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Feb. 10, 1819. This morning a cock- always much disturbed and provoked at roach was found in the mouse-trap, where paying the income tax. it had picked the bones of the tail, and eaten out both the eyes of a mouse, which had

Wuen Wordsworth was a boy, a saying been taken in the night. This reminds me was remembered among the people, that of what happened in the West Indies, in time was when a squirrel could have gone the ship with my brother. A boy who slept from Crow Park to Wytheburn Chapel, withon deck barefooted, had the callus eaten off out touching the ground.? both his heels by the cockroaches, so that for some time he was not able to walk.

“ Whilst the villains of Low Furness

were employed in all the useful arts of agriMarch 21, 1819. A RAT-CATCHER tells me

culture, the woodlanders of High Furness that the white rat from Greenland has found

were charged with the care of the flocks and its way into this country. He caught twelve herds, which pastured the verdant side of at Edinburgh, (I think). They are larger the fells, to guard them from the wolves than the Norway rat,-measuring eighteen which lurked in the thickets below; and in inches from the nose to the extremity of the

winter to browse them with the tender tail, but they are not so fierce.

sprouts and sprigs of the hollies and ash. A.D. 1819. Many hundred sycamore This custom has never been discontinued seeds are now shooting up upon the green in High Furness, and the holly trees are before the parlour window, the winter hav- carefully preserved for that purpose, where ing been so uncommonly mild that it has all other wood is cleared off; and large killed nothing. I never before remember tracts of common pasture are so covered to have seen any of these seeds growing with these trees as to have the appearance there, though they must have been scatter

of a forest of hollies. At the shepherd's ed there equally every autumn. If the place call the flock surround the holly bush, and were deserted here, there would be a self- receive the croppings at his hand, which sown grove.

And how many such must be they greedily nibble up, and bleat for more. produced in a winter like this.

A stranger unacquainted with this practice A.D. 1815. By Mr. Leathes's I heard a

would imagine the holly bush to have been

sacred among the fellanders of Furness. stuttering cuckoo, — whose note was cuc

The mutton so fed has a remarkable fine cuckoo-cuccuckoo; after three or four of flavour.” — West's Antiquities of Furness, which he brought out the word rightly.'

A.D. 1774. A MAN who worked for us was nettleproof. He would apply them to his face,

“In former times, when salt was procured and put them into his bosom, without feel- from sea sand, by pouring water on it, and ing the sting

then boiling down the water to a salt, grants

of sand from the lord of the manor were Miss GeisdALE knows a single woman in

common on the sea coast.”—Ibid. p. 191. this country who succeeded unexpectedly to £70,000. The only change she made in “The place near Ulverston where Martin her mode of life was, to use lump sugar in Swart encamped, when he landed with Mac her tea, and to drink it out of a china cup Lambert, Simnel, and the Flemish troops, instead of a crockery one.

But she was is called Swartmoor to this day. There is

a tradition that Sir Thomas Broughton did | The old child's rhyme says“ In the month of June,

? WORDSWORTH, I think, has mentioned the He alters his tune,"

fact in his Poems, and SOUTHEY in his Colloand it is quite true.-J. W.W.

quies.-J. W. W.

p. xly.

not fall in the battle as is recorded, but that be to have printed delineations of the anihe escaped, lived many years among his mals on which the respective marks might tenants in Witherslack, in Westmoreland, be laid down, and to which the printed deand was interred in the chapel there."— scription preceding would serve as an index. Ibid.


“Accordingly, the book consists of four

teen chapters of prints, filling eighty-four The woollen yarn spun by the country pages, with three couple of sheep in each, people in Broughton for sale used to produce more than £4000 a-year.

each couple numbered.

Circiter 1774.-Ibid. p. 212.

“ Matterdale. Chap. 12. TEA with itself has introduced wheaten “ No. 12. William Calvert, Esq., Wallbread.-Ibid.


