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aged 35. Of his brother, RICHARD BURKE,* Esq, barrister at law, and recorder of the city of Bristol, who died on the 4th of February, 1794.”
In the churchyard, a table monument of white marble records the memory of the poet WALLER. On each side is a Latin 'inscription. That on the west expresses, that “ he had so improved his native language, that should the Muses cease to renounce Greek and Latin, they would be in love with the English.”
The substance of the inscription on the east side, is to this effect:
" Edmund WALLER, to whom this marble is sacred, was a native of Coleshill, and a student at Cambridge. His father was Robert; his mother of the Hampden family. He was born the 30th of March, 1605. His first wife was Ande, only daughter -and heiress of Edward Banks. Twice made a father by his first wife, and thirteen times by his second, whom he survived cight years : he died the 21st of October, 1687.” + .
HALL Barns, at Beaconsfield, is celebrated as the seat of Waller the poet. It is remarkable that this great man, who was born at Coleshill, as before related, bought a small house toward the decline of life, with a little land, on his natal spot; observing, “ that he should be glad to die, like the stag, where he was roused.” This, however, did not happen. “ When he was at Beaconsfield,” says Johnson,
“ he found his legs grow tumid: he went to Windsor,
* The son and brother of Edmund Burke.
+ This celebrated poet died at Beaconsfield, in 1687, at the age of eighty-two. The above handsome monument was erected to his memory, by his son's executors, in 1700, on the east side of the churchyard, near the family vault, where an old walnut-tree is remaining, at the west end of the monument, inclosed within the iron rails around the tomb. Part of the branches hanging over the spiral pillar that rises from the monument, has a pleasing effect, and happily illustrates the rebus alluded to in the family arms, which is a walnut leaf. The Latin inscription on the monument is by Rymer, editor of the “ Fædera,” and is to be seen in every edition of Waller's works. He is celebrated for the tenderness and softness of his poetical effusions, 3 0 2
where Sir Charles Scarborough then attended the king, and requested him, as both a friend and physician, to tell him what that swelling meant. ' Sir,' answered Scarborough, • your blood will run no longer.' Waller repeated some lines of Virgil, and went home to die. As the disease increased upon him, he composed himself for his departure; and calling upon Dr. Birch to give him the holy sacrament, he desired his children to take it with him, and made an earnest declaration of his faith in Christianity. It now appeared what part of his conversation with the great could be remembered with delight. He related, that being present when the duke of Buckingham talked profanely before king Charles, he said to him, “ My lord, I am a great deal older than your grace, and have, I believe, heard inore arguments for atheism than ever your grace did; but I have lived long enough to see there is nothing in them, and so I hope your grace will.”
The manor of Beaconsfield formerly belonged to the Windsor family, and afterwards became part of the possession of Burnham priory; that and Hall Barns now belonging to Edmund Waller, Esq. of Farmington, in the county of Glo. cester, and is at present occupied by Mr. Maxwell. Among the pictures are two portraits of the poet in early and ad. mired life; also the portrait of a lady, supposed to be his favourite Saccharissa.
Butler's Court, formerly called Gregories, was another seat of the family of Waller, but recently acquired much celebrity as the seat of the late right honourable Edmund Burke: it has great similarity in front to the queen's palace, and is situated in a country, where the prospects are diversified by a profusion of beautiful inclosures, a continual interchange of hills and vallies, and a number of beech and coppice woods, The apartments contain many excellent pictures, by Sir Joshua Reynolds, and some valuable marbles.
This residence, it is asserted, became the property of Mr. Burke through the friendship of the marquis of Buckingham and car! Verney ; whose munificence enabled him to
make the purchase, through which he was furnished with an elegant retreat, and enabled to pursue his studies unembarrassed by want, and free from those perplexing cares by which the operations of genius are too frequently retarded *.
WILTON PARK, the elegant seat of Mr. Dupré, near Beaconsfield, formerly belonged to the family of Basill, It is built of Portland stone, in a beautiful situation, from the design of the late Mr. Jupp, surveyor to the East India Company, by the late governor Du Pré, but finished by Mr. Du Pré's widow. Many of the fine pictures here were purchased from the celebrated collection of Mr. Purling.
DENHAM, two miles from Uxbridge, belonged, in 1299, to the abbott and convent of Westminster, and after the Dissolution was granted to the family of Peckham; after the decease of Sir George Peckham, in 1586, it was seized for a debt to the crown. The manor, rectory, &c. were granted, in 1596, to William Bowyer, Esq. and purchased of his family by Sir Roger Hill, sheriff of the county in 1673; by a female descent they became the property of the family of WAY. The house is a large brick building, erected by Sir Roger Hill; the chapel fitted up
with mantled wainscot and carving; the windows ornamented with armorial bearings in stained glass. The library contains a curious representation in painting of the House of Commons, probably of that in 1679, in which Sir Roger was member for Amersham.
