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vell, a son.

April 21. At Queensferry, the wife of the Rev. Cullen, to Henrietta, youngest daughter of Sir Thomas Dimma, a son.

Henry Jardine, King's Rernembrancer of the 22. At Malta Terrace, Edinburgh, Mrs Somer Court of Exchequer in Scotland.

April 6. At Dunbar, Mr Samuel Watson, son of 25. At Logie, near Forres, the Lady of Charles the late James Watson, Esq. W. S. Edinburgh, Halkett Craigie, Esq. of Dumbarpie, a daughter. to Miss Jane Home Landello

24. At Edinburgh, the Lady of Robert Baillie, 11. At Glasgow, Mr John M Kinnon, surgeon, Esq. of Culterallers, a son.

to Margaret, daughter of the late Mr Wm. Dick, Lately. At Mill-hill House, Billericay, Essex, manufacturer. the Lady of Colonel C. Bruce, C.B., a son.

12. At Cartneil, Lancashire, Alexander Murray,

Esq. advocate, son of the late William Murray, MARRIAGES.

Esg. of Polmaise, to Johnina, second daughter of ZO. NOV. 24. At Coel. Bengal. Donald Eneas the late John Wilkinson, Esq. of Castlehead and Mackay, Esq. First Lieutenant Bengal artillery, Brymbo. . to Agnes Anne, fourth daughter of William Spot - At Whitby, the Rev. George Young, M.A. tiswoode, Esq. Clayquhat, Perthshire.

author of the History of Whitby, &c. to Marga. 1826. March 6. At Knockdolean, Mr Thomas ret, daughter of the late Mr Robert Hunter of Murray, surgeon, Colmonell, to Miss Mary, fourth that place. daughter of Robert Mollwraith, Esq. of Auchen 13. At St. Philip's Church, Liverpool, Robert flower, Ballantrae.

Hunter, Esq. Manager of the Provincial Bank of 18. At Stoke Courcey. Somerset, the Rev. James Ireland, in Limerick, to Jane, daughter of Mr A. Stewart, B.A., late of Corpus Christi College, More, Chatham-Street, Liverpool.

More, Chathan Cambridge, to Mary, eldest daughter of the late - At Tixall, in Staffordshire, Miss Constable, Henry Sweeting, Esq. of Sherbon.

eldest daughter of the late Sir Thomas Con23. At Norman Lockhart's, Esq. York Place, stable, Bart. of Burton Constable in the county Edinburgh, by the Rev. Dr Lee, John Dinwoodie, of York, to Captain Chichester, of the 60th, Esq. to Winifred Jane, eldest daughter of Colonel or Duke of York's Own Rifle Regiment. The Archibald M'Murdo, Dumfries.

bride was given away by the Right Hon. Lord 27. At Maryfield, Mr Robert Johnston, mer Clifford, and after a splendid dejeune a la fourchant, Glasgow, to Eliza Walker, eldest daughter chette, the happy couple left Tixall, in their traof James Johnston, Esq. Glasgow.

velling chariot and four for Malvern, in Worces- At Edinburgh, 'Andrew Buchanan, Esq. tershire. youngest son of David Carrick Buchanan, Esq. of - At the house of Leonard Horner, Esq. by Drumpellier and Mount Vernon, to Miss Bethia the Rev. Sir Henry Moncrieff Wellwood, Bart., Hamilton Ramsay, youngest daughter of the late William Horton Lloyd, Esq. of Bedford Place, William Ramsay, Esq. banker, Edinburgh.

London, to Mary, youngest daughter of George : - At Catherine Bank House, Arthur Craigie, Whitelocke, Esq. of Seymour Place, Portman Esq. merchant in Leith, to Susanna, daughter of Square. the Rev. Dr Ireland, minister of North Leith.

14. At Richmond, Surrey, the Earl of Clare, to 28. At Glasgow, James Home, Esq. of Linhouse, the Hon. Elizabeth Julia Georgiana Burrell, only to Miss M.Naught, daughter of John M'Naught, daughter of the late Lord Gwydir and the BaroEsq.

ness Willoughby, of Eresby. - Lieutenant A. Barclay. R. N., Oakwood 17. At Lochmaben, Matthew Graham, Esq. of Cottage, to Ann, daughter of Mr Henry Daun Priesthead, to Robina, eldest daughter of the late farmer, Kirkton of Echt.

