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half suffocated with the dust, still keeping the school over which he presides; and on their way towards the favoured spot. the boys in the mathematical school carry About five o'clock, Mr. Graham having their various instruments. On Tuesday, seated himself in the car of his vebicle, they walk in the order of the different gave the signal for committing the ma- wards, the nurses walking at the head of chine to its fate. She swung in the wind the boys under her immediate care. Ou for a moment, but suddenly righting, shot their arrival at the Mansion-house, they up in a directly perpendicular course, have the honour of being presented indiamidst the stunning shout of the assem vidually to the lord mayor, who gives to bled multitude, Mr. Graham waving the each boy a new sixpence, a glass of wine, flags and responding to their cheers. and two buns. His lordship afterwards Nothing could be more beautiful than the accompanies them to Christchurch, appearance of the balloon at the distance where the service is the same as on Monof about a mile from the earth, for from day. The sermon is on Tuesday usually reflecting back the rays of the sun, it ap- preached by his lordship's chaplain.' peared a solid body of gold suspended in The most celebrated Spital Sermon of our the air. It continued in sight nearly an times, was that preached by the late Dr. hour and a half; and the crowd, whose Samuel Parr, upon Easter Tuesday, 1800, curiosity had brought them together, had against “ the eager desire of paradox; the not entirely dispersed from the gardens habit of contemplating a favourite topic in before seven o'clock. On the way home one distinct and vivid point of view, while they were gratified with the sight of Mr. it is disregarded under all others; a fondGreen's balloon, which was seen dis- ness for simplicity on subjects too comtinctly for a considerable time along the plicated in their inward structure on their Hammersmith-road. The shadows of external relations, to be reduced to any evening were lengthening, and
single and uniform principle;" and against midst falling dew,
certain speculations on " the motives by While glow the Heavens with the last steps which we are impelled to do good to our of day,
fellow creatures, and adjusting the extent Far through their rosy depths it did pursue to which we are capable of doing it." This Its solitary way.”
sermon induced great controversy, and much misrepresentation. Few of those
who condemned it, read it; and many justiIn London, on Easter Monday and fied their ignorance of what they detracted, Tuesday, the Spital Sermons are preach- by pretending they could not waste their ed. “On Easier Monday, the boys of time upon a volume of theology. This Christ's Hospital walk in procession, ac excuse was in reference to its having been companied by the inasters and steward, printed in quarto, though the sermon itto the Royal Exchange, from whence they self consists of only about four and twenty proceed to the Mansion-house, where they pages. The notes are illustrations of a are joined by the lord mayor, the lady discourse more highly intellectual than mayoress, the sheriffs, aldermen, recor most of those who live have heard or der, chamberlain, town clerk, and other read.t city officers, with their ladies. From thence the cavalcade proceeds to Christ
• Wilson's History of Christ's Hospital,
+ Archdeacon Butler had been selected by Dr. church, where the Spital Sermon is
Parr to pronounce the last appointed words over hus preached, always by one of the bishops, remains, and he justified the selection. Dr. Butler's
sermon at the funeral of Dr. Parr, has the high merit and an anthem sung by the children. His of presenting a clear outline of this great man's lordship afterwards returns to the Man. Character, and from its pages these passages are
culled and thrown together. " His learning was the sion-house, where a grand civic entertain most profound, and the most vaned and extensive, of ment is prepared, which is followed by any man of his age. He has left a chasm in the an elegant ball in the evening.
ever see filled up. As a classical scholar he was seOn Easter Tuesday, the boys again walk preme--deeply versed in history, especially that of in procession to the Mansion-house, but, sophy not to be excelled; in theology be had read instead of the masters, they are accom
more extensively and thought more deeply, than panied by the matron and nurses.
most of those who claim the highest literary farne On
in that department. He was well read in controversy. Monday, they walk in the order of the though he loved not controversialists; for his bene schools, each master being at the head of like rancour among men who believe a gospel or
love, and worship a God of love, and yet can let
loose the malignant and vindiclive passions, in !! • Morning Herald.
