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Alfred met with the adventure which first little way on the road," said Mr. Lynd. brought him to our notice. Recollections hurst, “ the night is beautifully fine, and of the event, and the story of old Maggie I shall have the pleasure of meeting eame back to him, and he stretched his Alfred on the way. You, Ellen, had better head out in the gray twilight, hoping to stay, and make preparations for his recognise her again. However, a stranger arrival." came and took the toll,-a young flaxen- “Do you think you should go out headed girl, who hummed a merry song. alone ?” asked Ellen, shrinking froin her Looking into the toll-house, Alfred saw own conscience, and fearing to let her that all the internal arrangements had father see Alfred first. But he had formed been changed. There was it table spread a resolution, and kissing his daughter's out for the evening meal,-over it hung a brow, said, “ Fear nothing Nelly, the white cloth, and around the room were night is almost as bright as day, I will not thrown the cheerful light and roseate walk far." warmth of a brisk fire. “Ah! poor old So away he went; Ellen accompanied Maggie, she is dead !” thought Alfred him to the door, and watched his form as and he questioned the driver upon the it receded from her. Then she turned her truth of liis supposition, when it was fully large bright eyes up to the moon which confirmed.
was looking down with a placid and almost E’es, zur, her's dead, said the mocking smile, for her heart was torn driver, " and a happy release, for her led a by violent agitation, and her eyes were moast unhappy time on it."
filled with tears that broke from their “And what's become of her husband ?” | resting-place and rolled over her pallid asked Alfred.
cheeks. She closed the door and retired “ A doan't knaw, ezactly," answered to the parlour; but in a moment footsteps the man, “but ’ave a heard that a body were heard, a box was set down upon the inuch like 'un was picked up in the river step, and a loud knock announced Alfred's Exe, only a day or two ago. A shouldn't arrival. wonder, but he had fall'd in, in a steate of “There they are,” exclaimed Ellen, drunkenness."
“ Now for the trial !-he will not surely There was truth in this supposition, have disclosed anything to father so soon;
and with a faltering step she hastened to By the time that Alfred drew near to the door, which the servant had already the cottage, the full moon had ascended ; opened. and was pouring down her silvery rays “Well, Alfred,” exclaimed she, "you upon
the quiet earth. The queen of have surprised us by this sudden visit." night shone forth so brightly, that even “I hope I am not unwelcome ?” said the birds awoke and sang to her a glad Alfred, in a tone of some doubt. salutation. The leaves and flowers, the Oh, cousin, why do you speak so? we gnarled trunks of trees, the rude rocks are ever glad to see you!" by the wayside, and the drops falling Dear, dear cousin !" said Alfred, catchfrom the streams that meandered along the ing her in his arms, and clasping her banks of the edges, all caught her silvery fervently, “I almost feared that I had inlustre, and united to make the scene glo- curred your hate." rious to the eye.
“Why do you speak so Alfred, and why Ellen had received a letter from her are you so excited ?" asked Ellen, as, cousin, the same morning, telling her of taking his hand, she led him into the his intention to reach Windmere on that i parlour. day. She immediately handed the letter “Because,” said he “I am the bearer of to her father, and both were filled with ill news, which may bring you great grief, surprise at the suddenness of the visit. and which may cause you even to hate me,
Mr. Lyndhurst and Ellen sat in anxious and to forget the love which now subsists expectation-the heart of the latter beat between us." almost audibly, for she dreaded the events Ellen trembled, for she knew the subthat might arise out of Alfred's visit. ject, and for a time was speechless.
“I will take my hat, and walk out a “Where is uncle?" asked Alfred.
(Continued at page 331.)
“Have you not seen him?" inquired forgiveness, and tell him all,” said Ellen. Ellen, surprised ; "he went out half an The door was opened, the venerable man hour ago to meet you.”
entered the room, and his daughter fell “He has missed me, then,” said Alfred; weeping into into his arms. " and now while I have got a moment to spare, and before he comes, let me implore you, dear cousin, to confide in the warning I am come to give you. Charles Langford is unworthy of you—his charac- OYSTERS, PEARLS, AND PEARL ter is that of a base deceiver--a villain
DIVERS. who has broken many hearts, and seeks to triumph over you: but for the fortune The oyster, as most of our young which he hopes to get from his uncle upon readers are aware, is a shell-fish affording his marriage with you, he has not one very nutritious and palatable food, which spark of love for you, or one sentiment of many consider a very great luxury. In manly honour."
