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In this glorious way Christianity operates upon the human mind in the augmentation of those energies which have the alleviation of misery in all its diversified forms, as its great object. Religion infuses in the mind principles of benevolence, which are diffused abroad in all their God-like varieties, for the happiness of mortals. In ancient times, men looked upon their talents, of whatever description, as their own, which they might use or cease to use at their discretion. But the great Author of our religion was the first who taught that, however, in a legal point of view, the talent of individuals might belong exclusively to themselves, so that no other person had a right to demand the use of it by force, yet in the Christian dispensation they were but the stewards of every talent for good ; that so much was expected from this stewardship, that it was difficult for those who were intrusted with it to enter his spiritual kingdom; that these had no right to conceal their talent in a napkin; but they were bound to dispense a portion of it to the relief of their fellow-creatures; and that, in proportion to the magnitude of it, they were accountable for the extensiveness of its use. He was the first who pronounced the misapplication of it to be a crime, and a crime of no ordinary dimensions. He was the first who broke down the boundary between Jew and Gentile, and therefore the first who pointed out to men the inhabitants of other countries for the exercise of their philanthropy and love. Hence a distinction is to be made, both in the principle and practice of charity, as existing in ancient or in modern times. It then came down as the drop, but now it is to resemble the falling shower descending from the wide-spread cloud of Christian benevolence. That which even was a mere stream in ancient times, is now to be comparable to the stupendous and magnificent ocean. That which was a beam or ray, is now to appear a sun in splendour and utility, shedding a salutary influence over the benighted nations. To Christianity alone we are indebted for the new and sublime spectacle of seeing men going beyond the bounds of individual usefulness to each other ; of seeing them associate in large bodies for the extirpation of private and public misery; and of seeing them carry their charity, as a united brotherhood, into foreign lands. Yes, Europe, Asia, Africa, and America, have been benefitted by such combinations, and greatly meliorated by such mutual exertions. And in this wider field of benevolence it would be unjust not to confess, that no country has shone with more true lustre than our own; there being scarcely any case of acknowledged affliction for which some of her Christian children have not united in an attempt to provide relief.
Among the evils, corrected or subdued, either by the general influence of Christianity on the minds of men, or by particular associations of Christians, the Missionary Society, amongst various denominations, appears to me to have occupied one of the foremost places. Like the illustrious luminary, the glorious sun, when he gocth from his eastern chamber, and “ rejoiceth as a giant to run a iace,” gilding the regions of the universe, until his brilliant rays set in the western sky- --so the Wesleyan Missionary Society, already in its progress, has shed a lustre, and diffused an influence through many once benighted nations.
“ Hail, Britain, hail! may nature's choicest stores,
Enrich thy land, and thicken round thy shorex:
Dispels the mists, which veil the face of day.” The Missionary cause may be considered as a grand instrument, calculated to remove the greatest evils, and to disseminate the greatest good. It is a gallant stately vessel, navigating seas remote, not to oppress, plunder, and destroy,but to instruct, to civilize, and save. May her voyage be prosperous, and her peaceful designation consummated! Such a great cause as this cannot be forwarded without large pecuniary funds. The
permanent relief of the nations requires the prompt assistance of the nations: and where the interests of unnumbered myriads are concerned, constant energies in their behalf is imperiously demanded. The principle of benevolence, when duly cultivated, brings forth fresh shoots, and becomes en larged. And thus one person engaging in a good cause is not unfrequently a stimulus to others also, to use their efforts, and contribute their respective mites. In all great works, variety of talents is necessary to bring them to perfection, and on this account it is that Providence seems to prepare different persons as instruments, with dispositions and qualifications so various, that each, in pursuing that line which seems to suit him best, contributes to furnish those parts, which, when put together, make up a complete whole. There never was a cause in which the duty of Christian charity can can be so extensively exercised. It extends itself to the remotest na. tions. Its fostering wing is spread to cover the defenceless natives of every clime and region under heaven, as far as the state of its finances will admit. The means of the institution are not yet equal to the immensity of its grand designs. Hence may be learned the necessity of increasing exertions, and more combined and vigorous co-operation. Let the torch of Britain illamine every land!“ Freely ye have received, freely give.” Suffer not the im. ploring nations to solicit your help in vain. Our country is exalted among the nations for the noblest purposes. Let then the empire of Britain be an empire of mercy! Instead of alarm arising from the thunder of her power, let the nations hail the blessings of her beneficence. The signs of the present times are eminently auspicious, and is it presumptuous to indulge the pious hope, that to Great Britain may be entrusted the high commission of making known the name of Jehovah to the whole earth. May her sons value their privileges, and perform without delay their respective duties !
