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c.Equal in days and nights, except to those 682 Beyond the polar circles ; to them day Had unbenighted Thone, while the low fun

To recompense his distance, in their fight i

Had rounded still th' horizon, and not known
Or east or west, which had forbid the snow 685

From cold Estotiland, and south as far
Beneath Magellan. At that tasted fruit
The sun, as from Thyestean banquet, turn'd
His course intended; else how had the world

InMr. Pope approves this emendation, Thyestes and Atreus brethren hated and it seems probable, through Taurus each other outrageously; the first in and By Leo afterwards answering to spite lay with the wife of Atreus, each other.

but he having gotten his brother's 686. - Eftotiland,] A great tract children in his power pretended a of land in the north of America, desire of reconciliation, and invited towards the Ar&ic Circle and Hud- him to a banquet. Thyestes, that fon's Bay; as Magellan is a country he might see his children, dissembling in south America, which together his augmented malice, came; the with its straits took their name of fealt being over, his brother let him Ferdinandus Magellanus a Portu- know he had been entertain’d with guese, who in the year 1520 first the flelh of his sons, and their blood discover'd them. Hume. mix'd with the wine, and show'd

687. --- At that tafted fruit him the sad proof of what he had Tbe fun, as from Ibseftean banquet told him, their heads and hands

turn'd &c.] Dr. Bentley says which he had reserved for that purthat Toyéstean for Tlyeftéan is intole- pose. At this the sun is said to have rable: but I have shown that Milton turn'd away, as Milton here says he used Ægean for Ægéan, in my note did when the more dreadful banquet on I. 745. and so our poet in his was made on the fruit of the forSamson Agonifles, ver. 133. uses Cha- bidden tree. Richardson. by bean for Chalybean. "Infances of We may farther observe that it is such a poetical liberty may be found called the Thyestean banquet, though in the best ancient poets as well as made not by him, but only for him; in the modern ones. Pearce. and Euripides in like manner calls

Inhabited, though finless, more than now, 690
Avoided pinching cold and scorching heat ?
These changes in the Heav'ns, though flow, produc'd
Like change on sea and land, fideral blast,
Vapor, and mist, and exhalation hot,
Corrupt and pestilent: Now from the north 695
Of Norumbega, and the Samoed shore,
Bursting their brazen dungeon, arm’d with ice

0. And snow and hail and stormy gust and flaw,

DO Boreas and Cæcias and. Argestes loud And Thrascias rend the woods and seas upturn; 700

With it serve Ouest. Oreft. 1010. and

Gus and foul fiaws to herdíme Horace cæna Thyeste. De Art. Poet. and to herds. 91. and Mr. Pope would read here

699. Boreas] The north wind Thyestes'. 696. Of Norumbega, and the Sa- north-east. Thrasrias blowing from

Cæcias the north-west. Argeftes the msed fore,] Norumbega a pro Thrace, northward of Greece. Natus vince of the northern America. Sa: the south wind. Afer or Africus, the moieda, a province in the north-east of

southwest from Africa; Muscovy, upon the frozen sea. Hume.

Notusque ruunt creberque proces 697. — arm’d with ice &c.] So

Africus. Claudian de Rapt. Prof. I. 69.

Virg. Æn. 1.85. ceu turbine rauco

From Serraliona or Lion Mountains; Cum gravis armatur Boreas, glacie

a range of mountains so call'd beque nivali & C. Richardson.

cause of the perpetual ttorms there

roaring like a lion. These are to 698. – and formy gust and flaw,] the fouth-west of Africa, within 1 Guft and flaw seem to be words much few leagues of Cape Verd, the of the same import, only flaw is the western

point. Eurus and Zephyr the stronger, derived (as Junius says) east and west, call'd allo Lecar from the Greek praw to break. and Ponent winds (rifing and setting Shakespear uses both words in his the one blowing from whence the Venus and Adonis,

sun rises, the other whence is lett. Like a red morn that ever yet be- Sirocco ventus Syrus, the south eaf : token'd

and Libecchio ventus Lybicus,

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With adverse blast upturns them from the south
Notus and Afer black with thundrous clouds
From Serraliona; thwart of these as fierce
Forth rush the Levant and the Ponent winds
Eurus and Zephyr with their lateral noise,

Sirocco, and Libecchio. Thus began
Outrage from lifeless things; but Discord first
Daughter of Sin, among th' irrational,
Death introdục'd through fierce antipathy: 709
Beast now with beast 'gan war, and fowl with fowl,
And fish with fish; to graze the herb all leaving,

Deal south-west: Italian terms used by Prælia fæva gerit : jam priftina pafeamen of the Mediterranean.

bula fpernunt, Hume and Richardson. Jam tondere piget viridantes graIn this account of the winds is a

mine campos ; needless oftentation of learning, and Alterum et alterius vivunt animalia a ftrange mixture of ancient and letho : modern, Latin and Italian names Prisca nec in gentem humanam retogether. These are the foibles and verentia durat, weak parts of our author, and of Sed fugiunt, vel fi fteterant, fera these it may too truly be faid,

bella minantur Such labor'd nothings, in so strange Fronte truci, torvofque oculos jacua stile,

lantur in illam. Amaze th’ unlearn'd, and make the And perhaps two or three instances learned smile.

