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withdraw that privilege, and confer it on vocate of Scotland viewed the present, not the people, for whose sole benefit it had merely as a question alone relating to previously been vested in the Town Scotland, but a British question, of maCouncil. He called the attention of the terial importance to our interests. The House to one fact, that there was no in present certainly was the first instance stance of popular representation in all Scot. which he had heard of, in which it was Jand, while in England, as every Hon. attempted to be argued, that the charter Gentlemen knew, the contrary was the of a burgh was to be taken away, without casė. The Scotch representatives in that any other cause being assigned than that House were, in point of fact, sent there certain persons deemed it desirable to in order to support the power and the transfer it to other hands. Let the proinfluence of the very limited number of posed change take place all over Scotland, persons by whom they were elected. The and then there would be no objection; Honourable and Learned Gentleman con. but he did object most strongly, that cluded, by moving for leave to bring in a Edinburgh should be singled out without bill to amend and alter the representation any justification for the proceeding. Mr. of the City of Edinburgh.

Canning said, he had been often accused Mr W. Dundas opposed the motion. of pertinacity in asserting that ParliamenWhat did the Honourable and Learned tary reform was not necessary; and reGentlemen call upon the House to do? sisting it, not only as transitory and evan Nothing less than to overthrow and escent, but as hazarding a greater evil trample upon rights ; not rights of yes than we at present endure. So far, how. terday, but rights which had existed for ever, from viewing this measure as only ages. The Learned Gentleman had con- extending to Parliamentary reform, were tended, that the prosperity of Edinburgh he an advocate for such reform, he should had not arisen from the good conduct of consent to pass it with more zeal, because the Magistrates; but that the City had he could not possibly conceive anything flourished in spite of their conduct. There mare mischievous. Let the House cone he (Mr Dundas) was at issue with him, sider whether, taking the case as applied and contended that the prosperity of Edin. to Scotland only, she has been exposed to burgh-he did not mean to confine him. disadvantages in this respect, when com. self merely to streets and squares, but the pared with her more wealthy neighbour. prosperity of Edinburgh, as it consisted Had it been shown that there had been in the wealth, and comfort, and flourish. ahy deficiency? The whole United ing condition of the people did arise Kingdom flourished; Scotland also floufrom the good conduct of the Magistrates rished ; had she not kept pace with Engand Town Council.

land ? No man, either by ocular inspecMr J. P. Grant supported the motion. tion, or other means, could be ignorant Sir George Clerk opposed it, and protest of the rapid advances towards prosperity ed against any interference with the cx which had been made in that country isting state of the representation in Scots since the Union. With respect, thereland. Sir Ronald Fergusson conceived fore, to the representation of Scotland, that the question was, whether or not the she makes good her hold- A laugh.) members of that House were to be repre- His objection to the present motion was sentatives of the people? The Scotch its application as a single instance of remembers, he contended, did not represent form in a burgh, for the benefit and ad. the people of that country. A system vantage of being applied to the general that worked well in England could not, question of Parliamentary reform. It he thought, be unsuited to Scotland. Sir certainly was not uncustomary to bring F. Burdett supported the motion, and forward an attack on a single burgh, by earnestly called upon the Right Honourable an allegation of the prevalence of abuses; the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, but it was quite new to institute a charge who had always expressed himself fa- against it, because its elective was not in vourable to the principles of philosophy, proportion to its actual population, which he truly said were the only wise Mr Hobhouse supported the motion, regulator of human conduct-he called after which. Mr Abercromby replied. upon him, in behalf of the rights of the The House then divided, for the motion enlightened city of Edinburgh. Lord A. 07; against it, 122; majority, 25. mai Hamilton appealed to the Right Honour. 14. The Lord Advocate presented a able Gentleman opposite, whether it was petition from the Merchant Company of possible for him to maintain any sem- Edinburgh against the Kinghorn Perry blance of liberal opinions, if he resisted a Bill.

- 10! motion like the presents The Lord Ad

BRITISH CHRONICLE.

