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man; and from this village runs a rampart of earth, with a trench, as far as St. George's Hill, in the same parish. A curious bridge over the Thames, was erected here in 1750, by Mr. Decker: it has been taken down, and a new one erected in its stead. In this parish is Apps Court, Ashley Park, Burwood, Burwood Hill, Burwood Park, Mount Felix, and other mansions of the nobi. lity, &c.
Across the country by St. George's Hill, and Pains Hill, we arrive at COBHAM, a pleasant and healthy village, situated on the river Mole, at the distance of nineteen miles from London. In the river are plenty of pike, trout, perch, gudgeon, and dace, with excellent eels. There are two very good brick bridges over the river, built within a few years at the expence of the county.
In this parish are two medicinal springs, Cobham Wells and the Spa, which were formerly much resorted to. Cobham belonged formerly to the abbey of Chertsey, where the abbot had a fish pond about a mile in compass; but, for want of being properly cleaned and kept in repair, it is now choaked up. To the west of the town is an antient monument, supposed to have been erected in memory of some British chief. The principal manufactory in this town is Mr. Raby's iron and copper works. Its fair is on December 11th, for horses, cows, hogs, &c.
Pains Hill, is situated near Cobham. From the western bank of the river Mole, a series of desolate moory hills extend to a considerable distance; of this dreary tract that portion nearest the river was occupied by Charles Hamilton, Esq. whose taste and perseverance, converted a bare waste into a Paradise. A semicircular park, sloping on the Mole, bounded and overlooked by a crescent-formed girdle of plantations and gardens, constitutes the great outline, each part of which is finished in an admirable manner, so as to combine in perfect harmony a vast variety of situation and embellishment. The lake, with its islands,
the wild woods, the ornamented groves, the shrubberies glowing with the bright tints of well-selected exotic vegetables, give and receive from each other the varied and mingled beauties of association and contrast. From Mr. Hamilton this delightful retreat passed to the late Benjamin Bond Hopkins, Esq. who added a handsome and convenient house.
The premises, which consist of ninety-eight acres and three roods, are situated in the parishes of Cobham, Walton, and Wisley. They were vested, by the last will of Mr. Hopkins, in trust, in George Chamberlaine, Esq. George Bond, Esq. and Sir Samuel Hayes, bart.; by whom the whole, under certain provisions, were to be sold. This estate, however, consisting partly of freehold land, and partly of detached parcels held by lease under the crown, and the boundaries of which could not be ascertained, the trustees obtained an act of parliament in 1795, to enable his majesty to grant to them all the said parcels of leasehold ground in fee. Pains Hill was purchased by Mr. Hibbert; at the same time, a famous statue of Bacchus, which had been successively possessed by Mr. Hamilton and Mr. Hopkins, and valued at 17001. was sold for about 4001. *
This place is to be seen only on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays.
COBHAM Park, which belonged to the late earl Ligonier, is built after the mode of an Italian villa. The prin. cipal rooms are richly ornamented; the cielings gilt, and the offices below contrived with judgment. The river Mole passes by the side of the gardens, and, being broader than usual, has a happy effect; the banks are disposed into a slope, with a broad grass walk on each side. At the end of this walk is a very elegant room, forming a delightful retreat in hot weather, being shaded with large elms on the south side, and having the water on the north and east. The house is situated about half a mile from the road to Portsmouth, and is so much hid by the trees near it, as not to be seen till the rise on the heath beyond Cobham.
ESHER PLACE, was the seat of the right honourable Henry Pelbam : Miss Pelham is the present possessor; it is a Gothic structure of brick, with stone facings to the doors and windows. It was originally built by William Wain. fleet, bishop of Winchester, and altered and improved by cardinal Wolsey. Mr. Pelham rebuilt the whole (except the two towers in the body of the house, which belonged to the old building) in the same stile of architecture. The river Mole glides by it; and a fine summer house on a hill, on the left of the grove, commands a view of the house, park, and all the adjacent country. The enchanting varieties in this beautiful domain, and the many happy circumstances which concur
66 In Esher's peaceful grove, Where Kent and Nature vie for Pelham's love," render this little spot uncommonly agreeable.
CLAREMONT, was the seat of the late duke of Newcastle, by whom, when earl of Clare, its present name was given; on which occasion Garth wrote his poem of “ Claremont," in imitation of “ Cooper's Hill.” It was a small house, built under an hill covered with wood by Sir John Vanbrugh, of whom it was purchased by the duke, who was at great expence in beautifying the gardens; adding to the house a considerable extent of building, in stile with the original; and a large room, in which he entertained foreign ambassadors, and held magnificent banquets. It was purchased by the late lord Clive, who pulled it down, and erected a very elegant villa, in a better situation. The park is distinguished by its noble woods, lawns, mounts, &c. The summer house, called the Belvedere, on a mount on that side of the park next Esher, affords an extensive view of the country. This beautiful place is now the property of the earl of Tyrconnel. Claremont is the only legitimate architectural offspring of Capability Brown; it cost lord Clive 150,0001.
Ember Court is situated in a delightful country, not far from Ditton. The right honourable Arthur Onslow',