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issuing notes payable on demand, distin. fore the House, accounts in detail of the guishing the chartered banks, and the Exchequer Bills advanced by the Com. number of partners of those which were missioners for Public Works, under the not chartered. Mr Gordon asked, if the acts of the 51st Geo. III. caps. 34 and return ought not to include the number 124, and 3d Geo. IV. cap 86, specifying that had failed ? The reply, he appre the loans granted by them, to whom they hended, would be nil Sir G. Clerk add. were granted, on what security they were ed, that that preposition had been al. advanced, &c. The Chancellor of the ready made. Mr Abercromy moved the Exchequer said, that he could see no obprinting of the papers now on the table, jection to the motion of the Honourable relative to education in Scotland.-Order Member, excepting as far as related to sd.-Adjourned.
one part of the details, which it was to be 28.-Accounts of the nuinber of bank. wished should be excluded, in order to ers in Scotland was presented and agreed avoid prying into the private concerns of to.
individuals. Mr Tierney said, it had Several petitions were presented for been argued on a former occasion, that the abolition of slavery ; for an amend. the interference of Government in the ment of the corn-laws : for a repeal on transactions of commerce was bad, and the duty on leather ; against any altera. likely to produce bad effects. But the tion of the corn-laws; and for a reduction question now was, whether a departure of the tobacco duties.
had not taken place from all ordinary Sir. G. Warrendar presented two peti. courses, and whether extraordinary protions from Haddington against any alter. ceedings ought not to be adopted. ation in the currency of Scotland.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer :The Lord Advocate obtained leave to The Right Honourable Gentleman says, bring in a bill for the regulation of the that we ought to follow the example of qualifications of special jurymen in Scot. 1793. This would be to lead the public land.
to look upon the Government as the geCOMMERCIAL DISTRESS.
neral banker and pawnbroker of the coun. Mr T. Wilson asked, whether Govern. try, (hear, hear,) and hold out an inment had determined on granting any re. ducement to them not to rely upon their lief to the commercial distresses of the own resources, industry, and prudence, country ? The Chancellor of the Exchequer while they had a never failing support in stated, that in an answer to an application the assistance of others. Would not the from Government to the Bank of Eng. inevitable result be, that, upon some fuland, the Directors had answered, that ture occasion, we should be called upon they had the best means of affording re- for an advance of 15 millions, and the lief then under consideration. Mr Ellice application be justified upon the ground asked, whether the relief was to be ex- of precedent ? (Hear, hear.) Will any tended to the manufacturing towns ? and body say, then, that a departure from the whether personal security would be re principle which we have laid down, would ceived ? The Chancellor of the Exche not be dangerous in the extreme, or, that quer said, he was not at present prepared making the example of 1793 a precedent, to answer the question, but was confident would not be a misfortune? Mr Baring it was the desire of the Bank to afford re said, if ever the old Latin adage, Bis dat lief in the most effectual manner (hear, qui cito dat, was applicable to any case, it hear). Mr Tierney asked, whether Go. was applicable to the present. vernment had undertaken to indemnify The question was then put, and the the Bank for any loss? The Chancellor motion was carried. of the Exchequer replied, that it had not. PROMISSORY NOTES' BILL. Mr Tierney said, he felt the strongest The Chancellor of the Exchequer disaprobation at the whole measure, moved the order of the day for receiving which must be less efficient than an issue the report on the Promissory Notes' Bill. of Exchequer Bills, though certainly the Mr J. Smith recommended Ministers to Bank was entitled to high praise for suspend the operation of the bill upon the throwing themselves in the gap, which table for a short period, in order that the none else would approach (hear).
public might be better acquainted with - Sir F. Burdett was glad relief was to the proposed change before it was effected. be afforded to the distresses of the com The Chancellor of the Exchequer said, mercial community, though he could not there would be some alterations made in conceive why Government should refuse this bill. The first of these were to exto follow the precedents of former times, punge the clause that empowered a Jus. which had produced the best effects. tice of the Peace summarily to levy the EXCHEQUÉR BILLS.
