Зображення сторінки
[ocr errors]


vapor as the Libyan air aduft,
Began to parch that temp’rate clime; whereat
In either hand the hast’ning Angel caught
Our ling’ring parents, and to th' eastern

Led them direct, and down the cliff as fast
To the subjected plain ; then disappear’d.
They looking back, all th'eastern side beheld
Of Paradise, so late their happy seat,


635. And vapor] Hor. Epod. III. and brand here does not figny what

we commonly mean by it, bet ? Nec tantus unquam fidcrum insedit sword, as it is used in Spenser, fury vapor

Queen, B. I. Cant. 3. Dl .
Siticulosa Apuliæ.

With thrilling point of denty 637. In either hand &c.] The au iron brand: thor helped his invention in the following pallage, by refleciing on the And again, B. 5. Cant. 1. St. 9. beliaviour of the Angel, who in holy Which steely brand - Chryfacr : Writ has the conduct of Lot and

was hight, his family. The circumstances drawn Chrysaor, that all other fwords s. from that relation are very grace celld : fully made use of on this occafion.


And again, B. 5. Cant. 9. St. zo. 641. They looking back, &c.] The But at her feet her sword was Eks scene which our first parents are sur wise laid, prised with, upon their looking back Whose long reft rufed the bright on Paradise, wonderfully strikes the

steely brand. reader's imagination, as nothing can he more natural than the tears they And so Fairfax likewise uses the sea Iked on that occasion. Addison.

in his translation of Tasso, Car. 643. Wav'd over by that flaming

brand,] Milton had callà Then from his side he took E it a sword before, XI. 120.

noble brand, and of a fword the flame,

And giving it to Raimond, thus : and XII. 633.


This is the sword &c: The brandinh'd sword of God before them blaz'd:

and in several other places. And se

VII. St. 72.

foon ;

Wav'd over by that flaming brand, the gate With dreadful faces throng'd and fiery arms: jome natural tears they dropt, but wip'd them

645 The world was all before them, where to choose Cheir place of rest, and Providence their guide: They hand in hand, with wand'ring steps and low, Chrough Eden took their solitary way.

heet also with the word in fo late a foregoing passage, than with the two

erformance as Mr. Pope's transla- verses here quoted. These two verses, ion of the Iliad, B. 5. ver. 105. though they have their beauty, fall

very much below the foregoing pasOn his broad shoulder fell the forceful brand,

sage, and renew in the mind of the

reader that anguish which was pretty Thence glancing downward lopt

well laid by that consideration. his holy hand, Which stain'd with facred blood

The world was all before them, the blushing fand.

where to choose

Their place of reft, and Providence Brando in Italian too fignifies a sword.

their guide. Addifon. And the reason of this denomination Junius derives from hence, because If I might prefume, says an ingenious men fought with burnt stakes and fire. and celebrated writer, to offer at the brands, before arms were invented. smallest alteration in this divine work. Direxere acies : non jam certamine pear'd to be fo presumptuous ; what

If to make one small alteration apagresti,

censure must I expect to incur, who Stipitibus duris agitur, sudibusve

have presum'd to make so many? But præuftis ;

Jata eft alea, and Non injufa cecini: Sed ferro ancipiti decernitur. Virg. Æn. VII. 523. Παρ' εμοιγε και αλλοι

Οι κε με τιμησεσι, μάλιςα δε 648. They hand in hand, with wand'ring flops and flow,

μητιτα Ζευς. Through Eden took their solitary The gentleman would eject these

way.] If I might presume two lait lines of the book, and close to offer at the smallest alteration in it with the verse before. He seems this divine work, I should think the to have been induc'd to this by a poem would end better with the mistake of the printer, They band in


their way

band; which reading does indeed Eve profess'd her readiness and make the last distich leem loose, un- crity for the journey, ver. 614; connected, and abscinded from the

- but now lead on ; rest. But the author gave it Then

In me is no delay. band in hand: which continues the prior sentence,

And why their folitary wn? A? Some natural tears they dropt, but ing? when even their former wir

words to represent a forrowful pariwip'd them soon ;

in Paradise were as folitary, as there Then hand in hand.

way now: there being no body be Nor can these two verses poffibly be fides them two boih here and ebere spar'd from the work ; for without Shall I therefore, after fo many poir them Adam and Eve would be left prefumptions, presume at last loafe in the territory and suburbane of a diftich, as close as may be to the Paradise, in the very view of the author's words, and entirely agres dreadful faces ..

able to his scheme?

Then hand in hand with focal leps Apparent diræ facies, inimicaque Troja

Through Eden took, with trae'riy Numina magna Deûm.

comfort chear'd.

Benter They must therefore be dismiss'd As the poem closes with these te out of Eden, tò live thenceforward verses, so Dr.Bentley finithes his laba in fome other part of the world. with remarks upon them. He oh And yet this distich, as the gentle serves that Mr. Addison declards man well judges, falls very much be- ejecting them both out of the poet low the foregoing palage. It con- and supposes him to have been tradi&ts the poet's own scheme ; nor duc'd to this by a mistake of the is the diction unexceptionable. He printer, They band in hand: which tells us before, That Adam, upon reading (the Doctor thinks) maio hearing Michael's predi&tions, was the lait diftich seem loofe, unconéven furcharg'd with joy, ver. 372; nected and abscinded from the red was replete with joy and wonder, But Mr. Addison was too good a ver. 468 ; was in doubt, whether he judge of Milton's way of writing, should repent of, or rejoice in his fall, ejeět them upon that account of ver. 475; was in great peace of He gave us another reason for thought, ver. 558; and Eve herself readiness to part with them, and kot fad, but full of confolation, ver: said that they renew in the mind of 620. Why then does this distich the reader that anguish, which wa dismiss our first parents in anguilh, pretty well laid by the confideration and the reader in melancholy? And of the two foregoing verses. Bet si how can the expression be justified, has been said more jully by another trith wand'ring steps and pow? gentleman (who seems well qualified Why wand'ring "Erratic steps ? to give a judgment in the case the Very improper : when in the line confidering the moral and chief die before, they were guided by Provi- of this poem, Terror is the lat po dece. And why floru? when even to be left upon the mind of be ready