OBITUARY. Died, at Scarborough, on the 12th of count of his bad state of health. He February last, in the 66th year of his settled at Scarborough, where he reage, Mr. Josepa Kyre, several years mained uill his death. During his resi. a preacher in the Methodist Connexion. dence in this place, he preached as often Ai an early period in life, he was im- as his health would permit, and his ser. pressed with a concern for his salvation; vices were acceptable. He also acted as And while yet young, was deeply awaken- leader of a class, in which capacity he cil to a sense of his sinfulness and guili, was very useful. To promote the welfare hy hearing a sermon of the late pious Mr. of the Sunday School was likewise his de. Valton, on Rom. viii. 9. Being invited light. Since last July, his health declined in attend the class-meetings, he gladly rapidly, and in the autumn he was seized complied, and found them encouraging with a deafness, which inade it painful to aud' edifying to his disconsolate mind. converse with him; but as his outward At the following quarterly visitation of man decayed, it was evident that his inthe classes, he received a note of admit- ward man was daily ripening for etertance into the society, from Mr. James nity. Last November he received the Wood, and on the same night found distressing information of his son Charles peace with God. Soon after this he began having been drowned at sea, which gave to exercise his talent in calling sinners to his shattered traine a severe shock, this repentance, and in unfolding the riches was followed by a paralytic affection, of the grace of Christ to the perishing which almost deprived him of the use of children of men. At that time he was speech, but he continued happy in God. in business, and both his heart and house Being asked how he felt the state of his were open to entertain the messengers of mind, he repliech, Happy! my feet are Christ. The wise Disposer of events, on the rock. Christ is precious." In this having taken away the desire of his eyes, state he continued till he was seized with and called to an early grave five of his the agonies of death, and his happy soul children, some of his brethren thought was released from its clay prison, and this was a call to him to engage in a line of entered the paradise of God. His mortal more extensive usefulness. Accordingly, remains, followed by a multitude who in the year 1792 he was recommended to respected hiin, were interred under the Conference, and appointed to a Circuit, vestry belonging to the Methodist chapel, and he continued in the office of an Itine. Scarborough,
Tuomas Gee. runt Preacher unul 1799, when he was Narch 5, 1919. obliged to desist from travelling, ou ac
CEYLON. Under this bead, because intimately connected with the Ceylon Mission, we last month laid before our readers, a letter from Dr. Clarke, giving an account of the two Budhu Priests, under his care. We have now the pleasure to add, a short account of the motives which led them to leave Ceylon for England, lately written by Munur Rathana, and presented to Sir A. JOANston, who has been obliging enough to allow us to publish it. Budhu Books of Religion, view of this book. But my evil sense
told me, if I were to be baptized I should Jataka
1 lose every thing, my money, my friends, Jataka atu wha ve
my dwelling, my reverence among the peoRhatha na kere
ple, and indeed every thing I held dear. Rhatha na wally ye
4 This my better reason told me I must not Sut Derm Lum carrey
5 mind; I wanted truth, and that I must Parie tshada
6 get. In this way my mind was agiDam pe a ve
tated like the sea, sometimes raised into Dam pe a atu wave
the greatest tempests, by warring winds, Millin dthap pres wa
9 and at other times a still calm. In this Rvern a ne
state, I thought of studying the Testament, Rrit
11 and read the 5th chapier of Matthew. In Heria na thicka
12 this chapter I saw a palace, a place of Dena tsharre ave
13 glory, was prepared for me, if I would Wina ya lon kar re
14 take my sword tirmly in my hand, deter. Paley moutha kah winra 15 termine to fight bravely, and manfully
There are twelve more, containing the overcome all the suggestions of my evil actions of Budhu, called Soutre.
imaginations. These books above mentioned i have My second contention was with my thoroughly read, and endeavoured as mother, which began in this manner: I much as I am able to understand ; but addressed her with, I want to go to Engthere are so many things contradictory land. My mother said, Why do you want and opposed to conmon sense, that I find to go to England? Because I want to them impossible to be reconciled to my be haptized, and to learn the Christian judgment. The two grand doctrines of religion. My mother, weeping and cry. which I could not see ihe reason, are ing, said, Who told you this greatly evil these; the transmigration of souls, and the sense? I said, no man, but my good bowing down to images.
