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Him on this side Euphrates yet residing,
him shower His benediction so, that in his seed
was an idolater, I think we may be tions we learn farther that Terah, certain that Abraham was bred up and Nachor his father, and Serug in the religion of his father, though his grandfather were statuaries and he renounc'd it afterwards, and in carvers of idols : and therefore idoall probability converted his father latry was set up in the world, while likewise, for Terah removed with get the patriarch liv’d, who fcap d Abraham to Haran, and there died. the flood. See Gen. XI, 31, 32.
Yet bim God the most 117. While yet the patriarch liv'd, High &c.] The fame him
who fcap'd the flood,] It ap- repeated as in ver. 114. Now the pears from the computations given Lord had said unto Abram, Get thee by Mofes, Gen. XI. that Terah the out of thy country, and from thy kinfather of Abraham was born 222 dred, and from thy father's house, years after the flood, but Noah unto a land that I will show thee. lived after the flood 350 years. Gen. And I will make of thee a great naIX. 28. and we have proved from tion, and I will bless thee and make Joshua, that Terah and the an- tby name great; and thou falt be a cellors of Abraham served other bleffing. And I will blefs them that Gods; and from the Jewish tradi- blefs ibee, and curse him that curseth
(Things by their names I call, though yet unnam’d)
, From Hermon east to the great western sea;
141 Mount Hermon, yonder sea, each place behold In prospect, as I point them; on the More Mount Carmel; here the double-founted stream Jordan, true limit eastward; but his sons
145 Shall dwell to Senir, that long ridge of hills. This ponder, that all nations of the earth Shall in his feed be blessed; by that feed
dan, as it is commonly said to arise And the land on this fide Jordan from two sources at the foot of was esteemed more. holy than the mount Libanus, the one called Jor, land on the other. The one was and the other Dan, as Tiamiss barely called the land of your pol. from the Thame and Isis; true li- Jellion, the other the land of the polmit eastward according to Numb. feffion of the Lord, Joshua XXII. 19. XXXIV. 10, 12. And ye shall point See Universal History, Vol. 1. p. out your caft-border from Hazar. 566, 567. This river was the trae enan, a village at the fountain of limit eastward, but his fons were to Jordan, ond the border shall go extend themselves farther, jba!! down to Jordan &c. For the name dwell to Senir, that long ridge of of Canaan, tho' sometimes it in- hills. This Senir or Sberir iš the cludes the whole land possessed by same as mount Hermon, mention'd the twelve tribes, yet peculiarly as the eastern border before ver. belongs to no more than the coun- 141. as appears from Deut. III. 9. try westward of the river Jordan : Which Hermon the Sidonians call si. and the Jews themselves make a rion, and the Amorites call it Shenir. distinction between the land pro- And a more exact account of the mis'd to their fathers, and the boundaries of the promis d land lands of Sihon and Og which were we shall hardly find in any profeto the eastward of the river. Mo. author, than our poet has given us fes plainly does the same in this here in verse. expreslion, Deut. II. 29. Until I mall pajs over Hardan, into the land 140. Things by their names I call, which the Lord our God giveth 15. though yet unnam'd] As Vir
Is meant thy great deliverer, who shall bruise
gil's vision in the fixth Æneid pro- your information, but this you bably gave Milton the hint of this should particularly remember, and whole episode, this line is a transla- meditate
upon. tion of that verse, wherein Anchises mentions the names of places,
152. Whom faithful Abraham due which they were to bear hereafter, observes that every where else
time fhall call,] Dr. Bentley ver. 776.
Milton makes but two syllables of Hæc tum nomina erunt, nunc funt Abraham; and therefore to do the fine nomine terræ. Addison. fame here, he reads future instead
of due. But I believe that Milton Grotius has likewise imitated the
intended to make the name /órafame paffage in his Adamus Exul, hom here consist of three syllables, Aa II. and Milton had seen Gro- in allusion to God's adding a fyltius as well as Virgil, and has ex- lable to it, as we find in Gen. pressid the same thing shorter and XVII. 5. Neither shall thy nums any better,
more be called Abram, but ily nánie Things by their names I call, Jhall be Abrabom.
Pearce. though yet unnam'd.
Abram signifies a great father, but
Abraham is of larger extent, and Innominata quæque nominibus
signifies a father of many nations. suis, Libet vocare propriis vocabulis. 155.-- with twelve fons increas'd
A Latinism; as Plaut. Trucol. II. 147. This ponder,] As if he had 6. 34. Cumque es aucta liberis. See said, I mention other things for also Tacit. Agric. c. 6. Richardson.
с с 4
See where it flows, disgorging at sev’n mouths
158. See where it frows, disgorg- Pulverulenta vacant feptem fine
ing at feu'n mouths) This flumine valles. Met. II. 256. pointing to the river adds a liveli- 176. To blood unshed &c.] The ness to the narration, and the an- history of this part of the poem is cient poets seldom mention the river so well known, as to need little Nile without taking notice of its comment or explanation. We shall feven mouths.
only juft observe the poet's exactEt feptem gemini turbant trepida and particularly in recounting the
ness in copying of holy Writ
, ostia Nili. Virg. Æn. VI. 800. plagues of Egypt in the same meSic ubi deseruit madidos septem- thod and order as the divine hiltoNilus Ovid. Met. I. 422.
rian. Besides this we will only note
his spelling murren after the modern Oftia feptem
Latin word murrena.
But first the lawless tyrant, who denies
181. - thunder mix'd with hail, from that sublime passage in Eze&c.] The storm of hail and fire, kiel (XXIX. 3.) Thus faith the Lord with the darkness that overspread God, Behold I am against thee, Phathe land for three days, are de- raoh king of Egypt, the great dragon fcribed with great strength. The that lieth in the midst of his rivers, beautiful passage which follows, is which hath said, My river is mine raised upon noble hints in Scripture: own, and I have made it for myself.
Thus with ten wounds Milton has given us another very The river-dragon tam'd at length noble and poetical image in the submits sc.
same description, which is copied The river-dragon is an allusion to almoft word for word out of the the crocodile, which inhabits the history of Moses. Nile, from whence Egypt derives All night he will pursue, & c. her plenty. This allution is taken
Addison. 188. Pal