penalty inflicted by the Act. His propoMr Ellice moved, that there be laid be. sition was, that, instead of this, the penalties should be levied in the ordinary ments were passed. Mr Denman pressed way, as in other cases of offences against the necessity of having the bill reprinted; the stamp acts. The other alteration to which the Chancellor of the Exche. was, that individuals should not be pre- quer consented, and it was ordered accluded from drawing checks upon their cordingly. The other orders of the day bankers for sums less then £.5. After were then disposed of, and the House ad. some farther conversation, the amend. journed at 11 o'clock.
known to the higher authorities, he re 13.-Higu COURT OF JUSTICIARY. plied, Yes, as the landlord had been re-This day the Court met, when Mary peatedly fined. Hogg, or Murray, was placed at the Bar, The Lord Justice Clerk said, I trust, charged with theft committed in the Mr Solicitor-General, you will take care house of Thomason Millar, (widow of and put an extinguisher on that house. David Millar, cork-cutter,) situated in The Judges pointedly censured the toler.
Libberton's Wynd, aggravated by being ation of such houses, where youth were - habit and repute a common thief. The instructed in crime, and being so well
prisoner pleaded Guilty, and was senten- known to a serjeant, it was not to be ced to be transported for seven years, imagined that they were unknown to the the Solicitor-General having previously Magistrates and Police. If such laxity restricted the libel.
was not remedied, it would stamp the John Hunter was then placed at the Police of this city with a character it Bar, charged with having, along with ought not to possess. Without the Ma. James Hughes, broken open a drawer in gistrates attended more strictly to the the house of Alexander Horn, spirit. granting of licenses, it was encouraging dealer at the west end of Queen-Street, the growth of crime. The libel was reand with abstracting therefrom a red stricted, and the pannels were found leather pocket-book, containing a £.10, a guilty, and sentenced to transportation £.5, and a £.1 bank.note, and also a sil. for life. ver snuff box, containing a gold sovereign. 14.-This day, Walter Ewing Taylor, The prisoner, who was also charged with late wine and spirit-merchant in Glasgow, habit and repute a common thief, pleaded pleaded guilty to a charge of falsehood, Not Guilty, Hughes was outlawed for fraud, and forgery, in the using and utnot appearing.-The theft was clearly tering a bill for £.50, and a promissory. proven, and the jury, without hesitation, note for £.47, 38. 10d. The Solicitor. found the prisoner guilty. He was sen. General said, that it was seldom persons tenced to transportation for life,-the guilty of this great offence were allowed Solicitor General having restricted the to escape without capital punishment : libel.
but in this case there were peculiar cir. James Jones, Richard Barton, and cumstances, which had been communica Robert Jeffrey, were then put to the Bar, ted to him by a mercantile gentleman of on a charge of stealing some pairs of the first respectability, which had indublankets, &c. from the house of Robert ced him to take upon himself the respon Thomson, publican in Burnett's Close, sibility of restricting the libel to an arbiHigh-Street, aggravated by their being trary punishment. habit and repute thieves. They all The Jury found the pannel guilty, in pleaded Not Guilty. The crime in this terms of his own confession. He was case was also made out by the clearest sentenced to transportation for life. evidence, particularly that of two intelli. James B. Hunter and John Howison gent children, hardly eleven years of age, were then put to the Bar, accused of as and a publican, named Hugh Lockhart, saulting, with a poker, John Donaldson, who purchased the stolen property, but spirit-dealer, High-Street, Edinburgh, to against whom no case of reset could be the effusion of his blood, and danger of established for want of proof. In the his life ; also, with assaulting Margaret course of Serjeant Stewart of the police Rose or Macdonald, who came to the as giving his evidence, he stated, that he sistance of Mr Donaldson. apprehended the pannels from among Hunter pleaded Guilty to the assault forty others of a similar character, in a on Donaldson, but Not Guilty as to the house designated “ The Land o' Cakes," assault on the female. Howison pleaded kept by a person named M‘Call, in the Not Guilty. Old Assembly Close.
