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berland, on the death of Tonbert, in 671, I dipped a cabbage-leaf in honey, and thn but persisted in her vow, and died abbess tempted him to eat the first solid food a of her convent on the 23d of June, 679. ever tasted. I beg leave to add to Mr On the 17th of October, sixteen years Cowper's bill of fare, nuts, walnuts, pears afterwards, her relics were translated, sweet cakes of all kinds, sea biscuits and therefore on this day her festival is sugar, and, above all

, apple-pie. Every commemorated. In 870, the Danes made thing which is hard and crisp seems to be a descent on the isle of Ely, destroyed the particularly relished.-The iris of the convent and slaughtered the inhabitants. hare is very beautiful; it has the appearance By abbreviation her name became core of the gills of a young mushroom, seeming rupied to Auldrey and Audrey.*

to consist of very delicate fibres, disposed

like radii issuing from a common centre. Tawdry--St Audrey.

I shall be glad to be informed by any As at the annual fair in the isle person, skilled in anatomy, whether this of Ely, called St. Audrey's fair, “much structure of the iris be not of use to enable ordinary but showy lace was usually the eye to bear the constant action of the sold to the country lasses, St. Au- light; as it is a common opinion that this drey's lace soon became proverbial, and animal sleeps, even in the day-time, with from that cause Taudry, a corruption of its eyes open. I have observed, likewise

, St. Audrey, was established as a common

that the fur of the hare is more strongly expression to denote not only lace, but electrical than the hair of any other animal. any other part of female dress, which was

If you apply the point of a finger to his much more gaudy in appearance than side in frosty weather

, the hairs are inwarranted by its real quality and value.” mediately strongly attracted towards it This is the assertion of Mr. Brady, in his from all 'points, and closely embrace the “ Clavis Calendaria," who, for aught that finger on every side." appears to the contrary, gives the deri.

It should be added from this agreeable vation of the word as his own conjecture, writer, as regards the squirrel, that he but Mr. Archdeacon Nares, in his admi was much surprised at the great advantage rable "Glossary,” shows the meaning to the little animal derives from his extended nave been derived from Harpsfield, « an tail, which brings his body so nearly to an old English historian,” who refers to the equipoise with the air, as to render a leap or appellation, and “makes St. Audrey die fall from the greatest height perfectly safe of a swelling in her throat, which she to him. “My squirrel has more than once considered as a particular judgment, for leaped from the window of the second having been in her youth much addicted story, and alighted on stone steps, or on to wearing fine necklaces." There is not hard gravel, without suffering any inconnow any grounds to doubt that tawdry venience. But I should be glad to have comes from St. Audrey. It was so deriv. confirmation, from an eye-witness

, of ed in Dr. Johnson's “ Dictionary” before what Mr. Pennaut relates on the credit Mr. Todd's edition. Dr. Ash deemed of Linnæus, Klein, Rzaczinski, and Schefthe word of uncertain etymology."

fer, viz. that a squirrel sometimes crosses

a river on a piece of bark by way of boat, HARES AND SQUIRRELS.

using his tail as a sail. Not less astonishThe pleasant correspondent of Mr. brutes: they seem sometimes resolved to

ing is the undaunted courage of these little Urban, whose account of his squirrels conquer as it were, by reflection and fore is introduced on the seventh day of the pre- titude, their natural instinctive fears. I sent month, was induced, by Mr. Cow- have often known a squirrel tremble and per's experience in the management of scream at the first sight of a dog or cat, his hares, to procure a hare about three and yet, within a few minutes, after several weeks old. The little creature,” he abortive attempts, summon resolutice says, at first pined for his dam, and his enough to march up and smell at the ver liberty, and refused food. In a few days nose of his gigantic enemy. Thiese az I prevailed with him to take some milk proaches he always makes by short abrup from my lips, and this is still

his favourite leaps, stamping the ground with his feet method of drinking. Soon after, observe as loud as he can ; his whole mien and ing that he greedily lapped sweet things, countenance most ridiculously expressive

of ancient Pistol's affected valour and is • Audley. Brady.




Bentham's next budget of Fallacies, along Be is remembered, that C. L. comes with the “ melodious and proportionable bere and represents his relations; that kinde of musicke,” recorded in your las is to say, on behalf of the recollections, number of another highly gifted animal.* being the next of kin, of him, the said

C. L. C. L, and of sundry persons who are "aye treading " in the manner of squirrels aforesaid; and thus he saith :

Tenleaved Sunflower. Helianthus deca. For the Every-Day Book.


