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Wales, which is named Penmainmaure, and you humour is far from making a man unhappy, though must also know, it is no great journey on foot from it may subject him to raillery; for he generally me; but the road is stony and bad for shoes. Now, falls in with a person who seems to be born for him, there is upon the forehead of this mountain a very which is your talkative fellow. It is so ordered, high rock (like a parish steeple), that cometh a that there is a secret bent, as natural as the meeting buge deal over the sea; so when I am in my me- of different sexes, in these two characters, to sup laocholies, and I do throw myself from it, I do de. ply each other's wants. I had the honour the other sire my fery good friend to tell me in his Spictatur, day to sit in a public room, and saw an inquisitivo if I shall be cure of my griefous lofes; for there is man look with an air of satisfaction upon the apthe sea clear as glass, and as creen as a leek. proach of one of these talkers. The man of ready Then likewise if I be drown and preak my neck, if utterance sat down by him, and rubbing his head, Mrs. Gwinifrid will not lofe me afterward. Pray leaning on his arm, and making an uneasy countebe speedy in your answers, for I am in crete haste, nance, he began : “ There is no manner of news and it is my tesires to do my pusiness without loss to-day. I cannot tell what is the matter with me, of time. I remain with cordial affections, your ever but I slept very ill last night; whether I caught lofing friend,

“ DAVYTH AP SHENKYN. cold or no, I know not, but I fancy I do not wear "P. 5. My law-suits have brought me to Lon- shoes thick enough for the weather, and I have don, but I have

lost my causes; and so have made coughed all this week. It must be so, for the cusmy resolutions to go down and leap, before the frosts cold water, prevents any injury from the season

tom of washing my head winter and summer with begin; for I am apt to take colds."

entering that way; so it must come in at my feet;

but I take no notice of it: as it comes so it goes. Ridicule, perhaps, is a better expedient against Most of our evils proceed from too much tenderness; love than sober advice, and I am of opinion that and our faces are naturally as little able to resist the Hudibras and Don Quixote may be as effectual to cold as other parts. The Indian answered very cure the extravagances of this passion, as any of well to an European, who asked him how he could the old

philosophers. I shall therefore publish very go naked; I am all face.speedily the translation of a little Greek manuscript,

I observed this discourse was as welcome to my which is sent me by a learned friend. It appears general inquirer as any other of more consequence to have been a piece of those records which were could have been; but somebody calling our talker kept in the little temple of Apollo, that stood upon to another part of the room, the inquirer told the the promoutory of Leucate. The reader will find it next man who sat by him, that Mr. Such-a-one, to be a summary account of several persons who who was just gone from him, used to wash his head tried the lover's leap, and of the success they found in cold water every morning; and so repeated almost in it. As there seem to be in it some anachronisms, verbatim all that had been said to him. The truth and deviations from the ancient orthography, I am is

, the inquisitive are the funnels of conversation; not wholly satisfied myself that it is authentic, and they do not take in any thing for their owo use, not rather the production of one of those Grecian but merely to pass it to another. They are the sophisters, who have imposed upon the world seve-channels through which all the good and evil that ral spurious works of this nature. I speak this by is spoken in town are conveyed. Such as are way of precaution, because I know there are several offended at them, or think they suffer by their bewriters of uncommon erudition, who would not fail haviour, may themselves mend that inconvenience, to expose my ignorance, if they caught me tripping for they are not a malicious people, and if you will in a matter of so great moment.--c.

supply them, you may contradict any thing they have said before by their own mouths. A further

account of a thing is one of the gratefullest goods No. 228.J WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1711. that can arrive to them; and it is seldom that they

are more particular than to say, " The town will have Percunetatorem fugito, nam garrulus idem est.

it, or I have it from a good hand;" so that there is Hor. 1 Ep. xvii. 69.

room for the town to know the matter more partiTh' inquisitive will blab; from such refrain: Their leaky ears no secret can retain.-SHARD.

