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are often to be found about the houses of the great. I all. No, no-Christy O'Donogloe would not do that, | in, stepping fearfully, astonished to find himself in a These events as they occurred roused the unfortunate any way."
splendid drawing-room. earl from that oppressive state of satiety which was On receiving intelligence of the designs entertained “ Were you never in this room before, Christy ?" the bane of his lite; but he as uniformly sunk into upon him, the earl instantly sent for his factor Mr said the earl. the enervating malady wben the excitation which they M‘Leod, a man of great shrewdness, good sense, and “Never, my lord, plase your honour, barring the naturally caused had subsided.
integrity, and they together arranged a plan of pro. day I mended the bolt.” Fairly tired at length not only of the reckless course ceedings to defeat the intentions of the rebels. This • It is a tine room, is it not, Christy ?" he was pursuing, and of his associates in debauchery, plan was to procure a party of disguised yeomen, se- “ Troth it is, the finest ever I see, sure enough." but of England itself, the earl resolved on paying a cretly, and to surprise the conspirators in the cave in “ How should you like to have such a room of your visit to the Irish estate from which he took his title, the midst of their deliberations. Through the judi. own, Christy; and how should you feel if you were namely, Glenthorn, in the hope that the novelty of the cious management of all its minor details, which were master of this great castle ?" scene would afford' him some relief from the ennui necessarily numerous and complicated, the enterprise " It's a poor figure I should make, to be sure ; I'd that oppressed him; and with this view he immedi. was successful. On that very evening, every one of rather be at the forge by a great dale. But sure, my ately set out for Ireland, having previously broken up the rehel party were taken prisoners, and having been lord,” continued Christy, changing his voice to a more his magnificent establishment at Sherwood Park, one previously disarmed, were again thrust into the cave, serious tone, “the horse that I shod for your honour of the fainily seats in England where he had hitherto where, under a strong guard, it was resolved to con- yesterday did not go lame, did he?-because I was resided.
fine them until they should be marched on the follow. thinking, maybe, it was that made your honour send On reaching the castle of Glenthorn, for the first time ing day to the county jail.
for me up in the hurry.” since he had left it in childhood, the most enthusiastic On the morning after the occurrence of the event “ The horse is very well shod, I believe," replied the of the individuals who appeared to welcome him to just related, Ellinor entered the earl’s apartment just earl ; " but to return to what I was saying. Should the ancient halls of his fathers, was his foster-mo. as he was about to descend to breakfast, in a state of you not like to change places with me if you could ?' ther Ellinor, a poor but decent woman who lived on great perturbation. “What new wonders ? what new “ In your honour's place!--I-I would not, my lord; the estate, and to whose charge his father had con. misfortunes now, Ellinor ?" he exclaimed, on perceive and that's the truth now," said Christy decidedly, fided the young earl when an infant, with the view, ing the consternation that was depicted on her coun- I would not-no offence; your honour bade me to as he said, of bringing him up hardily; and to en
speak the truth. I always thought and knew I was sure the greater success in this object, the child was “Oh! the worst that could befall me !” said she, but as I am; not but what, if I was to change with lodged and suckled in the cabin of his foster-mother, wringing her hands; "the worst, the very worst!--to any, it is with you, my lord, I would be proud to with whom he remained until he was two years of age, be the death of my own child !” She said with inex. change; because, if I was to be a jantleman at all, I'd when he was carried to England. This allectionate pressible horror, Oh! save him ! save him ! for the wish to be of a ra-al good ould family born." creature, on secing the earl, pushed her way through love of heaven, dear, save him ! If you don't save “ You are then what you wish to be," said the earl. the crowd of tenants and others who had assembled to him, 'vis I shall be his death.” She was in such “Och," said Christy laughing, and scratching his welcome his return, and having approached him, ex- agony, that she could not explain herself further for head, “your honour's jesting me about them kings of claimed in ecstacy, “ 'Tis himself;" then turning some minutes.
Ireland, that they say the O'Donoghoes was once : but round suddenly to the crowd behind her, “ I've seen " It was I gave the information against them all to that's what I never think on." him,” she said, “ I've seen him in his own castle; and
But how could I ever have thought Owen was “ But you do not understand me,” interrupted the if ic pleases Gid this minute to take me to himself, I one of them? My son, my own son, the unfortunate earl; “ I am not going back to the kinge of Ireland; would die with pleasure.
cratur !” Ellinor then proceeded to state in more ex- I mean to tell you that you were born a gentleman “My good Ellinor,” said the earl, touched by her plicit terms that her son had been seen amongst the nay, I am perfectly serious ; listen to me." affection, “ I hope you will live many a happy yeal; prisoners by one of the military, who had informed “I do, plase your honour, though it is mocking me and if I can contribute "
her of the circumstance. She then went on imploring | I know you are; I would be sorry not to take a joke “And himself to speak to me so kind before them the earl to procure the release of the young man. as well as another." all !” interrupted Ellinor. “Oh! this is too much " And this ye can't reluse,” she said, "to your old “ This is no joke, I repeat,” said the earl, and he - quite too much!” She burst into tears, and hiding inirse, that carried ve in her arms, and fed ye with went on to explain to the amazed blacksmith the whole her face with her arm, made her way out of the hall. her milk, and watch'd over ye many's the long night." circumstances of the extraordinary case, in which he The earl, who was really a generous and noble-minded
“I am sensible of it, I am grateful,” interrupted the was so deeply interested. man, not:vithstanding the dissipated life he had led, earl; “ but what you ask of ine, Ellinor, is impossible. “Well, I will tell you what you will do, then," said and the apparent supineness of his character-both
I cannot let him escape ; but I will do my utmost. Christy, after something like conviction had been more the result of circumstances than of natural dis
If I let him off just now, I should lose my honour-- hammered into him; “say nothing to nobody, but position--now busied himself in improving the condi. should luse my character. You know ihat I have just keep asy on, even as we are, in the name of tion of his tenantry, and in the discharge generally been accused of favouring the rebels already. It is God, and no more about it: and none need never be of the duties of a kind and considerate landlord, on impossible, therefore, my good Ellinor,” added the the wiser; 'tis so best for us all. A good day to your whom the comfort and happiness of some hundreds of earl; “urge me no further; ask any thing else, and honour, and I'll go shoe the mare.". persons depended; for his possessions were of great it shall be granted, but this is impossible.”
To this, however, the earl, who had made up his extent. And in the performance of these praise-wor- “ Then,” replied Ellinor, with the energy of de- mind to the noble sacrifice he meditated, would by thy duties, the earl soon began to take an interest that spair, “ your mother has knelt at your feet, and you no means consent. He therefore insisted on Christy's effectually relieved him from his old complaint, ennui, have denied her prayer."
taking a month to consider of it, and at the end of and restored him to himself.
“My mother !” exclaimed the earl in amazement ; that period to wait upon him with his final determina. In dispensing his bounty, which he did with a libe. " and what was her prayer ?” “ To save the life of tion. At the time appointed, Christy again presented ral hand, the earl did not forget his affectionate foster. your brother.”
himself before the earl. “Well, Christy," said the mother Ellinor. He provided her with a neat cot. “My brother! what do I hear! It is impossible !" | latter, “ you will be Earl of Glenthorn, I perceive. tage, and supplied her with every thing that could “ You hear the truth : you hear that I am your You are glad now that I did not take you at your contribute to ber ease and comfort. But there was lawful mother. Yes, you are my son. You have word, and that I gave you a month's consideration." nothing that the kind-hearted creature prized so much forced the secret from 'me which I thought to have “ Your honour was always considerate ; but if I'd in her new circumstances as the privilege she enjoyed carried with me to the grave. And now you know wish now to be changing my mind," said be, hesi. of lighting "his honour's" fire in the mornings, a all; and now you know how wicked I have been ; tatingly, and shifting from leg to leg, “ it is not duty she insisted on discharging, and which, when and it was all for you-for you that refused me the upon my own account, any way, but upon my son the earl had asked her on his first arrival what he only thing I ever asked. And it is tit that I should Johnny's.” could do for her, she, in the simplicity of her heart, tell you that Christy, poor Christy, who is now slavhad named as the most gratifying favour he could con- ing at the forge; he that lives, and has lived all his
“My good friend," said the earl, “no apology is fer upon her.
necessary. I should be very unjust if I were offended days on potatoes and salt, and is content; he who has by your decision, and very mean if, after the declaraOne morning, a considerable time after the earl's the face and the hands so disguised with the smoke tions I have made, I could for an instant hesitate to arrival at Glenthorn, Ellinor entered his apartment as and the black, is the true and real Lord Glenthorn; if for the purpose of kindling a fire as usual, but at a and I shall call upon you to give back to him all that and your choice to reclaim.”
restore to you that property which it is your right wuch earlier hour than she was wont to appear. The by right is his own. earl, surprised at this circumstance, turning round Having said this, Ellinor departed, but in a short suitably for his foster brother after he should have
The first concern of honest Christy was to provide in bed, exclaimed, “ Ellinor, is it you at this time in time again returned, and meeting the earl on the great vielded up the title and possessions of Glenthorn; but the morning ?"