fsay on Pope's Odyssey, Part 2. might be their guide, without point89. However this be, the Doctor's ing out to them which way they ason for keeping these two verses should take at every flep: The words extraordinary: he says that, unless Providence their guide fignify that ey are kept, Adam and Eve would now since Michael, who had hitherio left in the territory and suburbane conducted them by the hand, was Paradise, in the very view of the departed from them, they had no adful faces: and he adds that guide to their Ateps, only the gene:y must therefore be dismiss’d out ral guidance of Providence to keep Eden, to live thenceforward in them safe and unhurt. Eve (it is ne other part of the world. And plain) expected that her steps would

both in the common reading be vandring ones, when upon being

in the Doctor's too, they are told that the was to leave Paradise, i in Eden, only taking their way she breaks out into these words, ough it. But this by the by. Lét XI. 282, see how the Doctor would mend

matter; and then I will give my How shall I part? and whither ections to his reading, and after wander down rds answer his objections to Mil- Into a lower world? 's. He proposes to read thus,

Again the Doctor asks, Why slow ben hand in hand with social steps steps ; when Eve profess’d her readitheir way

nels and alacrity for the journey, "hrough Eden took, with heav’nly ver. 614? But that readiness was not

an absolute one, it was a choosing

rather to go than to stay behind o this reading we may object, that there without Adam, ver. 615 &c. e verb wants the word obey before In that view she was ready to go: ; for it is too far to fetch it from but in the view of leaving the deT. 645, when two verses, of a lights of Paradise, they were both ite different construction, are in- backward and even linger'd, ver.638. ited between. Again, cheard with Their steps therefore were now. mfort seems tautologous, for com- And why (says the Doctor) is their t is imply'd in chear’d, without way callid folitary, when their walks

being mention d. Lastly, if they in Paradise were as solitary as their ent hand in hand, there is no need way now, there being no body betell us, that their steps were social; sides them two both here and there? ey could not be otherwise. So It may be answer'd, that their way uch for the Doctor's reading. We was solitary, not in regard to any e now to consider the objections companions whom they had met hich the Doctor makes to the with elsewhere ; but because they resent reading. It contradicts (says were here to meet with no objects of 2) the poet's own scheme, and the any kind that they were acquainted ction is not unexceptionable. With with : Nothing here was familiar to gard to the diction, he asks, Why their eyes, and (as Adam, then in ere the steps wand'ring ones, when Paradise, well expreffes it in XI. rovidence was their guide? But it 305.)

- all

comfort cbear'd.

[ocr errors]

all places else being for rejecting, others for alInhospitable appear, and defolate, ing, and others again for transpolaz Nor knowing us, nor known. them: but the propriety of the we

lines, and the design of the amber [And may we not by folitary under are fully explain' and vindican Itand farther their being now left by in the excellent note of Dr. Pessoa the Angel?] The laft, but the main, And certainly there is no more » objection which the Doctor makes, ceflity that an epic poem should is that this distich contradicts the clude happily, than there is that is poet's own scheme. To support this tragedy should conclude unhappily charge, he has referr'd us to half a There are instances of several om dozen places of this twelfth book, gedies ending happily; and wide where Adam or Eve are spoken of, good reason an epic poem myn. as having joy, peace, and consolation minate fortunately or unforturas, &c; and from thence he concludes as the nature of the subject regers shat this distich ought not to dismiss and the subject of Paradt Ly our first parents in anguish, and the plainly requires fomething of a few 2:57 reader in melancholy. But the joy, rowful parting, and was intended to peace, and confolation spoken of in doubt for terror as well as fit, to those passages are represented always inspire us with the fear of God a as ariĝing in our first parents from a well as with commiseration of Mus

. view of some future good, chiefly. All therefore that we fhal do of the Messiah. The thought of to desire the reader to observe te leaving Paradise (notwithitanding beauty of the numbers, the bar any other comfort that they had) dragging of the first line, which a was all along a sorrowful one to not be pronounced but slowly

, and them. Upon this account Eve fell with several pauses, afleepwearied with forrow and distrebi They | hand in hand, wich waof beart, ver. 613. Both Adam and Éve linger'd at their quitting Para

d'ring steps and low, dise, ver. 638, and they dropt some and then the quicker flow of the natural tears on that occasion, ver. verse with only the usual peale i 645. In this view the Arch-Angel, the middle, ver. 603, recommends to our first parents that they should live unani- Through Eden took their falar mous, tho' Jad with cause for evils way ; paft. And for a plainer proof that the scheme of the poem was to dif- at first, being loath to leave their

as if our parents had moved besmi miss them not without sorrow, the delightful Paradise, and aftersato poet in XI. 117. puts these words mended their pace, when they we into God's mouth, as his instruction at a little distance. At leat this is to Michael,

the idea that the numbers couver So send them forth, though forrow- and as many volumes might be car ing, yet in peace. Pearce. pos’d upon the structure of Miloo

verses, and the collocation of la These two laft verses have occafion'd words, as Erythræus and other ca much trouble to the critics, fome rics have written upon Virgil. We

« НазадПродовжити »