sense told me. My mother answered, I Why for instance, my father's soul (he will tell you what. Very well, madam.' being a good man) after death, and atter !, your father, grand-father, great grandenjoying a state of happiness, should father, all your relations, the Cingalese descend into the body of a cow or pig, ! people, the Burma cuuntry, Siam, all these could not comprehend. My book» tell believe our god, and only you do not. me that a man's goodness can be worn Why do you not? why do you not like out, unless kept up by a continued series our god ? tell me the bad things in our of good actions, in the same way as a religion. I said, O yes mother, I will field, if not continually sown, produces tell you them in a very few words. If a nothing, and that this is the reason why carpenter take any kind of wood, make the soul comes into another state of trial halt of it into a stool or chair, the other after all the good is worn out. 'This half make into an inage, put on paint, doctripe I could by no means understand. and having finished it, you call this your The worship of idols is still more ridicu- god Budhu, there is very little difference lous. For' why should we worship a between them. Why do you worship, thing we ourselves have made, and which give gold and silver, clothes, food, and has do sense or perception? When there Hover- 10 ild Mother, why do you not things bad been considered a long time, ! worship the stool or chair? Mother made took the New Testament, read it, and no answer. Mother, I continued, the found nothing in it but what was conso people that live in this country are foolishi; Bant to reason. I then though, if I were i will not stop. Those people had a logo to baptism, I shovid get a clearer sense of another kind than what was Vol. XLII. April, 1819.
• 2 N*
right. If a man be sick, he takes eggs, which art in heaven." If a fire burns in fowls, goats, and offers them to many your heart, and destroys it, these words gods ; at the same time calling out, Come will put it out like water, and keep you and help, come and help, take away my from being destroyed, if you will hear the sickness, and receive these things. This truth. Farewell 'mother, I a.n going to he does to many gods. Do you never England. believe these things. There is only one
MUNAT RATHANA. God, and do you pray,
" Our Father
The following are extracts from a journal of Mr. Carver, which we have had some time in possession. It contains additional evidence of the moral wretchedness of the people, and the necessity of extended zealous and persevering Missionary exertions to meet their case.
March 31, 1817. It being thought neces. of “ Christian” is deserted and in ruins. sary to visit the island of Karadive (or Am- Wilt not thou revive us again O Lord. I sterdam) I set out this evening to Batti- gave the head-man a copy of the New Tes. cotte, which is a little more than half way, tament, which he promised to read, and and about seven miles from Jaffna. Bat. to let any others read, who might desire il. ticotte is a pretty place, having a very At noon we got back to Batticotte, and large church, but without the roof, a at 5 P. M. I visited another village on my house in ruins, and the out-buildings are way home, called Changany. At this in a state of desolation.
place we found the ruins of another The American Missionaries are fitting church and house, after the same plan as up ibe house, and mean to make this the Mayluti establishment, but in a worse place one of their principal Mission sta. condition. This place bears sufficient tions. During the time of the Dutch, it marks of the glory and power of its former was the residence of the second in com. possessors; but is now left to the mercy mand.
of the ruthless elements. The church April 2. After passing over a hard coun- and house are crumbling into dust togetry of hard coral rock, with here and there ther. This is one of the most fertile a iuft of grass, we came to the channel parts of the country; but the inhabitants which separates the two islands. Here are abandoned to the grossest superstithe poor people were going up and down tions. the shallow parts of the water, catching a 12th. Being the first day of the heathen few small fishes, which in England would new year, many of them came to pay not be thought worthy the trouble of their respects to the Europeans; among dressing, but England is a happy land, the rest came the head Brahmin of the and many know it not. It being low heathen temple at Nallour. I conversed water the Coolies ventured to carry the with him some time, asking many ques. palanquin across without a boat ; but it tions, which he had learned to answer by took them nearly one hour to wade his former conversations with ministers. through the mud and water. The church He remarked, “their shasters tanght is about an English mile from the water's every thing about the world.” I asked, edge, and both it and the minister's house who wrote them? “Men from heaven." are in ruins. The island is very low and How do you know that? " Because it is Aat, and in the rains nearly inundated. written in the shaster.” In what country It produces things common to Ceylon, did these men appear? What time did and may perhaps contain one thousand they remain on earth? Did they go back inhabitants, who live by the cultivation to heaven, or did they die? He replied, of the land and fishing. They appear he could not tell me, and asked if I could very little informed, further than what answer so many questions respecting our necessity compels them to learn. Many sbaster ; being answered in the affirmacame to look at us, greatly wondering, tive, I again requested to know, what is never recollecting to have seen a minister the reason that you hide your shaster, if on that island during their life time. it tell us about all the world, and will not They had no schools, no books, few that let it be read, even by your own people : oould read, and few inclined to learn; To which he remarked, “Sir, if a man have all heathens, worshipping they knew a stone or a treasure, will he not lock it not what. About two hundred yards from up in a box, and not shew every one?" the church stands a Hindoo temple, which I said, if your book were from God, and if has its Brahmins and its ceremonies, you were men of God, you would put it while the church, which bears the name into the hands of all men that they
might learn to know God also. He was a sheep slain at his foot, to appease the confounded, begged to be excused, that evil deinon, who it is supposed would he might go, and departed.