many parts of the world the oyster attaiurs Ellen buried her face in her hands and a very large size, the shells of some of wept. Alfred proceeded to tell all he which, from the coast of Madagascar, we knew of Charles Langford. He entered have seen measuring more than a foot and into close particulars upon every circum
a half in diameter. Some of these are stance, and adduced proofs with which he said to contain food sufficient for a meal had fortified himself, so that a terrible for several men. All the various species conviction flash upon Ellen's sou). of oysters, also some other kinds of shell
Contrary to Alfred's expectations, his fish, contain, at times, pearls, but one parcousin did not upbraid him, nor did she ticular species called the pearl oyster, is seek to extenuate Langford's faults. She | especially valuable on this account. It saw in the narrative that had been told to has a strong shell, rough and hard on the her-in Alfred's firm and decided tone- outside, but smooth and polished within. and in the tears that filled his eyes-to. From the internal coats of the shell is gether with the fact of his long journey | taken what is called mother of pearl, refrom London in her behalf, a sufficient sembling the pearls in colour. But it is confirination of what latterly she had the pearl itself which is by far the most began to suspect to be true. She dried valuable. The value of this article in. her eyes, stood up, and looking beautiful creases in proportion to its figure and in the dignity of her expression, said, colour, as well as to its size. " Alfred, you know not how terrible the The most extensive pearl-fishery is said blow is to me. But I will bear it with to be in the Persian Gulf.
It is as fortitude. Hitherto I have kept the know. wretched and hurtful an occupation for a ledge of your communications from my human being, as it is possible to conceive. father, and have in many matters deceived Those engaged in it are chiefly slaves; him. A day or two ago I had an awfuld they dive to the bottom of the water, with warning. I stood by the death-bed of a net fastened to their necks, for the pur the old woman of the turnpike, about pose of containing the oysters, and are let whom you often spoke to me--and there I down by a rope, with a stone of forty or saw the wretched end of one made utterly fifty pounds weight fastened to it, to keep miserable through a long life, by her dis- them down to the bottom, where they reregarı of parental love and judgment. main a length of time almost incredible God forbid that my fate should be like to those who have never witnessed the hers !!
operation; sometimes, it is said, by long “You mean poor Maggie Matthews ?" practice being enabled to remain under inquired Alfred
water a quarter of an hour, which we io do,” said Ellen.
think is an exaggeration. Their lives are Then, how will you act towards your consequently very short, being mostly cut father ?” Inquired Alfred. “I hear his off in the prime of life, hy disease ocSotsteps approaching."
casioned by the pressure upon the lungs “I will throw myseif upon his loving while in the water.
ANIMALS IN JAPAN.
BY J. MAC FARLANE.
much the pest of the towns of Japan as NATURAL HISTORY.
they are of Constantinople and tne otner foul cities and towns of the Ottoman empire. This vast increase of the canine
species, and the encouragement and imThough abundantly stocked with pic, munity accorded to it, arose (according tures and carvings, with chimeræ and all į to the popular account), out of a curious other sorts of monsters, borrowed from superstition and an extravagant imperial the Chinese, the Japanese empire is but decree. An emperor who reigned at the sparingly provided with four-footed beasts, close of the eighteenth century, chanced wild or tame. The country is too much to be born under the sign of the Dog; cultivated and peopled to afford cover to the Dog being one of the twelve celestial the wild quadrupeds, and the tame are signs of the Japanese. For this reason, bred only for carriage and agriculture. the emperor had as great an esteem for dogs The use of animal food is interdicted by as the Roman emperor, Augustus is reported the national religion, and they have not to have entertained for rams. When he left pasture enough to support many sheep ascended the throne, he willed and ordained and oxen. The horses are generally small, that dogs should be held as sacred animals; but there is a breed said to be not inferior and, from that time, more puppies saw the to that imported into India from the Per- light and were permitted to live in Japan,
But the horses of this kind than in any other country on the face of now appear to be rare. In the time of the earth,—Turkey, perhaps, excepted. old Captain Sarris they were common These dogs have no masters, but lie and enough. “Their horses are not tall, but prowl about the streets, to the exceeding of the size of our middling nags, short, great annoyance of passengers, especially and well trussed, small headed, and full if they happen to be foreign travellers, or of mettle ; in my opinion far excelling the Christians in Christian dresses. If they Spanish jennet in pride and stomach.” come round you in packs, barking, snarlThe Japanese relate most marvellous stories ing, and showing their teeth,-nay, even of the performance of some of their steeds. | if they fali upon you and bite you, you There is, also, a breed of ponies, which, must on no account take the law into your though small, has been much admired. | own hands, and beat them off or shoot them. Oxen and cows are kept only for