cularly, and for a better hand to contradict what

was said by a good one. TRERE is a creature who has all the organs of I have not known this humour more ridiculous speech, a tolerably good capacity for conceiving than in a father, who has been earnestly solicitous what is said to it, together with a pretty proper be- to have an account how his son has passed his leisure haviour in all the occurrences of common life; but hors; if it be in a way thoroughly insignificant, naturally very vacant of thought in itself, and there there cannot be a greater joy than an inquirer disfore forced to apply itself to foreign assistances. covers in seeing him follow so hopefully his own of this make is that man who is very inquisitive. steps. But this bumour among men is most pleaYou may often observe, that though he speaks as sant when they are saying something which is not good sense as any man upon any thing with which wholly proper for a third person to bear, and yet is he is well acquainted, he cannot trust to the range in itself indifferent. The other day there came in a of his own fancy to entertain himself upon that well-dressed young fellow, and two gentlemen of foundation, but goes on still to new inquiries. Thus, this species immediately fell a whispering his pedithough you know he is fit for the most polite con- gree. I could overhear by breaks, “ She was his versation, you shall see him very well contented to aunt;" then an answer, " Aye, she was, of the sit by a jockey, giving an account of the many re- mother's side;" then again, in a little lower voice, yolotions in his horse's health, what potion he made " His father wore generally a darker wig;” anhim take, how that agreed with him, how afterward swer, " Not much, but this gentleman wears higher be came to his stomach and his exercise, or any the heels to his shoes.” like impertinence; and be as well pleased as if you As the inquisitive, in my opinion, are such merely talked to bim on the most important truths This from a vacancy in their own imaaginations, there is

66

ers.

nothing, methinks, so dangerous as to communicate you, since as you are silent yourself, you are most secrets to them; for the same temper of inquiry open to the insults of the noisy. makes them as impertinently communicative; but

“I am, Sir, &c. no man, though he converses with them, need put

“ W. B.” himself in their power, for they will be contented “I had almost forgot to inform you, that as an with matters of less moment as well. When there improvement in this instrument, there will be a is fuel enough, no matter what it is.- -Thus the particular note, which I shall call a hush-note; and ends of sentences in the newspapers, as

“ This this is to be made use of against a long story, - wapts confirmation,”—“This occasions many spe- swearing, obsceneness, and the like.” T culations," and “ Time will discover the event," are read by them, and considered not as mere expletives.

No. 229.] THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 22, 1711. One may see now and then this humour accom

Spirat adhuc amor, panied with an insatiable desire of knowing what

Vivuntque commissi'catores passes without turning it to any use in the world Æoliæ fidibus puellæ.-HOR. 4 Od. ix. 4 but merely their own entertainment. A mind which Nor Sappho's amoroas flares decay; is gratified this way is adapted to humour and plea- Her living songs preserve their charming art,

Her verse still breathes the passions of her

heart. santry, and formed for an unconcerned character

FRANCIS. in the world; and, like myself, to be a mere Spectator. This curiosity, without malice or self-inte- AMONG the many famous pieces of antiquity rest, lays up in the imagination a magazine of which are still to be seen at Rome, there is the circumstances which cannot but entertain when trunk of a statue which has lost the arms, legs, and they are produced in conversation. If one were to head; but discovers such an exquisite workmanship know, from the man of the first quality to the in what remains of it, that Michael Angelo declared meanest servant, the different intrigues, sentiments, he had learned his whole art from it. Indeed he pleasures, and interests of mankind, would it not studied it so attentively, that he made most of his be the most pleasing entertainment imaginable to statues, and even his pictures, in that gusto, to enjoy so constant a farce, as the observing mankind make use of the Italian phrase; for which reason much more different from themselves in their secret this maimed statue is still called Michael Angelo's thoughts and public actions, than in their nightcaps school. and long periwigs ?