religious disputes, against each other. In polita
The Spital Sermon derives its name writer of the last century * speaks of “ from the priory and hospital of “ room being crammed as full of company. blessed Lady, St. Mary Spital,” situated as St. Bride's church upon the singing a on the east side of Bishopsgate-street, Spittle psalm at Easter, or an anthem on with fields in the rear, which now form Cicelia's day,” but within the last thirty the suburb, called Spitalfields. This years the Spital Sermons have been rehospital founded in 1197, had a large moved to Christ church, Newgate-street, churchyard with a pulpit cross, from where they are attended by the lord whence it was an ancient custom on Eas- mayor, the aldermen, and the
governors ter Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, of Christ's, St. Bartholomew's, St. for sermons to be preached on the Resur- Thomas's, Bridewell, and Bethlem Hosrection before the lord mayor, alder- pitals; after the sermon, it is the usage to men, sheriffs, and others who sat in a read a report of the number of children, house of two stories for that purpose; and other persons maintained and relieve the bishop of London and other prelates ed in these establishments: In 1825, the being above them. In 1594, the pulpit Spital Sermon on Easter Monday was was taken down and a new one set up, preached by the bishop of Gloucester, and a large house for the governors and and the psalm sung by the children of children of Christ's Hospital to sit in.* Christ's Hospital was composed by the In April 1559, queen Elizabeth came in rev. Arthur William Trollope, Þ. D. great state from St. Mary Spital, attended head classical master. It is customary by a thousand men in harness, with shirts for the prelate on this occasion, to dine of mail and croslets, and morris pikes, with the lord mayor, sheriffs, and alderand ten great pieces carried through Lon men at the Mansion-house. Hereafter don unto the court, with drums, flutes, and there will be inention of similar invitatrumpets sounding, and two morris dan- tions to the dignified clergy, when they cers, and two white bears in a cart.t On discourse before ihe civic authorities. In Easter Monday, 1617, king James I. 1766, bishop Warburton having preached having gone to Scotland, the archbishop before the corporation, dined with the of Canterbury, the lord keeper Bacon, the lord mayor, and was somewhat facetious : bishop of London, and certain other lords " Whether,” says Warburton, “I made of the court and privy counsellors attend- them wiser than ordinary at Bow (church,) ed the Spital Sermon, with sir John I cannot tell. I certainly made them Lemman, the lord mayor, and alder- merrier than ordinary at the Mansionmen; and afterwards rode home and dined house;
where we were magnificently treatwith the lord mayor at his house near ed. The lord mayor told me – The Billingsgate. The hospital itself was common council were much obliged to dissolved under Henry VIII. ; the pulpit me, for that this was the first time he ever was broken down during the troubles of heard them prayed for;' I said, 'I consiCharles I. ; and after the restoration, the dered them as a body who much needed sermons denominated Spital Sermons the prayers of the church.'”+ were preached at St. Bride's church, Fleet-street, on the three usual days. A
An Easter Tule.
Under this title a provincial paper his ardent love of freedom, his hatred of oppression, and his invincible spirit, joined to the most disinter: gives the following detail :-In Roman ested and incorruptible integrity, and the most reso. catholic countries it is a very ancient lute independence, even in the days of poverty and privation, made him always a prominent and con
custom for the preacher to divert his spicuous Character. Caution he despised, it was not congregation in due season with what is a part of his noble and fearless nature. What he
termed a Fabula Paschalis, an Eastern thought greatly, he uttered manfully ; and such a mighty master of language when speaking or Tale, which was becomingly received by writing on civil and religious liberty, carried away
the auditors with peals of Easter laughter. his hearers with the same resistless torrent of eloquence by which himself was swept along.”. Such During Lent the good people had mortiis the testimony to Dr. Parr's talents, by one" differ.
fied themselves, and prayed so much, ing from him on many political points, and on some theological questions." More to the same effect might that at length they began to be rather be adduced on the same competent authority, but,
if discontented and ill-tempered; so that the preacher, like him of whom he discoursed," loved his friend well, he loved truth better;" and hence Dr. the clergy deemed it necessary to make Butler has honestly and faithfully sketched a few acousiderable weaknesses, which, to a correct judg.
a little fun from the pulpit for them, and ment, enlarge the nobility, and heighten the splen. dour of Dr. Parr's heart and mind. Undevialing eulogy is praiseless praise.
Ned Ward in his Dancing School. + Maitland.
letters from a late eminent prelate.
