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luxury, was maintained by Frederick as long as After the peace, he gave full scope to his passion he lived. The following account, likewise from for literature; and, in the interval betwixt the Voltaire, will give an idea of his manner of living. conclusion of the first war and beginning of that • He rose at 5 A. M. in summer, and 6 in of 1756, he composed most of his works; partiwinter. A lacquey came to light his fire, and cularly his History of My own Time. Voltaire dress and shave him; though indeed he almost was his principal literary correspondent, whom wholly dressed himself. His room was not in- he invited to reside with him. Afraid of losing elegant. A rich balustrade of silver, ornamented his liberty, that philosopher hesitated, excused with little cupids, seemed to enclose an alcove himself, and entered into pecuniary treaties. At bed, the curtains of which were visible ; but be- last he was determined by seeing a poem from hind them, instead of a bed, there was a library; Frederick to M. D'Arnaud, in which the latter the king slept on a truckle bed with a slight was compared to the rising, and Voltaire to the mattress concealed behind a screen. Marcus setting, sun. By this Voltaire was so much Aurelius and Julian, those apostles of Stoicism, piqued, that be set out for Berlin without delay, did not sleep in a more homely manner. At and arrived there in June 1750. He was received seven his prime minister arrived with a great in the most magnificent and affectionate manner, bundle of papers under his arm. This prime and for some time his situation was very agreeminister was no other than a clerk, who had for- able; but the disputes and rivalship which took merly been a soldier and valet-de-chambre. To place betwixt bim and Maupertuis soon threw him the secretaries sent all their despatches, and every thing into confusion. In these the king he brought extracts of them, to which the king interfered in such a manner as was certainly wrote answers in two words on the margin: and below his dignity; and he often exercised himthus the affairs of the whole kingdom were expe- self in making a jest of the other men of letters, dited in an hour. At eleven the king put on his in a way which induced many of them to leave boots, reviewed his regiment of guards in the him. The squabbles with Voltaire were sometims garden, and at the same hour the colonels were very diverting. See VOLTAIRE. They ended at following his example in their respective pro- last in a final quarrel with that wit, and his devinces. The princes his brothers, the general parture from the kingdom. The restless dispoofficers, and one or two chamberlains, dined at sition of Frederick showed itself after his deparhis table; which was as good as it could be in a ture by his attempts to provoke the literati who country where there is neither game, tolerable remained at his court, to quarrel with bim butcher's meat, nor a pullet, and where the very as Voltaire had done. But they were of too wheat is brought from Magdebourg. After the passive a disposition to gratify him in this respect, repast he retired alone into his cabinet, where he choosing rather to suffer the most mortifyin made verses till five or six o'clock. Then came strokes of raillery, or to leave the kingdom, than a young man named D'Arget, who read to him. to contend with him. This proved so uneasy :) A little concert hegan at seven, in which the the king, that he one day exclaimed, ‘Shall we king played on the flute with as much skill as have no more quarrels then!' The breaking out the first performer; and pieces of his composic of the war in 1756, however, put a stop to this tion were frequently executed. Supper was diversion, and afforded him as many enemies a3 served in a little hall, the most singular and strik- he could wish. The exploits he performerl

