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sing after progressive sanctification, their the blessedness of the poor in spirit. earnest desires after holiness and com- This poverty of spirit, our author illusplete happiness. In short, these beati- trates, as we think, very pertinently by a tudes clearly point out the state of reference to the case of Paul, when he Christians in this world, to be a state said, “ in me, that is in my flesh, dwelof imperfection, which requires mourn- leth no good thing," and who counted ing for sin; for Christians are not dis- all his Jewish privileges, but “ loss for tinguished from others by their having the excellency of the knowledge of attained to a state of absolute perfection, Christ Jesus the Lord," Phil. ii., and but by their being susceptible of conti- also, that of the Publican, " who nded repentance, cultivating a humble would not lift up his eyes to heaven, and contrite spirit, in opposition to the but smote upon his breast, saying, God doctrine of both the Arminians and the be merciful to me a sinner." This cer. Antinomians of the present day. They tainly gives a very just description of are supposed to be in a state of suffering “ the poor in spirit!" but it surprised us persecution and defamation, and so much to find Mr, Leifchild, immedirequiring the continual exercise of meek-ately, almost discarding this idea, and ness and patience. And they are sup-contending, that " it is far from being posed to be in a state of absence from the sole, or coen the primary idea intheir Lord, not having yet obtained tended to be conveyed by the words; and what they look for, consequently as that to confine it to this sense would be living by the faith and joyful hope of to overlook the principal source of ingood things to come, for their encou-struction and edification that it opens ragement is the great reward in heaven. to us." We confess that this surprised “Let us not then deceive ourselves," says us; and we pricked up our ears to hear Mr. Leifchild, “ the discourse belongs what this “ primary and more importo all who would be real Christians, and tant idea" was, which is to take preceto all such in every age.” “The portrait dence of humility and lowly-mindedhere given of the Christian character, is ness; or a conscious sense and deep intended to take in every case: either, impression of our own ignorance, sintherefore, we must bear a resemblance fulness and imperfections. And acto it, or we must confess that we are not cordingly, he tells us, “ that the phrase, Christians.” And it is with great pro-poor in spirit, seems to have a reference priety that he afterwards says if to the outward condition, as well as to the none are the followers of Jesus in truth, disposition of the mind, and to describe, but those who are assiduously cultiva- not simply the character, but the circumting these dispositions, small is the stances of the individual to whom it is number of real Christians, compared applicable." Now this is just to say, with those who bear the name! This in other words, that the blessedness 18 a melancholy reflection, but can we spoken of in the text, is not the portion dispute its truth?”
of a rich man, whom the gospel has These preliminary remarks are of- emptied of all his pride and self-suffifered, solely with the view of impressingciency, and consequently reduced to the the reader with the importance of the gospel ground of hope, though he is subject which has occupied Mr. Leif. called to rejoice in thus being made child's pen, and we now proceed to low," Jam. i. 10, but to a poor man posgive some account'of his publication sessing this poverty of spirit. But so
The volume consists of nine dis- far is this, in our opinion, from being the courses, of which the first is introduc-primary idea, and $ the principal source tory, each of the others being employed of instruction and edification which in illustrating one of the beatitudes. the text opens to us," that we are much The object of the first lecture, is to inclined to question whether it be at all illustrate the prophetical character of included in the words. Mr. Leifchild, Christ as the great teacher sent from however, spends several pages in an God; and it certainly contains many attempt to support it; but, as we think, just and valuable remarks, particularly to very little purpose. In the language on the spiritual nature of Christ's king of scripture, the proud and self-suffidom, in opposition to the error of the cient are said to be Rich, 1 Cor. iv. 8. Jews, who looked for a temporal prince Rev. iii. 17. even as the poor are said to and conqueror in the person of the be of a humble and contrite spirit. But Messiah. In the second, he considers nothing is more certain than that the ormer epit het will be found to embrace i to it in the words of his text, verse 5.: many who are poor as to the things of But is not this confounding it with this world, and the latter, some who humility? If he will examine the texts enjoy much of the good things of pro. to which he refers, Matt. xviii. 4, and vidence. But the poor in spirit are Ps. cxxxi, he will find that it is the latter pronounced heirs of the heavenly inhe- virtue rather than meekness that is ritance, whatever may be their lot in contrasted with ambition and the pride life, the kingdom which God hath pro- of life. Were we called to define meekmised to them that love him, Jam.ii. 5. ness, we should describe it as a temper Before we dismiss this lecture, we beg of mind, mild, affable, gentle, and patient leave to propose to the consideration of towards all men-hardly provoked and Mr. Leifchild," whether the power easily appeased; sustaining injurious and influence of the gospel be more con- treatment with temper and without respicuous in stripping a rich man or a taliation. This is that. “ meek and poor one, of all his fancied self-impor-quiet spirit which, in the sight of God, tance, and reducing him to the mind is of great price.” This meekness was that was in Christ Jesus?" A just so- indeed exemplified most illustriously in lution of this question, and a proper | Him who said to his disciples, “ Take attention to it, would lead him, we think, my yoke upon you and learn of me, for to remodel this lecture.