A fragment of Sappho, which I design for the

subject of this paper, is in as great reputation “MR. SPECTATOR,

among the poets and critics, as the mutilated figure “Plutarch tells us, that Caius Gracchus, the Ro- above mentioned is among the statuaries and paintman, was frequently hurried by his passions into so Several of our countrymen, and Mr. Dryden loud and tumultuous a way of speaking, and so in particular, seem very often to have copied after strained his voice, as not to be able to proceed. To it in their dramatic writings, and in their poems remedy this excess, he had an ingenious servant, upon love. by name Licinius, always attending him with a

Whatever might have been the occasion of this pitch-pipe, or instrument to regulate the voice; who, ode, the English reader will enter into the beauties whenever he heard his master begin to be high, im- of it, if he supposes it to have been written in the mediately touched a soft note, at which, 'tis said, person of a lover sitting by his mistress. I shall Caius would presently abate and grow calm. set to view three different copies of this beautiful

"Upon recollecting this story, I have frequently original; the first is a translation by Catullus, the wondered that this useful instrument should have second by, Monsieur Boileau, and the last by a genbeen so long discontinued; especially since we find tleman whose translation of the Hymn to Venus that this good office of Licinius bas preserved his has been so deservedly admired. memory for many hundred years, which, methinks, should have encouraged some one to have revived it, if not for the public good, yet for his own credit.

Ille mi par esse deo videtur, It may be objected, that our loud talkers are so fond

Nile, si fas est, superare divos,

Qui sedens adversus identidem te of their own noise, that they would not take it well

Spectat, et audit to be checked by their servants. But granting this

Dulce ridentem; misero quod omnis to be true, surely any of their hearers have a very

Eripit sensus mihi : nain simul te good title to play a soft note in their own defence.

Lesbia, adspexi, nihil est super mi To be short, no Licinius appearing, and the noise

Quod loquar amene jecreasing, I was resolved to give this late long va

Lingua sed torpet: tenues sub artus cation to the good of my country, and I have at

Flamma dimanat: sonitu suopte length, by the assistance of an ingenious artist (who

Tinniunt aures: gemina teguntur

Lumina nocte. works for the Royal Society), almost completed my design, and shall be ready in a short time to furnish the public with what number of these instruments why one of these verses is printed in Italic letters;

My learned reader will know very well the reason they please, either to lodge at coffee-houses, or carry and if he compares this translation with the orifor their own private use. In the mean time I shall ginal, will fiud that the three first stanzas are renpay that respect to several gentlemen, who I know dered almost word for word, and not only with the will be in danger of offending against this instrument , to give them notice of ii by private letters, in same elegance, but with the same short turn of ex

pression which is so remarkable in the Greek, and which I shall only write, 'get a Licinius.'

“I should now trouble you no longer, but that I + Ambrose Philips. must not conclude without desiring you to accept

# It is wanting in the old cop.es, and has been supplied by one of these pipes, which shall be left for you with conjecture as above. But in a curious edition of Catullus poin

lished at Venice in 1738, said to be printed from an ancieat WS. Buckley; and which I hope will be serviceable to newly discovered, this line is given tkus :-*** Voce loquendum.“

AD LESBIAM.

80 peculiar to the Sapphic ode.. I cannot ima- different from those which Sappho here describes ir gine for what reason Madam Dacier has told us, a lover sitting by his mistress. The story of Antiothat this ode of Sappho is preserved entire in Lon-chus is so well known, that I need not add the sequel ginus, since it is manifest to any one who looks of it, which has no relation to my present subject.-C. into that anthor's quotation of it, that there must at least have been another stanza, which is not transmitted to us. The second translation of this fragment which I

No. 230.] FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 23, 1711. shall here cite, is that of Monsieur Boileau.

Homines ad deos nulla re propius accedunt, quam salutem

horninibus dando.-TULL. Heureux! qui pres de toi, pour toi seule soupire:

Men resemble the gods in nothing so much, as in doing Qui jouit du plaisir de t'entendre parler:

good to their fellow-creatures Qui te voit quelquefois doucement lui sourire : Les dieux, dans son bonheur, peuvent-ils legaler ?

