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And the other Books (as Hierome received and believed: for they may saith) the Church doth read for ex- be proved by most certain warrants of ample of life and instruction of man- holy Scripture. ners; but yet doth it not apply them

IX. Of Original or Birth-sin. to establish any doctrine; such are these following:

the following of Adam, (as the The Third Book of Esdras, The Fourth Book of Esdras,

Pelagians do vainly talk :) but it is The Book of Tobias,

the fault and corruption of the nature The Book of Judith,

of every man, that naturally is ingenThe rest of the Book of Esther,

dered of the offspring of Adam ; The Book of Wisdom,

whereby man is very far gone from Jesus the Son of Sirach,

original righteousness, and is of his Baruch the Prophet,

own nature inclined to evil, so that

the flesh lusteth always contrary to The Song of the Three Children,

the spirit; and therefore in every perThe Story of Susanna, Of Bel and the Dragon,

son born into this world, it deserveth The Prayer of Manasses,

God's wrath and damnation. And

this infection of nature doth remain, The First Book of Maccabees, The Second Book of Maccabees.

yea in them that are regenerated;

whereby the lust of the flesh, called All the Books of the New Testa- in the Greek, phronema sarkos, which ment, as they are commonly received,

some do expound the wisdom, some we do receive, and account them Ca- sensuality, some the affection, some 'nonical.

the desire, of the flesh, is not subject VII. Of the Old Testa.nent.

to the Law of God. And although

there is no condemnation for them THE Old Testament is not conTHI

that believe and are baptized, yet the trary to the New: for both in Apostle doth confess, that concupithe Old and New Testament everlast

scence and lust hath of itself the naing life is offered to Mankind by ture of sin. Christ, who is the only Mediator between God and Man, being both

X. Of Free-Will. God and Man. Wherefore they are

VHE condition of Man after the not to be heard, which feign that the fall of Adam is such, that he old Fathers did look only for tran- cannot turn and prepare himself, by sitory promises. Although the Law his own natural strength and good given from God by Moses, as touch- works, to faith, and calling upon ing Ceremonies and Rites, do not

God: Wherefore we have no power bind Christian men, nor the Civil to do good works pleasant and acceptprecepts thereof ought of necessity to able to God, without the grace of be received in any commovwealth; God by Christ preventing us, that we yet notwithstanding, no Christian man may have a good will, and working whatsoever is free from the obedience with us, when we have that good will. of the Commandments which are called Moral.

XI. Of the Justification of Man.

E are accounted righteous beVIII. Of the Three Creeds. WE

fore God, only for the merit HE Three Creeds, Nicene Creed, of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ

Athanasius's Creed, and that by Faith, and not for our own works which is commonly called the Apo- or deservings: Wherefore, that we are stles' Creed, ought thoroughly to be justified by Faith only is a most whole

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W of Christ, and the Inspiration may sing and by the grace of God we

some Doctrine, and very full of com- Larub without spot, who, by sacrifice fort, as more largely is expressed in of himself once made, should take the Homily of Justification.

away the sins of the world, and sin,

as Saint John saith, was not in him. XII. Of Good Works.

But all we the rest, although baptizet, A А

LBEIT that Good Works, which and born again in Christ, yet offend

are the fruits of Faith, and fol- in many things; and if we say we low after Justitication, cannot put have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and away our sins, and endure the severity the truth is not in us. of God's Judgement; yet are they pleasing and acceptable to God in XVI. Of Sin after Baptism. Christ, and do spring out necessarily

OT of a true and lively Faith; insomuch

committed after Baptism is sin that by them a lively Faith may be as against the Holy Ghost, and unparevidently known as a tree discerned

donable. Wherefore the grant of reby the fruit.

pentance is not to be denied to such XIII. Of Works before Justification.

as fall into sin after Baptism. After

we bave received the Holy Ghost, we ORKS done before the


depart from , of his Spirit, are not pleasant to God, forasmuch as they spring not of faith may arise again, and amend our lives.

And therefore they are to be conin Jesus Christ, neither do they make men meet to receive grace, or (as the demned, which say, they can no more School-authors say) deserve grace of sin as long as they live here, or deny congruity: yea rather, for that they the place of forgiveness to such as are not done as God hath willed and

truly repent. commanded them to be done, we XVII. Of Predestination and Elecdoubt not but they have the nature of

tion. sin. XIV. Of Works of Supererogation.


