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take bail, and he was committed to / sued. In no place where he had prison, where he was kept several days. preached the gospel with success, docs He was at length brought up for ex- he appear to have separated the disamination, which was conducted in the ciples, and united them in a churchpresence of about thirty clergymen. state, after the manner of the apostles, Mr. White sat as chairman; and, his and first ministers of the word ; nor, answers were so satisfactory, that he does it appear, that he himself was was not only discharged without pay connected with any particular church, ment of fees, but the jailer was severely though he might have fellowship ocreprimanded for refusing bail, and casionally with several. Indeed we threatened with the loss of his place, think it very probable, that he himif found guilty of similar conduct. I self was ultimately instructed in the
Having, at this time, no stated ras- line of his duty by bis own experience, toral charge, Mr. Knollys preached both which is no uncommon thing with the in London and the country, wherever people of God. We devise plans and the invitations of his friends, and the schemes for promoting the glory of providence of God opened a door for God, and the extension of the Rehim; and, in bearing his testimony to deemer's kingdom in the world, enthe truth, he was called to much per- tirely in a way of our own devising, sonal suffering. His Anabaptistical er- and aside from his 'revealed will, wherors were at that time intolerable-hether expressed in positive law, or was charged with faction and sedition ; | approved example. This is the case and, the virulence of the mob was in- with hundreds of ministers in the prestigated against him by the high-con- sent day, who are convinced in their stable, in the county of Suffolk. On own minds, that the national establishone occasion, he was stoned out of the ment of religion is wholly inconsistent pulpit;-on another, the church doors with the spiritual nature of Christ's were shut against both him and his kingdom, yet conform to it, on the bearers ; upon this he preached in the ground that it affords them the means church-yard; but, even that was consi- of greater usefulness, (that is, the oppordered a crime too great to be connived tunity of preaching the gospel to greater at or excused. He was taken into numbers) than they should otherwise custody, and first prosecuted at a petty enjoy, if among the Dissenters! In sessions in the country, but afterwards this way, men find a salvo to their consent a prisoner to London, with ar science, while they are consulting their ticles of complaint preferred against him worldly interest. We forget whether it to the Parliament. On his examina-be Toplady or Hervey, or both of them, tion he was able to prove by witnesses of whom we have seen the fact reof reputation, that he had neither sowed corded, that, in their latest moments, sedition, nor raised a tumult; and that, they confessed, that they knew not of a whatever had happened to disturb the single instance in which their ministry public peace, had been owing to the had been blessed to the conversion of a violence and malignity of his opposers, poor sinner to God. Mr. Knollys long who had acted both contrary to law before them, had taken up the same and common courtesy. He also pro- | complaint-his labours he owned were duced copies of the Sermons he had without fruit, while he continued conpreached, and afterwards printed them. nected with the Established Church; His answers were so satisfactory, that, but, after he became a Baptist, he was on the Report made by the Committee one of the most successful ministers of to the House, he was not only dis- the age in which he lived. charged, but a vote was passed allowing A few years after his return from bim to preach in any part of Suffolk, America, we find Mr. Knolly's disin the absence of the stated minister. charging his public ministry to a conBut, though he eventually triumphed, gregation of his own gathering in Great it was at an expence of €60. which, in St. Helen's, London, where the people those days, was a large sunı !
flocked in crowds to hear him, and he In reviewing this part of Mr. Knollys's had generally a thousand auditors. history, though we applaud his zeal, This roused the jealousy of the Presbyand admire his noble fortitude, we terians, and the landlord was prevailed doubt whether his conduct can be fully on to refuse them the use of the place justified in the steps which he pur- any longer. He then engaged a large
meeting-house in Finsbury-fields, where | In these things he excelled so much, he prosecuted his ministry. He was that, when the times would permit him now cited before a Committee of di- to follow his employment, he never vines, in the Queen's Court, Westmin| wanted encouragement, and many young ster, where, being interrogated by Mr. men were trained up under him, who Leigh, the chairman, why he presumed were eminent for piety and learning. to preach without holy orders, he ex. In the discharge of the duties of his plained to them, that, though he had pastoral office, he laboured most asrenounced his episcopal ordination, he siduously, though frequently interwas, nevertheless, invested with the rupted in his work by the malice of his pastoral office in a Christian church, enemics. When the Act against con. according to the rule of the New Tes-venticles was passed, May 10, 1670, tament, which led him to explain the Mr. Knollys was apprehended at a manner of ordination among the Bap- place of worship in George-yard, and tists. And, when magisterially com- committed to prison. But here he obmanded to preach no more, he quoted tainell favour of his jailer, who perthe words of the Apostles, “We oughtmitted him to preach to the prisoners to obey God rather than man"-adding, twice a week during his confinement, that he certainly, would preach the And, no sooner had he obtained his gospel, both publicly, and from house liberty, than he was called to endure to house