thus give as it were the first impulse proceeded : My fourth wish is, that my towards the revival of mirth and cheere green cap may belong to me for ever, fulness. This practice lasted till the 17th and that whenever I sit down upon it, no and in many places till the 18th century. power or force may be able to drive me Here follows a specimen of one of these away.' This also received the fiat. tales, extracted from a truly curious vo. Thereupon our Lord went his way with lume, the title of which may be thus ren Peter, and the smith lived some years dered :-Moral and Religious Journey to longer with his old woman. At the end Bethlem : consisting of various Sermons of this time grim death appeared, and for the safe guidance of all strayed, con- summoned him to the other world. verted, and misled souls, by the Rev. Stop a moment,' said the smith; let Father ATTANASY, of Dilling. “ Christ me just put on a clean shirt, meanwhile our Lord was journeying with St. Peter, you may pick some of the pears on and had passed through many countries. yonder tree. Death climbed up the tree; One day he came to a place where there but he could not get down again; he was was no inn, and entered the house of a forced to submit to the smith's terms, blacksmith. This man had a wife, who and promised him a respite of twenty paid the utmost respect to strangers, years before he returned. When the and treated them with the best that her twenty years were expired, he again aphouse would afford. When they were peared, and commanded him in the name about to depart, our Lord and St. Peter of the Lord and St. Peter to go along wished her all that was good, and heaven with him. Said the smith, I know into the bargain. Said the woman, “Ah! Peter too. Sit down a little on my anvil, if I do but go to heaven, I care for no for thou must be tired; I will just drink thing else.'— Doubt not,' said St. Peter, a cup to cheer me, and take leave of my ' for it would be contrary to scripture if old woman, and be with thee presently thou shouldest not go to heaven. Let But death could not rise again from his what will happen, thou must go thither. seat, and was obliged to promise the Open thy mouth. Did I not say so ? smith another delay of twenty years. Why, thou canst not be sent to hell, When these had elapsed, the devil came, where there is wailing and gnashing of and would fain have dragged the smith teeth, for thou hast not tooth left in thy away by force. •Holla, fellow !' said head. Thou art safe enough; be of good the latter ; ' that won't do. I have other cheer.' Who was so overjoyed as the letters, and whiter than thou, with thy good woman? Without doubt, she took black carta-bianca. But if thou art such another cup on the strength of this as a conjuror as to imagine that thou hast surance. But our Lord was desirous to any power over me, let us see if thou testify his thanks to the man also, and canst get into this old rusty flue. No promised to grant him four wishes. sooner said than the devil slipped into
Well,' said the smith, I am heartily the fue. The smith and his men put the obliged to you, and wish that if any one fue into the fire, then carried it to the climbs up the pear-tree behind my house, anvil, and hammered away at the oldhe may not be able to get down again one inost unmercifully. He howled, and without my leave.' This grieved St. begged and prayed; and at last promised Peter not a little, for he thought that the that he would have nothing to do with smith ought rather to have wished for the the smith to all eternity, if he would but kingdom of heaven; but our Lord, with let him go. At length the smith's guarhis wonted kindness, granted his petition. dian-angel made his appearance. The The smith's next wish was, thai if any business was
He was one sat down upon his anvil, he might obliged to go; the angel conducted him not be able to rise without his permis- to hell. The devil, whom he had so sion; and the third, that if any one crept terribly belaboured, was just then attendinto his old flue, he might not have power ing the gate; he looked out at the little to get out without his consent. St. Peter window, but quickly shut it again, and said, ' Friend smith, beware what thou would have nothing to do with the smith. dost. These are all wishes that can bring The angel then conducted him to the thee no advantage; be wise, and let the gate of heaven. St. Peter refused to remaining one be for everlasting life with admit him. Let me just peep in,' said the blessed in heaven.' The smith was the smith, that I may see how it looks not to be put out of his way, and thus within there.' No sooner was the wicket
opened than the smith threw in his cap, my own properly; I should like to see and said, “Thou knowest it is my pro- who dares drive me away from it.' So perty, I must go and fetch it.' Then the smith got into heaven at last. slipping past, he clapped himself down upon it, and said, “Now I am sitting on
* Salisbury Gazette, January 8, 1818.
Silenus. There is a remarkable notice by Dr. his way in his cups, and being found by E. D. Clarke, the traveller, respecting a some peasants, they brought him to king custom in the Greek islands. He says, Midas, who restored him to the jolly “ A circumstance occurs annually, at god” Bacchus, and that Bacchus, grateRhodes which deserves the attention of ful for the favour, conferred on Midas the literary traveller : it is the ceremony the power of turning whatever he touched of carrying Silenus in procession at Easter. into gold. Others say that Silenus was A troop of boys, crowned with garlands, a grave philosopher, and Bacchus an endraw along, in a car, a fat old man, at- terprising young hero, a sort of Teletended with great pomp. I unfortunately machus, who took Silenus for his Mentor, missed bearing testimony to this remark- and adopted his wise counsels. The enable example, among many others which graving is after an etching by Worlidge, I have witnessed, of the existence of from a sardonyx gem in the possession pagan rites in popular superstitions. I of the duke of Devonshire. was informed of the fact by Mr. Spurring, a naval architect, who resided at Rhodes,
April 6. and Mr. Cope, a commissary belonging to the British army; both of whom had
OLD LADY-DAY. seen the procession. The same ceremony
St. Sixtus I. Pope, 2d Cent. 120 Peralso takes place in the island of Scio. sian Martyrs, a. D. 345. St. Celestine, It is only necessary here to mention the Pope, a. D. 432. St. IVilliam, Abbot of custom, without adverting to its
St. Prudentius, Bp. Eskille, A. D. 1203.