Rev. Henry Laurie, minister of the parish of 29. At Comely Gardens, William Mitchell. Esq. Lochmaben. of the Commercial Bank of Scotland, Edinburgh, - At Edinburgh, Andrew Johnston, younger to Lillias, eldest daughter of the late David Cross, of Rennyhill, advocate, Esq. to Barbara, eldest Esq. Pilrig-Street.

daughter of David Pearson, Esq. At Auchteraw, the Rev. John Macintyre, At Dysart, William Hunt, Esq. W. S. to minister of Fort Augustus, to Eliza, eldest daugh Mary, only daughter of James Normand of Bal-, ter of Thomas Clark, Esq. Auchteraw.

tilly, Esq. 30. At Dunse, the Rev. John Birrell, one of the 18. Sir Hedworth Williamson, Bart, to the Hon. ministers of Cupar, in Fife, to Isabella, fourth Anne Elizabeth Liddell daughter of the late John Turnbull, Esq. of Ab - At Lambden, Capt. Alexander Drysdale, 27th bey St. Bathans,

regiment, to Barbara, third daughter of the late - At Newliston House, Patrick Fraser Tytler, James Nisbet, Esq. of Lambden. Esq. advocate, to Miss Rachel Elizabeth Hog, 19. Francis Grant, Esq. second son of the late third daughter of Thos, Hog of Newliston, Esq. Francis Grant, Esq. of kilgraston, to Miss Far

April 1. At Liverpool, Richard Benson, Esq. of quharson, eldtst daughter of the late Captain FarFathom Park, county Armagh, Ireland, to Agnes, quharson Rors of Invercauld. eldest daughter of the Rev. James Gray, chaplain 95. At Edinburgh, the Rev. James Grant, jun. in the Hon. East India Company's service, Bom. first minister of South Leith, to Mrs Jessie Ann bay, late of the High School, Edinburgh.

Campbell, widow of Major Archibald Campbell, 3. At Edinburgh, Capt. Cuinming, Lessendrum of Bragleen. House, Aberdeenshire, to Miss Lane, daughter of - At Carlton Place, Glasgow, Henry Dunlop, the late Rev.John Lane, Vicar of Sawbridgeworth, Esq. to Anne, eldest daughter of the late Thomas Hertfordshire, and niece of the late Sir E. Impey Cairnie, Esq. of Newark Park, Surrey.

- At Glasgow, Walter Crum, Esq. merchant, - At Edinburgh, Mr William M. Bathgate, to Jessie, youngest daughter of Wm. Graham, surgeon, Clyde-Street, to Maria Wood, youngest sen. Esq. daughter of Mr Janies Lorimer, 65, York Place. - At Glasgow, Robert Urquhart, Esq. mer

4. At Leith, Mr William Dick, shipowner, to chant there, to Jane, daughter of David M.Haffie, Miss Crouden, Madeira-Street.

Esq. of Overton. - At Glasgow, Alexander Glasgow, Esq. mer 27. At Greenock, James Boyd, Esq. surgeon, chant, to Helen, youngest daughter of the late Hon. East-India Company's service, to Isabella, William Smith, Esq.

second daughter of John Pringle, Esq. Greenock. - At Farnham, Surrey, Thomas Pearse, of Lately. In Van Diemen's Land, LieutenantHighway House, Froyle, Hants, Esq. to the Ho General Si: H. Todd, of the Bengal Establishnourable Caroline Ker, eldest daughter of the ment, to Mary, youngest daughter of the late late Lord Charles Beauchamp Ker, and niece of Captain Ewen M. Grimanist, North Uist. the late Marquis of Lothian.

- At Kirkcudbright, Captain Hannah, of the - At Dumfries, the Rev, John Sinith, A.M. Duke of Lancaster East Indiaman, to Miss Mary missionary to the Chinese, to Mary, second M Kinnel, third daughter of Provost M'Kinnel, daughter of Mr Robert Bland, merchant, Dum. Kirkcudbright. 5. At Stirling, John Murray, Esq. of Livilands,

DEATHS. to Anne, daughter of the late Major Alexander 1825. Sept. at Penang, on his way from Calcutta Macgregor of Balhaldies.

to China, where he was going for the recovery of - At Heathfield, Ross-shire, J. Humphreys, his health, John Trotter, Esq. junior, of the HoEsg, surgeon, London, to Margaret, youngest nourable East India Company's civil service, and daughter of Gustavus Aird, Esq. of Heathfield. second son of Alex. Trotter, Esq. of Dreghorn.