Human nature appears a very deformed, or a Je sens de reine en veine une subtile. flamme

very beautiful object, according to the different Courir par tout mon corps, si-tot que je te vois :

lights in which it is viewed. When we see men of Et dans les doux transports, ou s'egare mon ame, inflamed passions, or of wicked designs, tearing one Je tue sçaurois trouver de langue, ni de voix.

another to pieces by open violence, or undermining Un nuage confus se repand sur ma vue.

each other by secret treachery; when we observe Je n'entens plus, je tombe en de douces langueurs ; Et pale, sans haleine, interdite, esperdue,

base and narrow ends pursued by ignominious and Un frisson me saisit, je tremble, je me meurs.

dishonest means; when we behold men mixed in

society as if it were for the destruction of it; we are The reader will see that this is rather an imita- even ashamed of our species, and out of humour tion than a trauslation. The circumstances do not with our own being. But in another light, when we lie so thick together and follow one another with behold them mild, good, and benevolent, full of a that vehemence and emotion as in the original. In generous regard for the public prosperity, compasshort, Monsieur Boileau has given us all the poetry, sionating each other's distresses, and relieving each but not all the passion of this famous fragment. I other's wants, we can hardly believe they are creashall, in the last place, present my reader with the tures of the same kind. In this view they appear English translation.

gods to each other, in the exercise of the noblest

power, that of doing good; and the greatest compli. Blest as th' immortal gods is he,

ment we have ever been able to make to our own The youth who fondly sits by thee,

being, has been by calling this disposition of mind And hears and sees thee all the while

humanity. We cannot but observe a pleasure Softly speak and sweetly smile.

arising in our own breast upon the seeing or hearTwas this deprived my soul of rest, And raised such tumults in my breast;

ing of a generous action, even when we are wholly For while I gaz'd, in transport tost,

disinterested in it. I cannot give a more proper My breath was gove, my voice was lost :

instance of this, than by a letter from Pliny in My bosom glowod; the subtle flame

which he recommends a friend in the most hand. Ran quick through all my vital frame;

some manner, and methinks it would be a great O‘er my dim eyes a darkness hung : My ears with hollow murmurs rung.

pleasure to know the success of this epistle, though

cach party concerned in it has been so many hun.
In dewy damps my limbs were chill'd;
My blood with gentle horrors thrillid;

dred years in his grave.
My seeble pulse forgot to play:
I fainted, sank, and dy'd away.

“ To MAXIMUS.

" What I should gladly do for any friend of Instead of giving any character of this last trans- yours, I think I may now with confidence request lation, I shall desire my learned reader to look into for a friend of mine. Arrianus Maturius is the the criticisms which Longinus has made upon the most considerable man in his country: when I call original. By that means he will know to which of him so, I do ot speak with relation to his fortune, the translations he ought to give the preference. I though that is very plentiful, but to his integrity, shall only add, that this translation is written in justice, gravity, and prudence; his advice is useful the very spirit of Sappho, and as near the Greek as to me in business, and his judgment in matters of the genius of our language will possibly suffer. learning. His fidelity, truth, and good understand

Longinus has observed, that this description of ing, are very great; besides this, he loves me as you love in Sappho is an exact copy of nature, and that do, than which I cannot say any thing that signifies all the circumstances, which follow one another in a warmer affection. He has nothing that's aspiring; such a hurry of sentiments, notwithstanding they and, though he might rise to the highest order of appear repugnant to each other, are really such as nobility, he keeps himself in an inferior rank: yet happen in the frenzies of love.