MARCH

ed the meaning of the word Music, deo 14.- Deaf and Dumb Institution.- fined # as being “ the language of sentiThis day the annual examination of the ment, the breath of the passions." Their pupils, male and female, of the Deaf and skill in arithmetic, geography, and reli. Dumb Institution, took place in the As. gious knowledge, were equally conspisembly Rooms, George-Street, in the pre- cuous. In every instance, indeed, they sence of a large assemblage of ladies and not only answered with accuracy, but gentlemen. The children were placed on seemed to have a full knowledge of the seats at the side of the room, erected for meaning of the different questions. The the occasion, and elevated so as to be vic examination, under the superintendence sible to all. They were clean and neat of Mr Kenniburgh, was conducted by a in appearance, and seemed contented and young man, himself deaf and dumb, who happy. The Right Honourable the Lord had formerly been a pupil of the Institu. Provost was in the chair ; and Dr Lee tion. The business was concluded by read a clear and luminous, though brief, Mr Kenniburgh reading specimens of Report of the proceedings of last year. In composition executed by some of his puo this Report, the progress, nature, object, píls. One, by a young girl, on the word and advantages of thc Institution, were Adoption, was exceedingly naive and af. accurately detailed. At the last annual fecting. Another by a young man, who examination there were 69 pupils in the had left the Institution some years ago, establishment, 13 of whom had since left” displayed no ordinary attainments, and it. In the month of September last 14 sufficiently controverted the assertioni, new ones had been admitted, and 11 since that none of the deaf and dumb could that period, making the whole number of ever be taught to write grammatically. pupils for the last year 81-a number Upon the whole, it was exceedingly gra. greater than at any former period. "It tifying to see minds apparently shut out was mentioned, as a new trait in the In- from the common avenues to knowledge stitution, that, in addition to the usual thus brought to an equality, as it were, branches of education, some of the boy's with those who laboured under no such had, at 'leisure hours, been learned to deprivations. work at different trades. There were 20.-Suicide of William Pollock. A still 30 applicants, for whose admission most extraordinary circumstance took the funds were incommensurate ; and place in the jail of this city this morning. Principal Baird stated, that, from facts Pollock, the man who was under sentence wbich he had ascertained in making in of death for the murder of his wife, and quiries on the subject, there were many who was to have suffered the last punishhundreds more in the different parishes ment of the law to-day, strangled himself throughout Scotland proper objects for in his cell with a portion of his own shirt. this Institution. The subscriptions and At eight o'clock, the upper turnkey donations last year amounted to £.757.138. visited Pollock, and cleaned his cell. but owing to the addition in the number The prisoner then said he felt more easy, of pupils, the purchasing of furniture, and in better spirits. When breakfast &c. their expenses had been proportion. was taken to himn, about half.past nine, ably greater The debt at the date of he was found dead, but not quite cold. last Report was £. 1300, which had been He had torn out the back of his shirt, reduced £.500 in the course of the year. and a strip from the side of a blanket, They were still in want of funds, and the and these he twisted into the form of a Directors looked_and they were sure not small rope, and fastened to the cross-bar in vain--to the liberality of the public for of a table-a piece of wood about fifteen the adequate supply. Dr Lee concluded inches long, and three-quarters of an the Report by paying a high, but well-me- inch thick-which he had laid across the rited compliment to the zeal, talent, and ventilator of his cell, a small circle of assiduity of Mr Kenniburgh, the superin. eighteen inches diameter, formed in the tendent of the Institution. The pupils wall which separates the apartment from were then examined in spelling, the de. the passage. The height of this ventilafinition of words, and in arithmetic and tor is only six feet four, or thereabouts, geography. The aptness and felicity from the floor of the cell. But between with which they answered the various it and the floor is the bed a thick oak questions might have formed a fit sub. plank-on which the unhappy man layject of speculation for a philosophic mind. and likewise the gaud or iron bar to One of them, a young boy, on being ask. which he was fastened. He had so ad.

