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Beyond all bounds, till inundation rise
Above the highest hills; then shall this mount
Of Paradise by might of waves be mov'd
Out of his place, push'd by the horned flood,
With all his verdure spoil'd, and trees adrift,
Down the great'river to the opening gulf,
And there take root an iland falt and bare,
The haunt of seals, and orcs, and sea-mews clang:

To obftra& their passage, divide them. Brynjuap of es Tey is poopo us selves and become borned as it were, και αρα Ζευς and hence the ancients have com- Ewexes, oqeg. ne Jawor d'air Act pared them to bulls.

TEXEa Jern. Sic tauriformis volvitur Aufidus. Those turn'd by Phæbus from their

Hor. Od. IV. XIV. 25. Et gemina auratus rauritto cornia Delug'd the rampire nine continual vultu

days: Eridanus. Virg. Georg. IV. 371. The weight of waters saps the yield

ing wall, Carniger Hesperidum fluvius regna- And to the sea the Aoting bulwarks

tor aquarum. Æn. VIII. 77. Dozin tbe great river to the opening Inceffant cataracts the thund'rer gulf, down the river Tigris or Eu. pours, phrates to the Persian gulf: they And half the skies descend in flicy were both rivers of Eden, and Eu- show'rs, EC. Pope. phrates particularly is called in Scrip. ture the great river, the river E il

835: - and orcs,] Orca eft

genus

marinæ belluæ maximum, Feft. The plorates, Gen. XV. 18. It is very word occurs frequently in Ariosto. probable that our author took the kift thought of pushing Paradise by

Heylin. the force of foods into the sea from

835 -- and fea-mew's clang :) Homer, who describes the destruc- So also in VII. 422. with clang des tion of the Grecian wall by an in- spis'd the ground, adopting the clanundation very much in the same gor of the Latins, which is a word poetical manner, Iliad. XII. 24. that they almost constantly use to Tornestev õp.oos somet' stpd.Te of large flocks of birds.

express the noise made by the flight Φοιβος Απολλων,

Tbyer. 836. To

wonted ways,

fall :

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To teach thee that God attributes to place 836
No fanctity, if none be thither brought
By men who there frequent, or therein dwell.
And now what further shall ensue, behold.

He look'd, and saw the ark hull on the flood, 840 Which now abated; for the clouds were fled, Driv'n by a keen north-wind, that blowing dry

Wrinkled 836. To teach thee that God attri. Jam mare littus habet ; plenos cabutes to place

pit alveus amnes ; No fanatity, &c.] Milton omits no Flumina sabfidunt ; colles exire viopportunity of lahing what he

dentur ; thought superstitious. These lines Surgit humus; crescunt loca demay serve as one instance, and I crescentibus undis. think he plainly here alludes to the manner of confecrating churches ased He loos’d the northern wind; fierce by Archbishop Laud, which was pro- Boreas flies digiously clamor'd against by people To puff away the clouds, and parge of our author's way of thinking, as the skies : fuperstitious and popish. Thyer. Serenely, while he blows, the va840. the ark bull on the flood) Discover Heav'n to earth, and earth

pors driv'n, A fhip is said to hull when all her

to Heav'n.fails are taken down, and she flotes to and fro.

A thin circumference of land apRichardfon.

pears.; 841. Which now abated; for the And earth, but not at once, her clouds were fled,

visage rears, Driv'n by a keen north-wind,] The a

And peeps upon the seas from upScripture says only that God made a

per grounds ; wind to pass over the earth; it is The streams, bat jaft contain'd most probable that it was a north- within their bounds, wind, as that is such a drying wind: By slow degrees into their channels but our poet follows Ovid in this crawl ; as well as several other particulars, And earth increases as the water Met. I. 328.

fall. Dryden. Nubila disjecit; nimbisque Aquitone remotis,

843. Wrinkled the face of delage, a Et cælo terras oftendit, et æthera decay'd;] This allogve comterris.

parison of the furface of the de

creasing

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Wrinkled the face of deluge, as decay’d;
And the clear fun on his wide watry glass
Gaz'd hot, and of the fresh wave largely drew, 845
As after thirst, which made their flowing shrink
From standing lake to tripping ebb, that stole
With soft foot tow’ards the deep, who now had stopt
His luces, as the Heav'n his windows Thut.