a series of domestic affliction; first in The life of this good man was one his own person, then in the loss of his continued scene of vexation and trouble. wife, who died April 13, 1671, and Soon after the Restoration, in 1660, afterwards in the death of his son. Mr. Knollys, with many other innocent From this time his household affairs persons, was dragged from his own were managed by his grand-daughter, dwelling-house, and committed to Ncw-whose prudent conduct rendered his degate, where he was kept in close cus-clining years tolerably comfortable. tody for eighteen weeks, until delivered Towards the latter period of his life, by an Act of Grace upon the King's we find Mr. Knollys reviewing the coronation. At that time, four hun- Lord's dealings with him, in the follow. dred persons were confined in the same ing pious strain, “ My wilderness, prison, for refusing to take the oaths of (alluding to his exile in America) sea, allegiance and supremacy. A royal city, and prison mercies, afford me very proclamation, occasioned by the re many and strong consolations. The bellion of a person of the name of spiritual sights of the glory of God, the Venner, was issued at this time, pro- divine sweetness of the spiritual and hibiting Anabaptists, and other sec- providential presence of my Lord Jesus taries, from worshipping God in public, Christ, and the joys and comforts except at their parish church. This of the Holy and Eternal Spirit, commucruel edict was the signal for perse- nicated to my soul, together with suite cution, and the forerunner of those able and seasonable Scriptures of truth, sanguinary laws which disgraced the have so often and so powerfully rereigns of the Stuarts; and, to these vived, refreshed, and strengthened things we must attribute the frequent iny heart in the days of my pilgriremovals of Mr. Knollys, mentioned in mage, trials, and sufferings, that a former part of this Memoir. During their life and sweetness abides still his absence in Holland and Germany, upon my heart, and have engaged his property was confiscated to the my soul to live by faith, to walk Crown-and, when the law did not humbly with God, and to seek his favour the monarch's pretensions, a glory. I confess, that many of the party of soldiers were slispatched to Lord's ministers, have excelled me, take forcible possession of Mr. Knollys's with whom he hath not been at so premises, which had cost him upwards much cost and pains as he hath been of $700.!
with me. I am a very unprofitable His chief source of emolument for servant; but, “by the grace of God the support of himself and family, arose I am what I am." from his keeping a school, for which Mr. Knollys lived to the advanced he was well qualified, by his familiar age of ninety-three, and came to his acquaintance with the classics, and a grave like a shock of corn fully ripe, happy method of instructing youth. and that is gathered in its season, During bis last illness, which was of For the New Evangelical Magazine.. short continuance, he behaved with exemplary patience and resignation to the A VIEW OF THE EVIDENCES OP divine will. He had experienced enough
DIVINE REVELATION. of the troubles of human life, to lead him to say with the Patriarch, “I
“That thou mightest know the certainty would not live alway.” Casting him- of those things in which thou hast been in
structed.” Luke i. 4. self into the arms of the divine mercy, he longed to depart, and be with Christ, | Every person who is acquainted which is far better than the highest with the value of that Revelation which spiritual enjoyments to be attained liere. is communicated to us in the Bible, as He kept his bed only a few days, and it relates to God and the future destiny departed in a transport of joy, on the of man, will feel very deeply concerned 19th of September, 1691. His remains for the condition of those who are found were interred in Bunhill-fields, and his despising its contents, and setting at funeral Serinon preached and published nought its sacred counsels. Regard by Mr. Thomas Harrison; from whence for our fellow beings, thus awfully dethe principal incidents here recorded ceived, would dictate, that every prou are drawn.
bable means of instructing them better, Mr. Knollys was blessed with a should be attended to; and that, with sound and vigorous constitution, and all patience and perseverance. Induced endued with an extraordinary measure by these considerations, perinit me of bodily strength, which qualified him through the medium of your esteemed for the arduous labours he was called Journal, to point out, in a series of to undergo, both in preaching Christ's Essays, a few particulars, which, if they gospel to the world, and in suffering do not convince the established infidel, patiently for his attachment to it. In may, it is hoped, comfort and encourage his younger years, and while a con- the weak believer. In doing this, it formist, his exertions were astonishing; ought to be kept in mind, that no dispreaching three and often four times on paragement is intended toward the the Lord's day, and at places several different volumes you have reviewed miles distant from each other. And, upon this subject, either as it respects after he became a Dissenter, for more their design or their execution. I am than forty years successively, he preach- glad to find, in the Number for August, ed three or four times every week that the defenders of the faith have while he had health and liberty. His found a standard-bearer amongst that prayers were remarkably spiritual and class of the community, who are geedifying; and, in a short memoir of nerally thought the last in their regard his life, which he drew up and left for divine things. When the assiduity in manuscrirt, he has recorded some and diligence of those who oppose the remarkable answers to his petitions, authority of Revelation are considered, especially during the awful period that there will appear the most urgent the city of London was visited with the reasons why Christians should equip plague. He continued to labour in his themselves in the armour of their chief Master's work as long as his strength Captain, and go forth to fight the would enable him to do it; but, in battles of the Lord. It is true, that no deed, his work was his delight, and he carnal weapon should be even named ; was unwilling to leave it. He bore his for, neither force, nor fear, will ever sufferings with exemplary courage and convince or regulate the human mind, cheerfulness; and, in the whole of his when seduced from the principles of life, he exhibited a bright pattern of truth. What we now attempt, is an Christian piety. So circumspect was affectionate and plain statement of the he in all his deportment, that those reasons why we believe the Scripture who were adverse to his principles to be the Word of God. were constrained to reverence his cha Previous 10 entering on the eviracter.