otherwise obstruct its progress, the BrahAugust Ilth. Very early in the morn
mins seated themselves around the object ing I went to see the grand procession of of adoration. All things being ready, an heathen ceremony at Nallour, about and a long cable taken out aniong the three miles from Jaffnapatam. Crowds people, they dragged forth the car with of people from all parts filled the road a a kind of horrible triumph and exultation. mile before we came to the temple. The Immediately a donble" line of devotees gentle opening morn dispelled the mist, were stretched upon the ground, rolling and discovered to my view a vast con
after the car in a course marked out by course of people on the plain. The Brah- the two wheels. The procession stopped, mins were busily engaged arranging mate and another sheep was slaughtered, to ters for the ceremony, while expectation remove the evil demon who was supposed sat on every counteneace. Many of the to have prevented their advance. By people had come from far to behold the the help of a lever, the car was again set spectacle, and the dragging of the car in motion, while I placed myself at an round the teinple was to close the idola. angle, to ascertain the number rolling after trous seene. Being surrounded by the it, which were about TAREE HUNDRED ! people on every side, I spoke by an inter- Perhaps the whole assembly ınight be preter to many of them. At last coming about five thousand people, the blinded to an old man, the following conversation dupes of Brahmins, the chief of whom has took place. How old are you? Nearly not scrupled to tell me frequently in coneighty years of age. What brought you versation, that all those things are folly; hiher?" I came to worship Swamy,* and but they must keep up the customs of their pray to him to forgive my sins. What is fathers, and do something to please the Swamy made of Gold. Can gold hear people. Having made the circuit of the prayer or forgive sin? You know it can- temple, various offerings were made not; you are very old, and just stepping before the god was taken in; afterwards into eternity; there you will find that Swa- he was deposited in his own place, there my is no god. There is none that can remain for another twelve-month, forgive sins but Jesus Christ; Jesus died when those who are not called to give for you, none but Jesus can save you. up their account to God, will probably And with many other words I exhorted repeat the same scene. him, and those near him, to inquire after
A youth, about eighteen years of the true God, and Jesus Christ whom he age, formerly a scholar with brother hath sent to be the Saviour of the world. Lynch, and who has since received great So much impression had my remarks benefit from the American Missionaries, made on the old man, and a youth about has been violently and cruelly persecuted. nineteen, that they followed me wherever His father conceiving it a most singular I went. I gave to each of them a tract in misfortune, that his son should depart
from the customs of his ancestors, has By this time the sun had advanced spared neither kindness nor cruelty, but above the horizon, and shed his cheering all in vain. He nade him large promises, rays across the plain; but as if ashamed he flogged him, he dragged him to the to behold the wickedness of men, veiled teinple, and there he kneeled down to pray himself bebind a cloud. Mean while the for his persecutor, who beat him, and younds of harsh and inharmonious music dragged him out again ; not stopping increasing,
proelaimed the advance of the here, his father furiously seized his Testa idol to his car. He came, preceded by ment and some tracts, committing them dancing girls,t drums, flags, and
stream- to the flames, as the authors of his misforens of various kinds. A universal mark of tunes. The young man being incurable, adoration was paid by the people, by put- and after being confined in his father's ting together of the hunds, and raising house with his feet made fast in the stocks, thern above the head; which seems to be he was the other day banished to Kandy, the substance of exterior worship with the to be out of our way. He called upon me multitude. The idol being placed on his before he went off, and I gave him another car, which was nearly 30 feet high, and Testament. To a question put to him, he
replied, “ Every one knows my heart is The name of the Idol.
with the Christians." * Prostitutes of the temple.
their own language.
The following extract of a Letter from Mr. Newstead to the Committee, dated Negombo, May 27, 1818, contains many particulars as to that
* 2 N 2.