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necessary to use the axe for its removal. anticipate with calm delight the entrance This appeared to have grown from, or of the new year, and lift his eyes to the have been nourished by, the decomposed living lustres of the firmament with grateparticles of the wine : the cask was empty, ful feelings. They shine out their prismatic and carried up to the ceiling, where it colours through the cold thin air, keeping was supported by the surface of the watch while man slumbers, or cheering fungus.

him, who contemplates their fires, to purAt the close of this day he who can poses of virtue. In this season reflect with satisfaction on the past, may

The night comes calmly forth,
Bringing sweet rest upon the wings of even :
The golden wain rolls round the silent north,
And earth is slumbering 'neath the smiles of heaven.


January 2.

the devil answered, to give drink to the

hermits; and that the phials contained a St. Macarius; St. Concordius ; St.

variety of liquors, that they might have Adalard or Alard.

a choice, and so fall into temptation. On St. Macarius. A.D. 394. Alban Butler the devil's return, the saint inquired how says he was a confectioner of Alexandria, he had sped; and the devil answered very who, in the flower of his age, spent evil, for they were so holy that only one upwards of sixty years in the deserts in Theodistus would drink : on this informlabour, penance, and contemplation. “Our ation Macarius found Theodistus under saint,” says Butler, “ happened one day the influences of the phial, and recovered inadvertently to kill a gnat, that was biting him. Macarius found the head of a pagan, him in bis cell; reflecting that he had lost and asked where the soul of its body the opportunity of suffering that mortifi- was: in hell, said the head : he asked the cation, he hastened from his cell for the head if hell was deep ;-the head said marshes of Scete, which abound with deeper than from heaven to earth: he degreat flies, whose stings pierce even wild manded again, if there were any there boars. There he continued six months, lower than bis own soul-the head said exposed to those ravaging insects; and to the Jews were lower than he was: the such a degree was his whole body dis- saint inquired if there were any lower figured by them, with sores and swellings, than the Jews—the head answered, the that when he returned he was only to be false Christian-men were lower than the known by his voice." The Golden Legend Jews, and more tormented: there the relates of him, that he took a dead pagan dialogue between the saint and the head cut of his sepulchre, and put him under appears to have ended. Macarius seems, his head for a pillow; whereupon certain by the Golden Legend, to have been much devils came to affright the saint, and called annoyed by the devil. In a nine days' the dead pagan to go with them; but the journey through a de ert, at the end of body under the saint said he could not, every mile he set up a reed in the earth, because a pilgrim lay upon him, so that to mark his track against he returned; he could not move ; then Macarius, no- but the devil pulled them all up, made a thing afraid, beat the body with his fist, and bundle of them, and placed them at Matold him to go if he would, which caused carius's head, while he lay asleep, so that the devils to declare that Macarius had the saint with great difficulty found his vanquished them. Another time the way home again. devil came with a great scythe on his Št. Adalard, according to Butler, was shoulder, to smite the saint, but he could grandson of Charles Martel, brother to not prevail against him, on account of his king Pepin, and cousin-german to Charlevirtues. Macarius, at another time, being magne, who created him a count: he left tempted, filled a sack with stones, and his court in 773, became a monk at Corbie bore it many journies through the desert. in Picardy, died in 827, aged seventySeeing a devil before him in the shape of three, and wrought miracles, which proa man, dressed like “a herawde,” with cured his body to be enshrined with great his clothing full of holes, and in every hole pomp in 1010, a history of which solema phial, he demanded of this devil whither nity is written by St. Gerard, who comhe went; and why he had so many phials? posed an office in St. Adalard's honour, be


cause through his intercession he had mission to return to Rome. Whatever been cured of a violent head-ache.- subject Ovid wrote on, he exhausted; he The same St. Gerard relates seven other painted nature with a masterly hand, and miracles by St. Adalard of the same nature. his genius imparted elegance to vulgarity ; Butler says, his relics are still at Corbie, but he defiled the sweetness of his numw a rich shrine, and two smaller cases, bers by impurity, and though he ranks except a small portion given to the abbey among the splendid ornaments of ancient of Chelles.

literature, he sullied his fame by the

grossest immorality in some of his finest The first Monday after new year's day

productions. is called Handsel Monday in some parts

Livy, the Roman historian, died at Padua of Scotland, and is observed by merry, Ovid. His history of the Roman Empire

on the same day and in the same year with making. In sir J. Sinclair's “ Statistical Account,” it is related of one William which only thirty-five are extant. Five of

was in one hundred and forty books, of Hunter, 'a collier, that he was cured in these were discovered at Worms in 1431, he year 1758 of an inveterate rheumatism or gout, by drinking freely of new

and some fragments are said to have been ale, full of barm or yeast.