6. At Laverock Bank, Edinburgh, Dr William 15. At Durn Dum, near Calcutta, aged 17, Mr


Samuel Guise Thomson, son of Alex. Thomson, late Earl of Sutherland, he had frequent occasion Esq. late Captain in the 46th and 100th regiments. to be in the moors with those moblemen and get

Oct. At Rangoon, of cholera, Thomas Mure, tlernen who usually resorted to the forth, to eEsq. of his Majesty's ship Boadicea.

joy the sporting seasons. With Baron Norton, 9. At Agra, John Burnett, Assistant-Surgeon, Sir John Gordon of Embo, and the late General second son of the late K. W. Burnett, Esq. of Wemyss, he was a particular favourite. Many of Monboddo.

his anecdotes and repartees on this and other on 10. At Meerut, Captain James Innes Gordon, casions are still remembered-to be laughed at 35th regiment Bengal native infantry, third son right heartily; for, though he was a plain una of the late James Gordon, Esq. of Rosieburn. suming sort of man, his mode of conversation

16. In the cantonment of his regiment, in the was tinctured with a venial kind of bluntness and island of Calabah, near Bombay, East Indies, sarcastic humour peculiar to himsell, that reAlexander John Ralph, Esq. M.D., Assistant-Sur dered the aptness of his remarks irresistible, and geon, 2d (Queen's Royal) regiment of foot, aged no person, bow dignified soever in rank, was 28 years.

exempted from his satire. Sporting was his ru92. In Virginia, aged 114, Alexander Berkeley, ling passion, but it did not deprive him of the a native of Scotland. On the 9th January his enjoyment of fishing: he was a most expert ang wife died, aged 111.

ler-a true sportsman in all respects; and like his Nov. On his voyage to China, George, second famous prototype, old Isaac Walton of angling son of the late John Urquhart, Esq. of Craigston. memory, whom he very much resembled, it was

- While serving at Rangoon, Capt. Alexander, almost impossible to be long in his company with R. N. C.B.

out being smit with his love of the art. Of 3. At the Preside: ey, Captain Gilbert Melville, hooks, rods, and flys, he would talk with enthuIst regiment Bombay light cavalry. This gentle siasm; but of the more modern improvement of man had arrived only three weeks from his na gut and seaweed casting lines, &c. he spoke with tive country, to return to that service in which contempt, as being the “ only resource to which he had passed sixteen years of his life, much to novices would resort in sustaining a strong pull his honour as a public servant, whilst his associ. with bad management." He would consider it ates looked to a renewal of that friendship for a sort of insult to recommend these things to his which he was so much distinguished. By his notice.--By the interest of Lord Ankerville, wbo brother officers be will be long and most deser always maintained a high regard for him, be was vedly regretted, as well as by all who knew him. appointed on or about the year 1780, Tidewaite The high respect paid to his remains will be some of the Customs at Inverness, from whence he wa consolation to his friends, if only as a proof with soon after transferred to the port of Brors, but what feelings all ranks regarded him.

wes supperannuated in 1812, with an allowance 1826. Jan. 13. On board the ship Pomona, while of £.23 a year, which he enjoyed till his death. on a voyage to Jamaica, Lieutenant-Colonel Mark He was a man of very temporate habite Howard Drummond, of Kelty, late of the 72d or never known to have been, even once, intoxins Albany Highlanders.

ted. He would most willingly take one glass of - At Concordia, in the island of Tobago, Dr spirits, but no persuasion would induce him to Andrew Kenney, formerly physician in Edin go beyond that, as he always considered one dras burgh.

his gage, as he called it, and above that was bert 15. At Jordanhill estate, island of Trinidad, ful. He never complained of ill health, till with Francis Brown, Esq. aged 30.

in about the last twelve months of his life-Bis 18. At Kingston, Jamaica, Mrs Waddell, relict dress was invar iably the saine; full round-bres of the late James Waddell, Esq. of St. Andrew's, ed coat, a vest of old-fashioned cut, and a marad in that island.

