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red plush waistcoat, (the month being reverent antics, look up piteously in July), brown corduroy breeches with his father's face, and yawn so discon, knee buckles, grey worsted hose, and solately, that Andrew's iron jaws were large new square-toed shoes, with a fain to sympathize with the infectious pair of heavy silver buckles, once be grimace, to their owner's infinite anlonging to his mother, that, covering noyance. At meal times, it was wellhis little feet quite across, like a couple nigh impossible to keep his little hands of pack-saddles, touched the ground, from the platter, while his father proas he walked, on either side of them. nounced a long and comprehensive Add to this, a stiff broad-brimmed grace, with an especial supplication beaver, (padded within all round, to for the virtues of abstinence and fore fit his tiny pate), under the shadow bearance ; and so far from continuing of which the baby-face was scarce to take pride in the manly dignity of discoverable, and the whole diminu. his raiment, it became necessary to tive person moved like a walking dock his waistcoat flaps, and the long mushroom.

skirts of his week-day coat, the pockets Proud was the boy of his first ap- of the former being invariably crampearance, so equipped, before the as- med with pebbles, munched apples, sembled congregation; and very proud worms, brown-sugar, snails, cockwas Andrew Cleave, who felt as if chafers, and all manner of abominanow indeed he might assume unto tions; and on the latter, it was not himself, before the elders of his peo- only his laudable custom to squat himple, the honour of being father to a self in the mud and mire, but being man-child.

of an imitative and inventive genius, From that day forth little Josiah, and having somewhere read a history led in his father's hand, came regu- of the beavers, he forth with began to larly to church every sabbath-day; practise their ingenious mode of landbut, alas ! his after demeanour, during carriage, by dragging loads of rubbish service, by no means realized the pro- behind him on the aforesaid coat-tails, mise of that solemn propriety where- as he slid along in a sitting posture. with he comported himself, on his first Greatly did Andrew Cleave marvel memorable appearance; and it soon that a son of his should evince such required Andrew's utmost vigilance unseemly propensities, having perpeto rebuke and check his son's restless tually before his eyes an example of and mischievous propensities. Great sober seriousness and strict propriety. was the father's horror and conster. But, nevertheless, he doated on the nation, on detecting him in the very boy with unabated fondness-toiled act of making faces at the Vicar him for him-schemed for him-waked self, whose unfortunate obliquity of for him-dreamt of him-lived in vision had excited the boy's monkey him-idolized him !-Yes !-Andrew talent of mimicry; and, at last, the Cleave, who had been wont to hold young rebel was suddenly and for forth so powerfully on the sin and ever deposed from his lofty station on folly of idol worship, he set up in his the seat beside his father, for having heart an earthly image, and uncontaken a sly opportunity of pinning the sciously exalted it above his Maker. hind bow of an old lady's bonnet to Andrew's cottage was situated on the back of her pew, whereby her bald the extreme verge of a large and lonely pate was cruelly exposed to the eyes common, which separated it from the of the congregation, as she rose up, village of Redburn, and it was also at a with unsuspecting innocence, at the considerable distance from any other Gloria Patri.

habitation. He had taken upon himAt home, too, Andrew soon disco- self his son's early instruction, and it vered that his parental cares were like- was consequently easy enough to mainly to multiply in full proportion to his tain a point which he had much at parental pleasures. Little Josiah was heart, that of keeping the boy aloof quick at learning, but of so volatile a from all intercourse with the village spirit, that in the midst of one of his children, or indeed with any persons father's finest moral declamations, or save himself and old Jenny, except in most elaborate expoundings, he would his company. This system, to which dart off after a butterfly, or mount he rigidly adhered, had a very unfaastride on the old sheep-dog; and at vourable effect on his own character, last, when sharply rebuked for his ire repressing in it all those kindlier and

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more social feelings, which had almost ance of wholesome foort, it is not won-
struggled into preponderance, when derful that Andrew Cleave threw the
the hard surface was partially thawed, “ moderate terms” as the third weight
by the new sense of parental tendere into the scale of determination.
ness, and while his son was yet a cra-


number of the boys, dled babe, and he had nothing to ap- those whose parents were dwellers in prehend for him on the score of evil the town of C, were only daycommunications. But now he guarded boarders; but some, whose families him, as misers guard their gold. As lived at a greater distance, went home he himself, alas ! hoarded the Mam. on Saturdays only, to spend the Sab. mon of unrighteousness (his second- bath-day; and it was Andrew's priary object) but "

solely for his dare vate solace, to think that the separaling's sake.” So Andrew compromised tion from his child would be rendered the matter with his conscience; and less painful by that weekly meeting. so he would have answered to any in. It had taken him full six months, and quiring Christian.