“ Husb! hush !” said she, shutting the door with take! Sure Ody's'not there at all, nor ever was in all that the latter would accept, though pressingly regreat precautivn; and then coming on tiptoe close to it. I've seen them all face to face, and my son's not quested by his intended successor "just to put down the earl's bedside, “for the love of God, speak softiy, one of them, nor ever was; and I beg your pardon
on a bit of paper what he'd wish to keep," was L.300 and make no stir to awake them that's asleep near entirely," she whispered, coming close to the earl's lation, namely, that the annuity which he had ge
per annum for himself, added to the following stipu. you.” Ellinor, whose looks were full of terror and Forgive all I said in my passion, and I'll alarm, after searching the apartment to see that no never say a word more about it to any one living: divorce from her, should be continued ; that the house
nerously settled on Lady Glenthorn on obtaining a third party was concealed in it, proceeded to inform the secret shall die with me.” the earl that a plot had been formed amongst a party Ellinor was here interrnpted by the earl's being should be secured to her rent-free for life ; and that
he had built for Ellinor, and the land belonging to it, of rebels-the country being at that period surcharged called to preside at the precognition of the prisoners, all his debts should be paid. Having made this ar. with the spirit of revolt-to waylay him on that very which was about to take place previously to their night as he took his usual walk on the seashore, and being conveyed to jail; but this over, he lost no time rangement, to the great vexation of Christy, who to compel him to be their captain, or, in case of his re
in seeking another interview with Ellinor, to learn earnestly begged that he would at least make the fusal, to put him to death. "All this she said she had from her all the particulars regarding the extraordi
hundreds thousands, and accept of Sherwood Park as learnt from her son Christy, a young man who fol. nary communication she had made. At this inter
a residence, the earl in due legal form made a sur. lowed the business of a blacksmith, and who was much viev she detailed at full length all the contrivances render of all, claim upon the hereditary property of employed about the castle. Christy had discovered and expedients by which she had succeeded in palm.
Glenthorn, and inmediately afterwards proceeded to the secret by concealing himself for an entire night in ing upon the Earl of Glenthorn her own son for that Dublin, with the view of following out a resolution a cave where the rebels were in the habit of meeting of the rightful heir of his nane and possessions. Have which he had already adopted. That resolution was to discuss their designs, and had lost no time in pro. ing subsequently assured himself of the truth of Elli.
to betake himself to the study of the law, in order to curing the intelligence to be conveyed to the earl, to nor's stateinents, by irrefragable evidence, which be of subsistence. On arriving at Dublin, he who had
fit him for its exercise as a profession, and as a means whom he was much attached, as well by reason of cautiously and secretly sought out, the earl came to kindnesses shown to himself, as for his luidship's ge. the noble resolution of instantly surrendering every
lived all his life in palaces, surrounded with every nerosity to his mother.
thing to him to whom they rightfully beloiiged, and luxury which wealth can command, took up his abode “You were a very bold fellow, Christy," said the with this view he sent for Christy O'Donoghoe, the
in the bumble lodgings of a poor widow to whom be earl to him, at an interview to which he was subse- blacksmith.
had been ieroinmended, and here soon found himselt quently suminoned, “to bazard yourselt in the cave “ The smith is below in the hall, my lord," said a
involved in all the mean and petty cares associated with these villains; if you had beeu found out in your servantannouncing the arrival of Christy.
with narrow circumstances. hiding-place, they would have certainly murdered “ Show him up.” He was shown up into the ante
For a short time this extraordinary change in his con.
dition, and the striking contrast which it presented to you." chamber.
his former splendour, reduced Mr Donoghoe-for he “ True for me,” said Christy ; “but a man must “ The smith is at the door, my lord."
had now assumed his original name to a state of desdie some way, please your honour; and where's the way “Show him in, cannot you? What detains him?" pondency; but it was only for a short time that it had I would die better? It would have been bad indeed, “My brogues, my lord ! I'd be afraid to come in ihis effect. There was an energy in his character, a if I would stay quiet, and let 'em murder you afier' with 'em on the carpet." Saying this, Christy caine strength of micd of which he himself had not been pre
viously aware, and which adversity now brought into full singular position. He had been thrown on his own re- had stuck. The Trojans then get ashore on the coast play. He rose superior to circumstances, and deter- sources, and these he had found sufficient, unaided by of Lybia, but in a very distressed condition. mined, in place of pernitting himself to fall a victim to either wealth or rank, to conduct him to both riches and Venus, the goddess of beauty, who is represented them, to become their conqueror, by industry and per. honours, and that by the proudest and most gratifying
as the mother of Æneas, now comes in tears before severance, in acquiring a knowledge of the profession
her father Jupiter, and complains of the mischief by which he meant to earn his future livelihood.
which his spouse was working against her son ; in In accordance with this noble resolution, he immediately commenced an arduous course of reading, to which DISSECTION OF A CLASSIC POEJ.
counteraction, too, she alleged, of a heavenly decree he not only devoted the day, but also a large portion of skin to the well-known good fortune of having had
favour of Æneas. Jupiter con.
soles his fair daughter, and sends his messenger Mer. the night, and was soon rewarded for his industry by a
a father born before one, is the advantage of having cury to procure a. favourable reception for Æneas at feeling of satisfaction with his own conduct, and by an accession of happiness, arising from an active and ho- been an author a few hundred years ago. It was then the court of Carthage. Venus then puts on the disnourable employment, to which he had been an entire much easier to obtain a respectable literary reputation; guise of a huntress, and throws herself in the way stranger whilst Earl of Glenthorn. He who bad before
of her son, as he wanders with his friend Achates on felt every exertion of mind, however slight, an intoler and, moreover, living at a time when authors were
the Lybian coast. She represents herself as a memable punishment, now delighted in exercising the think- few, he who did succeed made such an impression on
ber of the Carthaginian community, recently planted ing and reasoning faculties with which nature had en.
his age, was so much spoken of in all kinds of con. in the neighbourhood by Dido, a Tyrian princess, who dowed him. The power of motive, too, lightened bis labour, and effectually relieved him from that ennui temporary records, that, even though his works might had fled from her native city in consequence of the
murder of her husband by her brother Pygmalion. which had embittered his previous life, and rendered cease to be read, his name could never afterwards be
To this princess she desires him to go with his com. all his possessions valueless. obliterated. It is thus that many names are as fami.
panion, and, to prevent all obstrucsis by the way, On completing his terms in Ireland, Mr Donoghoe re
liar in our ears as household words, and are banded moved to London to finish his legal education ia the
she envelopes them in a cloud imperfans to mortal
At the same time, and by the same supernatu. Temple ; and here he perseveringly followed out the down by 118 with traditionary veneration to our chil. eyes. rigid course of study which he had so manfully entered dren, while the writings of the individuals who bore ral direction, his Trojans approach the town, where on in Dublin, and the result was commensurate with the
thein remain entombed in libraries, and the active all are welcomed with the greatest hospitality by means employed to attain it. He acquired a complete influence of their intellects has long since ceased.
Queen Dido. In sober historic truth, Dido (or rather theoretical knowledge of his profession, which, added to
Elissa, which was her real name) lived three hundred his natural talents, and these were of a very high order, | But there are some more provoking cases than this.
years after the presumed era of the fabulous Æneas, left no doubt of his future success.