lately discovered at Herculanæum. Few

poor man had been confined to his bed for a

particulars of his life are known, but his year and a half, having almost entirely his history has rendered him immortal.

fame was great even while he lived, and lost the use of his limbs. On the evening He wrote some philosophical treatises of Handsel Monday, as it is called, some of his neighbours came to make merry the merit of authors, which Dr. Lem

and dialogues, with a letter to his son on with him. Though he could not rise, yet he always took his share of the ale, 'as it priere says, ought to be read by young passed round the company; and, in the end, became much intoxicated. The consequence was, that he had the use of his limbs the next morning, and was able to In the Literary Pocket Book there are walk about. He lived more than twenty

some seasonable facts which may be years after this, and never had the smallest transplanted with advantage to the reader, return of his old complaint." This is a and, it is hoped, without disadvantage to fact worth remembering, as connected the writer of the articles. He says that with chronical complaints.

a man is infinitely mistaken, who thinks there is nothing worth seeing in winter

time out of doors, because the sun is not CHRONOLOGY.

warin, and the streets are muddy. “Let On the 2d of January, A. D. 17, Ovid him get, by dint of good exercise, out of the celebrated Roman poet died; he was the streets, and he shall find enough. In born at Sulmo on the 20th of March, the warm neighbourhood of towns he may forty-three years before the Christian era. still watch the field-fares, thrushes, and His father designed him for the bar, and blackbirds; the titmouse seeking its food he became eminently eloquent, but every through the straw-thatch; the red-wings, thing he wrote was expressed in poetical field-fares, sky-larks, and tit-larks, upon numbers; and though reminded by his the same errand, over wet meadows; the father, that even Homer lived and died sparrows and yellow-hammers, and chafm poverty, he preferred the pleasures of finches, still beautiful though mute, gleanimagination to forensic disputation Heing from the straw and chaff in farmrained great admiration from the learned. yards; and the ring-dove, always poetical, Virgil, Horace, Tibullus, and Propertius, coming for her meal to the ivy-berries. were his frierds, and Augustus became About rapid stroams he may see the vahis liberal patron, till he banished him for rious habits and movements of herons, some unknown cause. In his exile he wood-cocks, wild-ducks, and other waterwas cowardly, and prostituted his pen to fowl, who are obliged to quit the frozen Catter baseness; and though he desired marshes to seek their food there. The the death of the emperor, he fawned upon red-breast comes to the windows, and nim in his writings to meanness. He died often into the house itself, to be rewarded at Tomos on the Euxine sea, the place of for its song, and for its far-famed pain. nis banishment, under the reign of Tibe. ful' obsequies to the Children in the mus, who had succeeded Augustus, and Wood." was deaf to the noet's entreaties for per


they found there. They did so till two Kanuary 3.

swineherds came by, one of whom said St. Genevieve. St. Anterus, Pope. St. to the other, “I went yesterday after one Gordius. St. Peter Balsam.

of my sows and found a bed of lime;" St. Genevieve, Patroness of Paris. the other replied that he had also found Alban Butler affirms that she was one under the root of a tree that the born in 422, at Nanterre, four miles from wind had blown down. St. Genevieve's Paris, near the present Calvary there, priests of course inquired where these and that she died a virgin on this day discoveries were made, and bearing the in 512, and was buried in 545, near the tidings to Genevieve the church of St. steps of the high altar in a magnificent Denis was began. During its progress ehurch, dedicated to St. Peter and St. the workmen wanted drink, whereupon Paul, began by Clovis, where he also was Genevieve called for a vessel, prayed over interred. Her relics were afterwards it, signed it with the cross, and the taken up and put into a costly shrine vessel was immediately filled; “ so," says about 630. Of course they worked mira- the Legend, “the workmen drank their cles. Her shrine of gold and silver, belly full," and the vessel continued to covered with precious stones, the presents be supplied in the same way with “drink" of kings and queens, and with a cluster for the workmen till the church was of diamonds un the top, presented by the finished. At another time a woman stole intriguing Mary de Medicis, is, on cala- St. Genevieve's shoes, but as soon as she mitous occasions, carried about Paris in got home lost her sight for the theft, and procession, accompanied by shrines remained blind, till, having restored the equally miraculous, and by the canons shoes, St. Genevieve restored the woman's of St. Genevieve walking bare-foot. sigbt. Desiring the liberation of certain

The miracles of St. Genevieve, as re- prisoners condemned to death at Paris, lated in the Golden Legend, were equally she went thither and found the city gates numerous and equally credible. It relates were shut against her, but they opened that when she was a child, St. Germaine without any other key than her own presaid to her mother, “Know ye for certain