The Jury found Hunter guilty in On being asked if its character was terms of his own confession, and Howison not guilty, who was assoilzied and dis. 16.-This day, the diets were called missed from the bar. Mr D. M'Niel' against James Webster Brown, charged urged, in mitigation of punishment, that with falsehood, fraud, &c. and James Hunter had a wife -and a young family M‘Knight, accused of forgery, who faildependent on his exertions for support. ing to appear, sentence of outlawry was, The Court taking into consideration the passed against them. circumstances alluded to by Mr N.Niel, James Innes, chairmaker, aged 18 sentenced the pannel to six months' ime years, Adam Innes, upholsterer, aged 20 prisonment in the Jail of Canongate, and years, and Janet Shepherd, or Paterson, to find caution to the extent of 600 merks or Innes, were then placed at the bar, Scots to keep the peace for five years. charged with breaking into the school
James Wilson, a boy apparently 14 room of Mr Andrew Jardine, situate in years of age, was next put to the bar, Hamilton's Entry, Bristo Street, on the on a charge of stealing, on the 8th of 17th December, and with stealing thereFebruary last, from the shop of Bryden from a desk, containing various books Scott, spirit-dealer, Yard-Heads, Leith, and -tracts belonging to the Sabbath a silk purse, containing a half-sovereign, School Society ; they were also accused and 10s. or thereby, of silver, also with of stealing a varicty of articles from the stealing a small striped cotton bag, aggra. house of Thomas Leach in Toddrick's vated by his being habit and repute a Wynd, aggravated with having been prèo! thief, and previously convicted of theft, viously convicted of theft. They pleadThe pannel pleaded Not Guilty.
ed Not Guilty. The diet was deserted The Court were unanimous in holding against the woman, and she was dismissthat the intrinsic value of the article ed from the bar. The two men were stolen did not alter the nature of the sentenced to transportation for 14 years. crime. The pannel was sentenced to 17.-This day, David Campbell pleada transportation for 14 years.
ed Guilty to three charges of forgery and 15.-This day, Robert Murtay, lately fraud, in counterfeiting, and passing as mate of the ship Malvina of Grange. genuine, three different guarantee letters, mouth, was put to the bar, on a charge purporting to be from Robert Strachan, of murder ; but before being called on to Esq. Leith. The pannel was found guilty plead, the Lord Justice Clerk observed, in terms of his own confession, and gen. that, in written defences given in for tenced to transportation for 14 years. him, a doubt was suggested, in regard to Christian Dickson, alias Ann Hay, and the jurisdiction of the Court, and until Elizabeth Fraser, or Marton, alias Elizathat point was fully argued by Counsel, beth Johnston, were next put to the bar, the Court could not proceed with the on a charge of stealing from the house of trial; for which purpose the diet was James Reikie, Leith Wynd, a silk hand. continued against Murray till Monday kerchief, &c. aggravated by their being next, at nine o'clock.
habit and repute thieves. The theft was Alexander Donaldson, a boy about 13, proved,' in a circumstantial manner, by was accused of theft, and being habit several witnesses. Mr Dundas restricted and repute a thief. The charges against the libel, and noticed the number of prehim were for stealing from the shop of vious convictions_27 against Dickson, Mr John Kerr, hosier, South Bridge, two and 11 against Fraser. Mr Ferguson pairs of blue wristcuffs; and stealing then addressed the jury at considerable some silk handkerchiefs from Mr Ward, length, and with great ingenuity, on behalf law's shop, in the same street, on the of the pannels. The jury found, by a 26th of January last. He pleaded Not plurality of voices, Dickson guilty of the Guilty ; but the thefts were distinctly theft as libelled, and Fraser guilty art proved against him. The jury found and part. him guilty, as libelled, and he was sen. The Lord Justice Clerk said, before the tenced to transportation for 14 years. Court closed its present sittings, he should
Alexander Shaw, a lad of about 17 feel it to be his duty to call upon the years of age, was then put to the bar, Lord Provost and Magistrates of the city, accused of stealing from the shop of Mr and the Sheriff of the county, for a total George Thomson, surgeon, West Nichol. revision and alteration in the structure son-Street, a variety of small articles, on and management of Bridewell. An instithe 1st of February last, and of being tution for the punishment of offenders habit and repute a thief. He pleaded could not be permitted to become a nur. Not Guilty ; but the charges were com. sery for crime. pletely proved against him in evidence, The pannels were then sentenced to and the jury returned a unanimous ver- transportation for life. They left the bar dict of Guilty, when he was sentenced to uttering imprecations against the Judges transportation for life.
and jury. VOL. XVIII.