plough- To kill one of them is a capital crime, ing and for carriage. Of milk and butter whatever mischief the brute may have done the Japanese know nothing. They have you. In every town there are guardians a large humped-buffalo, sometimes of a of the dogs, and to these officers notice monster size, which they train to draw must be given in any case of canine mis. earts or to carry heavy goods on their demeanour, these guardians alone being backs. The elephant, the camel, and the empowered to punish the dogs. Every ass, are unknown animals. Sheep and street must keep a certain number of these goats were kept formerly at the Dutch j-animals, or at least provide them with settlements, in the neighbourhood, of victuals : huts, or dog-nospitals, stand in which some few may yet be found. They all parts of the town, and to these the may be bred in the country to great animals, in case of sickness, must be advantage, if the natives were permitted carefully conveyed by the inhabitants. to eat the flesh, or knew how to manage | The dogs that die must be carried up to or manufacture the wool. They have a the tops of mountains and hills, the usual few swine, which were brought over from burying-places of men and women, and China, and which some of the country there be very decently interred. Old people near the coast still keep, not, Kampfer says :-" The natives tell a indeed, for their own use, but to sell to pleasant tale on this head. A Japanese, certain Chinese junks which are allowed as he was carrying the carcass of a dead to come over to trade, most of the Chinese | dog to the top of a steep mountain, grew mariners being addicted to pork.
impatient, grumbled, and cursed the emDogs or common curs they have, and in peror's birth - day and whimsical comsuperfluous numbers. These dogs are as į mand. His companion bid him hold his tongue and be quiet, and, instead of swear- | spirits or devils, and to be himself the ing, return thanks to the gods that the very incarnation of craft, malice, and emperor was not born under the sign of wickedness; " but,” says old Kampfer, the Horse, for, in that case, the load would “the fox-hunters are expert in conjuring have been heavier."
and stripping this animated devil, his We give the pleasant tale as we find it, hair and wool being much coveted for but we do not believe that it points to the writing and painting pencils." The weasel real origin of the superstitious regard for and ferret are found. Rats and mice swarm dogs, which many of the Mongol race throughout the country, for the beautiful share with the Japanese and Turks. That cats, being pets, have no turn for moussuperstition had its origin in the wilds of ing. The rats are tamed by the natives, Tartary, or in whatever other part of the and taught to perform several tricks, and world it was that served as the cradle and form a common diversion for the poorer great starting point of the wide-spread people. We find mention made of two Mongol race. The dog must have been small animals of a red colour, that live in a manner deified, when they first put under the roofs of the houses, and are him among their celestial signs.
very tame. They are called the itutz and Among some of the Mongolian tribes, the tin. the dog is the indicator of fate, the har- The destructive white ant, that great binger of death; and among others, the annoyance of most parts of the East dog is an object either of dread or devo- | Indies, is very common. The Japanese tion.
call them do toos, or piercers; a name they But our learned German is not always well merit, for they perforate whatever so facetious about this monstrous annoy- they meet, stones and metals only exance of street dogs. On reaching Naga- cepted, and when once they get into a saki, le says :-" The street dogs also merchant's warehouse, they in
a very deserved to be noticed among the inhabi- short compass of time can destroy or ruin tants of this city, they being full as well, an amazing quantity of his best goods. nay, better maintained and taken care of Nothing has been yet found that will keep than many of the people, and although the them off, except salt laid under the goods imperial orders on this head are not re- and spread about them.
The common garded and complied with at Nagasaki, European ants are their mortal enemies, with that strictness as they must be in and wherever these have been introduced, other parts of the empire, which are not the do toos have rapidly disappeare
like so remote from court, yet the streets be the original English rat before the invafull of these animals, leading a most easy sion of the Norwegian. and independent life, giving way neither The islands, however, may be said to be to men nor horses. The town is never remarkably free from insects and obwithout a great deal of noise from these noxious reptiles. There are but few animals."
snakes, and hardly any of them appear to The Japanese have no dogs of superior | be venomous. One of these is of a beaubreed, but they have cats of a peculiarly tiful green colour, with a very flat head. beautiful kind. They are of a whitish Japanese soldiers cook it and eat its flesh, colour, with large yellow and black spots, in the belief that it imparts courage and and a very short tail : the ladies carry them audacity. The natives also calcine the about as lap-dogs.
fesh in an earthen pot hermetically In the islands are found deer, wild sealed, and derive from it a powder, which boars, and hares, but apparently in no they believe to possess the most extragreat numbers. There are also monkeys, / ordinary medicinal virtues.