She prayed over twelve men in that on the day of Genevieve's nativity that city possessed with devils, till the the angels sung with joy and gladness, men were suspended in the air, and the and looking on the ground he saw devils were expelled. A child of four penny signed with the


which years old fell in a pit and was killed There by the will of God; he took it up, St. Genevieve only covered her with and gave it to Genevieve, requiring her her mantle and prayed over her, and the to bear in mind that she was the spouse child came to life and was baptized at of Christ. She promised him accordingly, Easter. On a voyage to Spain she arand often went to the minster, that she rived at a port“ where, as of custom, ships might be worthy of her espousals. “Then," were wont to perish.” Her own vessel says the Legend," the mother was angry, was likely to strike on a tree in the water, and smote her on the cheek-God avenged which seems to have caused the wrecks; the child, so that the mother became blind," she commanded the tree to be cut down, and so remained for one and twenty months, and began to pray; when lo, just as the when Genevieve fetched her some holy tree began to fall, “two wild heads, water, signed her with the sign of the grey and horrible, issued thereout, which cross, washed her eyes, and she recovered stank so sore, that the people that were her sight. It further relates, that by the there were envenomed by the space of Holy Ghost she showed many people their two hours, and never after perished ship secret thoughts, and that from fifteen there; thanks be to God and this holy years to fifty she fasted every day except saint.". Sunday and Thursday, when she ate At Meaux, a master not forgiving his beans, and barley-bread of three weeks servant his faults though St. Genevieve old. Desiring to build a church, and prayed him, she prayed against him. He dedicate it to St. Denis and other martyrs, was immediately seized with a hot ague; she required materials of the priests for “on the morrow he came to the holy

“ Dame," answered the virgin, running with open mouth like a priests, we would; but we can get no German bear, his tongue hanging out chalk nor lime." She desired them to go like a boar, and requiring pardon." She to the bridge of Paris, and bring what then blessed him, the fever left him, and



that purpose.


the serviut was pardoned. A girl going which diffused light over the whole church • by with a bottle, St. Genevieve called to this she presented to the bishop; he her, and asked what she carried, she blessing it with the sign of the cross, see answered oil, which she had bought; it in the urn of water; when drops but St. Genevieve seeing the devil sitting wax plentifully fell down into the vesse.. on the bottle, blew upon it, and the The diseased drank of it, all were cured, bottle broke, but the saint blessed the the contagion ceased, and the candle to oil, and caused her to bear it home safely this day preserved with great veneration, notwithstanding. The Golden Legend spends itself, yet loses nothing; and says, that the people who saw this, mar- therefore remains still of the same length velled that the saint could see the devil, and greatness it did 500 years ago. А and were greatly edified.

vast quantity of wax, made up of the It was to be expected that a saint or many drops which fall into the water such miraculous powers in her lifetime upon those festival days, when the candle should possess them after her death, and burns, may be justly called a standing, accordingly the reputation of her relics indeficient miracle." is very high.

This candle story, though gravely related

by a catholic writer, as “pot doubted of Several stories of St. Genevieve's mi- by any," and as therefore not to be raculous faculties, represent them as very doubted, miraculously failed in convenient in vexatious cases of ordinary vincing the protestant Stillingfleet, that occurrence; one of these will serve as a “miracles wrought in the Ronan catholic specimen. On a dark wet night she church," ought to be believed. was going to church with her maidens, with a candle borne before her, which

CHRONOLOGY. the wind and rain put out; the saint 1639. A manuscript entitled “Commerely called for the candle, and as soon mentaries of the Civil Wars, from 1638 as she took it in her hand it was lighted to 1648," written by Sir Henry Slingsby, again, “without any fire of this world.” bart. a royalist, intimates the struggle,

Other stories of her lighting candles then approaching, between Charles I. in this way, call to mind a candle, greatly and the nation. He says, “The 3d of venerated by E. Worsley in a “ Discourse January, 1639, I went to Bramham-house, of Miracles wrought in the Roman Ca- out of curiosity, to see the training of the tholic Church, or, a full Refutation of Dr. light-horse, for which service I had sent Stillingfleet's unjust Exceptions against two horses, by commandment of the lieuMiracles,” octavo, 1676. At p. 64, he tenant and sir Joseph Ashley, who is lately says, “ that the miraculous wax candle, come down, with special commission yet seen at Arras, the chief city of Artois, from the king to train and exercise may give the reader entertainment, being them. These are strange spectacles to most certain, and never doubted of by this nation in this age, that has rived any. In 1105, that is, much above 569 thus long peaceably, without noise of years ago, (of so great antiquity the can- drum or of shot, and after we have stood dle is,) a merciless plague reigned in neuter, and in peace, when all the world Arras. The whole city, ever devout to besides hath heen in arms." The “trainthe Mother of God, experienced her, in ing” was preparatory to the war with this their necessity, to be a true mother the Scots, the resistance of the commons of mercy: the manner was thus. The in parliament, and its levies of troops Virgin Mary appeared to two men, and to oppose the royal will. enjoined them to tell the bishop of Arras, “The armourers that on the next Saturday towards morn- With busy hammers closing rivets up, ing she would appear in the great church,

Gave dreadful note of preparation;" and put into his hands a wax candle the conflict ended in the death of Charles burning; from whence drops of wax on the scaffold, the interregnum, the should fall into a vessel of water pre- restoration, and the final expulsion of pared by the bishop. She said, more- the Stuart race. over, that all the diseased that drank of this water, should forthwith be cured.