I am meek and lowly of heart, and ye · We are better pleased with the dis shall find rest unto your souls." And course on verse 4. “ Blessed are they here we shall present our readers with that mourn, for they shall be com- an extract from Mr. Leifchild's book, forted;" though in his introduction, he which will give them a very favourable has unhappily carried forward the idea specimen of his style of composition.. of " outward condition," into it from the former lecture. He does not, however,
" The meekness that had been described, insist upon it, but considers the sources
| is, in all its branches, urged upon us, as of grief in a general way as those which
christians, most powerfully, by the example are peculiar to the people of God; placing
of the Saviour. `In him, all virtues found a
resting place and a home. They were not the foremost, the grief which arises from
virtues of occasion merely, but fixed and the consciousness of their particular permanent habits. His human nature was iniquities, that godly sorrow, consisting adorned with all divine graces, in their perin a broken and contrite spirit, for their | fection, continually putting forth themselves sins both of heart and life, springing in their holy and legitimate operations. from a view of the cross of Christ.
| How conspicuous was his lowliness of heart, With this, he also connects the believer's
his freedom from pride and ambition, when mourning for the dishonour done to
he made his entry into Jerusalem ; pouring God by the sins of others, as we see the
contempt, by its circumstances, on all the apostle doing, Phil. iii. 18, and 1 Cor.
pageantry and grandeur of a Roman tri
umph? No tapestry covers his road but v. 2. To these sources of grief, Mr. such as nature furnishes; no captives follow Leifchild adds, the low and languish | him but such as are bound to him by the ing state of the church-and also the ties of gratitude ; no largésses are scattered grief occasioned by the afflictive dispen- by him but the gifts of healing; and the only sations of Providence; but this last music floating in the air, is the grateful particular, would have come better under hosapnas of the populace and children. Inthe next discourse, as a branch of meek
stead of a spendid car, be rides on the ness, that is, of patience and submission
| dullest of beasts, and even this is borrowed.