Dedicated to St. Anstrudis. What is gone with the Cages with the climbing Squirrel and bells to them, which were formerly the indispensable

October 18. appendage to the outside of a Tinman's St. Luke the Evangelist, A. D. 63. St. Jushop, and were in fact the only Live lian Sabus, 4th Cent. St. Justin. St Signs? One, we believe, still hangs out Monon, 7th Cent. on Holborn; but they are fast vanishing with the good old modes of our ances

St. Luke. tors. They seem to have been superseded

The name of this evangelist is in the by that still more ingenious refinement of church of England calendar and almamodern humanity—the Tread-mill; in nacs on this day, which was appointed which kuman Squirrels still perform a

his festival by the Romish church in the similar round of ceaseless, improgressive twelfth century. As a more convenient clambering; which must be nuts to them. occasion will occur for a suitable notice

We almost doubt the fact of the teeth of his history and character, it is deferred of this creature being so purely orange about the year 70, in the eighty-fourth

till then. It is presumed that he died coloured, as Mr. Urban's gives out. One of our old poets—and year of his age, having written his gospel they were pretty sharp observers of na

about seven or eight years before. ture-describes them as brown. But perhaps the naturalist referred to meant is of the colour of a Maltese orange,

Commonly called which is rather more obfuscated than

HORN FAIR. your fruit of Seville, or Saint Michael's; and may help to reconcile the difference. At the pleasant village of Charlton, on We cannot speak from observation, but the north side of Blackheath, about eight we remember at school getting our fingers miles from London, a fair is held annually into the orangery of one of these little on St. Luke's day. It is called “ Horn gentry (not having a due caution of the Fair," from the custom of carrying horns traps set there), and the result proved at it formerly, and the frequenters still sourer than lemons. The Author of the wearing them. A foreigner travelling in Task somewhere speaks of their anger as

England in the year 1598, mentions being " insignificantly fierce,” but we

horns to have been conspicuously disfound the demonstration of it on this oc- played in its neighbourhood at that early casion quite as significant as we desired; period. “Upon taking the air down the and have not been disposed since to look river (from London), on the left hand any of these “ gift horses” in the mouth. lies Ratcliffe, a considerable suburb. On Maiden aunts keep these “small deer" the opposite shore is fixed a long pole as they do parrots, to bite people's fingers, with rams-horns upon it, the intention

of on purpose to give them good advice which was vulgarly said to be a reflection

not to venture so near the cage another upon wilful and contented cuckolds." + time.” As for their “ six quavers

divided An old newspaper states, that it was forinto three quavers and a dotted crotchet,” merly a custom for a procession to go I suppose, they may go into Jeremy from some of the inns in Bishopsgate

street, in which were, a king, a queen, a • Fletcher in the "Faithful Shepherdess.”—The number of others, with horns in their hats,

miller, a counsellor, &c., and a great Saty offers to Clorin, Is the learned Poet's good, Brapes whose lusty blood

to Charlton, where they went round the

church three times. This was accompa. The head of Bacchus; nuts more brown Than the squirrels' teeth that crack them.

• Page 1800.

# Hentzner.


Sweeter yet did never crown

across Woolwich common and Plumstead

One of the pleasantest walks from THE EVERY-DAY BOOK.-OCTOBER 18. nied by so many indecencies on Black- the exception of two or three armoria heath, such as the whipping of females bearings, and a few cherubs' beads, these with furze, &c., that it gave rise to the figures of St. Luke's horned symbol, which proverb of “all is fair at Horn Fair.” . escaped destruction, and are carefully A curious biographical memoir relates placed in the upper part of the windows the custom of going to Horn Fair in wo- are the only painted glass remaining; sare mens' clothes. “I remember being there also, however, that in the east window, upon Horn-Fair day, I was dressed in there are the head and shoulders of the my land-ladie's best gown and other wo. saint himself, and the same parts of the men's attire, and to Horn Fair we went, figure of Aaron. and as we were coming back by water, all The procession of horns, customary at the clothes were spoiled by dirty water, Charlton fair, has ceased; but horos still &c., that was flung on us in an inunda- continue to be sold from the lowest to tion, for which I was obliged to present “ the best booth in the fair." They are ner with two guineas to make atonement chiefly those of sheep, goats, and smalle: for the damages sustained.”+ Mr. Brand, animals, and are usually gilt and decorated who cites these notices, and observes that for their less innocent successors to these Grose mentions this fair, adds, that “It ornaments. The fair is still a kind of case consists of a riotous mob, who, after a nival or masquerade. On St. Luke's-day, printed summons dispersed through the 1825, though the weather was unfavour adjacent towns, meet at Cuckold's Point, able to the customary humours, most of near Deptford, and march from thence in the visitors wore masks; several were procession through that town and Green- disguised in women's clothes, and some vich to Charlton, with horns of different assumed whimsical characters. The sinds upon their heads; and at the fair spacious and celebrated Crown and Anchor there are sold rams' horns, and every sort booth was the principal scene of their of toy made of horn : even the ginger