sundry journeyings to and fro, to make The boy, though thus debarred from all his arrangements with the master. all communication save with his fa- But at last they were completed, and ther and old Jenny, was nevertheless nothing remained but the trial—the as happy as any child of the same age. hard, hard trial-of parting with that He had never known the pleasures of creature who constituted his all of association with youthful playmates— earthly happiness. Andrew was a hard he was full of animal spirits and in man, little susceptible of tender weake vention, particularly in the science of ness in his own nature, and ever prone mischief-he completely ruled old to contemn and censure in others the Jenny in the absence of his father, indulgence of any feeling incompatible and (except at lesson times, and on (in his opinion) with the dignity of a Sabbaths) had acquired more ascende man, and the duty of a Christian. ancy over that stern father himself, His God was not a God of love ; than Andrew anyway suspected. and when he rebuked the natural tears

The interval between the boy's of the afflicted,—the submissive sorfourth and seventh year was, perhaps, rows of the stricken heart,-it was in the happiest in the whole lives of fa- blind forgetfulness of him who wept ther and son; but that state of things over the grave of his friend Lazarus. could not continue. Andrew Cleave He had honoured his parents during had aspiring views for his young Jom their lifetime, and buried them with siah-and it had always been his in- all decent observance; but with no tention to give him “the best of learn- other outward demonstration of woe, ing;” in furtherance of which pure than a more sombre shade on his alpose, he had looked about him almost ways severe countenance. « The de from the hour of the boy's birth, for sire of his eyes” was taken from bim, some respectable school wherein to and he had shown himself a pattern place him, when his own stockof infor- of pious resignation. And now he was ination became incompetent to the task to part with his son for a season, and of teaching. He had at last pitched who could doubt that the temporary upon a grammar school in the county sacrifice would be made with stoical town, about five miles from his own firmness ? And so it should verily, habitation, where the sons of respecte was Andrew's purpose ;-upon the able tradesmen and farmers were strength of which he proceeded, with boarded, and taught upon moderate old Jenny's advice and assistance, to terms; though, to do Andrew justice, make requisite preparation for the saving considerations were not para- boy's equipment. Nay, he was so far mount with him, when his son's wel. master of himself, as to rebuke the old fare was concerned, and he was far woman's foolish fondness, when she more anxious to ascertain that his mo- remarked, “ how lonesome the cottage rals, as well as his learning, would be would seem when the dear child was strictly attended to. On that head, gone;" and he expressed himself the he, of course, received the most satisa more wrathfully, from the conscious. factory assurances from the master of ness of a certain unwonted rising in the “ academy for young gentlemen," his throat, which halt choaked hiin as and having likewise ascertained that he went “maundering on.” the boy would have an ample allow- To the child himself, he had not yet

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breathed a syllable of his intentions,

He kept firm to his post, and yet more than twice or thrice he however, till the usual dinner hour, had taken him on his knee, to tell him and even left the field with his labourof the approaching change. But some- ers, without deviating from his accusthing always occurred to defer the tomed firm, deliberate step; but when execution of his purpose-the boy they had turned out of sight to their stopt his mouth with kisses-or he own homes, then Andrew speeded on prattled so there was no getting in a rapidly towards his cottage, till just word edgeways-or it would do as within sight of it he spied the little well in the evening, when he came Josiah running forward to meet him. home from his fields. But then, the Then again he slackened his pace, for young one came running to meet him, his heart shrunk from the first burst and had always so much to ask and of the boy's impetuous sorrow. tell, that the important communica- But those apprehensions were soon tion was still delayed. In the morn- exchanged for feelings of a more irriing, before he rose from his pillow, table nature, when he perceived that he would tell it as the boy lay still by the merry urchin bounded towards his side; but while the secret was ac- him with more than his usual exubetually on his lips, his little bedfellow rant glee; and the first words he disa crept into his bosom, and nestled there tinguished were," Father, father, so lovingly, that his voice died away, I'm going to school !-- I'm going to as it were, into the very depths of his school !—I'm going to town, father! heart, and the words were yet unspó. I'm going to school! When shall I ken. At length he hit upon an oppor- go?-Shall I go to-morrow? Shall I tunity, which was sure to present it- take my new clothes, father? And my self ere long. The next time Josiah hoop, and my lamb, and old Dobbin ?* was idle and refractory at his lessons A bitter pang it was that shot that very moment, in the strength of through Andrew's heart at that moindignation, he would tell him he was ment-a bitter revulsion of feeling to leave his father's roof, and be con- was that he experienced. He made no signed to the rule of strangers. Alas! allowance for the volatile nature of that fitting occasion was in vain laid childhood-its restless desire of change wait for-Josiah truly did his best to and love of novelty, its inconsideration forward it, but the father could not -its blissful recklessness of the fube angry-and he could not speak. ture. He read only in the boy's exulting