probable origin. According to ancient fable, A. D. 861. St. Celsus, in Irish Ceallach Silenus was son to Pan, the god of shep- Abp. A. D. 1129. herds and huntsmen; other accounts re
CHRONOLOGY. present him as the son of Mercury, and 1348. Laura de Noves died. She foster-father of Bacchus. He is usually was born in 1304, and is celebrated for described as a tipsey old wine-bibber; having been beloved by Petrarch, and for and one story of him is, that having lost having returned his passion by indiffer
ence. He fostered his love at Vaucluse, St. Ædesius, A. D. 306. St. Perpetuus, a romantic spot, wherein he had nothing Bp. A. D. 491. St. Walter, Abbot, to employ him but recollection of her A. D. 1099. B. Albert, Patriarch of charms, and imagination of her perfec Jerusalem, A. D. 1214. tions. These he immortalized in sonnets
CHRONOLOGY. while she lived ; Petrarch survived her six
1341. The expression of Petrarch's and thirty years.
passion for Laura, gained him such celeFrancis 1., who compared a court brity, that he had a crown of laurels without ladies to a spring without flow- placed upon his head, in the metropolis of ers, caused Laura's tomb to be opened, ihe papacy, amidst cries from the Roman and threw verses upon her remains com- people, “ Long live the poet!" plimentary to her beauty, and the fame
1364. John, king of France, who had she derived from her lover's praises. been brought prisoner to England by
1803. Colonel Montgomery and cap- Edward, the Black Prince, in his captivity, tain Macnamara quarrelled and fought a died at the Savoy-palace, in the Strand. duel at Primrose-hill, because their dogs quarrelled and fought in Hyde-park.
FLORAL DIRECTORY. Captain Macnamara received colonel
Ground Ivy. Glecoma hederacea. Montgomery's ball in the hip, and colonel Dedicated to St. Dionysius. Montgomery received captain Macnamara's ball in the heart. This exchange of shots being according to the laws of
April 9. duelling and projectiles, Colonel Mont- St. Mary of Egypt, A. D. 421. The Masgomery died on the spot. Captain Mac sylitan Martyrs in Africa. St. Eupsynamara was tried at the Old Bailey, and, chius. The Roman Captives, Martyrs as a man of honour, was acquitted by a in Persia, year of Christ 362, of Sapor jury of men of honour. The laws of 53. St. Waltrude, or Vautrude, comEngland and the laws of christianity only monly called Vaudru, Widow, A. D. bind honourable men; men of honour 686. St. Gaucher, or Gautier, Abbot, govern each other by the superior power A. D. 1130. St. Dotto, Abbot. of sword and pistol. The humble suicide
CHRONOLOGY. is buried with ignominy in a cross road, 1493. The great lord Bacon died, aged and a finger-post marks his grave for 66. He fell from distinguished station public scorn; the proud and daring duel. to low estate, by having cultivated high list reposes in a christian grave beneath wisdom at the expense of every day wismarble, proud and daring as himself. don. “Lord Bacon," says Rushworth,
“ was eminent over all the christian FLORAL DIRECTORY.
world for his many excellent writings. Starch Hyacinth. Hyacinthus racemosus. He was no admirer of money, yet he had Dedicated to St. Sixtus I. the unhappiness to be defiled therewith.
He treasured up nothing for himself, yet April 7.
died in debt." His connivance at the St. Aphraates, 4th Cent. St. Hegesippus, bribery of his servants made them his A. D. 180, St. Aibert,
A. D. 1140. master and wrought his ruin. The gifts B. Herman Joseph, A. 'D. 1226. st. of suitors in the chancery rendered him Finan of Keann-Ethich.
suspected, but his decrees were so equitCHRONOLOGY.
able that no one was ever reversed for its 1520. Raphael d’Urbino died on the injustice. anniversary of his birth-day which was in
Let him who lacking wisdom desires 1483.
to know, and who willing to be taught 1807. Lalande, the astronomer, died will patiently learn, make himself master at Paris, aged 70.
of “ Bacon's Essays.” It is a book more admired than read, and more read than
understood, because of higher thought FLORAL DIRECTORY.
than most readers dare to compass. He Wood Anemony. Anemone Nemorosa. Dedicated to St. Aphraates.
who has achieved the “ Essays" has a master-key to Bacon's other works, and
consequently every department of English April 8.
literature. Dionysius, Bp. of Corinth, 2d Cent. 1747. Lord Lovat was executed on