amusements. The fair is now held in a bread figures have horns." The same re- private field: formerly it was on the corder of customs mentions an absurd green opposite the church, and facing the tradition assigning the origin of this fair

mansion of sir Thomas Wilson. The to a grant from king John, which, he very late lady Wilson was a great admirer properly remarks, is too ridiculous to

and patroness of the fair; the old lady merit the smallest attention."

was accustomed to come down with her “A sermon,” says Mr. Brand, “is attendants every morning during the fair, preached at Charlton church on the fair. “and in long order go," from the steps day.” This sermon is now discontinued of her ancient hall, to without the gates on the festival-day: the practice was cre- of her court-yard, when the bands of the ated by a bequest of twenty shillings a different shows hailed her appearance, as year to the minister of the parish for a signal to strike up their melody of disa preaching it.

cords: Richardson, always pitched hos The horn - bearing at this fair may great booth in front of the house. Latterbe conjectured :o have originated from ly, however, the fair has diminished; the symbol, accompanying the figure of Richardson was not there in 1825, no St. Luke: when he is represented by were there any shows of consequences sculpture or painting, he is usually in the « Horns ! horns !” were the customary side, whose horns are conspicuous. These source of frolic: they were in the bed seem to have

been seized by the former and bonnet of almost every person in the saint's festival, as a lively mode of sounde neighbouring gentry to proceed thither in ing forth their rude pleasure for the holi- their carriages during the morning to set day. Though most of the painted glass the sports. The fair lasts three days. in the windows of the church was destroyed during the troubles in the time of St. Luke's & with wings on his back, and the park-wall to Charlton ; and finem goodly horns upon his head : indeed, with thence after passing

through that village common, along green lanes, orer the foot

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• Brand.
+ Life of Mr. William Fuller, 1700, 12mo.


paths of the fields, to the very retired and Sendou, 7th Cent. St. Adian, Bp. of rural village of East Wickham, which Mayo, A. D. 768. lies about half a mile on the north side of Welling, through which is the great Lon

Migration of Birds. don road to Dover. There are various

Woodcocks have now arrived. In the pleasant views for the lover of cultivat

autumn and setting in of winter they ed nature, with occasional fine bursts of keep dropping in from the Baltic singly, the broad flowing Thames. Students in

or in pairs, till December. They inbotany and geology will not find it a stinctively land in the night, or in dark stroll, barren of objects in their favourite misty weather, for they are never seen to sciences.

arrive, but are frequently discovered the

next morning in any ditch which affords FLORAL DIRECTORY.

them shelter, after the extraordinary faFloccose Agaric.

Agaricus floccosus. tigue occasioned by the adverse gales Dedicated to St. Luke, Evangelist.

which they often have to encounter in their aërial voyage. They do not remain

near the shores longer than a day, when October 19.

they are sufficiently recruited to proceed St. Peter, of Alcantara, A. D. 1562.

inland, and they visit the very same Sts.

haunts which they left the preceding, seaPtolemy, Lucius, and another, A. D. 166. St. Frideswide, patroness of Oxford, 8th

In temperate weather they retire to Cent

. St. Ethbin, or Egbin, Abbot, 6th mossy moors, and high bleak mountainous Cent,

parts; but as soon as the frost sets in,

and the snows begin to fall, they seek The Last Rose of Summer, lower and warmer situations, with boggy Tis the last rose of summer,

grounds and springs, and little oozing Left blocming alone,

mossy rills, which are rarely frozen, All her lovely companions

where they shelter in close bushes of Are faded and gone;

holly and furze, and the brakes of woody No flower of her kindred,

giens, or in dells which are covered with No rosebud is nigh,

underwood : here they remain To reflect back ber blushes,

cealed during the day, and remove to difOr give sigh for sigh!

ferent haunts and feed only in the night. I'll not leave thee, thou lone one

From the beginning of March to the end

of that month, or sometimes to the midTo pine on the stem, Since the lovely are sleeping,

dle of April, they all keep drawing Go sleep thou with them;

towards the coasts, and avail themselves Thus kindly I scatter

of the first fair wind to return to their Thy leaves o'er the bed,

native woods. · The snipe, scolopax Where thy mates of the garden gallinago, also comes now, and inhabiis Lie scentless and dead.

similar situations. It is migratory, and

met with in all countries : like the woodSo soon may I follow,

cock, it shuns the extremes of heat and When friendships decay, And from love's shining circle

cold, by keeping upon the bleak moors The gems drop away!

in summer, and seeking the shelter of the When true hearts lie withered,

valleys in winter. In unfrozen boggy And fond ones are flown,

places, runners from springs, or any open Oh! who would inhabit

streamlets of water, they are often found This bleak world alone? Noore. in considerable numbers.*


Tall Tickseed. Coreopsis procosa.

