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said Miss Wodehouse, abstractedly. the children— to support and doNettie lifted upon her eyes that mineer over Susan; but it was hard danced with mischief and glee. for such an alert uncompromising

“A profession is as bad as a little soul to tolerate that useless family, then," said the little Aus- hulk—that heavy encumbrance of tralian. “I shall remember that a man, for whom hope and life were next time you speak to me on this dead. She bit her lip as she dissubject. I am glad to think Dr charged her sharp stinging arrow at Edward, with all his prudence, is him through the half-opened door, disabled too."

and then went down singing, to When Nettie had made this un- take her place at the table which guarded speech, she blushed ; and her own hands had spread—which suddenly, in a threatening and de- her own purse supplied with bread. fiant manner, raised her eyes again Nobody there showed the least conto Miss Wodehouse's face. Why? sciousness of that latter fact ; noMiss Wodehouse did not understand body fancied it was anything but the look, nor put any significance natural to rely upon Nettie. The into the words. She rose up from strange household demeaned itself the grass, and said it was time for exactly as if things were going on her to go. She went away, ponder- in the most regular and ordinary ing in her own mind those singular course. No wonder that spectators new experiences of hers. She had outside looked on with a wonder never been called upon to do any- that could scarcely find expression ; thing particular all her gentle life. and, half exasperated, half admiring, Another fashion of woman might watched the astonishing life of the have found a call to action in the colonial girl. management of her father's house, Nobody watched it with half the or the education of her motherless amount of exasperation which conyoung sister. But Miss Wodehouse centrated in the bosom of Dr Rider. had contented herself with loving He gazed and noted and observed Lucy—had suffered her to grow up everything with a secret rage, invery much as she would, without dignation, and incredulity impossiinterference—had never taken a de- ble to describe. He could not becided part in her life. When any- lieve it even when it went on before thing had to be done, to tell the his very eyes. Doctor though he truth, she was very inexpert-un- was, and scientific, to a certain exready — deeply embarrassed with tent, Edward Rider would have bethe unusual necessity. Nettie's lieved in witchcraft-in some philcase, so wonderfully different from tre or potion acting upon her mind, anything she could have conceived, rather than in Nettie's voluntary lay on her mind, and oppressed her folly. Was it folly ? was it heroas she went home to Grange Lane. ism was it simple necessity, as

As for Nettie herself, she took she herself called it ? Nobody her work and her children indoors could answer that question. The after a while, and tried on the new matter was as incomprehensible to frock, and scolded and rehabilitated Miss Wodehouse as to Dr Rider, the muddy hero of the brook. Then, but not of such engrossing interest. with those light fairy motions of Bessie Christian, after all, grew hers, she spread the homely table tame in the Saxon composure of for tea, called in Susan, sought Fred her beauty before this brown, in his room up-stairs with a sting- sparkling, self - willed, imperious ing word which penetrated even his creature. To see her among her callous mind, and made him for the self-imposed domestic duties filled moment ashamed of himself. Nettie the doctor with a smouldering bit her red lip till it grew white and wrath against all surrounding her, bloodless as she turned from Fred's which any momentary spark might door. It was not hard to work for set aflame.