the everlasting purpose of God, VOLE

OLUNTARY Works besides, whereby (before the foundations of

over and above, God's Com- the world were laid) he hath cou, mandments, which they call Works stantly decreed by his counsel secret of Sapererogation, cannot be tauglit to us, to deliver from curse and dam, without arrogancy and impiety: for nation those whom he hath chosen in by them men do declare, that they Christ out of mankind, and to bring do not only render unto God as much them by Christ to everlasting salvaas they are bound to do, but that they tion, as vessels made to honour. do more for his sake, than of bounden Wherefore, they which beendued duty is required: whereas Christ saith with so excellent a benefit of God be plainly, When ye have done all that called according to God's purpose by are commanded to you, say, We are his Spirit working in due season: they unprofitable servants.

through Grace obey the calling: they

be justified freely: they be made sons XV. Of Christ alone without Sin.

of God by adoption: they be made YHRIST in the truth of our na- like the image of his only-begotten

ture was made like unto us in Son Jesus Christ: they walk religiously all things, sin only except, from which in good works, and at length, by he was clearly void, both in his flesh, God's mercy, they attain to everlastand in his spirit. He came to be the ing felicity.


As the godly consideration of pre- 1 As the Church of Jerusalem, Alczdestination, and our Election in Christ, andria, and Antioch, have erred; so is full of sweet, pleasant, and unspeak- also the Church of Rome bath erred, able comfort to godly persons, and not only in their living and manner of such as feel in themselves the working Ceremonies, but also in matters of of the Spirit of Christ, mortifying the Faith. works of the flesh, and their earthly meinbers, and drawing up their mind XX. Of the Authority of the Church. to bigh and beavenly things, as well confirm their faith of eternal Salvation thority in Controversies of Faith: And because it doth greatly establish and THE Church bath power to decree to be enjoyed through Christ, as be- set it is not lawful for the Church to cause it doth fervently kindle their ordain any thing that is contrary to love towards God: So, for curious God's Word written, neither may it so and carnal persons, Jacking the Spirit expound one place of Scripture, that of Christ, to have continually before it be repugnant to another. Wheretheir eyes the sentence of God's fore, although the Church be a witPredestination, is a most dangerous dowufal, whereby the Devil doth ness and a keeper of holy Writ, yet,

as it ought not to decree any thing thrust them either into desperation, or into wretchlessness of most unclean ought it not to enforce any thing

against the same, so besides the same living, no less perilous than despe- to be believed for necessity of Sale ration.

vation. Furthermore, we must receive God's promises in such wise, as they be XXI. Of the Authority of General generally set forth to us in boly Scrip

Councils. God is to be followed, which we have gathered together without the expressly declared unto us in the Word of God.

commandment and will of Princes.

And when they be gathered together, XVIII. Of obtaining eternal Salva-(forasmuch as they be an assembly of

tion only by the Name of Christ. men, whereof all be not governed THEO WHEY also are to be had accursed with the Spirit and Word of God,) that presume to say, That every

they may err, and sometimes have man shall be saved by the Law or erred, even in things pertaining unto Sect which he professeth, so that he God. Wherefore things ordained by be diligent to frame his life according

them as necessary to salvation have to that Law, and the light of Nature, neither strength nor authority, unless For holy Scripture doth set out unto it may be declared that they be taken us only' the Name of Jesus Christ, out of holy Scripture. whereby men must be saved.

XXII. Of Purgatory.
XIX. Of the Church.

HE Romish Doctrine concerning

TH! НЕ visible Church of Christ is a Purgatory, Pardons, Worship

congregation of faithful men, in ping and Adoration, as well of Images the which the pure Word of God is as of Reliques, and also invocation of preached, and the Sacraments be duly Saints, is a fond thing vainly invented, ministered according to Christ's ordi- and grounded upon no warranty of nance in all those things that of neces- Scripture, but rather repugnant to sity are requisite to the same.

the Word of God.



XXIII. Of Ministering in the Con- The Sacraments were not ordained gregation.

of Christ to be gazed upon, or to be T is not lawful for any man to take

carried about, but that we should upon him the office of publick duly use them. And in such only as preaching, or ministering the Sacra-worthily receive the same they have a ments in the Congregation, before he wholesome effect or operation : but be lawfully called, and sent to execute they that receive them unworthily purthe same.

And those we ought to chase to themselves damnation, as judge lawfully called and sent, which Saint Paul saith. be chosen and called to this work by

XXVI. Of the Unworthiness of the men who have publick authority given Ministers, which hinders not the unto them in the Congregation, to

effect of the Sacrament. call and send Ministers into the Lord's vineyard.