We have old authors, whose writings are greatly in. and, hat may be new to some of our readers, stood in When he had finished his terms at the Temple, Mr
ferior to those of the present day, and indeed neither | the relation of aunt to the Jezebel of scripture; but an Donoghoe returned to Dublin, and commenced his ca. reer as a practising lawyer. On his first circuit his possess any claim upon our sympathies nor are quali. anachronism like this, though it could not be tolerated earnings ainounted only to two guineas; but small as
fied to instruct us, forced by prescriptive usage into in modern fiction, forms but a trifling objection where this sum was, he received it with delight, as an earnest
supernatural agency is called upon to develope almost of better things to come ; for amongst other useful les general n se, especially among the young, who, it may every event.
The Carthaginian queen gives the Tro. sons which experience had now taught him, was the im- be observed, are wilfully surrounded by their elders jans a grand feast, during which she fondles Ascaportant one that pleasure to be enjoyed must be earned. with all kinds of obsolete absurdities, and receive the nius, the son of Æneas, in her lap. Venus, however, For some time Mr Donogloe's gains were trilling; but parting blessing of every expiring prejudice—as if the who foresaw this little occurrence, had taken care to during this time, though winning little money, he was
substitute for Ascanius, her emissary Cupid, the god human mind were fated to encounter all its worst dif. fast gaining a reputation as a sound and able lawyer;
of love, who takes the opportnnity to inspire the and an opportunity at length presented itself, which en- ficulties when it was least able to struggle with them. queen with an ardent passion for the Trojan hero. abled him to break down the very slender barrier that Meditating lately on this point, it occurred to us that at the close of the feast, Dido reqnests her guest to now interposed between him and an extensive practice. A counsel who had been employed in an important the actual merits of soine of those ancients, who so a good end might be served by a rigid inquiry into give a relation of all his adventures up to the period
of his arrival in ber dominions. wamenaso have studied the question closely, was called overshadow and bear down“ us youth;", and as it pied by this relation, which comprehends as many ab
The second and third books of the Æneid are occu. upon by the judge, with the consent of the attornies happened that we were a good deal troubled at one and other counsel, to supply his place. Mc Donoghoe time with Virgil, and still bear a peculiar kind of how the city of Troy was taken, after a ten years'siege,
surdities as any other part of the poem. Æneas tells accepted the invitation, and spoke with an eloquence and ability that excited the highest admiration of the grudge against him, we resolved that upon him, and
by the stratagem of a wooden horse, containing war. When he had concluded, a buzz of thanks and particularly upon his celebrated heroic poem, should riors, being introduced through the walls; a story applause rose around him. The cause was gained, and our vengeance fall. Of course it is not in our power full of superstitious absurdities, and in point of fact from that moment he was looked upon as one of the to criticise in this place the diction of the Eneid; but totally incredible. The hero was himself informed of most promising lawyers at the Irish bar. He had there we shall do our best to give our unlettered readers a
the fate of the city by the ghost of Hector, which ap. fore now, by the mere force of his owa talents, combined notion of what constitutes the action of the poem, pears to him in his sleep, and after assuring him that lution, and by the exercise of his natural faculties, fairly which no one will deny to be an equally important lands, brings him the statues of the gods from the surmounted all the difficulties and disadvantages of his inatter, and one with which the reason of the reader temple, to be carried away by him and reinstated in singular position. He had been thrown on his own re- has much more to do.
that settlement. He escapes through the burning and sources, and these he had found sufficient, unaided by
In the first place, there is not one word of truth, ravaged streets, with his father Anchises on his back, either wealth or rank, to conduct him to both riches and honours, while he had the additional happiness of and hardly any trace of even natural probability, in and his son Ascanius led in his hand; but Creusa, bis thinking that the acquisition of these would be the work the narrative of the Eneid. The object of the poem wife, who walked by his side, was lost by the way,
a fleet, and with a con. of his own hands—the proudest and most gratifying of was to give the most agreeable shape to the self-fatter and perished. He then build all reflections. ing labies which the Romans cherished respecting their altar, and wishing to overshade it with green boughs,
siderable party arrives in Thrace. Here erecting an Amongst the influential friends whom Mr Donoghoe origin as a nation ; as if some poet of the present day he pulls up a tree, and to his horror sees blood gush was in the habit of visiting at this period, was Lord Y
were to attempt to compose a volume of fine heroics from the wounded ground. While wondering at this a nobleman possessed of every good quality which can adorn human nature, and who took the warmest interest
out of those exploded chronicles which trace the Bri- prodigy, he is informed by a voice that the blood is in the fortunes of Mr Donoghoe. Here the latter was tish to the Roman Brutus, and represent the Scottish that of his brother-in-law Polydore, who had been introduced to a Miss Delamere, a young lady of amiable monarchy as founded in the time of Alexander the murdered and buried here. After atoning for his disposition, of great good sense and beauty, and who was, Great. No existing author could now make such an unintentional offence by the erection of a tomb over by a singular coincidence, in so far as regarded their attempt, because the people know those chronicles to the spot, he sails to Delos, and asks the oracle of that meeting, heir-at-law to the Glenthorn estate. An in
be false, and would not care for the subject-matter of island what place the gods had appointed for his babi. timacy followed the introduction, which soon afterwards them although they were true ; but the Romans in the tation. By a mistake of the oracle's answer, he setended in the marriage of the parties.
days of Virgil were ignorant enough to feel pride by tles in Crete ; but his household gods give him the In the meantime, Glenthorn castle was one continued
a lying account of their igin, nd, strange to say, true sense of the response in a dream, and he iinme. scene of riot and vulgar dissipation. Poor Christy, as we
we, though capable of despising such nonsense in re. diately sets sail for Italy. shall still call him, the best natured and most generous
Landing upon the Stro. fellow in the world , had not sufficient prudence or strength ference to ourselves, are still prostrate in veneration phades in the lonian sea, the Trojans attempt to make
of the nonsense of the Romans. The poem opens with a dinner out of the native Hocks, but, when preparing of mind to conduct bis own fainily; his wife filled the castle with tribes of her vagabond relations, and was him
a profession on the part of the poet to sing the adven. to fall to, are invaded by a flight of loathsome superself carried every night to bed in a state of helpless in
tures of the hero Æneas, in the course of his voyage natural creatures called harpies, with the faces of toxication; and to add to poor Christy's unhappiness, his from Troy, after its destruction by the Greeks, to the women and the bodies of birds, which steal their meat. son “ Johnny,” for whose sake he had submitied to the shorts of Italy, where he was destined to form those set- After a vain attempt to repel these unwelcome visitors missortune of becoming an earl, had, while in drink, set tlements from which the Romans derived their origin. by the sword, Æneas is informed by one of them, fire to the curtains of his bed, and perished in the flames Fictitious as this person and all his adventures were, that, for his making war on the harpies, he and his which ultimately consumed the whole castle. Unable they might have perhaps formed the material of a companions should hercafter experience such famine longer to bear with the iniseries of his situation, Christy poein which should please the imagination, and even as would cause them to eat their very dishes. He wrote to Mr Donoghoe, who had now assumed the name
improve the moral faculties of the reader. But fic. next touches at Chaonia, where he finds another party of Delamere as inore euphonious, to inform lim of what tion, to be in any case tolerable, must have probabi. of Trojans settled under the governnent of a Trojan had happened. This letter, which was throughout highly lity_which the Eneid has not. At the very begin. prince, and from the latter, who is also a priest, recharacteristic of the writer, thus concluded, I write this ning, a fabulous deity called Juno, represented as the ceives some prophetic information respecting his fu. to beg you, being married, of which I give you joy, to Miss Delamere, that is the hare-at-law, will take posses
queen of heaven, and as a personage of very savage ture voyages. In sailing for the Italian shore, he sion of all immediately, for I am as good as dead, and will
and revengeful temper, comes forward as the direc. sees on the coast of Sicily a troop of Cyclops, colossal
tress of the whole series of events. give no hindrance. I will go back to my forge, and, by
Being anxious to giants with one eye each, who endeavour to destroy the help of God, forget ať my work what has passed; patronise a new African settlement called Carthage, lis fleet. His father Anchises dies and is buried in and as io my wife, she may go to her own kith and kin, and learning that this was decreed to be eventually | Sicily. The narrative then concludes with an allu. if she will not abide by me. I shall not trouble her long; overthrown by a race derived from Troy-remember- sion to his being driven by a tempest upon the coast may the blessing of God attend you, and come w reign ing, moreover, that the Trojan Paris had insulted her of Africa, where he now was. over us again, when you will find me, as heretofore, your by preferring the beauty of Venus to her own- fell Dido is next represented as suffering under a con. loyal foster-brother,
Christy Donoghoe." Juno repairs to Eolus, the god of the winds, whom suining passion for the Trojan stranger, which Juno "Glenthorn castle is now rebuilding,” adds Mr Dela- she requests to raise such a tempest in the Mediter becomes anxious to see indulged, as it promises to demere to the memoir which he all but concludes with the ranean as will be sure to destroy the feet of Æneas; tain Æneas from his course, and to make her favoured letter above quoted, “and when it is finished, and when for which service she promises him one of her maids Lybia, instead of Italy, the seat of that universal I return thither, I will, if it should be desired by the pub- of honour as a wife. The deity immediately hurls a empire of which the Trojan was destined to be the lic, give a faithful account of my feelings. I fatter my. lance at the cave in which he keeps his winds, and lets founder. She therefore co-operates with her rival self that I shall not relapse into indolence; my under them forth through the rent, so that in a very short Venus to bring about a match between the pair, and standing has been cultivated; I have acquired a taste for while a dreadful tempest arises, by which one ship is for this purpose contrives a stratagem, which we can, literature; and the example of Lord Y.