It is thus, o Jerusalem, that thy King, thine under the hand and will of God, without eternal King, cometh unto thee, "meek and mourning or repining; for the Christian lowly, sitting upon an ass, and upon a colt, is called not to mourn, but to count it all the foal of an ass.” But this was indeed a joy, when he falls into divers trials “ of triumph,—the triumph of real greatness, his faith and patience," Jam. i. 2; and dispensing with external pump, and in the our author has accordingly introduced it total absence of it, commanding admiration under that head of discourse, p. 140. and homage. We do not think that Mr. Leifchild
“ And, as pride and ambition were stranhas been very successful in defining the
gers to his soul, so anger, impatience, and nature of meekness. He opposes it to
revenge had there no place. In every scene ambition or the desire of pre-eminence enduring the contradiction of sinners against
of his life this is apparent. You see him and distinction, and contends, that this himself; bearing with the cavils of the is the sense which our Lord attaches scribes, the dulness of his disciples, the ab
duracy of the multitude, the perfidy of Ju. | viled not again : when the suffered, he das; never suffering himself to be irritated threatened not, but committed himself to or ruffled. On one occasion, indeed, he is him that judgeth righteously. Who his own said to have looked round upon his audience self bare our sins in his own body on the with anger; but the holy indignation that | tree; by whose stripes ye are healed. For lightened in his eye, was mingled with anye were as sheep going astray, but are now air of tenderness and compassion :-" he returned to the Shepherd and Bishop of was grieved for the hardness of their hearts.” your souls.” Behold him in the hall of Caiaphas. To the “ Not with the same ease, however, with entangling questions of that unjust judge he which we can imbibe the ideas and sentireturns an answer which shows that he saw ments of another, can we copy his virtues. through his wicked policy, and would not | Here must be long inspection, patient imi-, be made its dupe. Enraged at the disap-| tation, frequent comparison, earnest prayer. pointment, one of the creatures of office, What is the result? Every virtue formed emboldened by what he knew of the temper in the character now, will shine in eternity: of the court, advanced towards the Savi- our prominent graces here, will there be our, and struck him on the cheek. A blow | prominent glories : and to have imitated is the last insult that can be borne by na- | Christ in his meekness, will give us more ture: but when did reason appear with pleasure, than to have known all mysteries, such calmness and dignity as in the conduct or to have numbered the host of heaven.” of the Saviour? “if i have spoken ill, , bear witness; but if well, why smitest thou
The next lecture is on the blessedness me?" It is, however, in his last moments of hungering and thirsting after rightethat the meek and forgiving spirit of Jesus ousness, verse 6. We are inclined to most illustriously displays itself. It tri regard this as the most iinportant disumphs over all the barbarities of his ene course in all the volume; it is more mies, and breaks forth with grandeur never deeply imbued with doctrinal sentiment; to be equalled. The hills about Jerusalem
and yet, there are some expressions in still seem to echo back the cry, “ crucify
| it, which we find it no easy matter to him, crucify him;" he hangs upon the tree, he looks upon the multitude before him, and
reconcile with the general tenor of the he beholds, in their countenances, the ex
doctrine. We shall take the liberty of pression, not of pity, but of malicious instancing a few of them, for the exultation; and now he looks up to heaven, anthor's revisal. not as an appellant or accuser, but as an in In the opening of the discourse, Mr. tercessor :-* Father, forgive them,” is his Leifchild has given us a definition of prayer," for they know not what they do!” the term “ righteousness," as including Martyrs, it was here that you learnt your
a perfect couformity to the divine law; lesson. Stephen, here it was that you im
and he then proceeds to show the probibed the spirit which you afterwards so
vision which God has graciously made illustriously displayed, when, kneeling down in the midst of your persecutors and des
for the practice of univesal righteoustroyers, you said, “ Lord, lay not this siu to ness, namely, by the mediation of his their charge !"
beloved son, whose most perfect and “ The example of Christ should be of pa- meritorious obedience to the divine law, ramount weight and authority with all his procures the pardon and acceptance of disciples. To exibit it was one great end of all who believe in him, thus freeing his coming into the world; by himself and them from a state of condemnation, rehis apostles we are most solemnly charged
conciling them to God, and so leading to make it our model; and for this purpose
them to love God and keep his comhis conduct is traced with so much care and minuteness in the gospels. To effect our
mandments. Being justified by faith, conformity to him, was one design of his
they are delivered from the condemning death; he reconciles us by it to God, in sentence of the divine law-their state order that we may become holy as he was is changed-they become the subjects holy. To be deficient in meekness then is of the renewing operations of the Holy to sin against all these obligations, for it is Spirit, and are made partakers of a dito be deficient in that which formed a pro- vine nature. Now, it is in reference to minent feature in the character of the Sa- this new creation in Christ Jesus, that viour, and which is particularly pointed out |
Mr. Leifchild tells us, p. 151, The to our attention in him as our model,
| law comes before such a man (and this Learn of me, for I am meek and lowly in heart; and ye shall find rest to your souls.”
