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together, and they never fit well unless you Could trochaic lines be introduced into
Or all subjects this is the most magni6.
This is the work with which I would atThe Adonic line, the Dactylic, the Anacreontic, the Sapphic.
tempt to introduce hexameters into our lanThe sentence must not too often close on
guage. A scattered party of fifty or a huna long syllable. The trochaic line of eight dred do nothing; but if I march a regular is the only double ending. This may be army of some thousands into the country,
well disciplined, and on a good plan, they palliated by running the lines into the de
will effect their establishment. cimal one. And the anapæstic of nine will
My plan should be sketched before I have bear a redundant syllable at the end. There
read Bodmer's poem ; then, if his work be may also be occasionally introduced the tro
not above mediocrity, it may be melted at chaic of six, and the Adonic, perhaps the
my convenience into mine. Sapphic or Phaleucian line.
For the philosophy, Burnett's Theory is Thus are there thirteen usable lines. The more complicate ones can, however, only be
the finest possible ; for machinery the Rab
bis must give it me, and the Talmuds are in inserted in polishing; composition will not
requisition. pause for them.
The feelings must be interested for some
of those who perished in the waters. A Metrical Memoranda.
maiden withheld from the ark by maternal How would the galloping dactylic metre her. Their deaths and consequent beati
love, and her betrothed self-sacrificed with suit to be written rhymelessly? rhyme is even less essential to harmony here than in potism that has degraded the world, and
tude may be deeply affecting. In the desthe iambic cadence, for the lyric there would made it fit only for destruction, there is room be the four-lined stanza of two twelve, two nine, with all its changes.
for strong painting. The Anakim have once *12 12
already destroyed mankind !
March 26, 1800.
I have read the Noachid of Bodmer; it 9 12 12 9
is a bad poem. In one point only does it In these long lines there is danger lest the deserve to be followed, in adopting the sysepithets should be too frequent.
tem of Whiston, and destroying the world Of these duodecimo lines there is no frac- by the approximation of a comet.
This tion but the 9, for 8 and 9 are convertible, may be ingrafted upon Burnett's Theory. like 11 and 12, and 6 would be halving the long line only. The 7 makes a good line, June 29, 1801. the last half of a pentameter.
Iris unfortunate that Shem and Ham can
not be christened. With rhyme a correspondent metre to Japhet, the European inheritor, must be that of the ebb tide would have a good ef- the prominent personage, and brimful of fect, rhyming alternately thus,
patriotism he should be. Some visit, per9 12 12 9
haps, to Enoch in paradise. The death of
one of the just may tell well. A father of humanity in only destroying half,--when
Anguish of Noah when the sentence of young hopes and heat of Japhet may force the world is past. The spirit of Adam him into a livelier interest; he should be for might announce it, on his own grave.
isocratizing. The chief tyrant? some beef-headed boo- The general embarkation must be kept by brute.
out of sight; it savours too much of the The universal iniquity will be difficultly ridiculous. made conceivable. There must be an universal monarchy to account for it, and focus it. How to heighten the crimes ? to bring
MANGO Capac. about the crisis of guilt ? all must be bad, I have completely failed in attempting to even those who see the evil must seek to identify Madoc with Mango Capac. He goes remedy it by evil means; some United Irish indeed to Peru, but this is all—The histoviolence.
rical circumstances totally differ, but he has The burnt offering the outstanding fi.
a fleet of companions, and assumes no divine gure; a young man full of all good hopes authority ; – therefore will I remove the and arrogance, who would revolutionize the Welsh adventurers to Florida, and celeworld ; his error, the working with evil brate the Peruvian legislation in another means, and his ruin. The final wickedness;
poem. his death, after an Abbe Barruel-Bartholo
From whence was Mango Capac ? he mew-massacre.
could not have grown up in Peru, nor inIs language equal to describe the great deed in any part of America. There is no crash ? one line of comfort must be the ter- | instance, no possibility of any such character minating one— lo, yonder the ark on the growing up among savages; it is a miracle waters.
more unbelievable than his inspiration ; but The great temple-palace should be some
whence or how came he to Peru. Europe Tower of Babel building, made in despite
was too barbarous to furnish a civilizer for of prophecy, and mockery of God's venge- America ; and from Europe he must have ance. It should resist the water weight, and taken the impossible way up the Maragnon, overlive all things, till the vault of the earth where I had led Madoc. But a European bursts.