“ Ritted far ear ; old sheep, M on the Iz. Walton, p. 195, says of Winander

near side ; hogs, full cripping across each Mere, that it is “some say, as smooth in the buttock, and no letter. bottom as if it were paved with polished “ No. 17. John Sutton. marble."

“ Cropped, and muck-forked on the far “The Shepherd's Guide, or a Delineation

ear; under fold bitted on the near; a red

stroke over the fillets of the near side, the of the Wool and Ear Marks on the differ

form of a grindstone handle. ent Stocks of Sheep in Patterdale, Grassmere, Hawkeshead, Langdale, Loughrigg,

“ No. 23. John Brownrigg, Matterdale

End. Wythburn, Legberthwaite, St. Johns, Wanthwaite and Burns, Borrowdale, New

Cropped far ear, bitted near; a red lands, Threlkeld, Matterdale, Watermil

pop on the top of the shoulder ; J. B. on

the near side. lock, Eskdale, and Wastdalehead.

The ear marks are what are most de“To which is prefixed an Index, shewing the proprietors' names and places of abode, pended on, because they cannot be so easily with a description of the marks, &c. By got rid of.

The ear is either cropt, under or upper William Mounsey and William Kirkpatrick, on the plan originally devised by Joseph halved, under key-bitted or upper, holed, Walker.

muck-forked, or clicking-forked, marked “ Penrith : Printed by W. Stephen.”

with a three square hole, &c.; and these No date. 8vo.

marks are varied, by being either on the

cropt or otherwise entire ear. The original preface says

" the success

The other marks have all their technithis work has met with is sufficient to show cal names. the extensive benefit which is likely to re- The copy before me is one which my sult from it. It has not been presented to brother T. has borrowed from a neighbour. any sheep-breeder who has not considered It is neatly bound in red sheep; and has it of the greatest importance.

pasted in it a printed paper with these My object is to lay down a plan by words, “ Newlands' Public Book." which every man may have it in his power The sheep are coloured according to the to know the owner of a strayed sheep, and description, and a blank in the engraving to restore it to him ; and, at the same time, left for the ears of one in each couple. that it may act as an antidote against the fraudulent practice too often followed, --in “ The Wells of rocky Cumberland a word, to restore to every man his own.

Have each a Saint or Patron, “I considered that the best mode of re- Who holds an annual festival presenting the wool and ear marks would The joy of maid and matron.


" And to this day as erst they wont, Ibid. p. 115, No. 61. 69. LETTER de

The youths and maids repair scribing something of the country and peoTo certain wells on certain days ple near Kendal, to Lord Burgbley. And hold a Revel there.

Cotton MSS. Titus B. ii. 7. KESWICK “Of sugar-sweet and liquorice,

mines. With water from the spring, They mix a pleasant beverage,

The parsonage house in Langdale was And May-Day carols sing."

licensed as an alehouse, because it was so MR. John Hutchinson's June Days' Jingle.

poor a living, that the Curate could not

otherwise have supported himself. By the public house in Newlands, there

Owen Lloyd who now holds the curacy

told me this. is a green cock-pit.

LOOKING down from Hindscarth upon “ Cares and sorrows cast away, Buttermere, the light fell so upon the lake This is the old wives' holyday." that one part, which was in shade, appeared

BEAUMONT and FLETCHER, Women like a hole in it, or pit.

pleased, act v. sc. iii. WHERE the hill has been burnt, the cran

A LARGE leaved sort of clover, with a berry leaves are red.

purple spot in the centre of the leaves, The wooden railroad is said to have been grows as a weed in this nursery garden,first invented by Mr. Carlisle Spedding at

the seed having been accidentally imported Whitehaven. – Dr. Dixon's Life of Dr. in some package from America. Brownrigg, p. 108.

John EARSDEN and George Mason comIn Mrs. Wilson's youth it would have posed the music in a work entitled, “ The been thought a sin for any one to have sold | Ayres that were sung and played at Broughhoney in this place. It was given freely to am Castle in Westmoreland, in the King's any who happened to want it.

entertainment, given by the Right Hon. the Among the Lansdowne MSS. (No. 17.7.)