flat blue bonnet. A lady once made a present Feb. At New Orleans, Mr Robert Bogle, mer. him of a fipe hat, but he considered it soch an chant there, formerly of Glasgow.

invasion on the ancient rights of the bonnet, that 18. At Mamee Gally, Jamaica, Mrs Shand, wife it was laid aside and never used. He was a of William Shand of Arnhall, Esq.

ried, and has left his widow, a very aged woman, March 1. At St. Thomas, Mr Archd. Galbraith. still living at Brora, in a house which they are

14. At Larkhill, Worcestershire, where he had long occupied, rent free, through the kindnesd gone for the education of his family, after a few Lady Stafford; but the widow is otherwise days illness, John Halliday Martin, Esq. Major of provided for, as the superannuation allowance the Kirkcudbright Gentlemen and Yeomanry ceased at her husband's death. Cavalry, much and justly regretted by every _ 19. Mrs Guy, eldest daughter of the late Sex member of the corps.

Francis Elliott, of Stobbs, in the county of Ror. 15. At Belham, Mr Walter Oswald, late of Hall burgh, Bart. hill, parish of Colessie, Fifeshire.

20. At Whitethorn, Milnathort, Mr James Man 16. At Magnera, Mrs Ann Mulholland, at the rison. advanced age of 122 years.

21. At his house, St. Vincent-Street, Glasgow, -- At Halle, Professor Vater, the celebrated James Murdoch, jun. Esq. merchant. Orientalist.

- At Aberdeen, in the 56th year of 17. At Derby, Lieut. George Castle, R. N., only George Kerr, Esq.surgeon, after a protract surviving son of the late Samuel Castle, Esq. solí. severe illness, which he bore with his chara citor, Durham.

tic fortitude. Dr Kerr's abilities and attaintata 18. At Haddington, Georgina, youngest daugh. were of a very high order. Without for tur! ter of Mr James Miller, printer.

patronage at the outset of his medical career, dr - At Brora, in the inith year of his age, Alex raised himself to a distinguished rank in his 10 ander Urquhart, late tidesman of the customs. fession; he had an extensive acquaintance , This honest, but eccentric veteran, was born at general history, was skilled in most of these Tain in the year 1715. Possessing the full use ces, and had a very correct taste for the fine of his reasoning faculties, and his memory re- Early in life he attracted the notice of the bike maining unimpaired to the last, he was a living Lord Monboddo, from whom he imbibed anand faithful record of several interesting parti thusiastic admiration of ancient literature, ac culars regarding the memorable rebellion in 1715, panied, no doubt, with some of his prejede

many of the leading characters of which, par. against modern innovations. How deeply he ticularly the celebrated Colonel John Roy Stuart, imbued with a taste for the abstract philosopay he had frequently seen. Honest Sandy bore no antiquity, is sufficiently evinced by his QUARANTE share in the conflicting troubles of that eventful nications in the Classical Journal, uyder the se period: but he had his bloody fields potwithstand of " Vindiciæ Antiquæ," and he has left behind ing-and his gun was seldom or never out of his him, we understand, some MSS. which contam hand. It was not, however, in the sanguinary the most unquestionable proofs of his ang warfare where man is opposed to his fellow-man, ance with the works of the Stagirite and is that Sandy wielded his arms; he never at any pe Alexandrian commentators. To study their riod of his life was a soldier; but he was a sports tern, and to recommend it to others, man, acknowledged by those who were qualified occupations in which he took the mox delet: to judge, of the first rate abilities--as cool, deli. nor could any objections alter his decided opinion, berate, and deadly a shot as ever took the heather that all our recent departures from the gurit at Employed in the capacity of gamekeeper to the this philosophy have been deviatione in

mainimithiul record femorable rebell which, par

Ruthven & Son, Printers, Edinburg'.





The Scots Magazine.

JUNE 1826.



