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MARKWICK. Angelica sylv. Al.

July 16. Digitalis ferrugin. il.

July 15—25. Ragwort (Senecio jacoboea) i.

July 16.

June 22. July 13 Golden rod (Solidago virgaurea) il. July 15.

July 7. Aug. 29 Star thistle (Centaurea calcitrapa) fi. July 16.

July 16. Aug. 16 Tree primrose (Oenothera biennis) A. July 16.

June 12. July 18 Peas (Pisum sativum) cut

July 17. Aug. 14 July 13. Aug. 15 Galega officin. fl.

July 17.
Apricots (Prunus armeniaca) ripe July 17. Aug. 21 July 5.
Clown's allheal (Stachys palustris) f.

Aug. 16
July 17.

June 12. July 14 Branching Willow-herb (Epilobium ramos) fi.

July 17. Rye harvest begins

July 17. Aug. Yellow centaury (Chlora perfoliata) il. July 18. Aug. 15 June 15. Aug. 13 Yellow vetchling (Lathyrus aphaca) fl. July 18. Enchanter's nightshadė (Circoa lútetiana) fi.

July 18.

June 20. July 27 Water hemp agrimony (Eupatorium cannabinum) i.

July 18.

July 4. Aug. 6. Giant throatwort (Campanula trachelium) fi.

July 19.

July 13. Aug. 14 Eyebright (Euphrasia oficinalis) A. July 19.

May 28. July 19 Hops (Humulus lupulus) fl.

July 19. Aug. 10 July 20. Aug. 17 Poultry moult

July 19. Dodder(Cuscuta europea seu epithymum of Smith) fl.

July 20.

July 9. Aug. 7 Lesser centaury (Gentiana seu Chironia centaurium of Smith) fi.

July 20.

Juue 3. July 19 Creeping water parsnep (Sium nodiflorum) A.

July 20.

July 10. Sept. 11 Common spurrey (Spergula arvensis) fl. July 21.

Apr. 10. July 16 Wild clover Trifolium pratense) i. July 21.

May 2, June 7 Buckwheat (Polygonum fagopyrum) fl. July 21.

June 27. July 10 Wheat harvest begins.

July 21. Aug. 23 July 11

Aug. 26 Great bur-reed (Sparganium erectum) i. July 22.

June 10. July 23 Marsh St. John's wort (Hypericum Elodes) fi.

July 22–31. June 16. Aug. 10 Sun-dew (Drosera rotundifolia) fl.

July 22.

Aug. 1. March cinquefoil (Comarum palustre) Al. July 22.

May 27.

Juy1: Wild cherries ripe.

July 22. Lancashire asphodel (Anthericum 08sifragum) il.

July 22.

June 21. July 29 Hooded willow-herb (Scutellaria galericulata) fi.

July 23.

June 2. July 31 Water dropwort (@nanthe fistulos) i. July 23. Horehound (Marrubium vulg.) fl.

July 23. Sescli caruifol, fl.

July 24. Water plantain (Alisma plantago) fl. July 24.

May 31. July 21 Alopecurus myosuroides fl.

July 25. Virgin's bower (Clematis vitalba) Al. July 25. Aug. 9 July 13. Aug. 14 Bees kill the drones

July 25. Teasel (Dypsacus sylvestris) il.

July 26.

July 16. Aug. 3 Wild marjoram (Origanum vulgare) A. July 26.

July 17. Aug. 29 Swifts (Ilirundo apus) begin to depart July 27–29. Aug. 5. Small wild teasel (Dipsacus pilosus) fl. July 28, 29. Wood sage (Teucrium scorodonia) fl. July 28.

June 17. July 24 Everlasting pea (Lathyrus latifolius) A. July 28.

June 20. July 30 Trailing St. John's wort (Hypericum humifusum) fi.

July 29,

May 20.

June 22

WHITE.

MARKWICK. White hellebore (Veratrum album) i. July 80.

July 1822. Camomile (Anthemis nobilis) fi.

July 30.

June 21. Aug. 20 Lesser field Scabious (Scabiosa colum baria) ft.

July 30.