There is a wild dogs, foxes, some curious animals water - snake of monstrous size; and that look like a cross between the fox and another very large snake of black colour, the wolf, and a few small bears in the se- but quite inoffensive, is found in the cluded parts of the northern provinces. mountains. Both are very scarce, and The fox bears not the very best of charac- when taken are shown about for money. ters among the Japanese; the peasantry
Birds are rather numerous. Of tame believe him to be in league with all evil poultry they keep only fowls and ducks. They sell them sometimes to foreigners, Of singing-birds, Kampfer mentions but never eat them. Cocks are highly only larks and nightingales; but he says prized by the religious orders, because that both of these sing more sweetly than they mark the time, and foretell changes with us. The natives highly prize the of the weather. Indeed they are chiefly nightingale, and large sums are paid for a kept up as time-keepers.
caged one, with a good voice. The crane is the chief of the wild birds
They have plenty of bees, and, conseof the country; but like the heron and quently, honey and wax are produced. the stork, which also abound, they can The shrill cicala, or winged-grasshopper, scarcely be called wild, for they are held peoples the pines, and fills the woods and as sacred birds, and nobody must injure mountains with its incessant song. Butor molest them. They thus become quite terflies and beetles are numerous and familiar, and mix with the people, and ! diversified, some of both kinds being very throng the market-places, just as the beautiful. Among the night-moths, there storks do in all towns, villages, and is one sort which the Japanese ladies keep bazaars in Turkey, where they are equally in little cages, as pets and curiosities
. objects of affection and veneration. No This moth is about four inches long, doubt this feeling also had its rise in the slender, round-bodied, with four wings, Tartarian regions. When the conquering two of which are transparent, and conTurks first came into Europe, they were cealed under the other pair of wings, accustomed to say that the stork had a which shinc like polished metal, and are singular affection for their race, and that most curiously and beautifully adorneci whithersoever they might carry their vice with blue and gold lines and spots. The torious arms, the stork would follow them following graceful fable owes its origin to and live with them. In Japan the country- the matchless beauty of this moth. All people never call the crane by any other other night-flies fall in love with it; and name than that of 0 Tsurisama, My to get rid of their importunities, it maligreat lord crane.” There are two sorts of ciously bids them, as a trial of their devoihem ; one white as snow, and the other tion and constancy, to go and fetch it fire. gray. They portend good fortune, and The blind lovers, obedient to command, long life. For this reason the imperial fly to the nearest lamp or candle, and apartments, the walls of temples, and never fail to get burned to death. other happy places, are commonly adorned The sea all about Japan is plentifully with figures of them. Cranes are also stocked with all sorts of fish, and the painted on dishes and drinking cups, and natives are very expert fishermen. In the reproduced on articles of domestic furni- time of Charlevoix and Kampfer, and
We have eseen native paintings of earlier travellers, the whale fishery was these birds that are exquisitely beautiful, carried on to a great extent, particularly as true and correct in drawing as beauti. in the sea which washes the southern ful in finish and colouring. They are coasts of the great island, Niphon. The among the very best specimens of Japanese common way of catching them was by
harpooning, in the manner of our GreenThe tortoise is another happy and land fishermen : but the Japanese boats sacred creature, and is represented on seemed to be fitter for the purpose than walls, and reproduced in the same manner. ours. being small, narrow, tapering at
Wild geese and wild ducks are very each end into a sharp point, and rowing abundant, and very tame. There are with incredible swiftness. “ About 1680, several species of both. One kind of a rich fisherman, in the province of duck is of immense size and of wonder- | Omura, found out a new way of catching fully brilliant and beautiful plumage. | whales with nets made of strong ropes, Pheasants, wild pigeons, and woodcocks, / about two inches thick. This method was are very common birds. Hawks also are i afterwards followed with good success by Ravens are scarce.
Our com- , another man of the country. They say mon European crows, as also parrots, and that, as soon as the whale finds its heach other Indian birds, are never to be met entangled in a net, he cannot, without with.
great difficulty, swim away or dive, and