Earl of Cumberland, and his right noble is a letter from Augsburg, written in Latin

son the Lord Clifford. Fol. London, 1618." to the Lords Leicester and Burghley, by

-Hawkins, vol. 4, p. 25. David Hang and John Languaver, co-part

Possibly here might be words by Daniel. ners with their Lordships in the mines at Keswick, concerning those mines. A.D. 1573.

Tuesday, 19 Jan. 1836. I went out at -Catal. p. 33.

one o'clock to shake hands with my old

friend G. Peachy before his departure. It Ibid. p. 37, No. 18. 51. ARTICLES pro- was a bright frosty day, and my Scotch posed to the Lord Treasurer to be entered bonnet afforded no shelter to my eyes, which into with the Queen, by the Company of the are however now so used to it as not to mines at Keswick. A.D. 1574.

be inconvenienced by the light. I was

reading as usual, Clarke's Christiad' was the Ibid.

p. 48, No. 24. 1. EDWARD BRADDYL to the Lord Treasurer, wanting to know "I had the Christiad in hand at this time, and what must be done with the Queen's cop

had written to Southey on the subject. This

induced him to turn to it. The underwritten is per in her store-house at Keswick. A.D. 1576.

from the fly-leaf of his copy transcribed into my

own:-“Robert Clarke, educated at the Eng. MORE papers concerning these mines.

lish College at Douay, where, as I am informed, P. 56, No. 28. 4-11.

he was Professor of the Classics, He after

book; and just on the rising ground where more reasonably for their gods; and at the view of the lake opens, the sun came length nothing was to be done without conI suppose more directly upon my eyelids, sulting them through the priests or Krakenbut the page appeared to be printed in red pates. These heads being fixtures, and letters. The page before me was that on having no means of seeing things for themwhich the last book begins, and the head-selves, believed of course what the krakening is in larger type, these took the colour pates told them,—but they had whims of first, and were red as blood, the whole page their own also, and very seldom agreed, presently became so. The opposite page and when they were out of humour, they had a confused intermixture of red and could shake part of the body, and bring black types, when I glanced on it; but fixing various evils upon the land, by the feelers, the sight there the whole became rubric water, volcanoes, &c. also, though there was nothing so vivid as Something might be made of this. in the heading of the book. The appearance passed away as my position with re- Keswick. 1808. Sept. 27. Snow on Helgard to the sun was altered.

vellin, some was seen yesterday, and some I particularly noticed this phenomenon, last week. which never occurred to me before, but Sept. 28. The snow continues there, and which if I am not deceived I have read of the frost in the night has killed all our nasmore than once as something preternatural. turtiums,which were yesterday in full bloom An enthusiast according to the mood of and beauty. The potatoe tops also are wimind would take it for a manifestation of thered and black. The lime at Jackson's grace or of wrath,-I think it has had new building here was frozen two inches the latter interpretation.

deep, and one of the masons says there was

ice an inch thick in a tin Early this morning, May 13, 1821.

The kidney


beans also are killed, and made transpaand more in a dream than awake, I fell into a train of fanciful thought, and ima

rent by the frost. yined a great island in the Polar Sea, killed in the garden. Walking out I ob

Sept. 29. The sunflowers and hollyhocks which was the Kraken, or, as the earth itself has been supposed by some wild served the ash leaves cut off and lying untheorists, a living and sentient creature.

der the tree, before they had changed colour. That sort of perpetual creation which Aza

The sycamore had lost some leaves in the

same manner, but not so many. The elder ra supposes was going on there, and the

berries were all killed. Kraken had in later years pushed out heads

Snow fell upon all and feelers from his upper as well as under

the mountains, and there was ice in the

boat. surface. These were in various forms and kinds, graminivorous, frondivorous, carni

