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erected at the Red Lion in Southwark Park, / gentlemen who pleased might let their dogs
was even said to articulate distinctly senme.” The place was changed to the Resto- tences in German, French, and English. ration Gardens in St. George's Fields, in consequence of the numerous company ex- 1718. A man who called himself the gripected, and the pudding set out in procession mace Spaniard, attempted to fight a bull with banners, streamers, drums, &c., but the after the Spanish manner, but failed shamemob chased it on the way and carried all off. | fully, and was hooted out of the arena.
When the drawbridge on old London 1722. “I, ELIZABETH WILKINSON, of bridge was shut up to be repaired in 1722, Clerkenwell, having had some words with some tradesmen had a table placed there in Hannah Hyfield, and requiring satisfaction, the middle of the street, and sat there drink- | do invite her to meet me on the stage, and ing punch the whole afternoon, that they box with me for three guineas, each woman might do what no other persons ever had holding half-a-crown in each hand, and the done. Some Englishmen did the same on first woman that drops her money to lose the top of Pompey's pillar.
“ I, Hannah Hyfield, of Newgate market, Amanwagered that he and another would hearing of the resoluteness of Elizabeth eat a bushel of turnips and drink four bot- Wilkinson, will not fail, God willing, to give tles of wine within an hour: the other was her more blows than words, desiring home a bear, who had the turnips for his share, blows, and from her no favour.” with three bottles of wine poured into it. Ilockley-in-the-Hole was the place. They
wore close jackets, short petticoats, holland FIRE of London. “ This subject,” says drawers, white stockings and pumps, and Mr. Malcolm, “ may be allowed to be fami- fought a long time to the general satisfacliar to me, and I have, perhaps, had more
tion of the spectators. than common means of judging: and I now declare it to be my full and decided opinion 1725. At Figg's Amphitheatre, Oxford that London was burnt by government,' to Street, Sutton, the champion of Kent, and annihilate the plague ; which was grafted in a Kentish woman, fought Stokes and “ his every crevice of the hateful old houses com- much admired consort of London: £40 posing it!!!"—Anecdotes of London, vol. ii. to be given to the male and female who gave
most cuts with the sword, and £20 for most
blows with a quarter-staff, besides the col1736. An attempt to diminish the exces- lection in the box. sive use of gin, occasioned cries from the mob of “ No gin, no king !”
IN Islington Road, on Monday, being the
17th of July, 1727, will be performed a trial 1715. A LEOPARD baited to death, and of skill by the following combatants: “We,
Robert Barker, and Mary Welsh, from Ire· Dryden, who calls the Fire “this chymic land, having often contaminated our swords flame,” gives no authority to this often repeated in the abdominous corporations of such annotion. He says,
tagonists as have had the insolence to dis“ from what source unknown Those seeds of fire their fatal birth disclose."
pute our skill, do find ourselves once more Annus Mirabilis.-J. W.W. necessitated to challenge, defy, and invite teenth century. An iron frame remains in the sweep away the ashes. Likewise, in the where I write.-J. W. W.
Mr. Stokes and his bold Amazonian virago | Holy Scriptures they renounce chapters, to meet us on the stage, where we hope to verses, and contents, being only done by give a satisfaction to the honourable lord of human wisdom. They renounce the imour nation who has laid a wager of twenty pressions and translation of both the Old guineas on our heads. They that give the and New Testament, and that for additions most cuts to have the whole money, and the put unto them by men and other causes : benefit of the house: and if swords, daggers, as first putting in horrid blasphemy, making quarter staff, fury, rage and resolution will a Tyrant patron of the church ; for putting prevail, our friends shall not meet with a in horrid pictures, and for drawing scores disappointment.” “We, James and Eliza- betwixt the Books of the Bible. They rebeth Stokes, of the City of London, having nounce all Catechisms, larger and shorter ; already gained an universal approbation by the acts of the General Assembly; all the our agility of body, dexterous hands, and Covenants acknowledging sin and engaging courageous hearts, need not preambulate on to duties; and that which they call preachthis occasion, but rather choose to exercise ing books; and all their works, form, manner the sword to their sorrow, and corroborate of worship, doctrine, discipline, government, the general opinion of the town, than to the studying of books, the thing they call follow the custom of our exparte antagonists. preaching, by reason that instead of going This will be the last time of Mrs. Stokes to God for his mind, they go to their books performing on the stage. They will fight in making their books their God and their the same dresses as before."