John Haggart, brother to the notorious Rodgers ; she then pushed him in, and character of that name, and John Smith, subsequently into a dark room, in which were put to the bar, accused of stealing was the prisoner MKenzie. Campbell from a basket in the charge of John gave sixpence to get some whiskey, but Stewart, a boy, on the Easter-Road, on which never was brought in. The two the 24th of January, a black silk gown, females, along with Bower and another the property of Alison Veitch, daughter (Janet Veitch, a witness) who were in the of William Veitch, farmer, Easter-Road; kitchen, left the house, and proceeded they were also charged with being habit down the Cowgate, where the booty was and repute thieves. The prisoners plead. divided ; £.20 being given to Bower, ed Not Guilty.
£.10 to M'Kenzie, and £.10 to Veitch. · The Lord Justice Clerk summed up the Bower and Veitch then went to the house evidence, after which, the jury returned a of a chimney-sweep, got one of the notes verdict, finding, by a plurality of voices, changed, and proceeded to the South Haggart guilty of the crimes libelled, and Bridge, where they procured new dresses, Smith not guilty. Smith was dismissed giving the sweeps new hats and hand. simpliciter from the bar. Haggart was kerchiefs for their trouble. They were then sentenced to transportation for life. apprehended that same night by the po.
18.-William Kerr and Joseph Con- lice. Three of the notes were produced nelly were put to the bar, accused of house. in Court, and identified. The recital of breaking and theft, in having forcibly en the history of these three notes, after tered the washing house of William they came into Bower's possession, till Crease, merchant, in Gilmour Place, and lodged in the Sheriff's Office, excited constolen therefrom a variety of articles, ag. siderable interest. The jury unanimously gravated by Kerr having been previously found Catharine Brown guilty of theft, convicted of a similar offence. Kerr Grace M.Kenzie guilty art and part, and, pleaded Guilty, and Connelly Not Guilty. by a plurality of voices, Margaret Bower, T'he Solicitor-General stated, that with guilty of reset of theft. respect to Connelly he would not lead any L ord Pitinilly proposed, that as it apevidence, as he believed that the ends of peared that Catharine Brown was the justice would be satisfied by the confes person who planned the theft, she be sion of Kerr. As to Kerr, however, it transported beyond seas for 14 years; was not without the greatest difficulty and that Margaret Bower and Grace that he could bring his mind to restrict M-Kenzie be each transported for seven the libel, as he, though only 14 years of years. age, had been two years ago convicted in Lord M‘Kenzie concurred; and the that Court of housebreaking and theft ; Lord Justice Clerk passed sentence ac. yet, under all the circumstances, he had cordingly. come to the conclusion of restricting the 21.-William Forrester, iron-founder, pains of law. Kerr was found guilty on and William Mason, nailer, were then his own confession, and sentenced to placed at the bar, charged with poaching transportation for 14 years. Connelly in Duddingston wood, parish of Abercora. was declared not guilty, and dismissed The prisoners pleaded Guilty, and exfrom the bar.
