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weight of taxes finally come. To SMITH said, that foreigners were make the weight unfelt, the Land alarmed at the talk of " breakmay make loans; and, while this " ing faith.” Indeed! Yes; is going on, the Landlord has a and that a foreigner had written fine time of it; for, his labour bim a letter to say this. Indeed! being paid, in great part, out of Well, then, my lords and 'squires high prices occasioned by an in- of the soil, out you must march ! flux of money, he is pocketing But, Mr. Smith's grand argutwice as much as he ought. But, ment was, that, if the Funds there must be an end to borrow- went, the Land would go! He ing; and, well would it be for said, that parchments woulit be no him, if that were all! O, no ! security ; and that, whenever the There are the loans all to be paid; day came for violating " publie and, out of the land the payment “ faith," the Landholder would must finally come. The neces- have no security for his estate; sary consequence is, that the land and, indeed, could not expect must refuse to pay the debts on to have any; or, if he did, his it, or, it must surrender itself up expectations would be disapto the money-lender. - · Ipointed!
" Do good for evil ” says the Mr. CURWEN, who came next, Scripture; and I here fulfil it. appears to have been duly 'imMr. LOCKHART wanted(or shan- pressed with these arguments; for med to want) to shoot at me, or he sang very piano: it was the to run me through the body: and piano without the forte. He had I have written this last paragraph thought, and he did think, and he for the express purpose of en- trusted, and he hoped; 'but, * not lightening, if possible, the mind a word about the no longer paying of Mr. LOCKHART.
the interest of the Debt! What I now come to Mr. JOHN play is it, where some red-faced SMITH (Banker of Nottingham, dare-devil goes boldly into 'a I believe), brother of Smith, who haunted chamber, and comes out is a Lord, under the name of as pale as death?' He had seen CARRINGTON, and who was a or heard something? One would Banker himself, if he be not one think this honourable member had now. This Mr. SMITH was recently seen something. Per. against the repeal of the Malt haps it has been you; GAFFER, in
Tar, because it would shake the your Committee. At any rate, "Funds! He was very vehement never did man appearso completein his censure of sentiments hos ly changed as Mr. CURWEn aptile to " public faith.” Well he pears to have been. Mr. LITmight! He said there were TLETON kept perfectly silent; 900,000 Fundholders! What a and, if he did say any thing brood ! Come, then, my “lords about the “ monster of consump«s of the soil,” prepare to walktion,” it was not above his breath. out; for, out you must go, and CASTLEREAGH, taking adwith nearly as short process as vantage of the panic, fell upon Radicals are sent to dungeons by the poor Landlords, pell-mell. He you and I know whom! Mr. ** thanked God, that the time
« was not come for that house on any boards in this world. I 6 to endure sentiments hostile to should like to have seen him ".public faith ; and he saw with when he uttered these words ; “ pleasure, that those who suf- and when, out of 400 mémbers. « fered such sentiments to escape present, not one was found to re" them, immediately recoilea mind him of his “sudden tran66 with horror from what they had" sition frrm war to peace," and 6 said.” And, he intimated, that, of Canning's “ Scene of prosthis being he case, he was dis-“ perily hidden, for a moment, posed to pardon them. “But,"|" behind a cloud, only to appear says he, the danger is, that " with more splendour. than 66 that may be attempted to be ever." Not one: not a soul to . done indirectly, which no con- ask him whether the " sudien - siderations will induce man to transition” were likely soon to " do directly.” And then he be over : not a soul to ask, how went on to show, that the present long Canning's “ moment” was Bill of tax-repeal was one of likely to last. Not a creature to those indirect attacks. This was inquire ( with all due submission) very true; but, I would have what“ a general working of faced the buck, if I had been “ events” might mean; and Mr. WESTERN, notwithstanding whether it resembled the operathe palarver, which that “re- tion of yeast among wort; or the “ spectable genileman” received meeting of clouds charged some at the opening of this speech. with water and some with fire. I :
The General went on, and really believe, that the “ generr.I work-made, for once, an excellent" ing” of events will resemble, a speech; that is to say for the good deal, the latter sort of workoccasion. He had not much to ing; and that tlie relief to the do indeed. He found the enemy farmer, the only relief he will." en deroute. The panic was so ever get, he will receive from the great, that he had little to do but result of a most furious storm. to pck up laggers and deserters. But, to ask questions like these, In this state of things he seems the auditors' must have been in to have relaxed to a joking and possession of thiose senses, of jeering mood. “ No,” said he, which they seem, upon this oc
taking off taxes will do no good casion, to have been bereft by “ to the farmer.” “ The farmer,” the panic, into which they had added he, “ought to be taught been thrown. " to look for relief, from” --- However, to make all sure; to what, think you? ... " that prevent the possibility of rallying, “ GENERAL WORKING OF on the part of the foe, CASTLE“ EVENTS, which he trusted REAGH told the House, that “ HE 66 would, 'ERE LONG, as it had should be SORRY TO AD66 done in FORMER CASES, “ MINISTER THE GOVERN- lead to a return to prosperity !" " MENT, if the wisdom of
Bravo! He was cheered here ; “ Parliament shonld decide against and well he might; for a finer " the continuance of this tax." piece of acting never was seen This was enough! Not another
sound, but question question!, Mr. WESTERN said, that before he .66 was heard ! Divide ! divide !” moved the Order of the Day for the And ten came the thundering second reading of the Malt Duty Re-. majority against the bill!