Dedicated to St. Frideswide

Yellow Sultan. Centaurea suavcolens.

Dedicated to St. Artemius.

October 20.
St. Artemius, A. D. 362. St. Barsabias,

Abbot, and others, A. D. 342. St. Ze-
nobius, Bp.

St. Sindulphus, or St.

October 21.
Sts. Ursula, and her Companions, 5th

Cent. St. Hilarion, Abbot, A. D. 371.

• Dr. Forster's Perennial Calendar.

A. D. 156.

St. Fintan, or Munnu, Abbot, in Ire John Barleycorn was a bero bold, land, A. D. 634.

Of noble enterprise,

For if you do but taste his blood,

"Twill make your courage rise.
After a harvest with a good barley
crop, a few minutes may be seasonably

Twill make a man forget his woe, amused by a pleasant ballad.

'Twill heighten all his joy:

'Twill make the widow's heart to sing John Barleycorn.

Tho' the tear were in ber eye.
There went three kings into the east,

Then let us toast John Barleycora,
Three kings both great and high,

Each man a glass in hand;
An' they ha' sworn a solemn oath

And may his great posterity
Johu Barleycorn should die.

Ne'er fail in old Scotland! Barns.
They took a plough and plough'd him


Hairy Silphium. Silphium asteriscu.
Put clods upon his head,

Dedicated to St. Ursula.
And they bae sworn a solemn oath
Johu Barleycorn was dead.

October 22.
But the cheerful spring came kindly on,

St. Philip, Bp. of Heraclea, and others, And show'rs began to fall; John Barleycorn got up again,

A. D. 304. Sts. Nunilo and Alodia, And sore surpris'd them all.

A. D. 840. St. Donatus, Bp. of Fies

soli, in Tuscany, A D. 816. St. Mello, 1, The sultry suns of summer came,

or Melanius, 4th Cent. St. Mark, Bp. And he grew thick and strong, His head weel arm'd wi' pointed spears, That no one should him wrong.

St. Mark, Bishop of Jerusalem.

The two first bishops of Jerusalem The sober autumn enter'd mild,

were “the apostle St. James and his bro When he grew wan and pale ;

ther St. Simeon; thirteen bishops who His bending joints and drooping head Show'd he began to fail.

succeeded them were of the Jewish natior.."

Upon an edict of the emperor His colour sicken'd more and more,

Adrian, prohibiting all Jews from coming He faded into age ;

to Jerusalem, Mark, being a Gentile And then his enemies began

Christian, was chosen bishop of the
To show their deadly rage.

Christians in that city, and was their first
Gentile bishop:

ile is said to have
They've taen a weapon, long and sharp,
And cut him by the knee ;

been martyred in 156 Then ty'd lim fast upon a cart,

THE SEASON. Like a rogue for forgerie.

They who think the affections are alThey laid him down upon his back,

ways in season, may not deem these lines And cudgell'd him full sore ;

out of season. They hung him up before the storm,

And turn'd him o'er and o'er.
They filled up a darksome pit

In the sweet" days of other years,"
With water to the brim,

When o'er my cradle first thy tears They heaved in John Barleycorn,

Were blended with maternal fears, There let him sink or swim.

And anxious doubts for me;

How often rose my lisping prayer,
They laid him out upon the floor,
To work him farther woe,

That hear'n a mother's life would spare.
And still as signs of life appear`d,

Who watch'd with such incessant care,

My helpless infancy. They isss'd him to and fro

Those happy hours are past away, They wasted, o er a scorching ame,

Yet fain I'd breathe an artless las, The marrow of his bones;

To greet my mother this blest day, But a miller us'd him worst of all,

For oh ! it gave thee birth ;, For he crusb'd him between two stones.

Hope whispers that it will be dear, And they bae ta'en his very heart's blood,

As seraph's music to thine ear, And drank it round and round;

That thou wilt hallow with a team, And still the more and more they drank,

This tribute to thy worth. Their joy did more abound.

To a Mother.


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