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Church and State by Ezra and Nehemiah, which is the End of the HISTORICAL Part of the Old Teftament.
During all this Time there is an Account given of the several Prophets and Messengers which were sent from God on special Occasions, to reveal his Mind and Will to Men: And there is also a larger and more particular Narrative of the Lives or Transactions of some extraordinary Persons, several of which are much interwoven with the Series of the History : But there are others which seem to stand separate and distinct; such are the Affairs relating to Job, a rich Man of the Eaft; Jonah, a Prophet in Israel; and Esther, the Queen of Persia ; to which I have added some Account of Jeremiah-and Daniel the Prophets, in diftinct Chapters.
At the End of these I have put in two Chapters before the Beginning of the New Testament, which contain an Historical and Prophetical ConNection b. tweeen the Old Testament and the New; of which I have given an Account in the Introduction to those particular Chapters, as well as in the general Preface.
CH A P. I.
The History of Mankind before the Flood.
1 Quest: HOW came this World into Being?
Answer. In the Beginning the great God made Heaven and Earth, and all Things that are in them, Gen, i. 1. Exod. XX, 11.
2 Q. How 2 Q. How did God make all Things?
A. By his powerful Word; for he commanded, and it was done, Gen, i. 3, 6, 9, &c. Heb. xi. 3Psalm xxxiii. 9. Note, We are also informed in the New Testament,
that God created all Things by his Son Jesus CHRIST, Eph. iii. 9. and that his Name is The Word of God, John i. 3. Rev. xix. 13.
3 Q. What Time did God spend in making the World?
A. God, who could have made all Things at once, by his perfect Wisdom and Almighty Power, chose rather to do it by Degrees, and spend fix Days in making the World, with the Creatures that are in it, Gen. i. 31. Exod. XX. 11.
4 Q. What was his Work on the first Day?
A. He made Light, and divided it from the Darkness, and the Evening and the Morning were the first Day, Gen. i. 3, 5.
5 Q. What did God make the second Day?
A. The Air, or the lower Heavens, which are here called the Firmament, and the Clouds, which are the Waters above the Firmament, ver. 6.
6 Q. What did he do on the third Day?
A. He feparated the Earth from the Sea, and made the Trees and Herbs to grow out of the Ground, ver. 9-12.
7Q. What was the work of the fourth Day?
A. The Sun, Moon and Stars, which were appointed to give Light upon the Earth, and to make our Days, our Months, and qur Years, ver. 14, 19.
A. What was the fifth Day's Work?
4. The Birds and the Fishes, which were both made out of the Water, ver. 20-23.
9 . And 9 Q. And what was the fixth and last Day's. Work?
A. Creeping Things, Beasts and Man, which were all formed out of the Earth, ver. 24-26; and God blessed his Creatures, and pronounced his Works all very good, ver. 28, 31.
10 Q. What did God do the seventh Day?.
A. God refted from his Work of Creation, and fet apart the seventh Day for a holy Sabbath, or a Day of Rest, Gen. ii. 2, 3.
I Q. Who were the first Man and Woman that God made ?
A. Adam and Eve, Gen.v. 1, 2. 1 Cor. xv. 45, Gen. iii. 20.
12 Q. In what Manner did God make Adam
A. He framed his Body out of the Dust of the Ground, and then put a living Soul within him,
13 Q. How did God make Eve?
1. He cast Adam into a deep Sleep, and formed Eve out of one of his Ribs, and then brought her to him to be his Wife, Gen. ii. 20, 21, &.
14 Q. In what State did God create them?
A. God created them both in his own Like. pess, in a holy and happy State, which is called the State of Innocence, Gen. i. 26.
15 Q. Where did God put Adam and Eve, when he had made them?
A. Into the Garden of Eden, to keep it, and take Care of it, that even in the State of Inn cence and Happiness, they might have some Wors to be employed in, Gen. ii. 15.
16 Q. What was their Food in that Garden?
1. God gave them Leave to eat of any of the Herbs, Plants or Fruits that grew there, except
Gen. ii. 7.
the Fruit of one Tree, which he forbid them to taste of on Pain of Death, Gen. i. 29. and ch. ii. 16, 17.
17 Q. What was the Name of that Tree?
A. It was called the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil, because as soon as Man eat of it, he would know Evil to his Sorrow, as well as he knew Good before to his Comfort, ver, 17. and ch. iii. 5.
18 Q. As there was one Tree so dangerous, that it exposed him to Death if he eat of it, was there not also a Tree that would secure him from Death?
A. Yes, there was a Tree called the Tree of Life, placed in the midst of the Garden, whose Fruit was also able to have preserved him in Life, if he had continued to obey God, Gen. ii. 9. and chap. iii. 22. and it is reasonably supposed to be defigned as a Pledge or Seal of eternal Life to him, if he had continued in his Innocency.
19 Q. What was the Religion of Adam in the State of Innocency?!
A. The Practice of all the Duties toward God, and toward his Creatures, which the Light of Nature or Reason could teach him; together with his Obfervance of this one positive Precept of abstaining from the Fruit of the Tree of Knowledge; and this was given him as a special Teft or Trial of his Obedience to his Maker. This is called the DisPENSATION of Innocence.
20 Q. How did Adam behave himself in this Time of bis Trial?
A. He eat of the Fruit of the Tree of Knowledge, which God had forbid him on Pain of Death, Gen. ii. 17. and chap. iii. 6.
21 Q. How came Adam to disobey God, and eat of his forbidden Tree? A. -Eve was first persuaded to eat of that deadly
Fruit, and then she persuaded Adam to eat of it too, Gen. iii. 12.
22 Q. Who teripted Eve to eat of it?
A. The Evil Spirit, that is, the Devil, which Jay hid in the Serpent, Gen. iii. 1. 2 Cor. xi. 3. and for this Reason he is called the old Serpent, Rev.
23 Q. What Mischief followed from hence ?
A. As Adam finned against God, so he brought in Sin and Death among all Mankind, who were his Children; and they have spread through all Generations, Rom v. 12.
24. Q. Then God did not put Adam and Eve to Death: as soon as they had finned? LA No; but they were condemned to die, and became liable to Sickness and Death; they were driven out of the Garden of Paradise, that they might not taste of the Tree of Life, and they were appointed to labour hard for their Food all their Days, Gen. iii. 19, 23:
25 Q. Did God, who spared their Life, Thew them any further Pity?
A. Yes; he gave them a kind Promise, and clothed them with the Skins of Beasts, because they were naked, Gen. iii. 15, 21.
26 Q: What was the kind Promise that he gave them?
4. That the Seed of the Woman should bruise the Head of the Serpent who tempted them to fin, Gen.
27 Q. Who is this Seed of the Woman?
A. The Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, who in due Time was born of a Woman, Gal, iv, 4:
28 Q What is meant by his bruising the Serpent's Head?