, duing ornament of wbich was a fine picture of ring the seven years which this unequal contest Priapus. These repasts were not in general the lasted, are almost incredible (See Prussia); less philosophic on that account. Never did and it is amazing how the fortitude and resolumen converse in any part of the world with so tion of any man could enable him to sustain the much liberty respecting all the superstitions of difficulties which during this period he encounmankind, and never were they treated with more tered. Once however even the resolution of pleasantry and contempt. God was respected: Frederick was on the point of giving way. After but none of those who had deceived men in his the battle of Colin, when his affairs seemed altoname were spared. Neither women nor priests gether desperate, he wrote to his sister at Bareith ever entered the palace. In a word, Frederick that he was on the point of putting an end to his lived without a court, without counsel, and with own life. And, as he wished to have it said that out religious worship.' As Frederick had espous- he made verses even on the brink of the grave, ed his princess contrary to his inclination, it was he wrote a long poetical epistle to the marquis imagined, that on his accession, he would set d'Argens, in which he communicated to him his himself free from engagements so disagreeable to design, and bade him farewell. His affairs, howhimself. The queen impressed with suspicions ever, took a better turn, and such desperate of this kind, was on the point of fainting away thoughts were laid aside. But his constitution when he made his first visit to her. To the sur- was irreparably injured by the excessive fatigues prise of all parties, however, he made her a very he had sustained. Soon after the peace, his body affectionate speech, apologising for his indiffer- began to bend, and his head to incline to the right ence, and inviting her to participate with him side: by degrees he became very infirm; he was the throne of which she was worthy. In the first tormented with the gout, and subject to frequent year of his reign, he restored the academy of indigestion. All his distempers, however, were sciences at Berlin. See Academy. His war with borne with invincible patience; and, till a very the queen of Hungary, however, which took place short time before his death, he never ceased to almost immediately after his accession, for some attend his reviews, or visit the provinces. He has time prevented bim from taking such an active been known to review his troops, and gallop part in literary matters as he was inclined to do. through all the ranks, as if he felt no pain, while an abscess, which approached to a suppuration, a letter to his wife, for whom he had a great aftouched the saddle. In August, 1785, he im- fection. • What are you doing there?' said he, paired his health still farther by assisting at a . do not you know the order ? The captain fell review, where he was exposed without a cloak on his knees and asked pardon. Sit down,' cor. to a heavy rain for four or five hours. On his tinued the king, and add a few words I am return to Potsdam he was seized with a fever; going to dictate to you.' Zittern obeyed; and and, for the first time, became unable to assist at the king dictated "To morrow I shall die on a the military exercises. His malady, however scaffold. The unfortunate man wrote them, and did not prevent him from dictating the disposi- next day was.executed. His cruel treatment of tion of these exercises during the three days they Baron Trenck is well known. In matters of dolasted. About the end of autumn the fever left mestic legislation, he was more arbitrary than him, but was succeeded by a violent cough; by just; of which we have a notable example in the which he was greatly weakened and prevented famous case of Arnold the miller. This man haul from slecping; but this did not interrupt either refused to pay the rent of his mill, on pretence the execution of business, or the routine of his that the stream which turned it had been divertliterary exertions; wherein he continued to em- ed into a fish-pond. But as the water which ran ploy himself till the day before he died. On the into the pond also ran out of it into the same 17th and 18th of May, 1786, he was unable to channel as before, the miller evidently suffered assist at the ordinary reviews. At last his disor- no damage. The judges therefore gave sentence der terminated a dropsy. Being now no against him, but the king not only reversed their longer able to remain in bed, he sat day and sentence but disgraced them. For this he was night in an arm-chair with springs, which could celebrated through all the newspapers in Europe; be moved at pleasure. For nearly a month before and yet he was in the wrong, and afterwards even his death the swelling of his feet gave him vio- acknowledged niinself to have been so: but, notlent pain, so that he wished an incision to be withstanding this, he not only made no reparation made; but the surgeon refused to perform the to the parties injured, but allowed theni to lie in operation, suspecting that it might hasten his prison all his life-time. He entertained nost undeath. Nature, however, accomplished his de- accountable prejudices against certain places and sires ; his right leg opened, and discharged such persons, which neither conduct nor merit could a quantity of matter, that he was greatly relieved. eradicate. One of these unfortunate places was But on the 16th August, 1786, his throat began Westphalia, on which he never conferred any to rattle violently; and he soon after fell into a bounty; and one day a native of that country, a stupor; though from this he recovered so far as man of great merit, being proposed to him for a to be able to speak. His respiration and voice place, he refused, saying, "He is a Westphalian ; became gradually more feeble; and he expired he is good for nothing. Voltaire justly accuses on the morning of the 17th, at nineteen minutes him of ingratitude to the count de Seckendorf ; after two, in the seventy-fifth year of his age, and who saved his life, and against whom he conceived forty-seventh of his reign.—This great monarch the most implacable hatred. His neglect of was of the middle size, bad large blue eyes and others who afforded him the most essential sera piercing look. He spoke German incorrectly vice was shameful. When a robust butcher preand in a very rough manner; but talked French vented him from falling, horse and all, over a very fluently and agreeably. His constitution precipice, where both would undoubtedly have was naturally feeble, but he had greatly improved been killed, the king only turned about and sayit hy his laborious life. He had the art of re- ing, Thank you friend, rode off without ever enlieving every one from that embarrassment, which quiring farther about his preserver. With regarl is apt to occur in accosting a monarch. His to his literary merits, Voltaire boasts of having universal knowledge enabled him to converse on corrected his works, and others of having furall subjects. He talked of war with military nished him with materials for his history. He men, of verses with the poet, of agriculture with has been accused of stealing whole hemistichs of the farmer, of jurisprudence with the lawyer, of poetry from Voltaire, Boileau, Rousseau, and commerce with the merchant, and politics with others; nor does the charge seem void of founthe Englishman. He had a very retentive me- dation. Such of his verses, as have undergone mory; was fond of solitude and gardening; and no correction, are very indifferent. But while took great pleasure in dogs, of which animals he we thus mention the foibles of Frederick, it 13 constantly kept a number about him, giving them but just to record his acts of virtue. Upon his little balls to play with. In company he was accession he treated his mother with great respect; fond of asking questions and jesting; in which ordered that she should bear the title of queen last he proceeded such lengths as undoubtedly mother, and that instead of addressing him as were unbecoming in a superior towards his infe- his majesty she should call him son.