leader. They renounce the limiting the
the Lord's mind by glasses, ordination by Mrs. Comely died in the Fleet, 1797. men; the Covenant taken at Queen's ferry, Her last speculation was to keep asses at called Carghill's Covenant, as also the deKnightsbridge, and open breakfast rooms clarations of Hamilton and Lanrick, as for those who chose to drink asses' milk. not being strict enough ; wherefore it seems
good to the Holy Ghost and to them to 1700. A GIRL with remarkably fine flaxen burn the said Covenants, together with all hair is said to have sold it in London for the former works of the clergy of Scotland. £60,-being twenty ounces at £3 an ounce? They renounce and decline all authority
throughout the world, and all that are in William III., then Prince of Orange, said authority, and all their acts and edicts. to Sir W. Temple of Charles II.“ Was They renounce the names of months, as ever any thing so hot and so cold as this January, &c., and of all days, as well the court of yours! Will the King who is so days of the week as holy days. They likeoften at sea never learn the word that I wise renounce all chapels, chaplains, feastshall never forget, since my last passage ; | ings, piping, dancing, laughing, monk-land, when in a great storm the captain was cry- frier-lands, churches, church-yards, maring out to the man at the helm all night, ket-crosses, fount-stones, images, all regisSteady-steady-steady!"
ters of lands and houses, together with all
manner of law works, ballads, romances, 1681. Some poor crazy people at Edin- play books, cards, and dice. They also reburgh called themselves the Sweet Singers nounce all the customs and fashions of this of Israel. They set forth a declaration “that
| The allusion is to the hour-glass still to be it seemed good to the Holy Ghost and to found, or, at least, its iron frame, in many them, to take out of their Bibles the Psalms churches. The custom of preaching by the in metre (being a human addition) and hour.glass commenced about the end of the sixburn them in the prison, and afterwards church of Ferring, in Sussex,-a few miles from
generation, and their way of eating, drink- MONTALY Magazine. January, 1814. ing, clothing, and sleeping."
Among the deaths. " At Loughborough, These poor creatures made the amend 81, Thomas Parkinson, tailor, and a prohonourable, and were pardoned.
phet.” July 21, 1699, Exeter. “ The citizens
Dr. LAMBE has had more than sixty having showed their zeal for the public proselytes for above three years. good in making our river navigable, on Monday last an heroic company of near
Mr. Thomas COLLINSON controverting 200 women (of the parish of Alphington
a scheme of vowels proposed by Dr. Shaw, adjoining) appeared all in white, with clean observes, “ that gentlemen as well as himstraw hats, armed with mattocks and sho- self must be willing to sacrifice on the altar vels, with drums beating, and the city music
of truth all personal consideration," and playing before them; two grave matrons,
we must all indeed console ourselves with shovels in their hands leading the van.
with the reflection that to err is human, In the centre upon a pole was carried a
but to forgive, divine!” garland of flowers, with a globe thereon :
M. Mag. Jan. 1814, p. 485. the rear was also brought up by one of the most considerable persons with a shovel ;
" In the South-hams of Devonshire on in which posture they advanced to the the Eve of the Epiphany, the farmer, atworks, the engineer going along with them : tended by his workmen, with a large pitcher and having fixed their standard they fell of cyder, goes to the orchard, and there, to their work with courage, and followed | encircling one of the best bearing trees, the same diligently till evening, when they they drink the following toast, three several returned to the Mayor's door, and gave times, three huzzas, after which they returned to “ Here's to thee, old apple tree, their own parish, about a mile from hence.
Whence thou mayest bud and whence Yesterday the gardeners and hatters to the
thou mayest blow, number of 300 marched to the works like
And whence thou mayest bear apples wise, with laurels in their hats; and this
enow! day 300 Grecians? (?) of the parish of St.
full ! Sidwell's, headed by their parson on horse
Bushel—bushel-sacks full, back, as also the best of the parish in front
And my pockets full too ! Huzza! and rear, with eight drums, two trumpets, and other sorts of music.”