justed his bed-clothes, however, so as to . They are calculated for smiths, weavers, entangle his feet, and prevent them reach- tailors, wrights, &c. The rooms intend. ing the ground, when he threw himself ed for the inmates in the new building off. He had also drawn a rug between are very neat, and even elegant; and, the gaud and the ring of his fetters, to when furnished with taste, have the apprevent poise. Indeed, the whole cir. pearance of small drawing-rooms. The cumstances evinced a degree of determi. rent is only £.4. It is calculated that nation and deliberation that is surprising an expenditure of £.50 a-year on the new Pollock left three letters, and a scrap of plan will procure as many comforts as paper containing an inventory of his ef. £.300 on the old system. Many people fects in the jail, these he wished to be of good circumstances have engaged given to his son, The letters were all of apartments. nearly the same tenor ; in them he ad. 23.-Leith MechanicsInstitution mits the guilt of suicide, but states that, This evening, an extremely numerous and he could not endure the thought of sufs, highly-respectable meeting was held in fering on the scaffold for a crime he the Exchange Sale-Rooms, Bernard. “could not bring his mind to believe he Street, Leith, for the purpose of forming was guilty of." To Mr Young, the Go, a Mechanics' Institution there. On the vernor, he writes" Excuse this rash motion of Mr Thomas Weir, Bailie, act; when you consider all, you will see Hardie was called to the chair., Mr there is good intentions, though not tom Hardie opened the meeting by a short wards myself," Pollock has, through. speech, explanatory of the object for qut the whole course of his confinement, which it had been called. After which conducted himself very quietly, but al. resolutions, ten in number, were put by ways denied the murder, and appeared different gentlemen, and unanimously rather irritated when taxed with it. He carried. . The thanks of the meeting has been attended by the Rev. Dr Lee were then voted to the Magistrates of since his condemnation.

Leith, for their liberal donation of ten 22.--Trade during this week has not guineas to the Institution, to Me Allar. improved. There is a general stagnation dice, who was to print 1000 copies of in business, and money appears to be the prospectus, &c, gratis,+ to Dr Kelly, fully as scarce as ever. i Temptations to to Mr Hedderwick, (a mechanie,) and manufacture are not wanting, as the to the Chairman, for his able conduct price of cotton yarn and the rate of wea. in the Chair. The ches delivered ving continue lower than they were on by the several gentlemen who moved and any former occasion. · The severe stag.

seconded the different resolutions, were nation of trade occasioned by the re-action really excellent, and to the point. Two of the small-note-currency is now become young mechanics, named Innes and Hedvery obvious among the carriers. Many derwick, delivered speeches which would who drove two carts, and formerly were have done credit to persons in a far more certain of being fully loaded, now go and exalted sphere of life, and which were depart without a load sufficient for one. received with rapturous applause. SubOn the whole, the interpal carriage is re. scription papers were opened in the duced to about a half since the com, room, and, in the course of ten minutes, mencement of the present qullness. upwards of £,50 were subscribed. The