THE BOOK - HUNTER'S CLUB. THOSE who are so very old as to require a bishop, and in him she remember the Episcopal Church of got a bishop. In reality, however, Scotland, in that brief period of he was the parish clergyman of the stagnant depression, when the re- small and poor remnant of the peal of the penal laws had removed Episcopal persuasion who inhabitfrom her the lustre of martyrdom, ed the odoriferous fishing-town of and she had not yet attained the Fraserburgh. There he lived a long more secular lustre which the zeal life of such simplicity and abstiof her wealthy votaries has since nence as the poverty of the poorest conferred on her, will be familiar of his flock scarcely drove them to. with the name of Bishop Robert He had one failing to link his life Jolly. To by far the greater por- with this nether world—a failing tion of our readers it may be ne- that leaned to virtue's side; he cessary to introduce him more spe- was a Book-hunter. How with his cifically. He was a man of singular poor income, much of which went purity, devotedness, and learning. to feed the necessities of those still If he had no opportunity of attest- poorer, he should have accomplished ing the sincerity of his faith by it, is among other unexplained mysundergoing stripes and bondage for teries. But somehow he managed to the Church of his adoption, he de- scrape together a curious and interveloped in its fulness that unob- esting collection, so that his name trusive self-devotion, not inferior to became associated with rare books, martyrdom, which dedicates to ob- as well as with rare Christian virtues. scure duties the talent and energy When it was proposed to estabthat, in the hands of the selfish and lish an institution for reprinting the ambitious, would be the sure appa- works of the fathers of the Episratus of wealth and station. He copal Church in Scotland, it was had no doubt risen to an office of naturally deemed that no dignity in his own Church—he was worthy or characteristic name could a bishop. But to understand the be attached to it than that of the position of a Scottish bishop in venerable prelate who, by his learnthose days, one must figure Parson ing and virtues, had so long adorned Adams, no richer than Fielding has the episcopal chair of Moray and described him, yet encumbered by Ross, and who had shown a special a title ever associated with wealth interest in the department of liteand dignity, and only calculated, rature to which the institution was when allied with so much poverty to be devoted. Hence it came to and social humility, to deepen the pass that, through a perfectly naincongruity of his lot, and throw tural process, the association for him more than ever on the mercy the purpose of reprinting the works of the scorner. The office was in- of certain old divines was to be deed conspicuous, not by its dig- ushered into the world by the style nities or emoluments, but by the and title of THE JOLLY ČLUB. extensive opportunities it afforded There happened to be among those for self-devotion. We have noticed concerned, however, certain persons his successor of the present day so corrupted with the wisdom of figuring in newspaper paragraphs this world, as to apprehend that as “The Lord Bishop of Moray and the miscellaneous public might fail Ross.” It did not fall to the lot of to trace this designation to its true him of whom we write to render his origin, and might indeed totally title so flagrantly incongruous. A mistake the nature and object of lordship was not necessary, but it the institution, attributing to it was the principle of his Church to aims neither consistent with the ascetic life of the departed prelate, enough, expect to find the writers nor with the pious and intellectual of another century puzzled by the object of its founders. The coun- nomenclature of some of these besels of these worldly-minded per- nevolent institutions. Perhaps some sons prevailed. The Jolly Club ethnological philosopher will devote was never instituted,—at least as an himself to the special investigation association for the reprinting of old and development of the phenomebooks of divinity, though we are non ; and if such things are done not prepared to say that institu- then in the way in which they are tions more than one so designed now, the result will appear in somemay not exist for other purposes. thing like the following shape :The object, however, was not en- “Man, as we pursue his destiny tirely abandoned. A body of gen- from century to century, is still tlemen united themselves together found inevitably to resolve himunder the name of another Scottish self into a connected and antithetic prelate, whose fate had been more series of consecutive cycles. The distinguished, if not more fortunate; eighteenth century having been an and the Spottiswoode Society was age of individuative, the nineteenth established. Here, it will be ob- necessarily became an age of assoserved, there was a passing to the ciative or coinonomic development. opposite extreme ; and so intense He, the man-to himself the ego, and seems to have been the anxiety to to others the mere homo-ceased escape from all excuse for indeco- to revolve around the pivot of his rous jokes or taints of joviality, own individual idiosyncracy, and, that the word Club, wisely adopted following the instincts of his naby other bodies of the same kind, ture, resolved himself into associawas abandoned, and this one called tive community. In this necessary itself a Society. To that abandon- development of their nature all parment of the medio tutissimus we took, from the congresses of mighty attribute its early death ; nor do monarchs down to those humbler we admire the taste of those but not less majestic types of the other communities, essentially Book predominant influence, which, in Clubs, which have taken to the de- the expressive language of that age, vious course of calling themselves were recognised as twopenny goes. “Societies."


It is known only to those whose In fact, all our societies, from the researches have led them through broad-brimmed Society of Friends the intricacies of that phase of hudownwards, have something in them man progress, how multifarious and of a homespun, humdrum, plain flat varied were the forms in which the —not unprofitable perhaps, but un- inner spirit, objectively at work in attractive character. They may be mankind, had its external subjecgood and useful, but they have no tive development. Not only did dignity or ornament, and are quite associativeness shake the monarch destitute of the strange meteoric on his throne, and prevail over the power and grandeur which have councils of the assembled magnates accompanied the career of Clubs. of the realm, but it was the form Societies there are, indeed, which in which each shape and quality identify themselves through their of humanity, down even to misery very nomenclature with misfortune and disease, endeavoured to express and misery, seeming proudly to its instincts; and so the blind and proclaim themselves victims to all the lame, the deaf and dumb, the the saddest ills that flesh is heir to sick and poor, made common stock -as, for instance, Destitute Sick of their privations, and endeavoured Societies, Indigent Blind Societies, by the force of union to convert Deaf and Dumb Societies, Burial weakness into strength," &c. Societies, and the like. We should, When the history of clubs is if we had the chance of living long fully written, we should rather that it were in another fashion. If it good fellows, meeting under cersufficiently abound in details, such tain conditions." a history would be full of marvels, There has been an addition, by from the vast influences which it no means contemptible, added to would describe as arising from the influence exercised by these time to time by silent obscure institutions on the course of events, growth out of nothing, as it were. in the Book clubs of the present Just look at what clubs have been, day. They have within a few years and have done; a mere enumera- added a department to literature. tion is enough to recall the impres- The collector, who has been a memsion. Not to dwell on the insti- ber of several, may count their tutions which have made Pall Mall fruit by the thousand, all ranging and its neighbourhood a conglome- in symmetrical and portly volumes. rate of palaces, or on such lighter Without interfering either with the affairs as “the Four-in-Hand,” which author who seeks in his copyrights the railways have left behind, or the reward of his genius and labour, the “ Alpine," whose members they or with the publisher who calcucarry to the field of their enjoy- lates on a return for his capital, ment: there was the Mermaid, skill, and industry, the book clubs counting

among its members Shake- have ministered to literary wants, speare, Raleigh, Beaumont, Flet- which these legitimate sources of cher, and Jonson ; then came the supply have been unfitted to meet. King's Head; the October; the Kit- We trust that, throughout the Cat; the Beaf-Steak; the Terrible pretty extensive circle of acquaintCalves Head; Johnson's club, where ance to whom Maga pays her monthly he had Bozzy, Goldie, Burke, and visit, there is not one single person Reynolds ; the Poker, where Hume, so grossly ignorant, as not to recogCarlyle, Ferguson, and Adam Smith nise in the book clubs a set of took their claret.