would have been a Christian. From the Arbathan the self-confident hero. Some East his opinions might have proceeded; but act of solitary goodness seen by Japhet the voyage from Persia! its impassable should win his affections, which the darkness of conspiracy had shocked. Arbathan would act like Omniscience. He would dare do ill
| The reader is referred to the Commentarios
Reules, escritos por el Ynca Garcilusso de la Vega. for the good event. Thus, too, he should The copy before me was Souther’s. Lisboa, argue, and assume to himself the praise of Año de M.DCIX.-J. W. W.
length-and New Holland and all those islands just in the course! This could not
Images. have been; the way from China is more
AFTER a battle--the bank weeds of the practicable—but how could Mango Capac
stream bloody. conceive such designs in that country? in- Tameness of the birds where gunpowder spiration seems the solution most easy to
is unknown. credit as well as to adopt.
The sound of a running brook like disReasoning as a necessarian, and so I
tant voices. must reason, all effects proceed from the
There is a sort of vegetable that grows first cause. The belief of inspiration is as
in the water like a green mist or fog. much produced by that first cause, as what
Christ Church, Oct. 8, 1799. I crossed the is acknowledged to be real; where then is bridge at night; the church and the ruins the difference; or does it result that he who
were before me, the marshes flooded, the believes himself inspired, is so ? Crede quod
sky was stormy and wild, the moon rolling babeas et habes ? this rather puzzles than
among clouds, and the rush of the waters satisfies me.
now mingling with the wind, now heard But in another light why should inspira
alone, in the pauses of the storm. tion be confined to Judea? Mohammed has
Perfect calmness—a spot so sheltered produced evil assuredly; but Zoroaster,
that the broad banana-leaf was not broken but Confucius, above all Mango Capac? he
by the wind. at least produced extensive good; there is
Bubbles in rain—a watry dome. therefore a cause for divine revelation; or
Gilt weathercock-bright in the twilight. if it be deemed undeserving of such agency,
Holly-its white bark. intermediate beings may have produced
Beech in autumn-its upmost branches the same effect. Their existence is every
stript first and all pointed upwards. way probable, perhaps even their interpo
Moss on the cot thatch the greenest obsition.
ject. About A.D. 1150 Mango Capac and Mama
Redness of the hawthorn with its berries. Oella, his sister-wife, appeared by the Lake
Water, like polished steel, dark, or splenTitiaca. At that time the Mohammedan su
did. perstition had triumphed in the East; and
Ice-sheets hanging from the banks above the few followers of Zoroaster were perse- the level of the water, which had been cuted, or safe only in obscurity. Here then
frozen at flood. the poem roots itself well. The father of
Willows early leaved, and their young these children is a Guebre, rather a Sabean,
leaves green. one driven into mountain seclusion; the
The distant hill always appears steep. children necessarily become enthusiasts ; if
As we were sailing out of Falmouth the they see other human beings they at least
ships and the shore seemed to dance-like find none who can feel as they feel or com
a dream. prehend them~hence they love each other.
At sea I saw a hen eating the egg she The spirit of the sun, whom they adore,
had just laid ! may drop them where he pleases. The rest
An old sailor described a marvellously is I doubt more philosophical than poetical
fine snow-storm to Tom. The sun rising —the influence of intellect over docile and
remarkably red, a heavy gale from the opawed ignorance.-Anno, 1799.
I See libro iii. de los Commentarios Reales, c. xxv. tom, i, f. 80.-J. W. W.
I This is the late CAPTAIN THOMAS SOUTHEY, R.N. He was an acute observer of nature, and many references are made to his letters.
J. W. W.
of the cypress.
posite point of the horizon driving the large / rising to the surface. Trees, like men, grow flakes, which, tinged by the sun, looked like stiff with age; their brittle boughs break falling firem so strikingly so that the men in the storm-a light breeze moves only remarked it, and thought it ominous. their leaves.