convinces me that a man may at once be rich and noble, and active and
sunk and the rest dispersed. Neptune, however, the not permit ourselves to describe. Æneas, lost to all happy."
god of the sea, hears in his residence at the bottom recollection of his high destiny, now sits down idly He had therefore now, by the mere force of his own
the uproar that is going on above, and, indignant at in Carthage, and seems inclined to go no farther, when talents, combined with extraordinary industry and perse
an unauthorised storm, scolds the winds and smooths a neighbouring king, Iarbas, who had sought the verance, and by the exercise of his natural faculties, fairly the ocean, and is even so kind as to send a few Tritons hand of Dido in vain, takes it upon him through spite surmounted all the difficulties and disadvantages of his to push the vessels off the sandbanks on which they ito acquaint Jupiter with what was going on, and
prompts the god to send down Mercury to warn the Æneas there is a bloody battle ; Turnus killing Palo) tition he composed and delivered a poetical oration on Trojan against the danger of his present disobedient las, the son of Evander, while the Trojan slays Me the prosperity of the principality, which he is said to
At a hint from Mercury, Æneas abandons zentius. In the eleventh book, Æneas erects a trophy have recited with astonishing effect; but from the the duty of superintending the rise of Carthage, of the spoils of Mezentius, grants a truce for the base treachery of his master in the Gymnase, he and makes secret preparations for recommencing his burial of the dead, and sends home the body of Pallas lost the just reward of his able composition. His voyage. This, however, he does not manage so with great solemnity. Latius calls a council to pro. merits, however, had now become so conspicuous as adroitly as to keep Dido in ignorance of his intention. pose offers of peace to Eneas, which occasions great to attract the notice of Duke Charles, uncle of the She immediately begins to storm, calls him a base animosity betwixt Turnus and Æneas : in the mean. present king of Wurtemburg, who, upon an interview traitor, and threatens as a ghost to haunt him for time, there is a sharp engagement of the horse, wherein with him, became so much interested in his welfare,
In spite of every threat and entreaty, he per. a heroine called Camilla signalises berself, and is that he sent him, upon his own (Duke Charles's) sists in obeying the will of the gods, and escapes killed. Turnus, worsted in this engagement, pro- charges, to the Académie Caroline at Stuttgard, a during the night. Dido then mounts a funeral pile, poses to settle the dispute by a single combat with seminary founded by the duke himself, and in which and puts an end to her life. The whole conduct of Æneas : articles are agreed on, but broken by the he took the deepest interest. This was in 1784, when the hero in this part of his history is opposed to mo- subjects of the native prince, who wound Æneas. He Cuvier had entered his fifteenth year. His various rality and honour, and, being represented as the re- is miraculously cured by Venus, forces Turnus to a talents, or rather his unbounded capacity, had now sult of a pious obedience to the will of heaven, it could duel, and kills him ; with which incident the poem the means of expanding itself upon the wide range of not fail to have a most pernicious effect upon the concludes.
studies afforded to its exercise. The pupils were in. minds of the young, if the young ever read this or any Now, we would just ask, is a nonsensical tale like structed in almost every branch of knowledge, but other classic with real attention. that related above, full of gross superstition and
more particularly those connected with civil polity; Æneas, now sailing from Africa, is driven by a
barbarous slaughters, designed only to flatter an ig- and many of them became in after years the ministers storm upon the coast of Sicily, where he once more
norant nation, detailing and approving of an unjust not only of the various courts of Germany, but even lands, and is well received by a prince named Acastes, aggression by one tribe upon another, entitled to
of Russia and other states. Cuvier was inserior to of Trojan lineage. He there pays divine honours to
the honour in which it is still beld ? Is such a none in the ready acquisition of every subject of study; the memory of his father Anchises, institutes funeral work calculated either to improve the sentiment of but amidst all his occupations, that of natural history games, and ordains prizes for the conquerors. A large veneration for a true Deity, or to improve the sen
was pursued with an ardour that increased in propor. portion of the fifth book is taken up with minute de timents of justice and kindness towards our fellow. tion to the means of self-instruction which he posscriptions of the games, in which, strange to say, creatures ?_will such a horrible confusion of natural sessed. He read Linnæus, Reinhart, and all the other only one supernatural event occurs, the taking fire and supernatural tend in the least to strengthen the best authors; inspected all the museums within his of an arrow in the air. This event, however, is an
reasoning powers, clear the perception of cause and reach ; collected specimens; and drew and coloured augury of another which is about to take place. While effect, or enable us better to judge of real men and insects, birds, and plants, in his hours of recreation. the Trojans are celebrating the games, the women are holding a kind of wake at the tomb of Anchises. here and there a good maxim drops from the mouth real things ? Assuredly not. "It may be granted that Even then he began to perceive the great advantages
which the study of entomology (anatomy of insects) Juno sends her messenger Iris in disguise into the of a personage of the poem—as where Æneas tells his
would lend to his future investigations, while its promidst of the female band, and, by means of an artful shipwrecked sailors that in time they may look back secution led to the acquisition of habits of minute obspeech, instigates them to set fire to the ships. The upon their hardships with pleasure, and where the servation. queen of heaven thought by this to prevent the foun. Sybil tells the Trojan prince not to yield to obstruct
Cuvier had only been four years at Stuttgard (dur. dation of the empire in Italy; but she is mistaken. ing evils, but to go the more boldly against them. ing which time, however, he had won many marks At the prayer of Æneas, Jupiter sends a heavy shower
But such things occur rarely and accidentally: the of distinction amongst others the order of chevalerie, of rain, which quenches the conflagration, after it had bulk of the work is a glorification of the inferior pro
which was only granted to five or six of the pupils out of destroyed only four vessels. Æneas now resolves to leave a great number of females and old people be pensities
, and tends, if its study has any tendency four hundred), when the disturbed condition of France
at all, to make us contemplate without a proper mural and Germany, occasioning the departure of his patron hind, and to pursue his voyage with the diminished repugnance almost every kind of crime. Such is one
and the discontinuance of his father's pension, obliged fleet. But ere be sails, the ghost of his father ap
of the most famous of those books which for centuries him to leave that seminary; and he took what ap. pears to him, and commands him to descend into the dominions of Pluto, in order that they might have mankind have pretended to admire, in defiance of a peared to his companions to be the desperate resolution
of becoming tutor in a private family—that of Count an interview, and that Anchises might show to his oblivion, or only preserved as an instance of a 'fine d'Héricy, a Protestant nobleinan—with whom he reson his future course and all the nsuing glories of poetical genius spent upon an unfortunate subject.