July 13. Aug. 9 Sunflower (Helianthus multiflorus) il. July 31. Aug. 6 July 4. Aug. 22 Yel. loosestrife (Lysimachia vulgaris) il. July 31.

July 2. Swift (Hirundo apus) last seen

Aug. 7

July 31. Aug. 27 Aug. 11. Oats (Avena sativa) cut

Aug. 1-16. July 26. Aug. 19 Barley (Hordeum sativum) cut

Aug. 1—26. July 27. Sept. 4 Lesser hooded willow-herb (Scutellaria minor) A.

Aug. 1.

Aug. 8. Sept. 7 Middle fleabane (Inula dysenterica) fi. Aug. 2.

July 7. Aug. 3 Apis manicata ap.

Aug. 2. Swallow-tailed butterfly (Papalio machaon) ap.

Aug. 2. Whame or burrel fly (Estrus bovis) lays

Apr. 20. June 7, last seen

(Aug. 28 eggs on horses

Aug. 3—19. Sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis) fl.

Aug. 3.

June 17. July 21
Plantain fritillary (Papilio cinxia) ap. Aug. 3.
Yellow succory (Picris hieracioides) A Aug. 4.

June 6-25
Musca mystacea ap.
Cant'bury bells (Campanula medium) A. Aug. 6.

June 5.
Mentha longifol. fi.

Aug. 11

Aug. 5. Carline thistle (Carlina vulgaris) i.

Aug. 7.

July 21.

Aug. 18 Venetian sumach (Rhus cotinus) i.

Aug. 7.

June 5. July 20 Ptinus pectinicornus ap.

Aug. 7. Burdock (Arctium lappa) f.

Aug. 8.

June 17. Aug. 4 Fell-wort (Gentiana amarella) i,

Aug. 8. Sept. 3 Wormwood (Artemisia absinthium) fl.

Aug. 8

July 22. Aug. 21 Mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris) A.

Aug. 8.

July 9. Aug. 10
S. Barn'by's thistle (Centaurea solstit.) A. Aug. 10.
Meadow saffron (Colchicum autumnale)i Aug. 10. Sept. 13 Aug. 15. Sept. 29
Mich'lmas daisy (Aster Tradescante) fl. Aug. 12. Sept. 27 Aug. 11, Oct. 8
Meadow rue (Thalictrum flavum) il. Aug. 14.
Sea holly (Eryngium marit.) i.

Aug. 14.
China aster (Aster chinensis) ti.

Aug. 14. Sept. 28 Aug. 6. Oct. 2 Boletus albus ap.

Aug. 14.

May 10. Less Venus looking-glass (Campanula hybrida) fl.

Aug. 15.

May 14. Carthamus tinctor. fi.

Aug. 15. Goldfinch (Fringilla carduelis) young broods ap.

Aug. 15.

June 16. Lapwings (Tringa vanellus) congregate Aug. 15. Sept. 12 Sept. 25. Feb. 4. Black-eyed marble butterfly (Papilio

Aug. 15. Birds reassume their spring notes

Aug. 16. Devil's bit (Scabiosa succisa) fl.

Aug. 17.

June 22. Aug. 23 Thistle down floats

Aug. 17. Sept. 10 Ploughman's spikenard (Conyza squar. rosa) i.

Aug. 18. Autumnal dandelion (Leontodon autumnale) fl.

Aug. 18.

July 25.
Flies abound in windows

Aug. 18.
Linnets (Fringilla linota) congregate Aug. 18. Nov. 1 Aug. 22.

Nov. 8
Bulls make their shrill autumnal noise Aug. 20.
Aster amellus fi.

Aug. 22.
Balsam (Impatiens balsamina) fl. Aug. 23.
Milk thistle (Carduus marianus) fi.

May 22. July 28
Aug. 24.

Apr. 21. July 18
Hop-picking begins

Aug. 24. Sept. 17 | Sept. 1-15

semele) ap.

WHITE.

MARKWICK,
Beech (Fagus sylvatica) turns yellow Aug. 24. Sept. 22 Sept. 5—29.
Soapwort (Saponaria officinalis) i. Aug. 25.

July 19. Aug. 23
Ladies' traces (Ophrys spiralis) i. Aug. 27. Sept. 12 Aug. 18. Sept. 18
Small golden black-spotted' butterfly
(Papilio phloeas) ap.