associations for the purpose of In these, with all their varied printing and distributing among objects, literary, political, or con- the members certain books, calcuvivial, the one leading peculiarity lated to gratify the peculiar taste was the powerful influence they which has brought them together exercised on the condition of their and united them into a club. We times. A certain club there was may presently, perhaps, indulge with a simple unassuming name, in some characteristic notices of differing, by the way, only in three the specific clubs, their members, letters from that which would and their acts and movements : in have commemorated the virtues the mean time we shall say a word of Bishop Jolly. The club in on the efficiency of the arrangequestion, though nothing in the ment-on the blank in the order eye of the country but an easy of terrestrial things which the book knot of gentlemen who assembled club was required to fill, and the for their amusement, cast defiance manner in which it has accomat a sovereign prince, and shook plished its function. the throne and institutions of the There is a class of books of which greatest of modern states. But if the production has in this country we want to see the club culminat- always been uphill work ;-large ing to its highest pitch of power, solid books, more fitted for authors we must go across the water and and students than for those termed saturate ourselves with the horrors the reading public at large-books of thc Jacobin clubs, the Breton, which may hence, in some measure, and the Feuillans. The scenes we be termed the raw materials of literwill there find stand forth in eter- ature, rather than literature itself. nal protest against Johnson's genial They are eminently valuable; but, definition in his Dictionary, where since it is to the intellectual manuhe calls a club " an assembly of facturer who is to produce an article

of saleable literature that they are good use, and would have been unvaluable, rather than to the general able to purchase it at the original consumer, they do not secure an ex- price. But the rich deserve some tensive sale. Of this kind of liter- consideration as well as the poor. ature the staple materials are old It will be hard to find the man so state-papers and letters, old chro- liberal and benevolent that he will nicles, specimens of poetic, dramatic, joyfully see his neighbour obtain and other literature—more valuable for thirty shillings the precise article as vestiges of the style and customs for which he has himself paid thirty of their age than for their absolute pounds; nor does there exist the worth as works of genius—massive descendant of Adam who, whatever volumes of old divinity, disquisi- he may say or pretend, will take tions on obsolete science, and the such an antithesis with perfect equalike. It is curious, by the way, that nimity. Even the fortunate purcostly books of this sort seem to chasers of the remnant are not alsucceed better with the French than ways absolutely happy in their lot. with us, though we do not gener. They have been tempted by sheer ally give that people credit for ex- cheapness to admit some bulky and celling us in the outlay of money. unwieldy articles into their abodes, Perhaps it is because they enjoy and they look askance at the comthe British market as well as their modity as being rather a sacrifice own that they are enabled to excel to mammon than a monument of us; but they certainly do so in the good taste. publication, through private enter It has been the object of the maprise, of great costly works, having chinery here referred to, to limit the a sort of national character. The impressions of such works to those efforts to rival them in this country who want and can pay for themhave been considerable and meri an extremely simple object, as all torious, but in many instances sig- great ones are. There is, however, nally unfortunate. Take, for in- a minute nicety in the adjustment stance, the noble edition of Holing of the machinery, which was not shed and the other chroniclers, pub- obvious until it came forth in praclished in quarto volumes by the tice—a nicety without which the London trade; the Parliamentary whole system falls to pieces. It History, in thirty-six volumes, each was to accomplish this nicety that containing about as much reading the principle of the club was found as Gibbon's Decline and Fall; The to be so well adapted. A club is State Trials; Sadler's and Thurlow's essentially a body to which more State-Papers; the Harleian Miscel- people want admission than can lany, and several other ponderous gain it; if it do not manage to prepublications of the same kind. All serve this characteristic, it falls to of them are to be had cheap, some pieces for want of pressure from at just a percentage above the price without, like a cask divested of its of waste-paper. Such publications hoops. To make the books retain have, in several instances, caused their value, and be an object of degreat losses to some, while they sire, it was necessary that the imhave brought satisfaction to no one pressions should be slightly within concerned in them. A publisher the natural circulation—that there has just the same distaste as any should be rather a larger number other ordinary member of the hu- desirous of obtaining each volume man family to the loss of five or than the number that could be supten thousand pounds in hard cash. plied with it. The club effected Then, as touching the purchasers, this by its own natural action. So no doubt the throwing of “a rem- long as there were candidates for nant” on the market may some vacancies and the ballot-box went times bring the book into the pos- round, so long were the books session of one who can put it to printed in demand and valuable to VOL. XC.NO. DLII,

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