Church the evil be ever mingled XXIV. Of speaking in the Congrega

with the good, and sometimes the tion in such a tongue as the people

evil have chief authority in the Miniunderstandeth.

stration of the Word and Sacraments, T is a thing plainly repugnant to yet forasmuch as they do not the same of the Primitive Church, to have pub- do minister by his comniission and aulick Prayer in the Church, or to min- thority, we may use their Ministry, ister the Sacraments in a tongue not both in hearing the Word of God, and understanded of the people.

in receiving of the Sacraments. NeiXXV. Of the Sacraments.

ther is the effect of Christ's ordi

nance taken away by their wickedness, ACRAMENTS ordained of Christ SACRA


grace of God's gifts diminished be not only badges or tokens of

from such as by faith and rightly do Christian men's profession, but rather

receive the Sacraments ministered unthey be certain sure witnesses, and effectual signs of grace, and God's of Christ's institution and promise, al

to them; which be effectual, because good will towards us, by the which lie though they be ministered by evil doth work invisibly in us, and doth not only quicken, but also strengthen

Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the and confirm our Faith in him. There are two Sacraments ordained discipline of the Church, that enquiry

be made of evil Ministers, and that of Christ our Lord in the Gospel, that is to say, Baptisni, and the Supper of knowledge of their offences; and fithe Lord. Those five commouly called Sacra- nally being found guilty, by just

judgement be deposed. ments, that is to say, Contirmation, Penance, Orders, Matrimony, and ex

XXVII. Of Baptism. treme Unction, are not to be counted APTISM is not only a sign of for Sacraments of the Gospel, being such as have grown partly of the cor- ence, whereby Christian men are disrupt following of the Apostles, partly cerned from others that be not chrisare states of life allowed in the Scrip- tened, but it is also a sign of Regenetures; but yet have not like nature of ration or new Birth, whereby, as by an Sacraments with Baptism, and the instrument, they that receive Baptisna Lord's Supper, for that they have not rightly are grafted into the Church; any visible sign or ceremony ordained the promises of forgiveness of sin, and of God.

of our adoption to be the sons of God



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by the Holy Ghost, are visibly signed XXX. Of both kinds.
and sealed; Faith is confirmed, and
Grace increased by virtue of prayer

THE Cup of the Lord is not to be

denied to the Lay-people: for unto God. The Baptism of young both the parts of the Lord's SacraChildren is in any wise to be retained ment, by Christ's ordinance and comin the Church, as most agreeable with mandment, ought to be ministered to the institution of Christ.

all Christian men alike. XXVIII. Of the Lord's Supper. XXXI. Of the one Oblation of Christ HE Supper of the Lord is not

finished upon the Cross. onlexia sis nofetherlove that Chiris: | The offering

coef febrist once. made tians ought to have among themselves que to another ; but rather is a Sacra- pitiation, and satisfaction, for all the ment of our Redemption by Christ's sins of the whole world, both original deatlı: insomuch that to such as and actual ; and there is none other rightly, worthily, and with faith, re- satisfaction for sin, but that alone. ceive the same, tlie Bread which we Wherefore the sacrifices of Masses, in break is a partaking of the Body of the which it was commonly said, that Christ; and likewise the Cup of Bless- the Priest did offer Christ for the ing is a partaking of the Blood of quick and the dead, to have remission Christ.

of pain or guilt, were blasphemous Transubstantiation (or the change fables, and dangerous deceits. of the substance of Bread and Wine) XXXII. of the Marriage of Priests. proved by pholy Writ;

but is repug- | Bare not commanded by God's nant to the plain words of Scripture, overthroweth the nature of a Sacra

Law, either to vow the estate of single ment, and hath given occasion to

life, or to abstain from inarriage :

therefore it is lawful for them, as for many superstitions.

all other Christian men, to marry at The Body of Christ is given, taken, and eaten, in the Supper, only after an

their own discretion, as they shall lieavenly and spiritual manner. And

judge the same to serve better to god

liness. the mean whereby the Body of Christ is received and eaten in the Supper

XXXIII. Of excommunicate Persons, is Faith.

how they are to be avoided. The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper HAT person which by open dewas not by Christ's ordinance reserved, nunciation of the Church is carried about, lifted up, or worship-rightly cut off from the unity of the ped.

Church, and excommunicated, ought XXIX. Of the Wicked which eat not to be taken of the whole multitude of

the Body of Christ in the use of the the faithful, as an Heathen and PubliLord's Supper.

can, until he be openly reconciled by THE Wicked, and such as be void

penance, and received into the Church of

by a Judge that hath authority theredo carnally and visibly press with their unto. teeth (as Saint Augustine saith) the XXXIV. Of the Traditions of the Sacrament of the Body and Blood of

Church. Christ, yet in no wise are they par- T is not necessary that Traditions takers of Christ : but rather, to their condemnation, do eat and drink the one, and utterly like; for at all tiines sign or Sacrament of so great a thing. they have been divers, and may be



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