As he was rious. In military affairs he was excessively passing soon after between Berlin and Potsdam, severe, not to say cruel; of which the following 1000 boys, who had been marked out for anecdote

may serve as an instance. In the first military service by his father, surrounded his war of Silesia, wishing to make some alteration coach, and cried out · Merciful king deliver us in his camp, during the night, he forbade every from our slavery.' He promised them their liberty, person, under pain of death, to keep, after å and next day ordered their badges to be taken certain hour, a fire or other light in his tent. He off. He granted a general toleration of religion; himself went the rounds; and in passing the and among other concessions allowed the profestent of a captain Zittern he perceived a light. sion of free-masonry. The reign of this monarch Enterin the tent, he found the captain sealing was illustrious, as well for the variety of characters he sustained, as for the important vicissitudes woollen, starch, and oil, are its chief manufactures. he experienced. But the pacification of It was founded in 1621, by a body of Arminians Dresden, in 1745, enabled him to appear in a whv emigrated from Holland upon the decisions character far more glorious than that of the con- of the synod of Dort. Population 2200. Eighqueror of Silesia. He was now. entitled to the teen miles W.S. W. of Sleswick. noblest eulogy, as the wise legislator of his coun- FREDERICKSTEIN, a strong fortress of try. Exclusive of his general attention to agri- Norway, on the summit of a rock, which overculture, commerce, and manufactures, he peopled, hangs Frederickshall ; famous for the death of in particular, the deserts of Pomerania, by en- Charles XII. killed while besieging it, in 1718. couraging, with royal bounties, a great number FREDERICKSWERK, a sea-port of Denof industrious emigrants to settle in that province; mark, in a bay on the north coast of the island of the face of which, in a very few years, underwent Zealand. Here are a cannon foundry, and the most agreeable alteration. Above sixty new manufactures of various military articles, estavillages arose amidst a barren waste; and every blished in the year 1756, by general Classen. part of the country exhibited marks of successful FREDERICKTOWN, a flourishing town of cultivation. Those desolate plains, where not a Maryland, capital of Frederick county seated on footstep had been seen for ages, were now con- Caroll's creek, &c. It is forty-seven miles west verted into fields of corn; and the happy pea- by north of Baltimore, and 148 south-west of sants, under the protection of a patriot king, Philadelphia. sowed their grounds in peace, and reaped their FREE, adj. & v.a. Sax. freah, freo; Bel. harvests in security

FREE'DOM, n. S.

vry; Goth. fri; Teutonic FREDERICK (Colonel), the son of Theodore, king Free'ly, adv.

frey. We shall give the of Corsica, by an Irish lady, was born in Spain. FREE'Ness, n. S. numerous applications of He came to England in 1754, and taught the this word, and the illustrations in the usual Italian language for some years. He afterwards order, and then present it distinctly in every went to the continent, where he obtained the rank word in which it is used in composition. At of Colonel, and the cross of merit, from the late liberty ; not a vassal; not enslaved; not a duke of Wirtemberg; for whom he acted as prisoner; not dependent; uncompelled; unagent, upon his return, and disposed of a regiment restrained : of choosing, as opposed to bonto the East India Company. He married a dage or necessity; permitted ; allowed; liGerman lady while abroad, by whom he had a centious; open; ingenuous; frank; without son, who fell in the American war, and also a reserve; liberal; spontaneous; clear from; guiltdaughter. His finances falling low at last, he less; innocent; exempt from ; invested with shot himself, at Westminster Abbey, on the 1st franchises ; possessing any thing without vassalFebruary 1796. He was a man of general age; admitted to the privileges of any body knowledge, and considerable talents. He wrote corporate; without expense ; a free-school, is a 1. Memoires pour servir l'histoire de Corse, 8vo. charity-school ; to set at liberty; to rescue from 1768. 2. The description of Corsica ; with an slavery or captivity; to manumit; to loose; to account of its union to the crown of Great Bri- rid from ; to clear from any thing ill: with of or tain, 8vo. &c. 1796.

from; to clear from impediments or obstrucFREDERICK, a county of Maryland, bounded tions. on the north by Pennsylvania, east by Baltimore,

-This song I have heard say south-west by the Potomac, and west by Wash- Was naked of our blisful lady fre, ington ; extending thirty miles every way. Fre- Hire to salue, and eke hire for to prey dericktown is the capital.