At last, seriously angry with him. rapture, that this his only, only child self-humiliated at the triumph of the only creature he had ever loved human weakness, to which he had who had slept in his bosom, and hitherto boasted himself superior prattled on his knee, and won from Andrew departed one morning to his him such fond indulgences as he could labours earlier than usual, having de- scarce excuse to his own conscienceputed to Jenny the task, to which he this darling of his age, now on the felt himself unequal. All that morn- eve of a first separation, broke out ing the father's thoughts were with into extravagant joy, at the prospect, his child. He pictured to himself the and testified no anxiety, but to take first burst of distress--the first grie- with him his playthings, and his dumb vous surprise the inconsolable sor- favourites. The sudden revulsion of row at the thought of parting-and feeling came upon Andrew like an he longed to return, and clasp the boy ice-bolt, and there he stood motionto his heart, and to kiss off the tears less, looking sternly and fixedly on from his dear face, and comfort him the poor child, who was soon awed with soothing words and indulgent and silenced by his father's unwonted promises.

aspect, and stood trembling before But still as the fond impulse rose him, fearing he knew not what. At within him, he wrestled with it man- last he softly whispered, sidling closefully, and lasheil on his team, and ly up, and looking earnestly and fearlaid his hand upon the plough, as if fully in his father's face,“ Shall I to support himself in resolute forbear- not go to school then? Old Jenny said ance. No wonder the furrows Andrew I should.” traced that day were the most uneven That second, quiet interrogatory rehe had ever drawn, since the hour he stored to Andrew the use of speechi, first guided his own plough on his and the mastery over all his softer your father.

feelings. " Yes," he replied, taking child to his bosom, and blessed and the boy's hand, and grasping it firm- kissed him, and then they

“ reasoned ly within his own, as he led him together:" and the father told his boy homeward—“Yes, Josiah, you shall how he should fetch him home every go to school-you have been kept too Saturday with Dobbin ; and how they long at home-to-morrow is the Sab- should still go hand-in-hand to church bath-but on Monday you shall go. on the Sabbath ; and how his lamb, On Monday, my child, you shall leave and the grey colt, should be taken care

of in his absence; anil his hoop and That last sentence, and a something other toys might be carried with him he perceived, but comprehended not, to school. in his father's voice and manner, pain. Then the child began again his joyfully affected the boy, and he burst ous prattle, with now and then a sob into tears, and, clinging to his father's between; and the father kissed his arm, sobbed out," But you will go wet glowing cheek, carrying him all with me, father; and you will come the way home in his arms; and thus and see me every day, will you not? lovingly they entered the little gare And I shall soon come home again.” den, and the pretty cottage, and sat

That artless burst of natural affec down side by side, to the neat homely tion fell like balm on Andrew's irrita- meal old Jenny had provided. ted feelings, and he caught up his



To R. W. Hay, E89.

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humanity to enlighten Africa; and The appearance of the official man which have been farther reiterated port by the Commissioners sent out and sharpened by venal pens, which by Government, in obedience to the make (to use their own words) “gain will of Parliament, in order to in- of godliness ;"_by men “ who glory vestigate into the situation of Sierra in their shame," who “ have no cha Leone, in some measure compels me racters to lose," and who court to resume my pen, to follow out a disgraceful notoriety,” but, in some paintul and disgusting subject-a sub intances, in columns too polluted, deject, the details of which are most graded, and insignificant, to bring to humiliating to my country, and most your knowledge. injurious and degrading to Africa. The object I had in view, was the