DENHAM Court is the property of Sir George Bowyer, hart. son of the late gallant admiral Bowyer, created a baronet in 1794, during the life time of his elder brother, Sir William.
DENHAM DURDANTS was the property of the family of Durdant, from the year 1259 till 1414, after which it belonged to the Savoy Hospital, and was given by Edward VI. to the citizens of London, towards the endowment of St. Thomas's Hospital, in Southwark.
The parish church contains many fine monuments, parti. cularly for Agnes Jordan, last abbess of Sion; to the meBritton and Brayley's Beauties of England, Vol. I. p. 391.
mory of Sir Edmund Peckham, and family. Also for the families of Bowyer, Hill, Lockey, and Way.
On the left side of the great road from London to High Wycombe, &c. lies LANGLEY, otherwise called LANGLEY MARIES. It belonged to the crown in the reign of Edward I. It lately belonged to lord Masham, in 1714, of whom it was purchased by the duke of Marlborough, in 1738. The present duke sold it in 1788 to Sir Robert Bateson Harvey, bart. It is a handsome stone building, erected by the late duke of Marlborough, in the centre of a fine park, abounding with a variety of fine timber. A piece of water runs along the south front of the house, at the foot of a sloping lawn, on which are scattered some beautiful clumps of trees, and other woodland scenery. A rising ground, at the west extremity of the park, leads to an extensive inclosure, called the Black Park, entirely covered by firs, except where some roads are cut. In the centre is a fine lake.
The parish of Langley consists of three districts, called Westmore Green, Horsemore Green, and Southern or Middle Green. The parochial chapel contains memorials of the family of Kederminster. The aisle, which goes by that name, was separated from the nave by a Gothic screen, executed by Coade, at the expence of Sir R. B. Harvey. At the south end of the chapel is a small library, left for public use by Sir John Kederminster, with an express injunction that no book should ever be taken out of it.
Iver, is a village three miles from Uxbridge. Here was Delaford, the seat of Sir William Young, bart, which was lately pulled down; the extensive pleasure grounds being added to those of Mr. Cleves, whose seat is near the church. This parish was called Evre, and Evreham, in Domesday Book, and belonged to Robert D'Oiley, from whom it passed by marriage to Milo Crispin. After various descents it came to the crown, and was given by Edward VI. to lord Paget, in whose family it continued till 1772, when the earl of Uxbridge sold it, and it is now the property of Henry Piper Sperling, Esq.
At Shredding's Green, in this parish, is the seat of Mrs. Colborne, built by Sir John Vanbrugh, for the dowager of lord Mohun, who was killed in a duel, that was likewise fatal to bis antagonist James duke of Hamilton. A considerable cotton mill has lately been erected at Iver.
RICHING PARK, near Colnbrook, in Bucks, is a new seat, erected by John Sullivan, Esq. It stands on the site of Percy Lodge, the residence of Frances countess of Herta ford, afterward duchess of Somerset, (the Cleora of Mrs. Rowe, and the patroness, whom Thomson invokes in his “ Spring.") " It was her practice,” says Dr. Johnson, to invite, every summer, some poet into the country, to hear her verses, and assist her studies. This honour was one summer conferred on Thomsou, who took more delight in carousing with lord Hertford and his friends, than assisting her ladyship's poetical operations, and therefore never received another summons.” But whatever were the merits of this excellent lady's poetry, some of her letters, which have been published, evince, in the opinion of Shenstone, “ a perfect rectitude of heart, delicacy of sentiment, and a truly classic ease and clegance of style.”
In Iver church are monuments to the memory of Sir George and Sir Edward Salter, carvers to Charles I.; of lady Mary Salter, wife of Sir George, rising from her coffin in a shroud; and of John King, killed in his own house in 1604, by his kinsman Roger Parkinson, who, in a drunken frolic, stuck a shoemaker's awl into his forehead.
COLNBROOK, is a market town, eighteen miles from London, on four channels of the river Coln, over each of which it has a bridge. One part of it is in Middlesex, and the other in Buckinghamshire. Here is an antient chapel, said to have been founded by Edward III. It was removed from its old site in Langley parish in 1790, and rebuilt on the side of the road belonging to the parish of Horton. Some antiquaries have supposed this place to have been a Roman station, but their imagination is not supported by any antiquities having been found here.