To ben our help, and socour, whan we dey. FREDERICK, a county of Virginia, bounded on

Chaucer. The Prioresses Tale the north by Berkley, east and south by the

And Jason is as coy as is a maide ; Shanandoah, and west by Hampshire; thirty

He looked pitously, but nought he saiede : miles long, and twenty broad. It abounds with But frely yave he to hire couasailers limestone and iron ore; iron works have been

Yeftes full grete and to hire officers :

As would God, that I leser had and time erected in various parts.

Winchester is the chief town.

By processe, all his woeing for to rime

Id. Legend Hypsipyle and Medea. FREDERICKSBURG, a town of Virginia, in

In prison though thy bodie be Spotsylvania county, on the south-west bank of

At large kepe thine herte fre the Rappahannock, 110 miles from its mouth.

A trewe hert ne will not plie, The chief street runs parallel with the river. It For no mapace that it mai drie. is fifty miles S. S.W. of Alexandria.

Id. Romaunt of the Rase, FREDERICKSHALL, a town of Norway in Yet shall they not escape so freely all ; the province of Aggerhuys, on the frontiers of For some shall pay the price of others guilt: Sweden, and on the extremity of the Swinesund,

And he, the man that made Sansfoy to fall, at the mouth of the Tiste. The harbour is safe

Shall with his owne blood price that he hath spilt. and commodious; but the saw-dust brought

Spenser's Faerie Queen.

The laws themselves they do specially rage a:, as down the river from the mills occasions an annual

most repugnant to their liberty and natural freedoms. expense to clear it. It contains 3000 inhabit.

Spenser on Ireland. ants; and lies thirty-one miles south-east of

Their use of meats was not like unto our ceremoChristiania, and fifty north of Uddevalla. nics, that being a matter of private action in common

FREDERICKSTADT, a respectable manufac- life, where every man was free to order that which turing town of Denmark, in the duchy of Sleswick, himself did ; but this is a publick constitution for the at the confluence of the Treen and Eyder. Silk, ordering of the church.

Hooke.

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Do faithful homage, and receive free honours,

The chaste Sibylla shall your steps convey, All which we pine for now. Shakspeare. Macbeth. And blood of offered victims free the way.

11. Glo'ster too, a foe to citizens,

Fierce was the fight ; but, hast’ning to his prey, O’erchanging your free purses ; with large fines, By force the furious lover freed his way.

1. That seeks to overthrow religion, Shakspeare. Free! what, and fettered with so many chains ? If my son were my husband, I would freelier re

Id. joice in that absence wherein he won honour, than in My hands are guilty, but my heart is free. Id. the embracements of his bed, where he would show O freedom ! first delight of human kind! most love.

Id. Coriolanus. Not that which bondmen from their masters find,
Who alone suffers, suffers most i’ th' mind,

The privilege of doles ; nor yet to inscribe
Leaving free things and happy shows behind.

Their names in this or t'other Roman tribe :

Shakspeare. That false enfranchisement with ease is found; Make mad the guilty, and appal the free,

Slaves are made citizens by turning round. I.
Confound the ignorant.

Id. Hamlet. The will, free from the determination of such de-
The child was prisoner to the womb, and is sires, is left to the pursuit of nearer saiisfactions.
By law and process of great nature thence

Locke.
Freed and enfranchised; not a party to

How can we think any one freer than to have the The anger of the king, nor guilty of,

power to do what he will ?

Id. If any be, the trespass of the queen. Shukspeare. I hope it will never be said that the laity, who by These

the clergy are taught to be charitable, shall in their Are such allowed infirmities, that honesty

corporations exceed the clergy itself, and their sons, Is never free of. Id. Winter's Tale. in freeness of giving.

Sprat. 'Tis not to make me jealous ;

By nature all things have an equally common use : To say my wife is fair, feeds well, loves company, nature freely and indifferently opens the bosoms of Is free of speech, sings, plays, and dances well, the universe to all mankind.