It is, moreover, due to the cause of exposure and the overthrow of a systruth, and to the HunDREDS OF THOU- tem of falsehood, deception, and erSANDS of the more intelligent ranks ror, long continued, firmly fixed, and of my fellow-subjects, who, through- strongly guarded, alike injurious to out the wide extent of the British do, the character of this country and to the minions, read the columns of the in- improvement of Africa. Goaded on, fluential Journal in which I have the however, by the demon of the place, honour to address you—it is due to and in an evil hour for himself, Mr these ranks, to lay before them, from Kenneth Macaulay, in defence of what official authority, a full confirmation is indefensible, has adopted an oppoof every particular which has at any site course, and which for a moment, time been advanced by me regarding and but for a moment, compels me a detestable place, and against a per- to deviate from the path which I had nicious system. This labour is also resolved to pursue,

The opponents rendered' necessary, in consequence

of truth must be met on the ground of the unprincipled personal attacks which they have chosen, and with which have been made, and circulated the weapons selected by themselves, by their authors widely throughout especially when, in a public question, the country, at the expense, I be- these can be turned against them with lieve, of those funds bestowed by justice and with effect.

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Włren Mr Kenneth Macaulay's and the continuance of a system, coinpamphlet made its appearance, I sta- posed of all that is vile, abominable, ted unto you, that it bore on its face useless, and unjust. “ Bubylon the indelible marks that the production Great," is a proper contrast to this Briwas not his; and from positive infor- tish settlement. On the “ FOREHEAD" mation, since received, I now repeat, of both is legibly written “ MYSTERY, that, it was not WRITTEN BY HIM; and when I state this, it requires lite ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH !" tle penetration to find out the real au- The Quarterly Review, which gives,

when it inclines, a severe hit, and " Aut--aut Diabolus,"

which possesses very accurate inform

ation concerning this celebrated spot, the lowest servant in the Colonial Oflays before us (No. 71, p. 118 and fice will at once pitch upon the author, 119) a correct picture of its religion or compiler, or composer, without the and morals, comprehended in obseraid of African enchantment, or further vations made upon an account of its information.

twin sister, Bakhara.

“ In that counBefore proceeding to bring before you try,” says the able critic,“ nothing farther information concerning themo- appears to flourish but PRAYING AND rals and condition of the population of CONCUBINAGE, which are sometimes Sierra Leone; and before proceeding found to go together In other counto call your attention to the details TRIES,

besides Maweneinahar : The given by the Commissioners, it may Khan sets the example of the former, not be unnecessary to state, as I now by maintaining, for his own use, no most distinctly do, that I never' asked, less than TWO HUNDRED WOMEN; and and never received, from any one in the Mullahs of the latter, by compelle any manner connected with his Ma- ing, with the whip, all citizens to até jesty's Government, a single syllable of tend the usual hours of worship at information concerning Sierra Leone some one or other of the numerous and its affairs. You will pardon me mosques, which, with the colleges and when I state, that to such a source I schools, occupy a large share of the should never have thought of apply- capital. This whipping-in of the lazy ing, even were such open to me; be. Mussulmans to prayers was the daily cause, till lately, his Majesty's Go. practice of Beggee Jân, the predecessor vernment was kept wholly ignorant of of the present Khan, whose singular what was going on in that place, and character and habits are so well desystematically deceived by the real scribed by an English Elchee-the rulers of it.

same holy usurper, of whom the King In exposing this den of death, and

of Persia used to say,

" that he sold in dragging to light this system of ini- true Believers like cattle in the market quity, things have been stated which, place of Bakharu." to sober minds and honest hearts, will Bakhara is Bakhara, and Sierra appear incredible. But the proofs are Leone is Sierra Leone; and as there at hand and ready, and my opponents are lazy Mussulmans in the former, so are challenged to appear before any are there in the latter, and rulers, too, tribunal, but a tribunal appointed by with the authority and the passions of themselves, or under their immediate Khans. If a Sierra Leone Khan is not influence, and they shall be met. Even seen descending from his Harem to by their own witnesses they shall be whip in the “ lazyunbelievers to convicted in every point.

prayers, he may be seen whipping You cannot fail to know that Sierra them for skulking from prayers, which Leone has been represented by those is much the same thing. interested in the spot, and believed by binage," however, flourishes more in the credulous people of Great Britain, Sierra Leone than “ PRAYING” (such to be a place and a country equal to as that is); the former is the general the Garden of Eden before the fall of rule, the latter, together with marour first parents, in extent, in fertility, riage, the exceptions; and no in salubrity of climate, and in purity knows better than Mr Kenneth Mac. of character. Under this impression, aulay, that Khans in Sierra Leone may worthy and intelligent men have stood keep, and do keep, Harems, peopled forward, and, in this country, been both with true believers and with unbeled to advocate the cause of a place, lievers. A predecessor of the present


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