This done they return to the house, the
doors of which they are sure to find bolted COURIER. 20 January, 1814. It is re- by the females, who, be the weather what markable that the new river is not the least it may, are inexorable to all intreaties to frozen by the present inclemency of the open them till some one has guessed at weather, and never was known to be so what is on the spit, which is generally some from its source near Ware, in Hertford- nice little thing, difficult to be hit on, and shire, to its reservoir at Islington, from its is the reward of him who first names it. first establishment by Sir H. Middleton. The doors are then thrown open, and the
lucky clod-pole receives the tit bit as his
recompence. Some are so superstitious as Southey has put a ?, but no doubt it means to believe that if they neglect this custom, jovial fellows, according to the proverb, As the trees will bear no apples that year. merry as a Greek. See NARES' Gloss. in v. Shakespeare calls them merry Greeks.
They have likewise a custom in DevonJ. W. W. shire on the Eve of Twelfth-day, of going
Hats full ! caps
“after supper into the orchard, with a large COURIER, January 22, 1814. “ Died sudmilk
pan full of cider, having roasted ap- denly, on Thursday morning, at his lodgples prest into it. Out of this each person ings in Castle-street, Oxford Road, in the in company
takes a clayen cup (an earthen sixty-third year of his age, Mr. William ware cup) full of liquor, and standing un- Hughes, formerly faro dealer at the Lady's der each of the more fruitful apple trees, | Banks. This person never had a day's illpassing by those that are not good bearers, ness, and never went to bed sober for the he addresses it in these words :
last thirty years ; and drank on an average “ Health to thee, good apple tree;
a quart of gin every day during that peWell to bear pocket-fulls, hat-fulls,
riod, making in the whole 2,732 gallons. Peck-fulls, bushel-bag fulls.
BARRUEL asserts that there was a MarAnd then drinking up part of the contents, he throws the rest with the frag- dans les provinces, surtout dans Avignon,
tinist Lodge at Avignon.—“Dans Paris et ments of the roasted apples at the trees.
chef lieu des Martinistes, il étoit de ces At each cup the company set up a shout."
sortes d'écoles secrètes destinées à l'expliForsan the remains of some sacrifice to
cation du code mystérieux ; j'ai connu, et Pomona. Herrick says among the Christmas Eve je connois des hommes appelés, introduits
à ces écoles. Elles disposoient à l'initiaceremonies,
tion; on y apprenoit de plus l'art de tromper Wassaile the trees, that they may bear les simples par ces apparitions factices, qui You many a plum, and many a pear': ont fini par rendre la secte ridicule; l'art For more or less fruits they will bring, d'évoquer les morts ; l'art de faire parler As you do give them wassailing. des hommes absens. De voir ce qu'ils faisoiBrand 1. 28. ent à mille lieues de nous.
Enfin ce que
les charlatans de tous les âges étudioient | These lines of Herrick probably allude to another custom, called in Essex the Howling pour faire illusion à la populace, et gagner of the Apples, of which the Rev. Giles MOORE
son argent, les Martinistes l'étudioient pour makes mention when he writes in his Journal: faire des impies et renverser les trônes.”
“ 26th Dec. I gave the Howling Boys vid.” T. 2. p. 386.
The note following is from the Susser Archæol. Coll, vol. 1, p. 110, on the above : “On New Year's Eve it was, and it still con
SWEDENBORG. “Son Dieu, chaleur et lutinues to be the custom, to wassail the orchards.mière, ou son Dieu feu et soliel spirituel, At Horsted Keynes, and elsewhere, the cere. et son double monde, et son double homme, mony retains the name of “ APPLE HOWLING."
ne sont évidemment encore que de bien léA troop of boys visit the different orchards, and encircling the apple trees, they repeat the fol. gères modifications du Dieu lumière, et du lowing words :
double principe de Manes. Les Rose* Stand fast root; bear well top;
Croix antiques devoient donc retrouver Pray God send us a good howling.crop; dans Swedenborg ce que leur rendoit les Every twig, apples big,
enfans de Manes si précieux. Leur science Every bow, apples enow; Hats full, caps full,
magique, et celle des évocations, et celle Full quarts, sacks full.'
des Eons de toute la cabale, se montroient " Then they spout in chorus, one of the boys
encore tout entières dans ses esprits mâles accompanying them on the cow's horn. During et ses esprits femelles. Enfin cette Nouvelle this ceremony, they rap the trees with their Jerusalem, cette révolution ramenant toute sticks. This custom is alluded to in HERRICK’s la prétendue égalité et liberté des premiers Hesperides.” The lines are then quoted, and it hommes. Combien d'adeptes ne devoientis added, " This practice is not confined to Sus. sex; it prevails in Devonshire and Hereford elles pas trouver dans les arrière-loges, shire."-J. W. W.