Sept. 30. The sweet-peas and china-asvorous, and omnivorous. Among these va

ters killed, a few of the latter which were rieties, some human heads appeared at last;

more sheltered have escaped. and the Krakeners, in evil hour for them

Oct. 30. What a morning! hard frost, selves, thought it a point of duty to edu- bright sunshine, and a wind not perceptible cate their heads, and teach them to speak otherwise than by its keen coldness, bending and to read : or rather they took them

the smoke of the newly kindled fires, which

has risen high through the stillness, — and wards became a Carthusian Monk, and spent his blending it with the mist which runs under leisure hours in an elaborate work, entitled the mountains, beginning at Thornthwate, Christiad." This meagre account is all that DODD

till it comes round under Wallow and meets gives (vol. 3, p. 311), and for this he referred to the Diary of Douay College, and the Diary of the smoke of the town: the fell summit the Carthusians at Nieuport."-J. W. W. shining above it in sunshine.


1809. June 2. Snow upon all the bills | fast at Lancaster, which is the more unreaand the vale of St. John's covered with it: sonable because the coach is changed there, a thing never before remembered. Within and if you do not choose to run the risk of a fortnight grass which had then been bu- losing your luggage, you must lose your ried beneath the snow, was mown.

breakfast. I found time to abridge mine Nov. 3. The first effect of winter upon by swallowing two raw eggs; 1s. 9d. each the flowers, the nasturtiums just touched by the charge, so that you must eat at the rate the frost.

of two-pence a minute to make a saving 1821. June 9. Snow upon Causey Pike bargain. and the Borrowdale Fells.

Passed Hesketh Hall, and in the adjacent 1822. Sept. 26. First snow on Helvellin. village was recognized to our mutual sur

1828. Nov. 9. There has been no snow prize by Mr. Hodgeson, John Wordsworth's yet.

late curate, who had recently removed to Nov. 10. The first.

this place. He introduced me to Mr. Ad1833. Sept. 1. Cucumbers on the frame, dington, who was going to Liverpool on his vegetable marrows, and such kidney beans way to London, a very agreeable, gentleas were not sheltered from the east, cut off manly, well informed man, a friend of Mrs. by frost.

Charles Warren. He told me that Sharpe

had left his sister-in-law only £50 a year! Monday, 24th Oct. 1836. LEFt Keswick It ought to have been £500. with Karl in the stage. Found the squaw Reached Liverpool a little after three, in it, and dropt her at what used to be John and finding no place could be taken for ElStanley's—the public house in Legberth- lesmere till to-morrow evening, off we set waite. No other passenger the whole way. for the Birkenhead steamer, and at half-past They have played the Quaker with Ivy Cot- five were packed up in the mail for Chestage. Saw Wordsworth and Mr. Robinson ter. We had a very intelligent companion in Ambleside. Took our places for Liver- upon the stage, a most incurious one from pool at the Commercial Inn, Kendal, and Lancaster. He was a person in business at slept there.

Liverpool, who had never been to London, Tuesday, 25th. Called at half-past four. nor indeed fifty miles from bome, except Two heads are better than one, said a man once, for a fortnight to the Isle of Man by who was assisting to pack the coach, and the steamer. He works in a counter from to enforce the remark he added, I had ra- morning to night, and is evidently killing ther have two sovereigns than one. I dis- himself thereby : but broad hints and good sented from the opinion, and reminded Karl plain advice seemed to be bestowed upon of Eteocles and Polynices,-for we had been him in vain. reading the Thebaid.

Tuesday, 25th. Our way into the inn Set off half-past five by moonlight. A was up a flight of steps, and then across man in the coach talked about Bishop Wat- one of those rows which make Chester one son, and said that when a school-boy at of the most remarkable cities in England Hensingham, his schoolfellows used to laugh It is a large old rambling house, and our at him for coming in a homespun coat and bedroom was so far back that we were not clogs, and gave him some nickname in con- molested by any noise from the street. The sequence. I cannot think the clogs would gas was so offensive in the public room that have exposed him to any ridicule in this we could not endure it. country, and especially at that time.

Walked round the walls before breakfast. They allow only ten minutes for break


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