PAGE Mr M‘Culloch's Essay on the Rate William Douglas; or the Scottish of Wages, and the Condition of

Exiles, como acowancara... 706 the Labouring Classes, ... some 641 | Captain Maitland's Narrative of the Anderson's Memoirs of the House of Surrender of Napoleon BuonaHamilton ; with Genealogical Me.

parte, ascorronowomocionow ne 716 moirs of the several Branches of Your Highland Bagpipers : A Sketch, 726

the Family commornaronoworowo. 652 The Wanderer's Return, com.sorom


653 The Letter, concorsommarmodenamenom 657 Works preparing for Publication.com 729 Specimen of a Tour to the Lakes, by Monthly List of New Publications. 730

- - Esg. Advocate.Competition, Keswick, v. Ullswa

MONTHLY REGISTER. ter, nowocow........... 663 Foreign Intelligencegovo...ooo...on.com 734 Chaucer, and his Testament of Love, 664 Proceedings in Parliament, concom 737 Story of a Man-slayer, morcom ..674 British Chronicle,marmoore........... 746 A Lie Self-detected, ...

Appointments, Promotions, &c.......755 The Sylvan Dell, ..........masapano 680 Meteorological Table, ecc...... 759 Moral Statistics of the Highlands Agricultural Reportja.... ..mwamib. and Islands of Scotland, m.com 681 Markets,

maran.. ... com 760 London Lions for May, moscaso.692 Course of Exchange, macaroom.com .com 761 Violante ; a Tale from the German, 697 Prices of Edinburgh Stocks,mw..com. ib. Gaston de Blondeville, c o ncom 703 Bankruptswom Amer necesar sannaroon 762 Original Anecdotes of Lord Byron, Obituary,.. .... ......... 765 &c. concord

704 | Births, Marriages, Deaths, woreca. ib.


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Mean Time.

D. M.

July 1826.
New Moon,...W. 5. 27 past 7 morn.
First Quart..... W. 12. 16 - 1 aftern.

1 11. Court of Session Rises.
Full Moon,... W. 19. 5 Min morn. | 19. King George IV. crowned.
Last Quart.-W. 26.

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*** The Correspondents of the EDINBURGH MAGAZINE and LITERARY MISCELLANY are respectfully requested to transmit their Communications for the Editor to ARCHIBALD CONSTABLE & COMPANY, Edinburgh, or to HURST, ROBINSON, & COMPANY, London ; to whom also orders for the Work should be addressed.

Printed by J. Ruthven & Son.





JUNE 1826.


OF THE LABOURING CLASSES. Ix publishing this Essay at the pre- already; but the new lights which sent moment, Mr M'Culloch has have been thrown upon it by the inrendered a most essential service to vestigations of Mr Malthus and Mr the cause of humanity. At a period Ricardo, and more especially by the when want of employment has occa- copious evidence which has been laid sioned the most appalling distress on the table of the two Houses of among many thousands of the la- Parliament relative to the state of bouring classes in our country, and Ireland, have rendered our knowwhen the attention, not only of these ledge more precise, and enabled us classes themselves, but of the wealthy to lay down as demonstrated truths and influential inhabitants, is so in various doctrines, which had been tensely drawn to the investigation of but partially broached, and of the the causes and probable remedies of soundness of which their authors these wide-spread calamities, it is themselves entertained many doubts. doubly acceptable to receive, from When Science thus lays hold of facts, the pen of a writer of so much ac- which have been established by the knowledged talent, and whose at- best evidence, and produces from tention has been so exclusively de. them axioms for the guidance of voted for many years to inquiries of human conduct, we conceive that this nature, the results of his read- she is occupied in the most dignified ing, his experience, and observations manner; but when these axioms are on the state of the labouring classes inculcated with the earnestness, the He has executed the task which he plainness, and convincing power has undertaken with his usual abili. which are displayed in this Tract, ty, and in a style, too, which ren- and withal put into the hands of alders the Essay level to the capacities most every man in the country, she of the persons for whom it appears is then occupied in the most useful chiefly to be intended. The main manner; and we cannot help envytruth, which he seems most anxious ing the feelings of the man who, to inculcate on the labouring classes, by the powers of an enlarged and is, that they are the framers of their penetrating intellect, can produce the own fortunes,- that it rests almost beneficial effects upon the minds of entirely with themselves, whether his countrymen, which we feel mothey shall be all their lives subject rally certain will be produced by to the extremes of penury, and con- the Essay before us. "The princisequent degradation in the scale of ples of that benignant science, which human society, or shall raise them- is, unfortunately, but of very modern selves to comfort, and at least a mo- growth, which teaches us to discover derate degree of independence. The the primary causes of national gransubject has boen often treated of deur and decay, are here unfolded VOL. XVIII.

4 M

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