moved to Ca in Normandy, in July 1788. Change his race. His mother at the same time implores Nep
of residence, society, and circuinstances, however, tune to grant him a safe voyage to Italy, which the
could not for a moment damp the persevering assi. god of the sea readily promises, and immediately pro
duity of Cuvier, and the transition from an inland to ceeds to still the waves by coursing over them in his
a maritimne situation only contributed to direct bis chariot. Æneas, assured by the sight of Neptune at
active mind into new channels of study and investi. this employment, sets sail, and reaches the shore with. GEORGE Cuvier, the most eminent naturalist in mo.
gation. He here began to study the anatomy of fishes, out any other accident than the loss of his helmsman dern times, was born August 23, 1709. The place of his compare fossil with recent species, and from their Palinurus, who, by the machinations of the god Som- nativity was the little town of Montbeliard, in Switzer- dissection was conducted to the developement of his nus, in other words by falling asleep at his post, land, formerly the capital of the district so called, and great views on the whole of the animal kingdom, by tumbles into the sea.
which, up till 1796, formed part of the German do- which he subsequently read the physical history of Landing in the province of Cuma, the pious hero main of the Duke of Wurtemburg. His father was
creation through all its phases, as in a book. Whilst seeks the cave of an oracular female personage, named the Sybil, who foretells to him the adventures he shall France, and who, after forty years' service, retired to a distinguished officer in a Swiss corps in the pay of engaged in making records of his observations simply
for his own guidance and use, he was unwittingly meet with in Italy. This supernatural being also un
rectifying the mistakes and oversights of all preceding dertakes, at his request, to conduct him down to hell, his native town with a small pension and a military and contemporary naturalists. which, according to Virgil, was accessible by a dark title of honour. He there espoused a young lady of good
Nearly six years passed over Cuvier's head thus and dismal cave descending from the opposite shore of family, to whose admirable management and superin- usefully and tranquilly employed, whilst France was a neighbouring lake. The description of this extra. tendence the future eminence, if not indeed the very undergoing the dreadful ordeal of the revolution. ordinary journey and of the infernal regions is cer. existence, of George Cuvier, who was the second son, But its impulse at last reached his retreat.
A 80tainly fine in the original; yet it is only a poetical is mainly to be attributed. He was of an extremely ciety or union, like those which were organised 80 far from having any moral aim or effect, tends delicate constitution, and, equally with the view of by the populace throughout every other part of the
empire, and which armed the inhabitants against rather to confuse the moral sense. For instance, the strengthening his body and enlightening his mind; themselves, was about to be established at the neighspirits of those whose bodies have not been buried are
she directed his attention to the beauties of outward wouring town of Fécamp, when Cuvier, who perrepresented as doing penance on that account for a
To the latest day of his life, Cuvier che ceived the impending danger, prevailed on his employer hundred years, before being carried across the river rished, with the most lively fondness, every reminis. and the neighbouring landholders to anticipate its Styx. In the happier department of these regions, cence of this excellent woman, and in his later years, formation by constituting the society themselves. Or the hero meets his father, who not only shows him when immersed in the toils of legislation and science, this body Cuvier was appointed secretary, and the the shades of his illustrious ancestors, long dead and expressed the warmest gratitude to any one who members, instead of discussing sanguinary affairs at gone, but those of his posterity also, among whom brought him a bouquet of the flowers which his mo
their meetings, devoted their attention solely to the the poet places all such contemporaries of his own as he desired to flatter or court.
consideration of agriculture. At one of these meet. ther had more especially loved. Under her instructions ings a speech was delivered by a venerable-looking
On his return to upper air, Æneas once more sets sail, and coasting along alone, Cuvier was taught to read with facility when only individual
, who resided in the neighbourhood under for a little way, finally arrives in the mouth of the four years of age. She also instructed him in sketch the character of a surgeon. Cuvier, however, al. Tiber, where he was destined to found his new em ing, while she fostered in every way the desire for though he had never seen him before, quickly recogpire. The poet, however, devotes the whole of the solid information which he so early manifested, by nised in the speaker the author of certain valuable last
six books, or one-half of the poem, to a narrative procuring a supply of historical and scientific works, articles on agriculture in the Encyclopédie Méthodique, of the difficulties he encountered before he could form calculated to expand his youthful mind. When he and approaching him after the sitting was tinished, a proper settlement. Latinus, the aged .
he addressed him as the Abbé Tessier. The old man tium, is favourable to his views, and promises him became of age to learn Latin, she not only attended
was at first much alarmed, for he had fled from Paris his only daughter Lavinia, the heiress of his crown. bim to and from the school personally, but even un.
and concealed himself under his present disguise, to Turnus, a neighbouring prince, being in love with dertook the superintendence of his daily lessons, and avoid the common doom of all who then bore the the princess, favoured by her mother, and stirred up had the satisfaction of finding that he maintained a
hated name of Abbé; but Cuvier soon quieted his by the unrelenting Juno, breaks the treaty which was superiority over all his schoolfellows. When ten fears, and they became thenceforward the most inti. made, and engages other chiefs in his quarrel, Pre- years old, Cuvier was removed to a higher school, mate friends. Tessier perceived at once the extraor. parations are made for war. Turnus sends for Dio- called the Gymnase, where his progress attracted para dinary talents and acquirements of his new acquaintmedes, the eneiny of the Trojans, and Æneas goes vicular attention. He was singularly diligent and
At the sight of this young man,” he wrote to in person to beg succours from Evander and the Tus- thoughtful, with a memory of uncommon retention.
his friend Jussieu, “ I felt ibe same delight as the cans; in which covject he succeeds. The god Vulcan; But the author who attracted all his regard in his lei: philosopher, who, when cast upon an unknown shore,
of Venus of armour for Æneas, and draws on his shield the
sure moments, was Buffon, the whole of whose plates, is a violet which was concealed among common herbs. most memorable actions of his posterity-another op.
even at this early age, he faithfully copied and co. He has great acquirements; he draws plates for your portunity of introducing allusions flattering to Roman loured, manifesting at the same time the most extra- work, and I have urged on him to give botanical lecpride. Turnus, taking advantage of the absence of ordinary aptitude for mastering the driest details of tures this summer. He has consented to do so, and the Trojan hero, sets tire to his ships, which are nomenclature. His acquisition of the dead languages, I congratulate the students on the fact, for he demon. kindly transformed by Jupiter into sea-nymphs. The mathematics, and geography, was not less remarkable, strates with great method and clearness. I doubt if lus to acquaint Æneas with their condition ; and the would seem incompatible with the indulgence of child. buted to draw M. Delambre from his retreat; do you Trojans, pressed in their camp, send Nisus and Euryo- and he pursued all these studies with an ardour that there is to be found a better comparative anatomist; adventures and death of these youths, who are sworn friends, constitute almost the only part of the whole
now help me to draw M. Cuvier from his, for he is poem that is calculated to gratify the moral feelings.