dences, which directly prove the ane thenticity of the Bible, as the certain disclosure of JEHOVAH's will to his creatures, let us endeavour to settle one point which is of considerable moment, (namely,) that there has been
in the world, from the most early ages, a will deny that they were written at collection of writings, which have claimed distinct and distant periods of time, the authority of heaven, and, that many consequently by different men; all have received them as deservedly sustaining which is pleasingly calculated to estathat character. This is the more needful blish an axiom immediately tending to to be done, because the way in which vindicate the reason and ground of our the ignorant are led astray at this time, belief in them, as the word of truth. from the belief of God's word, is by The testimonies by which the present bold assertions, importing, that the particular is to be substantiated, must Bible is the modern invention of self- be derived from other sources than the seeking priests; and, that no one knows Bible itself; otherwise it may cause when or how it was written. It is those to stumble wlio call in question acknowledged, that no man, whose its authority. In doing this, we need thoughts are guided by the impartial not be careful to demonstrate the preconclusions of just reasoning, will ever cise date of such and such books in the be in danger of imbibing the baneful Old Testament, but leave it to a future influence of such dogmas, unsupported stage of the discussion, wherein their by the least shadow of argumentation. authenticity will be vindicated, from a Besides the allegation alluded to, con view of their harmony and agreement. tradicts itself; for, if they know not If it can be proved that they were in when or how the Scriptures were existence, prior to the era of Christiwritten, with what propriety can their anity, it will sufficiently answer every origin be ascribed to wicked priests? purposed intention; and, this may be By inspecting the nature of infidel in- done, so as to satisfy the most scrupusinuations, it will appear plain, that the lous mind, unless all regard to the non-reception of the Bible, as possessing credibility of history be completely the authentic claims of real antiquity, abandoned. The manner in which the arises more from aversion to what it antiquity of the Old Testament may be contains, than from want of evidence ascertained, is by an arrangement of in the proof of its genuine character. testimony under a few separate heads. This is clearly deducible from the con- I. Let us consider the evidence to be duct of its opposers. They never pre-drawn from the writings of Josephus, sume to question the antiquity of the the Jewish historian. writings of Homer or Virgil, whilst they The period when this person pubare in the face of the clearest demon- lished his history, is fully admitted to stration, decrying the Scripture as the be not long after the taking of Jeinvention of modern times, or the pro- rusalem by the Romans, of which duction of uncertain days. Let any event he appears to have been an eyeone, who is competent to the task, witness. Those who read Josephus's institute a comparison of the evidences Antiquities, will perceive, that they are which establish the antiquity of the in a great measure an enlargement Bible with those that relate to the pro- of the Old Testament history; and, phane books of ancient times, and he though they may appear incorrect in will soon learn the pre-eminence of our some of the chronological statements, historical support above that which and other particulars, yet, they go fully connects with works, the reception of to prove, that such writings were in exwhich is never hesitated. We do not istence previous to his time, and that rest the truth of Revelation upon this they were considered to be very ancient. basis; and, the only purpose it is in- | The titles which he gives to them, shew tended to answer, is to shew, that what in what light they were received, and we receive as the Bible, is a hook of how peculiarly they were venerated. In ancient existence, in perfect harmony Josephus's answer to Apion, he calls with its unequivocal avowal, and the them “Holy Writ;" and, in his own well authenticated nature of the Chris- | life, he expressly denominates them, tian faith.
The Holy BIBLĒ. Additional to this, In proceeding to investigate the pro- he mentions the Old Testament books position before us, we take the Testa- separately. He specifies those five ments separately, because there is an which we denominate the Pentateuch, obvious distinction, both in their style that go to the time of Moses's death. and circumstances. Few persons, ex- | Thirteen prophets and four which colle cept those who are completely ignorant, tained holy hymns and precepts. Now,