pressed their contrition, and were senCatharine Brown and Grace M.Kenzie tenced to only three months' imprison. were then brought to the bar, on a chargement. of stealing nine £.10 notes from Robert Some other cases were then gone Campbell, herd to J. M. Nairne, Esq. of through, after which the Lord Justice Dunsinnane-also Margaret Bower, with Clerk addressed the Court to the followresetting three of the said notes. The ing effect, on the subject of Bridewelli whole of the pannels pleaded Not Guilty. I have now prepared the deliverance on It appeared from the evidence, that Ro the subject of Bridewell, to which I for bert Campbell had come with ninety head merly alluded. I, however, must take this of cattle to Hallow-fair. On the Tues. opportunity to state, that the step is taken day, the first day of the market, his em. from a thorough conviction of the neces. ployer sold ton of these, and sent Camp. sity of an alteration in the economy of bell along with the purchaser to get pay. Bridewell, but with no intention to throw ment. He accordingly received £.90 in the slightest reflection upon any of the the High Street, in nine £.10 notes of the constituted authorities of this city ; for I Bank of Scotland. Campbell, in seeking am perfectly sensible of the anxiety of the his way to the Cowgate, he being an en. Lord Provost and Magistrates of the city, tire stranger to Edinburgh, enquired at as well as that of the Sheriff of the county, the prisoner, Brown, the shortest road. to discharge the duty imposed upon them She conducted him down to Borthwick's with the strictest fidelity. But while I call Close till opposite the house of George their attention to the state of the Bridge well of this city, I am bound to state, In the erection of such a building, it that they, in my opinion, have done every would be well to attend to the plan adopt. thing in their power, considering their in. ed in the enlarged Bridewell of Glas. adequate means, to render the state of gow, which is what it ought to be--a place that establishment as perfect as possible for the reformation and amendment of I beg distinctly to say, that the Court, in criminals, rather than what this Bride. adopting the present course, is not doing well had become a place for the encou. any thing against the credit of those ho ragement of crime. By an anonymous nourable persons, as the Court is only pamphlet, which was put into my hands following the same course which has been last night, I am glad to learn, that since adopted by your Lordships on the differ. the new Bridewell of Glasgow has been ent circuits. We all consider it as a part erected, an evident decrease of crime has of our duty to examine the state of the taken place in that city, which I trust Jails and Bridewells, and it is equally our will be found to be the case by my breduty to attend to that of this city.(His thren who go the circuit ; and I have Lordship then read a deliverance, recom. no doubt, if the same means be adopted mending an alteration in the internal here, the same results will follow. Lords structure and inanagement of Bridewell, Gillies and Meadowbank entirely concurwhich is to be communicated to the Lord red. Provost and Sheriff.]-His Lordship con. Border Games. These manly sports, tinued :-It is from a conviction of the instituted by the Society of Scottish necessity of the case that I have been in. Borderers, were held in Yarrow on the duced to prepare this deliverance. The 17th instant, as usual ; and the day being Court does not take upon itself to direct fine, an immense number of attendants the ways and means hy which these much, and competitors appeared on the ground to-be-desired measures are to be carried at an early hour. The prizes were su. into effect, nor have I the smallest inten. perfine blue bonnets. The leaping was tion to interfere with the powers of the won by Andrew Beattie, Craik-hope, in Bridewell Commissioners-nor with the Teviotdale-distance 424 feet. The first city on the one hand, or the county on race by Robert Laidlaw, Chapel-hope, the other; yet I have no difficulty in Yarrow; and the second by John Rae, saying, that an opportunity is now offered Fauldshope, Ettrick. The first prize for for precuring a Bridewell that will be wrestling was gained by George Best, fully adequte to all purposes. In my Yarrow, thirty. two competitors. The opinion, the present Bridewell ought to be second by Thomas Anderson, Ettrick, converted into a debtor's jail. A portion thirty-two competitors. The third by of it might be set apart as an auxiliary to Mr William Glendining, Esdale.muir. the present jail-for, notwithstanding the This young gentleman, only eighteen great expense at which it was erected, years of age, threw many of the strongest from the great increase of crime, it men on the field, and had very nearly has been found to be too confined. I won both of the former prizes. The com. should wish a Bridewell to be constructed petition was excellent ; for never so many pn proper principles, as it is but too evi. real strong men appeared. The prize for dent that the construction of the present putting the stone was likewise won by one is founded on fundamental error, as Mr William Glendining. The match it affords the prisoners not only the op. at the ball, after a terrible contest, which portunity of seeing and speaking together, lasted three hours and three quarters, was but of instructing and encouraging each at last won by the men of Ettrick. The other in the most effectual modes of com. most perfect harmony and good humour mitting crime. Were the present Bride. prevailed through the whole day, and well converted into a debtors' jail, which eke the night. Some business was also is confessedly much wanted, and upon transacted. the area reserved for the debtors' jail a' The largest stock of sheep in the Bridewell built, ample means would be county was sold that day, and a number afforded to have a building erected upon of lasses were bespoke both for short and the best and most approved principles. long terms.