is its subsequent and highest use) as “ Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an that which he is both inclined and example, that ye should follow his steps.“ enabled to obey.”—Again, p. 153, “ the Who did no sin, neither was guile found in obedience he (God) requires, a Chrisbis mouth: who, when he was reviled, re- tian is prepared to render.” Now these and similar expressions which occur in induced to examine it with a more crithis, otherwise, excellent lecture, are tical eye than we should have done, had unguarded, to say the least of them; its merit been of an inferior order. and the author should qualify them in We had, it is true, another reason for his next edition, for they are at variance offering these free remarks on the work with the spirit of the whole discourse. which we have done. It has been noIt is indisputable that the grace of God ticed in a number of our periodical which bringeth salvation, teacheth to journals, and so far as we recollect, it deny ungodliness and worldly lusts, and has met with nothing but indiscriminate to live soberly, righteously, and godly in commendation. But this style of rethis present world. But, in many things viewing, is not calculated to do a young we all offend, and have need of mercy to author much good-we say a young pardon and grace to help. If we say author, because, we trust Mr. Leifchild we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, has yet many years before him, and and the truth is not in us; but the many other publications with which in blood of Christ is a fountain opened for due time to favour us. As a Theologian, sin and uncleanness, and it is in the he does honour to the Hoxton college, way of confessing and forsaking his and the specimen that he has given sins, that the believer experiences its in the volume before us, is a convincing cleansing efficacy, 1 John i. 7-10. And proof, that he is capable of producing though on this side of the grave, he can a work, that shall not only benefit the never approach to God and say, I hade present generation, but survive to future no sin,' yet the gospel both binds and ages, when he himself shall be num. encourages him to aim at no less than bered with the generations that are perfection. While he keeps the perfect past. law in view, which, like a faithful | In parting, we beseech him to leave mirror, discovers all his deformity, he the word “ Rev." out of his title page. can find no reason to glory over the To see a minister of Christ, in a volume most infamous of mankind. The nearer designed to illustrate the doctrine, and he comes to the light, which “ makes inculcate an imitation of the character manifest all things that are reproved,” | of the meek and lowly Jesus, adopting the more reason he finds to say, “ Be one of the names of blasphemy which hold I am vile.”
characterize Anti-christ, is really an The character of the merciful man, affecting sight. An author should have Lect. vi. is very ably delineated, and the a little more regard to consistency in bis only remark we have to make upon it own character. is, that we could have wished the author had brought more prominently forward, á readiness to forgive injuries, particu Select Passages from the Bible , arranged larly among Christian brethren. Mr. L. under distinct heads ; for the use ojo will understand what we mean, when Schools and families. By ALEXANDER we refer him to our Lord's parable, Adam, Teacher, Edinburgh. PubMatt. xviii. 23–35. This is a feature in lished by Oliver and Boyd, Highthe Christian character, very little re street; and J. and W. B. Whittaker, garded among modern professors; and London, 1822. pp. 500. 12mo. 48 we should have been glad to see the boards, or 45. 6s. bound. subject taken up by this powerful writer, in a lecture which afforded so If we are not mistaken, it was Mr. fine an opportunity of doing it.