The creasing waters, wrinkled by the 846. — which made their fiewing wind, to the wrinkles of a decaying prink] Their I suppose reold age is very far fetch'd and ex- fers to wave before mention d, as a tremely boyish; but the author makes noun of multitude, of the plural 26 ample amends in the remaining number. It is not easy to account part of this description of the abating for the syntax otherwise. of the flood. The circumstances of it are few, but selected with great 847. From standing lake to tripping judgment, and express'd with no less ebb,] Tripping from tripuspirit and beauty. In this respect, diare, to dance, to ilep lightly upon it must be own'd, Milton, greatly the toes, a natural defcription of excels the Italians, who are gene. Soft-ebbing, as VII 300. and so it rally too prolix in their descriptions, follows, that fiole with soft foot, this and think they have never faid bold personizing is perpetually us’d enough whilft any thing remains un by the Greek, and confequently the said. When once enough is said to Latin poets, who always imitate excite in the reader's mind a proper thein, Hor. Epod. XVI. 47. idea of what the poet is represent

montibus altis ing, whatever is added, however

Levis crepante lympha desilit pede. beautiful, serves only to teize the

Richardjon. fency instead of pleasing it, and rather cools than improves that glow 848.--the deep, who now had popt of pleasure, which arises in the His fluces, as the Heav'n his win. mind upon its first contemplation of dows fout.] Gen. VIII. 2. The any furprising scene of nature well fountains clue of the deep, and the painted out. of this Milcon was windows of Heaven were stopped. very sensible, and throughout his For this and other particulars of the whole poem has scarcely ever been ark refing upon the mountains of hurried by his imagination into Ararat, and of the raven, and of the any thing inconsistent with it. dove $c, see the same chapter.

Tbyer. VOL. II.

Bb

850.

flotes, 869

The ark no more now flotes, but seems on ground
Fast on the top of some high mountain fix’d. 851
And now the tops of hills as rocks appear ;
With clamor thence the rapid currents drive
Towards the retreating sea their furious tide.
Forthwith from out the ark a raven flies,

855
And after him, the surer messenger,
A dove sent forth once and again to spy
Green tree or ground whereon his foot may light;
The second time returning, in his bill
An olive leaf he brings, pacific fign:
Anon dry ground appears, and from his ark
The ancient fire descends with all his train ;
Then with uplifted hands, and eyes devout,
Grateful to Heav'n, over his head beholds
A dewy cloud, and in the cloud a bow
Conspicuous with three listed colors gay,
Betokening peace from God, and covenant new.

Whereat 850. flotes,] This is the right placitam paci nutritor olivam. way of spelling the word, as it Virg. Georg. II. 425. Ham. comes from the French floter.

Add this likewise, 860. An olive leaf he brings, pacie Paciferæque manu ramum præten:

fic fign:] Sign of God's mercy to mankind; the olive

dit olivæ. Æn. VIII, 116. was sacred to Pallas, and borne by 866. Conspicuous with three lifted chose that sued for peace, as being

colors gay,] He afterwards the emblem of it and plenty:

calls it the triple-color'd bow, ver.

865

peace, of

870

Whereat the heart of Adam erst so fad
Greatly rejoic'd, and thus his joy broke forth.

O thou who future things canst represent
As present, heav'nly Instructor, I revive
At this last fight, assur’d that man shall live
With all the creatures, and their feed preserve.
Far less I now lament for one whole world
Of wicked sons destroy'd, than I rejoice 875
For one man found so perfect and so just,
That God vouchsafes to raise another world
From him, and all his anger to forget.
But say, what mean those color'd streaks in Heaven
Distended as the brow of God appeas’d, 880
Or serve they as a flow'ry verge to bind
The fluid skirts of that fame watry cloud,
Left it again diffolve and show'r the earth ?

To whom th’Arch-Angel. Dextroufly thou aim'ft; So willingly doth God remit his ire,

Though 897. and he means probably the Though late repenting him of man three principal colors, red, yellow, deprav'd, and blue, of which the others are Griev'd at his heart, compounded.

And it repented the Lord that be bad 884. To whom thArch-Angel. &c.] made man on the earth, and it grieved The reader will easily observe how him at his heart, Gen. VI. &. much of this speech is built upon Scripture.

when looking down he saw B b 2

The

885

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