peal Bill, he wished to ask the ChanIf he had said, “ I will go out cellor of the Exchequer at what sum * and let in the Whigs, who must he estimated the duty on malt? There 66 repeal the Six Acts,” he could was an observation which he wished to not have produced a more strong
make on the Scots malt duty. Scots impression. Thus, at last, here
malt had, ever since the imposition of it is, in one word : the Landlords will submit to any thing ; aye, to
the malt tax, been subjected to 8d. any thing, rather than run the less per bushel than English malt, on risk of Reform! That is the the ground of its inferior quality. In git of the whole story from be 1504 a Committee was appointed to ginning to end. Rather than do consider the propriety of continuing justice to the people, they will this difference, and it had decided in endure any thing. However, the affirmative ; but when the Chanthey, besides, buoy themselves
cellor of the Exchequer, in 1819, proup with hopes. These are vain;
posed the additional duty of Is. 2d. on but, no matter. They have their
English malt, he imposed an additional weight for awhile; and awhile is
duty of ls. 10d. on Scots malt, proall that is wanted.
fessedly to do away with the inequality. Now. GAFFER Gooch, if you -It was extraordinary that the Chanread this letter attentively, you will derive more knowledge from ceng
cehor of the Exchequer should, in it than from all goose-gabble of the face of the Resolution of the Com- ; all the “ agriculturists” in the Imittee of 1804, have deprived the kingdom. I long, I die, for the Scots barley of this exemption. He Report and Evidence of your however, wished to disengage this Committee. These will be a treat question from the consideration of the indeed! No man that has them difference which should be made bein his possession need go to Sad-tween Scots and English Malt, and ler's Wells, or to Astley's, for a sho
should propose the repeal of the Duty month: his time and lungs will be
of Is. 2d. which would press on both much better employed at home. One thing I do hope you will do :
countries alike. and that is, to send a copy to
The CHANCELLOR of the Exche.
? every Radical's dungeon. I would quer estimated the produce of the adendure six month's dungeoning ditional Duty on Malt at 1,500,0001. myself, rather than not read this He had no objection to revive the Report and Evidence. - Committee of 1804.
So no more, at nradant, from. | Lord A. HAMILTON said, it would • Dear Gaffer,
be recollected that he had moved last Your most obedient
year to repeal the additional Tax of And most humble servant, 8d. per bushel which had been imposed WM. COBBETT. upon Scots Malt. The Chancellor of
the Exchequer had resisted that mo:
tion. He (Lord A. H.) was aware she looked to the eastern parts of the
s Gunport to the pre same county, there he would find the that, in giving his support to the pre
ruin complete. He would there find sent Bill, he was not settling the ques- many hundred acres which he might tion of the proportion between the occupy merely on paying the poors'
rates and taxes, and this not very bad Duties on Malt in the two parts of the land, or land newly brought into kingdom, but in voting for taking off tillage, but land which had been cul
tivated for centuries. The distress 1s. 2d. per bushel he was relieving the
did not fall on the farmers alone. The · whole kingdom. If this Bill was car- moderate landed proprietors suffered ried, he had no doubt that the justice as much. They had their farms
thrown back upon their hands, and of the barley grower in England would were obliged, if they would not let. assist the Scots Members in putting them unoccupied, to get them tilled
by hired bailiffs, who had no interest the Scots-Malt Duty on a 'fair footing.
ng in them. It had been asked how, if The notion seemed to have been in this tax was repealed, the interest of
The Chandustriously circulated that the Eng- the debt could be paid ?
cellor of the Exchequer had told them lish Members would not be willing, if that this year there was a saving of this measure was carried, to take the a million. The country would not
find any benefit from this, unless there' Scots Duties into consideration, and it
was a proportionate reduction of had been particularly attributed to his Taxes. It was better therefore to, Honourable Friend, the Member for repeal the Tax in question, than to
add in some sinall degree to the ineffiNorfolk, that he was of this opinion. I cient Sinking Fund, by which the He believed this assertion was un Country had been for a long time
humbugged (a laugh). The agriculfounded, and he therefore wished his
ould not expect relief from Honourable Friend to state what his the fundholders. They must thereopinion was.
fore look to his Majesty's Ministers.