Cuvier was destined for the church, and from the made for science and the world.” The immediate reJupiter, now calling a council of the gods, forbids poverty of his parents, became a candidate for admis. sult of these warm recommendations was the transthem to engage in either party. At the return of Ision to the kee school of Tabingen. In this compe. I mission of some of Cuvier's papers to Paris, where
their great value was properly appreciated ; and in a France; and he thus discharged the double duty of Wurtemburg, about the same time made him com. few months afterwards he was appointed colleague of teaching natural philosophy at that latter institution, mander of the order of the crown. During the same M. Mertreid in the newly created chair of comparative and lecturing on comparative anatomy at the Jardin year, he lost the favour of the court by steadily re. anatomy at Paris, whither he removed, being then des Plantes. It is painful to state that his pecuniary fusing the appointment of censor of the press ; but only twenty-six years of age.
remuneration for this great labour was neither com- he incurred a much heavier dispensation in the loss Cuvier's first thoughts, on finding himself placed mensurate in amount nor regular in its payment. of his only remaining child Clementine, a beautiful in a respectable and permanent situation, were for his In 1800, Cuvier commenced his celebrated “ Lec- young woman, on the eve of marriage. In 1830, he distressed relatives. His mother was then dead, but tures on Comparative Anatomy," which were com- again visited England along with his stepdaughter he invited his father and broiher to come and live pleted in five years. They were delivered from notes, Mademoiselle Duvancel, and they happened to be in with him; and after seeing them comfortably settled, and with a persuasive eloquence perfectly unrivalled. London during the revolution of the barricades. On he applied himseli to his favourite studies with a zeal His skill in delineating forms was so great, and the his return to Paris, Cuvier was most graciously rethat nothing could repress. He was every where rapidity and exactness with which he produced thern ceived by Louis Phillippe, by whom he was, in 1832, heard with delight and conviction, for he had already, so extraordinary, that it seemed to his pupils as if he created a peer of France. But lie lived not long to before comilig to Paris, adopted those extensive views, rather created living objects than inaniniate repre- enjoy his dignity. On the 9th May he was attacked and arrived at those profound and sagacious conclu.sentations. He did not consider the whole organic by partial paralysis in his arms, and aware in what sions, which guided his investigations into physical structure of each animal separately and at once, but it was to terminate, made his will and arranged some vature, and shook to their base all the then existing examined an individual organ through the whole important matters with the most perfect calmness. systems of Linnæus and other naturalists. Besides series of animals in succession. It was by this me. On the Ilth, his legs were paralysed, but so powerful his public lectures and private pursuits, he published thod that he was ultimately led to the revealment of was the love of science within him, that he sought to during the first year of his residence at Paris more an order of facts illustrative of the theory of the illustrate a paper which he had previously read in the than half a dozen treatises on various subjects of na- earth. It was by the combination of mineralogical Institute by reference to his own case, saying, “ It is tural history, in which the most expanded views were observa:ion and the sciences relating to organic struc- the nerves of the will that are affecteil," alluding to combined with evidence of the minutest accuracy and tures, that the successive eras of the earth were made the distinction between the nerves of the will and arrangement. He especially impressed on his pupils apparent. As it would, however, only encumber the those of sensibility, and the discoveries of Sir Charles the importance of entomological study.. A young present skełch to notice the extent of his geological Bell and Scarpa." To M. Pasquier, who saw him ou medical student came to hiin upon a certain occasion, discoveries, we shall leave these to form the subject of the 12th, he remarked, “I had great things still to full of a discovery he supposed himself to have made a separate article.
do. All was ready in my head. After thirty years in dissecting a human body. Cuvier immediately asked
To his researches into fossil remains Cuvier ever of labour and research, these remained but to write, him if he was an entomologist, to which the other attached the utmost importance. His writings on and now the hands fail and carry with them the replied in the negative. “Go, then, and anatomise these and other subjects are indeed so numerous, that bead.” On the 13th, after vainly trying to swallow an insect,” said Cuvier, "and then reconsider the it is impossible for us even to attempt a list of them. a muuthful of lemonade, he gave the draught to his discovery you have made." The young man did so, llis labours increased with his years, in magnitude stepdaughter to drink, saying it was delightful to see and returned to Cuvier to confess his error. “Now,' and diversity, but only to show the extent of his ca. those he loved still able to swallow. After which af. said Cuvier, “ you see the value of my touchstone." pacity. Afier Bonaparte's return from Egypt, and fectionate remark, he calmly expired. His discovery of the red blood of the leech, and the being declared First Consul, Cuvier was elected secre- Cuvier was an uncommonly tine-looking man, both other animals which he grouped in the class Anne- tary to the class of physical and mathematical sciences, | in person and features, his countenance being indi. lides, was made in 1796 ; and in 1797 he read his cele. of which Bonaparte was president. The latter soon cative of that talent and intelligence by which he was brated memoir on the nutrition of insects, in which perceived the value and variety of Cuvier's talents, distinguished. His manner was noble and dignified ; he showed the manner in which respiration was and selected him as one of the six general inspectors he was kind and conciliatory to all; and his charity carried on by tracheæ, and how the nitritious fuid appointed in 1802 for the purpose of establishing a and benevolence were unbounded. His application diffused itself over the whole internal surface of the lyceum school in each of thirty cities of France. was prodigious. He was never without occupation, body, so as to be every where absorbed.
While absent on this duty, Napoleon made the secre. and his only relaxation was in the change of his ob. The period of Cuvier's removal to Paris was fortu. taryship of the class of physical and mathematical jects of business or study. Amid his multifarious nately that when the arts and sciences and social or. sciences perpetual, with a salary of 6000 francs. occupations out of his house, if he had only a quarter der were beginning to be re-established after the con- In 1803, Cuvier married Madame Duvancel, the of an hour to spare before dinner on his return, he vulsions of the revolution. The National Institute, widow of a fermier-general, who was guillotined in availed himself of it to resume some composition in. one of the noblest societies of Europe, was founded in 1794, and who brought four young children home with terrupted since the night before on some scientific 1796; Cuvier was one of its original members, and her. Madame Cuvier appears to have been an admi. subject. During his drives through the city, he read for more than thirty years maintained the most dis-rable w.man, and to have proved an invaluable and even wrote in his carriage, having a desk fitted tinguished rank amongst them. His appointment in blessing to her husband. She bore him four children, up in it for that purpose. He dined betwixt six and the Jardin des Plantes had now fixed him in the midst all of whom, as well as his stepchildren, were suc. seven, after which, if he did not go out, he immedi. of those objects to which his life would have been de cessively taken from him, excepting one of the latter. ately retired to his study, where he continued till ten voted by inclination ; and from the day of his appoint. In 1808, Cuvier was appointed one of the councillors, or eleven. His extreme facility for study, and of di. ment to the day of his death, his labours were devoted for life, of the New Imperial University; and Bona. recting all the powers of his mind to diverse occupato forming and completing the collections of which it parte (now emperor) about the same time employed tions of study, from one quarter of an hour to another, can now boast, and which, in every respect, may al. him to write a history of the progress of the hu- was one of the most extraordinary qualities of bis most be pronounced unrivalled. The intensity of his man mind from the year 1789). Of this work, to mind ; and we will conclude our notice of this great devotion to this occupation was strongly manifested which Cuvier applied himself with his usual ardour, man by observing, that the habit he had acquired of upon a remarkable occasion in the year 1798. Bona- Baron Pasquier says, “ We were present when it never being idle, of being undisturbed by interrupparte was then preparing for his expedition to Egypt, was read to the emperor in the council of state, and tions, and of returning to unfinished labours as if no and deputed M. Berthollet to select some scientific men such scenes are never effaced from the memory. Na. such interruptions had occurred, was shown in his to accompany the armament. Berthollet particularly poleon had asked merely a report, and under that instance to be so valuable, that if it is to be acquired recommended Curvier, who accordingly received a no. unassuming title, the skilful reporter had raised a by those who do not naturally possess it, it merits the tification of his appointment; but, undazzled by the monument, which stands like a Pharos between two strongest etforts of the mind for its attainment. Aartering nature of the proposal, and the prospects it ages, showing at once the road that had been tra. held out of advancing his private interests, by bring. versed, and that which still ought to be pursued."