South, Where virtue is, these make more virtuvus.

In every sin by how much the more free will is in

Shakspeare. its choice, by so much is the act the more sinful, and Why, sir, I pray, are not the streets as free

where there is nothing to importune, urge, or provoke For me as for you ? Id. Taming of the Shrew.

the will to any act, there is so much an higher and We may again

perfecter degree of freedom about that act. Id. Give to our tables meat, sleep to our nights,

Free and familiar with misfortune grow,
Free from our feasts and banquets bloody knives. Be used to sorrow, and inured to woe.

Prior.
Shakspeare.

Should thy coward tongue
By our holy Sabbath have I sworn

Spread its cold poison through the martial throng,
To have the ue and forfeit of my bond :

My javelin shall revenge so base a part,
If you deny it, let the danger light

And free the soul that quivers in thy heart

Pope. Upon your charter and city's freedom. Id.

I know there are to whose presumptuous thoughts We wanted words to express our thanks ; his noblo

Those freer beauties, e'en in them, seem faults. Id. free offers left us nothing to ask.

Bacon.

To gloomy cares my thoughts alone are free,
And ever since I strive in vain

Ill the
My ravished freedom to regain. Cowley.

gay sports with troubled thoughts agree. It is no marvail, that he could think of no better

Let such teach others who themselves excel, way to be freed of these inconveniences the passions

And censure freely who have written well. Id. of those meetings gave him, than to dissolve them.

Alexandrian verses, of twelve syllables, shoule Clarendon.

never be allowed but when some remarkable beauty Defaming as impure what God declares

or propriety in them atones for the liberty : Mr. Dryand commands to some, leaves free to all.

Milton.

den has been too free of these in his latter works. Id.

This prince first gave freedom to servants, so as to Freely they stood who stood, and fell who fell.

become citizens of equal privileges with the rest, which Not free, what proof could they have given sincere

very much increased the power of the people. Swift. Of true allegiance, constant faith, or love, Where only what they needs must do, appeared ;

FREEDOM OF CONSCIENCE. See TOLERATION. Not what they would ? Milton's Paradise Lost.

FREEDOM OF A CORPORATION. See CORPOI else must change

RATION. The freedom of cities, and other corTheir nature, and revoke the high decree

porations, is regularly obtained by serving an Unchangeable, eterual, which ordained

apprenticeship: but it is also purchased with Their freedom ; they themselves ordained their fall. money, and sometimes conferred by way of

Milton.

compliment.
Castalio, I have doubts within my heart;

FREE-BENCH. See Bench, FREE.
Will you be free and candid to your friend?

FREE BOOTER, n. s.?

Free and booty. Otway.

FREE'BOOTING, n. S. JA robber; a plunFrom which the happy never must be free.

Dryden.

derer ; a pillager; robbery; plunder; the act Their steeds around,

of pillaging. Free from the harness, graze the flowery ground. Id. Under it he may cleanly convey any fit pillage, that

The reader may pardon it, if he please, for the cometh handsomely in his way; and when he goeth freeness of the confession.

Id. abroad in the night on freebooting, it is his best and The path to peace is virtue : what I show, surest friend.

Spenser. Thyself may freely on thyself bestow;

Perkin was not followed by any English of name, Fortune was never worshipped by the wise ; his forces consisted mostly of base people and freeBut, set aloft by fools, usurps the skies. Id. booters, fitter to spoil a coast than to recover a kingdom. He therefore makes all birds of every sect

Bacon. Free of his farm, with promise to respect

The earl of Warwick had, as often as he met with Their several kinds alike, and equally protect. any Irish frigates, or such freebooters as sailed under

Id. their commission, taken all the seamen. Clarendon, Vol. IX.

Id.

F

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FREEBORN, n. s. Free and born. Not A lease for ninety-nine years, &c., determina born a slave; inheriting liberty.

ble upon a life or lives, is not a lease for life to O baseness, to support a tyrant's throne,

make a freehold, but a lease for years, or chattel And crush your freeborn brethren of the world! determinable upon life or lives; and an estate

Dryden. for 1000 years is not a freehold, or of so high a I shall speak my thoughts like a freeborn subject, that hath an estate for the term of his own life,

nature as an estate for life. Co. Lit. 6. He such things perhaps as no Dutch commentator could, and I am sure no Frenchman durst.