tout disposés à les accueillir ? Ce fut là en
effet que les mystères de Swedenborg vin-roitre, et d'opérer cent prodiges de cette rent se mêler à tous ceux des anciens frè- espèce. Dans le fond de leurs Loges, ces
Les nouveaux adeptes se donnèrent nouveaux thaumaturges nourrissoient des le nom d'Illuminés; malgré tout l'athéisme complots semblables à ceux de Weishaupt, et le matérialisme de leur maître, ils par- mais plus atroces dans leurs formes."-Ibid. loient comme lui de Dieu et des esprits : vol. 5, p. 75. ils affectoient d'en conserver le nom; on imagina qu'ils croyoient à la chose, et on “Rome est depuis long-temps, l'objet comles appella Iluminés Theosophes. Leur mune de tous les complots, et le rendezhistoire se perd dans un dédale d'impiété vous des adeptes de toutes les espèces. et de charlatanisme, tout comme les écrits Malgré ses anathèmes, les élèves de Caglide leur maître, à l'époque où nous en som- ostro
ont rouvert leurs Loges maçonnimes il suffit de savoir que leur chef-lieu ques. Les Illuminés de Suède, d'Avignon, étoit dans Avignon, qu'ils avoient encore à de Lyon, s'y sont formé le plus secret, le Lyon une fameuse loge ; qu'ils se répan- plus monstrueux des collèges, et le tribudoient plus spécialement en Suède, et fai- nal le plus terrible aux rois. Celui qui soient des progrès en Allemagne. Leurs avertit que leur tour est venu, qui nomme mystères dès-lors s'étoient mêlés à ceux des les bourreaux, et qui fait parvenir les poigMartinistes : ou pour mieux dire, les mys- nards, ou les poisons.” tères des Martinistes n'étoient guère qu' Note. “Si ce tribunal n'est pas assez conune nouvelle forme donnée à ceux de Swe- staté par ce que nous en dit l'historien de denborg."
l'assassinat de Gustave (sect. 4.) au moins Note. “ Dans un ouvrage ayant pour titre est-il bien sûr que ces Illuminés avoient à La Loge rouge dévoilée aux Souverains, on Rome des frères très-puissans: car le Nonce lit “que le rit de ces Illuminés Theosophes d'Avignon ayant ordonné à l'Illuminé Perparoit avoir pris naissance à Edinbourg, i netti et à ses adeptes, d'évacuer le Comtat où s'est formée la Loge rouge, séparée de dans un mois, ceux de Rome eurent, ou le la Blanc; que cette Loge rouge des Illu- crédit d'obtenir, ou peut-être l'art de forminés Theosophes s'est fait d'abord une ger et de faire arriver à temps un contreaffiliée à Avignon." P. 9 and 10. J'aurois ordre. Cette affaire fut suivie à Rome de voulu trouver les preuves de cette origine. l'arrestation d'un adepte dont le procès L'auteur ne donne que son assertion. Quoi jeta les frères d'Avignon dans des inquiéqu'il en soit, les Illuminés d'Avignon sont tudes, dont ils ne furent délivrés que par assez connus en France. Depuis 1783 leur les progrès de la révolution.”—Ibid. vol. 5, loge fut toujours regardée comme la mère de
229. toutes celles qui se répandirent en France avec tous leurs mystères."—BARRUEL. vol.
Oui, la secte a franchi cet Océan qui 4, p. 162.
sépare la Grande Bretagne du reste de l'uni
vers. Les adeptes n'ont point oublié la pa“ Des Antres moins connus, mais plus ré- | trie de leurs ancêtres, les Puritains, les Anadoutables encore étoient ceux où les frè- baptistes, et les Indépendans. Ils les ont res d'Avignon, élèves de Swedenborg et de retrouvés dans le fond de ces mêmes antres, St. Martin, mêloient leurs mystères à ceux où Cromwell avoit su les reléguer, après des anciens Rose-Croix, des Maçons ordi- avoir par eux détrôné, décapité son roi, desnaires et des Maçons sophistes. Au-dehors, sous le parlement, et comme nos Pentarques, sous le masque de charlatans, de vision- mis la nation, séduite sous le joug. Les naires, ces nouveaux adeptes ne parloient frères d'Avignon ont revu leurs ainés dans que de leur puissance d'évoquer les esprits, les Illuminés de Swedenborg ; ils se sont soud'interroger les morts, de les faire appa- venus des ambassades de la Loge d'Hamp