entire landlord during the time of our children's growing-up. The class. The point is that landlords should remain food for them and the persons who have the charge in the country and do their duty there. And this of them and attend upon them, costs over £50 a I will say, that the framers of the Act of 1881 month, and the expenses of their dress and education never contemplated their removal from the country, amount to considerably over £1,000 a year. I say a removal which we believe would be injurious to nothing of Christmas and birthday parties, and
that society of which they form a part." journeys, and turns at the seaside, though these are things which, of course, we should not think of
Alas ! Poor Ireland. dispensing with.
Alas! poor Ireland, even the eloquent advocate I should recommend your taking a wider view of of your claims for justice has in his mind the lingerthings before you write for the public, or else ing intention to fasten landlordism as a permanent putting a more modest heading to your addresses. | institution amongst your people! I don't advise your heading your letters (as one of my sons suggests), to the little scrubs and slaveys
No, No, Mr. Gladstone ! of the United Kingdom ; but I think that in order No, Mr. Gladstone! Even without your help to show where you are, and not to mislead, it would Ireland will put an end to landlordism in her soil. be as well to head them as addressed to children of The landlords are nothing else than robbers. What the working classes.
is the coming to the tiller of the soil and demand. I remain, Sir, yours, &c.,
ing rent for God created land and the God created CECILIA THICKSPREAD. miracle of the abundant increase of forty grain of Just now I have no room to say more than to corn from one corn seed but an act of outrage and tell you, my dear children, how amused I was that daring robbery? The landlord's character is in Mrs. Thickspread should think I had forgotten the general grossly immoral, his position a tyrant, his children of consequence in my letter, because, property in the soil comes to him from those who what I really had forgotten were the children of murdered the former tillers of the soil and then took no consequence.
possession of the dwellings, cattle, and soil of the Now for the other letter.
murdered. Talk of Irish outrages, indeed! The Dear Mr. Children's DEMOCRAT,-Dick Sampson perpetrator of the moral outrage is he who comes came this morning and read us your letter to with an armed band of hired cut-throats to the children in THE DEMOCRAT, and when he had done peasant's built cabin and ordering him out of his he looked at our baby in the coffin, and then he dwelling, throws his wife and children, bed and said, Poor little Queen. Mother couldn't feed the bedding, on to the roadside, quenches his hearth baby, she had a low fever hanging about her, and fire, and then orders his crowbar brigade to disfather brought the baby some milk every day when mantle and pull down before his aching eyes the he came home from work, but by and bye the milk loved home in which he was born, in which his had to be sold earlier, and Bobby had to go for it, children were born, in which all that is dear to him and Bobby when he came in with the milk burst 'for years abided.-The Irish World.
" THEY HAVE RIGHTS WHO DARE MAINTAIN THEM.”
Vol. IV.-No. 97.
that when a prince or a duke is placed at the The Liberal party is rent in twain, because
head of affairs it becomes necessary for the their leaders introduced measures opposed to
real manager to manage the business, and to Liberal principles. The Tory party is expect
manage the prince or the duke. It is also a ing disruption because the Leader of the House
well-known fact, and one abundantly realised of Commons propounds schemes inconsistent by our colonists, that the headship of the Prince with Tory ideas. The Liberal Ministry pro- of W
try pro of Wales involved so much cost and flunkeyposed government without representation and
it representation and ism that confidence has been destroyed and the purchase of Irish land. Lord Randolph progress has been made almost impossible. Churchill has confounded the Tories by Some of the names on the list of visitors to the declining to sanction taxation without repre.
Prince of Wales do not create surprise, as they sentation, and by refusing to continue taxes on
belong to men who would go almost anywhere the poor man's fire for the benefit of London
for a glass of brandy; but that Mr. Henry landlords. The situation is curious, but not so
Broadhurst and Mr. George Shipton should important as it seems. The electors have been
have demeaned themselves by going on such an too intelligent and too independent to sanction errand is a degradation to the trades unions retrograde proposals from Liberal authorities.
which they represent. The attitude of the Tory party is merely a farce, in which Churchill plays to the gallery The Crofter Deputation to Mr. Balfour. and Salisbury to the boxes. Meanwhile the This deputation was a much more important people have shown a wholesome power of pro- matter than it would appear from the reports tecting themselves, and therefore legislation
in the daily papers. Some wholesome truths can proceed only in a direction consistent with
were put before Mr. Balfour, and it was clear popular interests. Radicals have now a more
that he did not like them. His perceptive promising field of action than was ever before
faculties have never been in a sound condition, presented to them in British politics.
and respecting atrocities he is actually blind.
When he mentioned that the sum demanded by Scenes at Sandringham.
idle landlords for a right to live in the Isle of We cannot but be amazed at the flunkey- Skye was twenty thousand pounds per annum, ism of the working men who streamed to Sand- he ought to have blushed to the roots of his ringham to present an address to the Prince hair, but he did not. He seemed to think of Wales because very ordinary proceedings that the fact was a subject for congratulation, had been taken in his name to bring a crowd although he knows that to get that sum the to the Colonial Exhibition. If he were manager rents have been increased threefold within of the Exhibition it would be an absurdity to thirty years. It is significant that the Governsend two trains of working men to thank himment are severe in Scotland while comparatively for doing a simple duty. But it is a well- lenient in Ireland. It is not difficult to underknown fact, and an inevitable circumstance, 'stand the reason. Ireland sends 86 working