Id.

or the life of another hath a freehold, and no

other of a less estate; though they of a greater Shall freeborn men, in humble awe,

estate have a freehold, as tenant in fee, &c., Submit to servile shame; Who from consent and customn draw

Lit. 57.
The same right to be ruled by law,

FREEHOLD, or frank tenement; liberum teneWhich kings pretend to reign ?

Id.

mentum. See FEE and Tail. FREECHAPPEL, n. s.

Free and chapel.

A FREEHOLD, by the common law, cannot Such chapels as are of the king's foundations, commence in futuro; but it must take effect preand by him exempted from the jurisdiction of sently, either in possession, reversion, or remainthe ordinary. The king may also license a sub- der. Whatever is part of the freehold goes to the ject to found such a chapel, and by his charter heir; and things fixed thereto may not be taken

in distress for rent or in execution, &c. No man exempt it from the ordinary's visitation.

FREE COST, n. s. Free and cost. With- shall be disseised of his freehold by statute out expense ; free from charges.

Magna Charta, cap. 29, but by judgment of his We must not vouch any man for an exact master shall any distrain freeholders to answer for their

peers, or according to the laws of the land: nor in the rules of our modern policy, but such a one as has brought himself so far to hate and despise the freehold in any thing concerning the same absurdity of being kind upon fre-cost , as not so much without the king's writ

. Freehold estates, of as to tell a friend what it is o'clock for nothing.

certain value, are required by statutes to qualify

South. jurors, electors of the knights of the shire in FRE’EDMAN, n. s.

Freed and man.

Lat. parliament, &c. libertus. A slave manumitted.

Freehold, in geography, a town of New

Jersey, in Monmouth county, fifteen miles west The freedman jostles, and will be preferred ;

of Shrewsbury, twenty south-east by south of First come, first served, he cries.

Dryden's Juvenal.

New Brunswick, and forty-four north-east of FREEFOʻOTED, adj. Free and foot. Not battle was fought here between the British under

Philadelphia. It has an academy. A bloody restrained in the march.

Sir H. Clinton, and the Americans under general
We will fetters put upon this fear,
Which now goes too freefooted.

Washington, on the 28th June, 1778.

Shakspeare. Hamlet. FREEHOʻLDER, 16. s. From freehold. One FREEHEARTED, adj.

who has a freehold.

Free and heart. Liberal; unrestrained.

No alienation of lands holden in chief should be

available, touching the freehold or inheritance thereof, Love must freehearted be, and voluntary ; but only where it were made by matter of record. And not inchanted, or by fate constrained.

Bacon's Office of Alienation Davies.

As extortion did banish the old English freeholder, FREEHOʻLD, n. s.

Free and hold. That who could not live but under the law; so the law did land or tenement which a man holdeth in fee, banish the Irish lord, who could not live but by exfee-tail, or for term of life. Freehold in deed is tortion.

Davies. the real possession of lands or tenements in fee, There is an unspeakable pleasure in calling any fee-tail, or for life. Freehold in law is the right thing one's own: a freehold, though it be but in ice that a man has to such land or tenements before and snow, will make the owner pleased in the pashis entry or seizure. Freehold is sometimes session, and stout in the defence of it. Addison. taken in opposition to villenage. Land, in the My friends here are very few, and fixed to the time of the Saxons, was called either bockland, freehold, from whence nothing but death will remove that is bolden by book or writing, or foreland, them.

Swift. that is holden without writing. The former was I should be glad to possess a freehold that could held by far better conditions, and by the better not be taken from me by any law to which I did not

Id. sort of tenants, as noblemen and gentlemen, give consent. being such as we now call freehold. The latter FREEHOLDERS, in the ancient laws of Scotland, was commonly in the possession of clowns, being are called milites, knights. In Reg. Judicia, it that which we now call at the will of the lord. is expressed, that he who holds lands upon an

Freehold is extended to offices, which a man execution of a statute merchant, until he hath holds either in fee, or during life; and, in the re- satisfied the debt, tenet ut liberum tenementum gister of writs, it is said, that he who holds land sibi et assignatis suis; and the same of a tenant upon an exécution of a statute-merchant until he per elegit; the meaning of which wems to be, is satisfied, the debt holds as freehold to him and not that such tenants are freeholders, but as freehis assigns, and the same of a tenant by elegit; holders for the time, till they have received probut such tenants are not in fact freeholders, only fits to the value of their debt. as freeholders for their time, till they have re- FREʻEMAN, n. s. Free and man. One ceived the profits of the land to the value of their not a slave ; not a vassal ; one partaking of debt. Reg. Judic. 68. 73.

rights, privileges or immunities.

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