The Co-operative Society at Orbieston, Annual Subscription of a mechanic is to -The building is rapidly going forward; be 128-, and the Donation of a guinea and about one hundred families will be entitles any person to attendance on the accommodated by Whitsunday. The Lectures, but no part in the management. first anniversary of the proprietors will be Apprentices under 14 years are to be ad. held on the 18th instant, to mark the mitted at half-price. The management progress of the establishment. A lady of the Institution is to be in the hands of from London will superintend the fe. the mechanics; but, at the same time, male children ; and a teacher has been the nomination of Extraordinary Direc. selected from Edinburgh to form the tors is to be by the members who sub. habits of the boys. A dancing master scribe, which, it is thought, will make the has also been engaged. A number of public take a more active interest in the labourers are at present employed in pre. welfare of the Institution. paring the land for cultivation ; and as 26.- Fire. This morning, at four much produce is expected to be raised o'clock, a fire was discovered in a house, this year as will be sufficient to maintain No. 17, Warriston Crescent, possessed the new community. The applications by Mrs MLean. Soon after the alarm from all kinds of mechanics are numerous was given, the engine stationed in Rose. and pressing; and the workshops on the Court (behind St. Andrew's Church) was banks of the Calder will be overflowed. brought out ; but was unfortunately de layed in its progress to Warriston, in con have now alluded to is the Media, or sequence of one of the firemen having Middle Cuttle, with a long slender cylin. been run down in Dundas-Street, and dric body, tail, bnned, pointed, and cari. severely injured. Upon the arrival of nated on each side ; two long tentacula, this engine, the fire had made considerable the body, almost transparent green, but progress, the flames bursting from the convertible into a dirty brown ; confirm. roof ; and as there was no water towards ing the remark of Pliny, that they change the front, it was dragged into the Water. their colour through fear, adapting it, of-Leith, from whence a plentiful supply cameleon-like, to that of the place they was obtained. The progress of the are in. There are eight brachia inflames, after great exertion on the part of terspersed on the interior side, with little the firemen, and the persons who had round serrated cups, by the contraction collected, were effectually arrested; but of which the animal lays fast hold of any the house in which the fire originated thing. Besides these eight arms, it has was totally destroyed, as were the upper iwo tentacula longer than the arms, and flats of the house adjoining, to which the frequently pedunculated. The mouth fames communicated. All the furniture, is situated in the centre of the arms, and plate, and valuable property belonging to is horny, and hooked like the bill of a Mrs M'Lean have been destroyed, and parrot. The eyes are large and smarag. three persons have been severely hurt, dine. The body is Aleshy, and received one of them is in the Infirmary, and con- into a sheath as far as the breast. Their sidered in danger. Several of the Magis. food is tunnies, sprats, lobsters. &c. The trates were on the spot soon after the females are distinguished by two paps. fire began, and Lieutenants Stewart and The noise of the cuttle fish on being Cameron, with a party of policemen, dragged out of the water resembles the attended, and were very active. A great grunting of a hog. When the male is quantity of silver plate was recovered pursued by the sea.wolf, or other ravenfrom the ruins of the house in the course ous fish, he shuns the danger by strata. of Sunday forenoon.

gem. He squirts his black liquor, some21.-, meeting of the county of Ren times to the quantity of a dram, by frew was held at Paisley on Monday, in which the water becomes black as inki order to adopt means for affording relief under shelter of which he baffles the pur. to the multitude of unemployed weavers suit of his enemy. This ink, or black in that town and the neighbourhood. It liquor, has been denominated by Mr Le was admitted that the distress was even Cat æthiops animal, and is reserved in a greater than in the calamitous years 1817 particular gland. In its liquid state, it and 1819. Resolutions, moved by Mr resembles that of the choroid in man, Maxwell, M.P. were agreed to, bearing and would then communicate an indelithat a general subscription be entered into ble dye. This æthiops animal, in negroes for the support of the operative classes, as well as in the cuttle fish, is more and that the subscription be placed at abundant after death than even during the disposal of a committee, either to life. It may serve either for writing or give relief or find work, as they found it printing ; in the former of which ways expedient, and that the committee have the Romans used it. It is said to be a power to add to their numbers, and ap- principal ingredient in the composition of point sub-committees for the more effec- Indian ink,

mixed with rice. tual execution of the objects of the sub

APRIL. scription. A committee was accordingly 8.-Church Patronage. The patron appointed, and a handsome sum was ages of West-Calder and Colinton were subscribed in the room.

exposed for sale in M'Ewan's Rooms, The late severe gales have produced a Royal Exchange; the former at the shoal of fishes of rather a novel appear- upset price of two, and the latter of three ance in this neighbourhood. The beach thousand pounds ; not a single offer, how about Newhaven and Leith is entirely ever, was obtained for either. covered with them. They are looked 10. Mid-Lothian and Fife Ferries. upon by some of the superstitious in -This day a meeting of the Merchant these quarters as the harbingers of some. Company was held, to take into consider thing good or bad about to befal them. ation the bill now pending in Parliament Alibough these fishes are but little known for renewing and extending the powers here, yet they are not uncommon ; but of the Ferry Trustees. Archibald Anderseldom make their appearance in such son, Esq, in the absence of the Master, in myriads as at this time. It is the Sepia, the chair. Several Resolutions were or the Cuttle Fish, a genus belonging moved by Mr. Muckle, seconded by Mr to the order vermes molusca. There are D. Bridges, jun. ; which were adopted five species of them, and that which we after a few verbal alterations, Mr Thomas