May 14, 1800. A singular and striking Glitter of water at the bottom of reeds. evening sky. The horizon is perfectly clear Storm from the south-east at the Cape. and blue; just in the west runs a ridge of The appearance of the heavenly bodies, as black clouds, heavy, and their outline as observed by the Abbé de la Caille, is strange strongly defined as a line of rock-a low and terrible, “ The stars look larger and ridge--the sky behind has the green tinge, seem to dance; the moon has an undulating the last green light. I well remember tremor; and the planets have a sort of when a six years' boy drawing such un- beard like comets."-BARROW. couth shapes, making blotches of ink in the Where the ship breaks its way, the white same jagged formlessness, and fancying dust of the water sinks at first, with a histhem into the precipices and desert rocks sing noise, and mingles with the dark blue; of faery romance.
soon they rise again in air-sparkles. The trunk of the palm seems made by the Sound of a river-a blind man would ruins of the leaves.
have loved the lovely spot.' The inside of the banana leaf feels like Waterfall, its wind and its shower, and satten.
its rainbow, where the shade and the sunA gentle wind waving only the summit shine met, and its echo from the rock, in
creasing the inseparable sound. At the bull fight I saw the sweat of Insects moving upon smooth water like death darken the dun hide of the animal ! rain.
The cypress trunk is usually fluted. The wind sweeping the stream showers
July 1. The chesnut tree, now beginning up sparkles of light. to push out its catkin, and in full leaf; has The mountains and the mountain-stream a radiant foliage. Whiter than other trees had a grey tinge, somewhat blue, like the from its young catkin, and perfectly starry | last evening light. in shape.
At Mafra, the sound of the organ when The Indian corn flowers only at the top; | it ceased-like thunder; the rise of the the seed is in a sheath below, near the root; congregation like the sea. from the point of the sheath hangs out a Finland. "The only noise the traveller lock of brown filaments, like hair, green in hears in this forest is the bursting of the its earlier stage. The flower is of light bark of the trees, from the effect of the brown, somewhat inclined to purple. frost, which has a loud but dull sound.”
A thunder-storm burst over Cintra. Acerbi. Koster saw the eagles flying about their Trees seen from an eminence lie grouped nest, scared by the lightning from entering below in masses, like the swell of heavy to their young, and screaming with terror. clouds.
From the Peniña I saw the sea so dap- Flags. I saw the colours in a bright pled with clouds and slips of intermediate sky flowing like streams of colour with dazlight, as not to be distinguishable from the zling vividness. sky.
View from above of a wooded glen, after 1 The reader of SOUTHEY's works will find describing the visible objects--the billowy many of these ideas worked up. These
words wood that hides all-below is the sound
occur in Madoc without alteration, part ii. xxiii. that tells of water, &c.
and were quoted to me by SOUTHEY, 1829, in
one of the loveliest spots of all Cumberland. Water, only varied by the air bubble
J. W. W.
When the Marlbro' was wrecked, the | alis flashing in bright columns behind large goats ran wildly about, and the cats came masses of black cloud. I look upon it the screaming upon deck, evidently aware of clouds we have here are only detached danger. Wind, not in gusts, but one con- pieces, driven from the large mass that tinuous roar, like the perpetual bound of a constantly floats near the Arctic circle this cataract.
time of the year."
vault of rock, you felt the shaking war, and
From Tom's Letter.
Grass under a gale, as if you saw the
stream of wind flowing over it. “ THERE were yesterday two fine water
I have seen the yellow leaves of the ash spouts close to us. They appeared to de
and birch in Autumn give a sunshiny apscend from a heavy black cloud, not in a
pearance to the trees—a hectic beauty.
When straight column, but with a round.
Twinkling of the water-lilly leaves in a they reached the water they blew it about
breeze. with great violence. One of them looked
Sept. 28. Crackling of the furze pods in like the smoking of a vessel burnt to the
a hot day. water's-edge. The other seemed not to
A steady rain, so slow and in so still a raise the water so high, but formed it very day, that the leafless twigs of the birch like the capital of a Corinthian pillar ; the column was more transparent in the middle drop falling till with its own weight.
were covered with rain-drops--no rain than at the sides. When it ceased to act upon the water, it reascended to the cloud, ing dew lies still upon the grass undried,
An Autumn day, when at noon the mornforming a circle with a still increasing ra
yet the weather delicious. dius as it drew directly up.
“ We were most dreadfully annoyed by point at last formed the centre, it then was so wide. It was then interrupted by other forage and filth scattered over the camp."
flies which swarm about the heaps of old clouds passing over."
This was near the camp in India which had “ A puesta del Sol parescio la Luna, e
been abandoned the day before. comio poco a poco todas las nubes."--Cron. del Conde D. Pero Nino."
Tom. " You should have been with us last cruise (Lat. 60 n.) to have seen the Aurora Bore
“As the moon doth show her light in the
" See Second Series, p. 615.-J. W. W.