A GERMAN SETTLEMENT. ing him into frequent and personal communication His situation as university councillor brought him with Napoleon, he had the tirmness to decline the frequently into the emperor's presence to discuss af. Near Cape Girardeau, in the state of Missouri, and at honour, saying that he was conscious he could much fairs of administration. During the years 1809 and no great distance from the western banks of the Missis. more advance the science of natural history by the 1810, he was appointed to organise the academies of sippi, Mr Flint, in the course of his travels as a preacher, steady prosecution of it at the Jardin des Plantes, than the Italian States. In 1811, he was employed to form lighted upon what he terms a curiosity" in such a by any casual study of it elsewhere. And well did he academies in Holland and the Hanseatic towns. district, namely, an isolated but pure German settle. prove the sincerity of his motives. Soon afterwards Upon these duties he entered with all the enthusiasm ment. We beg to transcribe his account for the enhe published his Tableau Elémentaire, consisting of of his benevolent mind, and no employment could tertainment of our readers :-" These people bave here 710 octavo pages, which was only a precursor to his have been more delightful. Napoleon was so much preserved their nationality and their language more un. great work, Rigne Animal, or the Animal Kingdom, in pleased with the manner in which he discharged his mixed than even in Pennsylvania. At a meeting in which he adopted Daubenton's two grand divisions of task, that he conferred on him the title of Chevalier, the woods, where it was supposed four hundred German vertebrate and invertebrate animals : dividing each and also named him in 1813 maître des requetes in the people were present, there were not half a dozen of into four great classes, and subdividing them into or- council of state. During these various tours, Cu- people of English descent. The women are not able to ders, genera, and species. Cuvier also produced at the vier prosecuted his study of natural history unremit- express themselves well in English. The men, though same time his first “ Nemoir on Fossil Bones,” be- tingly.
they understand the colloquial and familiar language, ing an essay on the fossil bones of the larger quadru. The extraordinary talents of Cuvier, blended as yet express themselves with the peculiar German accent, peds, particularly those of the elephant, the mastodon, they were with so much dignity of character and so pronunciation, and phrase, so as to be very amusing, the hippopotamus, the rhinoceros, &c. A view of the much experience, were indispensable to France under if not sometimes ludicrous. They are principally specimens he collected, first opened to the gaze of for all the successive changes of government which hap- Lutherans, and came some of them directly from Gerreigners after the peace of 1814, could alone enable pened during his lifetime. The consulate, the im. many, but the greater portion from North Carolina any one to form a proper estimate of the labours of perial government, the restoration, the monarchy and Pennsylvania. They have fixed themselves on a Cuvier's. These collections, when inspected, broke of July, did but anew direct public attention to clear and beautiful stream called the White-water, up the slumber of many old institutions ; caused re- the civil services of a man whose attainments and which runs twenty-tive miles, and loses itself in the newed investigation into neglected specimens in other whose sagacity were for all time. He was the fa- great swamp. Located here in the foresta narrow countries, and spread an active love for the pursuit of youred, admired, esteemed, of all parties, and yet settlement of Germans unmixed with other people, natural history through all ranks of the people. And independent. Undistracted by all the changes that having little communication except with their own be it observed, that, when Cuvier first began this ang- befell his country, he was ever occupied with her people, and little intercourse with the world, having tomical collection, his materials consisted but of a few best interests, and endeavouring to diffuse that men. besides all the coarse trades and manufactures among skeletons tied together like so many fagots, and put tal and moral preparation, without which he well themselves, they have preserved their peculiarities in away in the lumber-room of the college.
knew the political rights she so urgently sought an uncommon degree. Circumstances by degrees contributed to the success would prove the reverse of blessings. After the re- They are anxious for religious instruction, and love of Cuvier's labours. Wherever French armies marched, storation, Louis XVIII. bestowed on him the dignity the German honesty and industry. But almost every it was their pride to collect whatever might enrich of councillor of state, and he was thus called on to farmer has his distillery, and the pernicious poison, the increasing collections at Paris ; and under the di. take a considerable share in the internal administra- whisky, dribbles from the corn; and in their curious rections of Cuvier, the numerous contributions thus tion of his country, as president of the committee of dialect, they told me, that while they wanted religion, received were arranged according to the system which the interior, an office which involved him in endless and their children baptised, and a minister as exembis eloquent lectures explained. By labours which details of business. In 1818, he visited England for plary as possible, he must allow the honest Dutch, as knew little intermission, and with the help of these six weeks, and during his absence from Paris, had they call themselves, to partake of the native bevee daily increasing stores, he wus enabled to lay the foun. the distinguished honour of being created one of the rage. And they undertook to prove that the swear. dations of comparative anatomy, to make the discovery forty of the Académie Française. In 1819, he was ing and drunkeliness of a Dutchman was not so bad of ancient zoology, and to introduce a reform through. named grand-master of the university, and in the as that of an American. out the whole series of the animal kingdom. The same year was created a baron. In 1826, Charles X. The vast size of their horses, their own gigantic death of M. Daubenton, in 1799, opened the way for bestowed on him the decoration of grand oflicer of the size, the peculiar dress of the women, the child-like the succession of Cuvier as Professor at the College de | legion of honour; and his old sovereign, the King of and unsophisticated simplicity of their conversation,
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amused me exceedingly. Nothing could afford a more and coffee, and never rises from a state of indigence. taken place in the police of London, and the increased striking contrast to the uniformity of manners and The difference produces a corresponding physical dif. humanity and knowledge of the inhabitants, the proopinions among their American neighbours. I at- ference even in the body. The Germans are large portion of deaths under two years is now, to the tended a funeral, where there were a great number of stout, and ruddy-looking men and women – them present.
After I had performed such services pourer French are spare," thin, sallow, and tanned, christenings, as between a fifth and a fourth ; a great as I was used to perform on such occasions, a most with their flesh adhering to their bones, and apparently step, certainly, towards that state of things in which venerable-looking old man, of the name of Nyeswun. dried to the consistency of parchment.
human life shall be permitted to commence under proger, with a silver beard that tiowed down his chin, Caine forward and asked me if I were willing that he terise this region in a religious point of view. They improvements may be expected to effect.
One general trait appears to me strongly to charac. per circumstances, but still far short of what further should perform some of their peculiar rites. I of are anxious to collect a great many people and preach: neral list of deaths, 7986 are by convulsion, 3425 by course wished to hear them. He opened a very an
ers, and achieve, if the expression may be allowed, a cient version of Luther's hymns, and they all began to great deal of religion at once, that they may lie by, consumption, 2640 by small pox, 3225 by fevers, and sing in German, so loud that the words echoed the and be exempt from its rules and duties until ine regu- 1242 by teething; in all of which departments there strain; and yet there was something affecting in the lar recurrence of the period for replenishing the exsinging of these ancient people, carrying one of their hausted stock. Hence we witness the melancholy as
are now greatly reduced proportions. The proportion brethren to his long home, in the use of the language pect of much appearance and seeming, frequent meet.
of deaths in 1731 to the total population seems to have and rites which they had brought with them over the sea from fader land,' a word which often occurred imagine will be a new aspect of religious feeling to
ings, spasms, cries, fallings, faintings, and, what I
been one in twenty-three, whereas it is now stated by
Mr Britton at one in thirty-one. in their hymn. It was a long, loud, and mournful air,
most of my readers, the religious laugh. Nothing is In the Monthly Intelligencer for January, there are which they sung as they bore the body along. The
more common at these scenes than to see the more words "mein Gott,' • inein broder,' and 'fader land,'| forward people on these occasions indulging in what
several notices of state prosecutions for libellous padied away in distant echoes in the woods. Remein.
seemed to me an idiot and spasmodic langh; and when pers. The northern roads are stated to be so deeply brances and associations rushed upon me, and I shall I asked what it meant, I was told it was the holy covered with snow, that the Scottish members of Par. long reinember that funeral hymn. They had brought a minister among them, of the readers, the phrase "holy laugh' is so faniliar to me, laugh! Preposterous as the term may seem to my liament and representative peers, on their way to
London, were obliged to alight, and walk many miles name of Weiberg, or, as they pronounced it, Wine. bork; an educated man, but a notorious drunkard. regions, and among these same people, morals, genuine in a leaden pot, under a garden connected with Wa.
as no longer to excite surprise. But in these same on foot. A human heart is found, preserved in spirits, The earnest manner in which he performed divine tenderness of heart, and capacity to be guided either service in their own ritual and in their own language, by reason, persuasion, or the uniform dietates of the verley Abbey in Surrey-supposed to be that of Wil. carried away all their affections ; for, like other gospel, was an affecting desideratum.”
liam Gifford, Bishop of Winchester, founder of the people naturally phlegmatic, when the tide once gets
abbey. It is “advised" from Burlington in Pennsyl. started, it sweeps all restraints from its course. After service he would get drunk, and, as often happens
vania, that some old men and women, suspected of
DIPPINGS INTO OLD MAGAZINES. among them, was quarrelsome. They claimed indul.
bewitching cattle, had been dragged by a mob to the gence to get drunk themselves, but were not quite so
THE GENTLEMAN'S for 1731.
governor's house, and tried by the novel plan of weighclear in allowing their minister the same privilege. Of that important department of our national litera-ing their persons in a pair of scales against a large The consequence was, that when the time came round
ture now fainiliarly termed the Magazines, the Gen- Bible; and on their being found“ vastly to outweigh for tv refuse, alleging, as justification, their unworthines! TLEMAN's was the great original, as it still continues the Bible,” they were thrown bound into a river, on and drunkenness. He had for three successive years to be, if not the most brilliant, at least one of the most
the supposition that if they swam they would be guilty. in this way commenced and recovered suits against useful and respectable. For some years before 1731, “ This they offered to undergo, in case their accusers them. And to reinstate himself in their good will, ic an industrious printer and journalist named Edward should be served in like manner; which being done, was only necessary for him to take them when a suf.