If an absolute reduction of the amount Mr. Coke said he was convinced of taxes could not be suffered, he that it was absolutely necessary for the should propose a limited Property
Tax of (say) two per cent. by which Janded interest to unite in carrying three millions might be raised; other measures in which they had a common taxes to an equal amount being reinterest. He was ready to say, that if pealed. It had been said, that if this the present measure was carried, he tax was repealed; his Majesty's Miwould go into a Committee on the nisters would resign (a laugh). He Scots Malt Duty, and that he had (Sir J. S.) did not wish to see them never been adverse to such an inquiry. resign their places, he only wished He highly approved of the Bill before them to resign a few of their taxes. the House, but he thought a still fur- Mr. J. W. WARD said, there were ther reduction of the taxes which only three grounds on which he could pressed on land was necessary.
be requested to repeal this tax. Ist. * The Order of the Day for the se- | That the country could go on with its cond reading of the Malt Duties repeal present taxes, and 1 million less having been read,
taxes. 2d. That the expenditure might Mr. WESTERN moved that the Bill be reduced lg million per- ann.; or, be read a second time.
3dly, that a less burthensome tax 4. Sir J. SHELLEY, in allusion to a might be imposed. As to the first of former speech of Mr. Huskisson, these suppositions, it could only be contended that the agricultural distress realized by, taking 1 million from the was now general. The Right Ho- Sinking Fund. The merit of the Sinknourable Gentleman was speaking on ing Fund was a subject which was the experience of the western part of better discussed in the closet than in a Sussex, where the farmers were not deliberative assembly. But thus much in an absolute state of ruin; but if he might say, that if Parliament, at
the earnest solicitation of a Govern- | temper which prevailed abroad, he ment in which it ought to confide, had could see no safety in our dispensing determined in 1819 that there should with a large and respectable military be a large Sinking Fund, it would be force. He was himself among the tray discreditable vacillation to shrink, most anxious to preserve this country in 1821, from carrying that Resolution in peace, but that could, in his opiinto effect. If the Sinking Fund was nion, be done by only keeping arms in a fallacy, to use a gentler term, for our hands, particularly considering the the idea which his Honourable Friend situation of our neighbours, and the (Sir J. Shelley) had conveyed by a probable conflict between the excesdifferent word, it was a fallacy of sive ambition of some Monarchs, and some standing. It had deceived Par- the vengeance or exhausted patience liament and the public, including the of the people. But how could this wisest statesmen whom the country country maintain such a force is the had known, from the time of its origi. | means of Government were to be nal establishment. Both Mr. Pitt and cramped by the Repeal of this Tax ? Mr. Fox were among its supporters. An Honourable Baronet, in supportBut still he was open to argument up | ing that Repeal, had taken occasion to on this subject, if argument were ad- recommend the imposition of a small duced to shew the fallacy of this sys- Property Tax in lieu thereof. For tem; for he could never oppose autho. himself, he would say, that he had no rity to demonstration. But in the ab-objection to a Property Tax to a comsence of argument or demonstration, petent amount; to the principle of such he could not be influenced, by mere a tax he could see no objection; the abuse, to become the opponent of the inquisitorial manner of coilecting it Sinking Fund, or an advocate for re- was indeed, at all times, the cause of ducing its amount.-At least he should outcry against it. But when so many not agree to this until some new dis- Gentlemen were found to oppose this covery were made to convince him of Malt tax; when other Gentlemen callits justice aud expediency. What ed for the repeal of other taxes, while might be the nature of that discovery several evinced a disposition not to he could not anticipate. The world support any tax at all, how could any at one time believed that the sun Ministers calculate upon success in the moved round the earth-but it had proposition of an Income Tax ? A been since discovered that the earth Gentleman had said, that in obiecting had moved round the sun. Possibly to a tax he was not bound to find a too it might yet be discovered that it substitute, as that was the duty of the would be rather better not to make Chancellor of the Exchequer. Now, any provision for a Sinking Fund to he would take the benefit of the Ho-. discharge the national debt, but until nourable Member's principle, and say, that discovery were made, he must be that he would not vote for the repeal excused for retaining his present opi- of this Malt Tax until ano her and nion. He, therefore, deprecated any less'objectionable tax were proposed attempt to reduce the Sinking Fund, in its stead. To consent to the proand while he was willing to sanction posed repeal would really be, in his any practicable system of retrench- ljudgment, a most inconsistent proment. he could not agree to the idea, Iceeding on the part of the House. A that after voting the present establish- few days only had elapsed since the ments, the House could consistently House had voted certain establishwithhold from Government the means ments, and would it not be extraordiof supporting those establishments, nary if the Bill sanctioning ihat vote as the present Bill proposed. But if should be overtaken at the foot of the this were even the first day of the Throne by another Bill refusing the Session, before any establishments means of support to such establishwere voted, he would not support the ments. But would it not be still inore exmeasure before the House, because hétraordinary if such inconsistency should could not see the propriety of reducing be maintained by the advocates of the our establishments consistently with a Pitt system, nay, that even the Memdue regard to the safety of the country, bers of the Pitt Clubs should be among The House had seen the peace of Eu- the foremost to starve the means of rope recently disturbed, and with the Governient to support those very