Locke who first entered his protest On the three remaining lectures, against making a school book of the namely, on the pure in heart--the peace Bible; but since his time many others makers-and those who are persecuted have taken up the subject under the same for righteousness sake, we have nothing view, and objections to it have been reparticular to remark. They are truly duced to a system. Mr. Adam, in his valuable discourses, correct in senti. Preface to the volume before us,examines ment, and strongly impregnated with the various pleas that have been urged the doctrine of the cross of Christ. on that side of the question, and is deIndeed, the whole volume is highly cidedly in favour of imbuing the youthcreditable to the author's talents, both ful mind with the contents of the Holy as' a preacher and writer. Its general Scriptures, though he candidly allows excellence is such, that we have been that in doing this, prudence is neces
sary to direct. « The Bible," says he, Popish trick; but we did not expect to “ though it contains all the elements of meet with efforts to uphold and permoral and religious instruction, abound-petuate it, resorted to by the people of ing with what is profitable for doctrine, Scotland, who certainly have much less for reproof, for correction, and for in of the spirit and influence of popery struction in righteousness, is but ill clinging to them than their neighbours adapted for a school book. It cannot be south of the Tweed. We hope Mr. introduced into a class with advantage Adam will take the hint, and in his until it be read pretty fuently; and next edition, drop the extracts from the owing to the difficulty experienced by books of the Apochrypha. the learner in pronouncing proper names, it is generally among the last books read at school." To supply this deficiency
Testimonies to the Truths of Natural and is the design of his compilation; and
Revealed Religion, extracted from the in order to render it suitable to an early
works of distinguished Laymen. By the progress of the pupils tuition, all his
Rev. JAMES BREWSTER, Minister of torical and genealogical registers have
Craig. Edinburgh, Waugh and Inbeen omitted, and a collection formed,
nes; and Ogle and Co. London, 1822.
pp. 400, 12mo, 5s, 6d. boards. consisting principally of simple and af fecting passages of scripture, such as
“ He who collects," says Dr. Johnwere deemed most eminently calculated son," is laudably employed ; for, though to cherish in the tender mind sentiments he exerts no great talents on the work, of piety and a love of virtue.
he facilitates the progress of others, and, In offering our opinion of the execu- what is already written, may give some tion of this work, we must be allowed mind more vigorous, or more advento say, that while we concede to Mr. turous than his own, leisure for new Adam, the praise of judicious selection | thoughts and original designs." To this and arrangement, we must decidedly praise, Mr. Brewster has an unquestionexcept from this commendation, that able claim, and his labours are entitled to part of the fifth section, which he has our grateful acknowledgements. In colextracted from the Apochryphal books.lecting his Testimonies, he seems to have This is, in every point of view, an un- made a Lord Anson's voyage round the wise step, and we are at a loss to see whole world of literature; for the list of what inducement the author could be authors whom he has quoted, comprises under to commit it, unless it were the almost every name of celebrity, in the hope of propitiating our Semi-papistical class of laymen, except
class of laymen, except that of Milton, bishops in England, and getting them
which we can readily think of. The to introduce the book into the National work is divided into ten chapters, and Schools. It is not a sufficient justifica- each chapter subdivided into sections, tion of the measure to say, that the pas- so that each particular branch of the sages which he has extracted are unex- subject is kept in its proper place. For ceptionable. The evil lies in associating instance, ch. i. Testimonies to the in the pupil's mind, the spurious with / irrational nature and injurious effects of the genuine-the apochryphal with the Atheism, Scepticism, and Irreligion, inspired writings. "We need not point Sect. 1. Atheism.-2. Scepticism.-3. out how this matter operates. The Irreligion. And so with every other school boy finds these spurious writings, chapter. The volume is consequently incorporated with divine revelation, and exceedingly miscellaneous in its conDe naturally imbibes a reverence for tents, and comprises a constellation of them. He is led to examine them at large, the finest thoughts, and most brilliant and behold, he finds something that is passages of the sublimest writers of good, mingled with the grossest ribal- every age, from the revival of letters to ary with the story of Bell and the dra- the present period. The book is theregon-Susannah and the elders-Tobit | fore replete with entertainment and inand his dog! Now, in the very nature struction, and exceedingly proper to be I things, this must have a tendency to put into the hands of young people. lessen his respect and reverence for the whole book. It is to the disgrace of Protestants that the Apochrypha con- The Importance of uniting Religion and
ues to be printed along with the Bible. Learning in the Christian Ministry: u Every one knows that it originated in a l Discourse delivered at the Annual Meet