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Allan, and Mr Watson, Leith, alone the girl from him. Accordingly the two having dissented from them. The Resolu- latter, when going home in the evening, tions are quite demonstrable of the great were overtaken upon the Shieldhill road, impropriety of renewing the present trust, a little to the south of Callendar wood, at least without some security, such as and were used in the most rude manner. imperative clauses, that the improvements in the meantime. a decent young lad which are requisite for securing a constant named Boyd, returning from the fair with communication across the Forth, by the bis brother and several others, being most direct line, shall be speedily execu- acquainte with the girl, was called to ted. It is too much, that the public for assistance, and upon their interefering, should bave the rates of fare enormously he was knocked down and struck upon raised, and yet bave no advantages in the head with a stone ; but this was not return at all corresponding to the in- enough to satisfy the young rascals, for crease.

one of them having taken from his pock. 10., This day the sum of £.202 was et a knife inflicted four wounds on Boyd paid to the Treasurer of the Society for the in the abdomen : the poor fellow was Support of Gaelic Schools, in aid of their carried into the house of Edward M‘Ken. funds. The above was raised by the sale zie, the blood flowing in a shocking manof ladies' work, in the Pbysician's Hall, ner, particularly from a large incision a last Saturday. The room was crowded little above the groin. After suffering for several hours, and the lively interest the greatest torture, he expired about five which all ranks of purchasers seemed to o'clock on the following evening. Upon take in the object, was truly gratifying the abdomen being laid open, the intesto all who have the welfare of their tine was found to be cut in such a man. Highland brethren at heart. The parent ner as to render it impossible that he society had, during the last year, seventy. could have long survived. He has left a eight schools in operation, in which near- wife and three children, the former of Jy 5000 children and adults have been whom exhibited the most heart-rending taught to read the Scriptures in their na. distress for her calamity. Three of the tive language. The Society have been persons connected with the affray were under the painful necessity of refusing that night lodged in the Lock-up-house various applications during the past year of Falkirk, and upon the Sunday morning for new schools from the want of funds; were sent to Stirling Jail. Their names but this seasonable supply from the are, Armstrong a fesher, M‘Nab, and Edinburgh Ladies! Association, in addi. M. Laren, labourers; the fourth who has tion to the sum of £.238, which they at present escaped, is a shoemaker of the collected during the last year, will enable name of Inglis. They are from sixteen the Society to comply with the urgent to eighteen years of age. No small praise requests of that portion of their country- is due to the special constables of the men who have been so long without the town for their activity upon this occasioni. means of acquiring that knowledge which Natural Philosophy Class.-The fol. is profitable for this life as well as for that lowing were the questions proposed for which is to come. We trust that the the annual class prizes given by the Town low state of the funds of this useful and Council, and which have been this year interesting Institution only require to be augmented to £.10:-1. “ Suppose at known, to stir up the friends of education the equator, whose diameter is 7925 and religious instruction to farther exer. miles, a cannon ball were fired directlý tions in its behalf.

upwards with a velocity of 1120 per ses 13.-Horrid Marder. The Feeing cond, where would it fall to the ground ?" Thursday of Falkirk has long been famed 2. “ If a thermometer were formed of a for the immense crowds of country peo very thin ball of zinc, with a fine glass ple which are upon that day assembled stem, and alled with . pure water, at upon the streets, and for the many ludis what temperature would this liquid ap. crous scenes which are then displayed; pear stationary ? The expansion of although the day almost never ends water being denoted by ,0000044 *2, without many feats 'of pugilism being and the finear expansion of zinc by exhibited, yet in general everything ends ,000088 n, centesimal degrees." 3. “A without much mischief being done. We boat is drawn by a force of 15 lbs. along have, however, at present, to turn from a canal at the rate of one mile an hour; such scenes of amusement, to one of a what then would be the greatest speed most appalling nature. It appears that with which a horse would pul it, and two country lads had quarrelled in the what the pace of a horse set to drag a town about a servant girl, and that the train of five such boats ? N.B. This is one had engaged three fellows belonging to be deduced from the formula of a to Palkirk to attack the other, and take horse's power given in the “ Elements of

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