January 4. This truly promised, truly happened. Our St. Titus, disciple of St. Paul. St. Gre blessed Lady appeared all beautiful, hav. gory, bishop of Langres. St. Rigobert ing in her hands a wax candie burning, or Robert. St Rumon

St. Rumor.

pressed Ascham with its importance, Alban Butler informs us, from William that he says, he “ thought to prepare of Malmsbury, that he was a bishop, some little treatise for a new-year's gift though of what nation or see is unknown, that Christmas,” but it grew beneath and that his name is in the English his hands and became his “Scholemartyrology. Cressy says, that his body master, showing a plain and perfect way was buried at Tavistock, where, about of teaching the learned languages. 960, Ordgar, count of Devonshire, father The best edition of this work, which to Elfrida, the second wife of king Ascham did not live to publish, is that Edgar, built a monastery “very agreeable edited by the Rev. James Upton, 1743, and pleasant, by reason of the great octavo. The book was first printed by variety of woods, pastures, and rivers Ascham's widow, whom with her chilabounding with fish." St. Kumon con- dren he left in distress. It was emisecrated the church. About thirty years nently serviceable to the advancement of afterwards, the monastery was destroyed teachers and pupils, at a period when it and burnt by the Danes. It is memora- was the fashion to flog. Its most remarkble, that Edulf

, a son of Ordgar, buried able feature is the frowning down of this in that monastery, was a man of gigantic brutal practice, which, to the disgrace of stature, and of such wonderful strength, our own times, is still heard of in certain that going to Exeter, and finding the seminaries, both public and private. The gates shut and barred, he broke the good old man says, “ Beat a child if he outer iron bars with his hands, burst dance not well, and cherish him though open the gates with his foot, tore the he learn not well

, ye shall have bim unocks and bolts asunder, and broke down willing to go to dance, and glad to go to part of the wall.

his book : knock him always when he

draweth his shaft ill, and favour him CHRONOLOGY.

again though he fault at his book, ye 1568. On the 4th of January Roger shall have him very loth to be in the Ascham died, and was buried at St. field, and very willing to go to school.” Sepulchre's church, London.

He was

He observes, “ If ever the nature of man born in Yorkshire about 1515, and is be given at any time, more than another, celebrated for his learning, for having to receive goodness, it is in innocency of been tutor and Latin secretary to queen young years before that experience of Elizabeth, and for having written " the evil have taken root in him. For the Scholemaster.” This work originated pure, clean wit of a sweet young babe, from mention having been made at din- is like the newest wax, most able to rener that some Eton scholars “ had run ceive the best and fairest printing; and away from school for fear of beating.” like a new bright silver dish never occuAscham expressed his opinion that pied, to receive and keep clean any good “ young children were sooner allured by thing that is put into it. Therefore, to love, than driven by beating, to attain love or to hate, to like or contemn, to good learning." He then retired up ply this way or that way, to good or to stairs “ to read with the queen's majesty: bad, ye shall have as ye use a child in we read then together that noble oration his youth.” He exemplifies this by a of Demosthenes against Æschines, for his delightful anecdote of the young, beautifalse dealing in his embassy to king ful, and accomplished lady Jane Grey, Philip of Macedon; sir Richard Sack who shortly afterwards perished by the ville came up soon after." Sackville axe of the executioner. Ascham, before took Ascham aside,“ A fond (silly) school- he went into Germany, visited Broadmaster," said sir Richard, “before I was gate in Leicestershire, to take leave of fully fourteen years old, drove me so, her. “ Her parents, the duke and with fear of beating, from all love of duchess, with all the household, gentlelearning, as now, when I know what dif- men and gentlewomen, were hunting in ference it is to have learning, and to have the park. I found her," says Ascham, little, or none at all, I feel it my greatest “ in her chamber, reading Phædo Platonis grief, and find it my greatest hurt, that in Greek, and that with as much delight, ever came to me, that it was so my ill as some gentlemen would read a merry chance, to light upon so lewd (ignorant) tale in Boccace. After salutation, and a schoolmaster. The whole conversa- duty done, with some other talk, I asked tion was very interesting and so im- her, why she would lose such pastirne

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