Aug. 29.
Swallow (Áirundo rustica) sings

Aug. 29.

Apr. 11. Aug. 20 Althæa frutex (Hibiscus syriacus) fl. Aug. 30. Sept. 2 July 20. Sept. 28 Great frittilary (Papilio paphia) ap:

Aug. 30.
Willow red under-wing moth (Phalana
pacta) ap.

Aug. 31.
Stone-curlew (Otis cdicnemus) clamours Sept. 1. Nov. 7 June 17.
Phælana russula ap.

Sept. 1.
Grapes ripen

Sept. 4.

Oct. 24 Aug. 31. Nov. 4 Wood owls hoot

Sept. 4.

Nov. 9 Saffron butterfly (Papilio hyale) ap.

Sept. 4.

Aug. 5. Sept. 26
Ring ouzel appears on its autumnal visit Sept. 4—30.
Flycatcher (Muscicapa grisola) last seen Sept. 6—29. Sept. 4—30
Beans (Vicia faba) cut

Sept. 11.

Aug. 9. Oct. 14 Ivy (Hedera helix) fl.

Sept. 12.

Oct. 2 Sept. 18. Oct. 28 Stares congregate

Sept. 12.

Nov. 1 June 4. Mar. 21 Wild honeysuckles A. a second time

Sept. 25. Woodlark sings

Sept. 28.

Oct. 24
Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola) returns

Sept. 29.
Nov. 11 Oct. 1. Nov. 1, young ones

Apr. 28, last seen Apr. 11 Strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo) fl. Oct. 1.

May 21.

Dec. 10 Wheat sown

Oct. 3. Nov. 9 Sept. 23. Oct. 19 Swallows last seen. (N.B.—The house martin the latest)

Oct. 4. Nov. 5 Nov. 16. Redwing (Turdus iliacus) comes

Oct. 10. Nov. 10 Oct.1. Dec.18, sings Feb.10,

Mar. 21, last seen Apr. 13 Fieldfare (Turdus pilaris) returns Oct. 12. Nov. 23 Oct. 13. Nov. 18, last seen Gossamer fills the air

Oct. 15—27.

(May 1 Chinese holyoak (Alcea rosca) fl.

Oct. 19.

July 7. Aug. 21 Hen chaffinches congregate

Oct. 20. Dec. 31 Wood pigeons come

Oct. 23. Dec. 27 Royston crow (Corvus cornix) returns Oct. 23. Nov. 29 Oct. 13. Nov. 17, last seen Snipe (Scolopax gallinago) returns Oct. 25. Nov. 20 Sept. 29. Nov. 11, last Tortoise begins to bury himself

Oct. 27. Nov. 26

(seen Apr. 14 Rooks (Corvus frugilegus) return to their nest trees

Oct. 31. Dec. 25 June 29. Oct. 20 Bucks grunt

Nov. 1. Primrose (Primula vulgaris) fi.

Nov. 10.

Oct. 7. Dec. 30 Green whistling plover ap.

Nov. 13, 14. Helvella mitra ap.

Nov. 16. Greenfinches flock

Nov. 27. Hepatica i.

Nov. 30 Dec. 29 Feb. 19. Furze (Ulex europaeus) fl.

Dec. 4-21.

Dec. 16– 31. Polyanthus (Primula polyantha) A. Dec. 7-16.

Dec. 31. Young lambs dropped

Dec. 11–27.

Dec. 12. Feb. 21
Moles work in throwing up hillocks Dec. 12-23
Helleborus fætidus f.

Dec. 14-30.
Daisy (Bellis perennis) fl.

Dec. 15.

Dec. 26-31. Wallflower (Cheiranthus cheiri seu fruticulosus of Smith) fi.

Dec. 15.

Nov. 5. Mezereon ft.

Dec. 15.
Snowdrop fl.

Dec. 29.
IN SESE VERTITUR ANNUS.

(Apr. 15

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OBSERVATIONS

IN

VARIOUS BRANCHES OF NATURAL HISTORY

Selected from White's MSS.

WITH NOTES BY WILLIAM MARKWICK

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