Cave had contemplated the commencement of a monthly they all swam very buoyant, and cleared the accused.” ficient quantity of whisky had opened their phlego pamphlet, in which the best articles of the newspapers It is also mentioned that in the previous September, matic natures to sensibility, and then give them a vehement discourse, as they phrased it, in the pure should be condensed, and a register of events, markets, a mob at Frome in Somerxetshire had destroyed an old Dutch, and give them a Gerinan hymn of his own &c. regularly given. After in vain endeavouring to
old woman, supposed to be a witch, by subjecting her manufacture_fur he was a poet too-and the sub- | procure the co-operation of the booksellers, he found to the water-ordeal. scription paper was once more brought forward. They himself, in the year just named, able to commence In the March number is given a Scotch proclana. who had lost their suit, and had been most inveterate in their dislike, were thawed out, and crowded about
such a work on his own account, the duties of editor tion for a fair, as follows :—“Oyez, and that's ae the paper either to sign their name, or make their being performed by himself. The first number ap. time; Oyez, and that's twa times; Oyez, and that's mark.
peared in the form of a very plain octavo pamphlet of the third and last time. All manner of person and The settlement is German, also, in all its habits forty-two pages, at the price of sixpence, under the ti persons whasoever, let them draw near, and I shall in their taste for permanent buildings, and their dis- tle of the Gentleman's Magazine, or Truder's Monthly let them ken, that there is a fair to be held at the tsun dollars and their contempt of bank-bills, in their dis. Intelligencer, by Sylvanus Urban, Aldermanbury, 5' Langholm, for the space of aught days; wherein position to manufacture every necessary among them. Gent. ; as if to imply that the tastes and interests of if ony huserin, custrin, land-louper, dub-scouper, or belves. Icounted forty-five female dresses hung round both the aristocratic and mercantile classes, of both city aum, rabblement, brabblement, or swabblement, he
gang-the-gate swinger, shall breed ony hurdum-dur. my sleeping-room, all of cotto, raised and manufac. and country, would be attended to. The bulk of the shall have his lugs nailed to the muckle trone, with a are not more inwardly gracitied with the possession work consisted of abridgements of the best articles in nail of twal a-penny, until he down on his hubshanks, of the newest and most costly furniture, than these the political and literary journals of shorter periods, and pray to heaven, nine times God bless the king, good, laborious, submissive, and silent housewives are
as the Cruftsman, the London Journal, the Universal and ibrice the laird o' Relton, paying a groat to me, in hanging round their best apartment fifty male and Spectator, Applebee's Journal, &c.; and then came a
Jemmy Fergusson, bailie of the aforesaid manor. So female dresses, all manufactured boy their own band. department called the Monthly Intelligencer, contain you've heard my proclamation ; I'll hame to my I had the good fortune to be very acceptable to this
dinner." people, although I could not smoke, drink whisky, ing foreign and domestic occurrences, casualties, a re. nor talk German. They made various efforts to fix gister of births, marriages, and deaths, observations Among the casualties for March, is one which might my family among them; and as the highest expres. on gardening, and a list of publications. The work have done honour to the imagination of the barber in sion of good will, they told me that they would do more met with great and immediate success, insomuch that the Arabian Nights' Entertainments : “A poor man than they had done for Weiberg. a second edition of the first number was issued with
was found hanging in a gentleman's stables at Bungay These strong features of nationality are very strik: the third, and reprints of the first five with the eighth, ping for assistance, left a penknife behind him; the
in Norfolk, by a person who cut him down, and, run. ing characteristics in this country universally. Germans, the French, the Anglo-Americans, Scotch, upon which appeared for the first time that wooden
poor man, recovering, cut his throat with it, and, a and Irish, all retain and preserve their national man- engraving of St John's Gate, Clerkenwell, which has å river being nigh, jumped into it, but, company ners and prejudices. Nothing fosters attachment to
ever since so curiously distioguished the magazine ; coming, he was dragged out alive, and was likely to every thing national, like residing in a foreign region, though it was not till the year 1733 that Mr Cave
remain so.' and among foreign manners. All our peculiar ways
The state-lottery system had commenced before of thinking and acting become endeared to us by the gave his name on the title-page as publisher. As a
1731, and in the scheme of that year the highest prize unpleasant contrass of foreign manners, and become natural consequence of success, the design was imme. was L.10,000. “August 31, the tickets were deli. identified with our best possessions by national pride. diately imitated by multitudes of those who formerly vered out to the subscribers at the Bank of England; But among the races in this country, the Germans refused to enter into the views of the projector; but when the crowd being so great as to obstruct the succeed decidedly the best; better, even, than the he was at all times able, by the advantage he enjoyed but 1o.morrow we shall deliver prizes ;' upon which
clerks, they told them, We deliver blanks to.day, Anglo-Americans. They have no vagrant imagina. tions, and they cast a single look over the forest or as originator of the plan, and by unceasing exertions
many who were by no means for blanks retired, and prairie which they have purchased, and their minds for the improvement of his work, to keep greatly they had room to proceed in their business by this seize intuitively the best arrangement and division, ahead of all competitors, and eventually realised a stratagem. and their farming establishment generally succeeds. fortune. He died, January 10, 1754, at the age of
At the beginning of October, a report of her ma. They build a good house and barn. They plant a large
jesty's death was raised in London, in consequence of orchard. Their fences, their gates, all the
the death of a woman at court whom the grooms and to their establishment, are strong and permanent. In opening the homely and old-fashioned volume servants called Queen ; "on which account several They raise large horses and cattle. They spend little, before us, one of the first facts that occurs, of a na
dealers were considerable losers by buying up blacks and when they sell will receive nothing in pay but ture calculated to excite remark, is one of a melan.
for mourning.” About the same time, “Miss W'ors. specie. Lvery stroke counts towards improvement. choly nature in the general bill of christenings and ley, driving in her chair on Banstead Downs, was unwearied labour, and the rearing of their children, burials for the year. In 1731, there were twenty-five and she lashed at him and his horse, with her whip, are their only pursuits ; and in a few years they are thousand burials in London, whereof nearly ten thou. till she obliged him to sheer off. Her footman was Csinparatively rich. Next to them in prosperity are sand or two.fifths were of children under two years 80 surprised that he durst not assist.” This instance the Anglo Americans. Then the Scotch. The direct of age ; while in the same space of time there were
of feminine intrepidity is matched by another which emigrants from England are only superior to the
took place in Bohemia, whence " they write that two French, who in the upper country have succeeded only about eighteen thousand christened. What an less than any other people, as planters. The German amount of avoidable misery was here encountered and young ladies had fought a duel for an accomplished settlement at Cape Girardeau extends very near the endured, through ignorance of, or contempt for, the young kniglit, in which one being dangerously woun led
in the breast, resigned him to the sole posses ion of French settlement of St Genevieve; and here you , physical and organic laws! This prodigious mortality her victorious rival.”. Mr Urban hears from Scot. hare the strong points of national difference brought of infants was in a great measure the result of inade land that William Crawford, janitor of the High dent in their condition; the other produces a few rich quate or erroneous treatment, and of the unnatural thrice proclaimed in the kirk, went thider with his farmers, but is generally a poor race of hunters, crowd. mode of living which obtained in large and ill-regu. friends, and stood sore hours expecting his bride. ed in villages with mud Lovels, fond of conversation | lated cities. Owing to the improvements which have . At last he received a ticket from her in these terms