at molt in Milton are something fimi

lar to passages in Masenius: whe710. Beast now with beast ther accidentally or designedly is a

Glar don him palling ] These question : but surely it is great abverses are very like some upon surdity to charge Milton therefore the same occasion in Masenius, as with borrowing

the substance of 2000 cited by Mr. Lauder.

lines from him. Quadrupedi pugnat quadrupes, vo 711, - to graze the herb all leavlucrique volucris,

ing, &c.] The word all here Et piscis cum pisce ferox hoftilibus makes ftrange sense of this passage, armis fince according to common canftruc

whom we love, and love excludes

Devour'd each other; nor stood much in awe T Of Man, but fled him, or with count'nance grim Glar'd on him passing. These were from without T The growing miseries, which Adam saw

713 Already' in part, though hid in gloomiest shade, | OF

To tion it implies that beafts, fowl, and The greateft difficulty is with regard fish, all graz'd before the fall, and to the fish, but of these Milton Pays immediately after it began all to prey exprelly VII. 404. that they upon each other, neither of which could possibly be Milton's meaning.

Graze the sea weed their pafture

7 How to restore the true reading I And therefore according to this so don't pretend to determin, but the tion, it may be said of fowl and file SE following lines seem to confine the as well as beasts, devouring to the beasts, and might not therefore the word those be sub

to graze the herb all leaving, ftituted in the place of all? Thyer.

Devour'd each other Whether Milton's notion was right But all here is not all and every of or not is another question, but cer. in particular, but only all in general tainly it was his notion that beaft, Fowl prey upon fowl, and fih uper fowl, and fillo grazed the herb before fish, as much as beast the fall . Of the beasts there can be Beast

, fowl, and filh, all the three no doubt; and the fowl have the kinds, tho' not all of the three kids green herb given them for meat as devour each other. well as the beasts. Gen. I. 30. And 712. to every beast of the earth, and to Of Man, but fled him,] Dr. Bender every fowl of the air I have given reads but sbunn'd him: because iba every green herb for meat. And the says) if they fled him, it was a figa goose particularly is by the poet who of fear, of more than awe. Trei has beft imitated Milton called close and for that very reason filed is right grazer. Philips's Cyder. B. 1. here, because nothing more thoss

our not standing much in awe On the barren heath . Man than our fearing him. Awes The shepherd tends his flock, that a respect or reverence paid to Off

daily crop Their verdant dinner from the fear. Pearce. moffy turf

714.-These were from without &c) Sufficient; after them the cackling The transition to Adam bere is goose,

easy and natural

, and cannot fail of Close grazer, finds wherewich to pleasing the reader. We have fee case her want.

great alterations produced in natur,



nor flood much in aer


To sorrow' abandon’d, but worfe felt within,
And in a troubled fea of paffton tost,
Thus to disburden fought with fad complaint,
O miserable of happy'! is this the end

720 Of this new glorious world, and me fo late

The and it is now time to see how Adam many of the fathers, and the most is affected with them, and whether orthodox writers. Milton has by the disorders within are not even this means filled a great part of his worse than those without.

poem with that kind of writing 718. And in a troubled fea of pas- which the French critics call the fron toft,

tender, and which is in a particuThus to disburden fought with sad lar manner engaging to all sorts

complaint.) A metaphor of readers. Adam and Eve, in taken from a ship in a tempest, un. the book we are now considering lading, disburd’ning to preserve itself are likewife drawn with such fentifrom finking by its weight. ments, as do not only interest the

Richardson. reader in their afflictions, but raise 720. O miserable of happy! &c.] in him the most melting passions of The parts of Adam and Eve, or the humanity and commiseration. When human persons come next under our Adam sees the several changes in confideration. Milton's art is no nature produced about him, he apwhere more shown than in his con- pears in a disorder of mind suitable ducting the parts of these our first to one who had forfeited both his parents. The representation be gives innocence and his happiness; he is of them, without falfifying the story, filled with horror, remorse, despair ; is wonderfully contriv'd to influence in the anguish of his heart he expothe reader with pity and compassion ftulates with his Creator for having towards them. Though Adam in- given him an unask'd existence. volves the whole species in misery; Did I request thee, Maker, from his crime proceeds from a weakness which every man is inclin'd to par. To mold me Man? &c.

my clay don and commiserate, as it seems rather the frailty of human nature, He immediately after recovers from chan of the person who offended. his presumption, owns his doom to Every one is apt to excuse a fault be just, and begs that the death which he himself might have fallen which is threaten'd him,may be innto. It was the excess of love for ficted on him, Eve, that ruin'd Adam and his poste

why delays ity. I need not add, that the au- His hand to execute what his decree hor is juftify'd in this particular by Fix'd on this day? &c.

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