I think myself bound to use my endeavours to serve I wonder that not one of the critics or editors, and promote him; and would therefore find the through whose hands this ode has passed, has taken means of adding something to his honours while he occasion from it to mention a circumstance related neither expects

nor knows it, nay, though he should by Plutarch. That author, in the famous story of refuse it. Something, in short

, I would have for Antiochus, wbo fell in love with Stratonice, his mo- him that may be honourable, but not troublesome; ther-in-law, and (not daring to discover his passion) and I entreat that you will procure him the first pretended to be confined to his bed by sickness, tells thing of this kind that offers, by which you will not us, that Erasistratus, the physician, found out the only oblige me, but him also; 'for though he does nature of his distemper by those symptoms of love not covet it, I know he will be as grateful in acwbich he had learnt from Sappho’s writings. Stra- knowledging your favour as if he had asked it.” tonice was in the room of the love-sick prince, when these symptoms discovered themselves to his physi

“MR. SPECTATOR, cian; and it is probable that they were not very * The reflections in some of your papers on the

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servile manner of education now in use, have given amusements, we could hope to see the early dawn. birth to an ambition, which, unless you discounte-ings of their imagination daily brighten into senso, nance it, will, I doubt, engage me in a very difficult, their innocence improve into virtue, and their unthough not ungrateful adventure. I am about to un experienced good nature directed to a generous dertake, for the sake of the British youth, to instruct love of their country.

" I am," &e. them in such a manner, that the most dangerous T. page in Virgil or Homer may be read by them with much pleasure, and with perfect safety to their persons.

No. 231.). SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 24, 1711. “ Could I prevail so far as to be honoured with the protection of some few of them (for I am not O pudor! O pietas ! MART. viii. 78. hero enough to rescue many), my design is to re- O modesty! O piety! tire with them to an agreeable solitude, though within the neighbourhood of a city, for the conve

Looking over the letters which I have lately nieuce of their being instructed in music, dancing, received from my correspondents, I met with the drawing, designing, or any other such accomplish- following one, which is written with such a spirit ments, which it is conceived may make as proper of politeness, that I could not but be very much diversions for them, and almost as pleasant, as the pleased with it myself, and question not but it will little sordid games whieh dirty school-boys are so be as acceptable to the reader. much delighted with. It may easily be imagined, how such a pretty society, conversing with none

“ MR. SPECTATOR, beneath themselves, and sometimes admitted, as "You, who are no stranger to public assemblies, perhaps not unentertaining parties, among better cannot but have observed the awe they often strike company, commended and caressed for their little on such as are obliged to exert any talent before performances, and turned by such conversations to them. This is a sort of elegant distress, to which a certain gallantry of soul, might be brought early ingenuous minds are the most liable, and may thereacquainted with some of the most polite English fore deserve some remarks in your paper. Many a

This having given them some tolerable brave fellow, who has put his enemy to flight in the taste of books, they would make themselves masters field, has been in the utmost disorder upon making of the Latin tongue by methods far easier than those a speech before a body of his friends at home. One in Lilly, with as little difficulty or reluctance as would think there was some kind of fascination in young ladies learn to speak French, or to sing the eyes of a large circle of people, when darting Italian operas. When they had advanced thus far all together upon one person. I have seen a new it would be time to form their taste something more actor in a tragedy so bound up by it as to be scarce exactly. One that had any true relish for fine able to speak or move, and have expected he would writing, might with great pleasure both to himself have died above three acts before the dagger or cup and them, run over together with them the best of poison were brought in. It would not be amiss, Roman historians, poets, and orators, and point if such a one were at first introduced as a ghost or out their more remarkable beauties; give them a statue, until he recovered his spirits, and grew fit short scheme of chronology, a little view of geogra- for some living part. phy, medals, astronomy, or what else might best “ As this sudden desertion of one's self shows a feed the busy inquisitive humour so natural to that diffidence, which is not displeasing, it implies at age. Such of them as had the least spark of genius, the same time the greatest respect to an audience when it was once awakened by the shining thoughts that can be. It is a sort of mute eloquence, which and great sentiments of those admired writers, could pleads for their favour much better than words could ' not, I believe, be easily withheld from attempting do; and we find their generosity naturally moved that more difficult sister language, whose exalted to support those who are in so much perplexity to beauties they would have heard so often celebrated entertain them. I was extremely pleased with a as the pride and wonder of the whole learned world. late instance of this kind at the opera of Almabide, In the mean while, it would be requisite to exercise in the encouragement given to a young singer, * their style in writing any little pieces that ask more whose more than ordinary concern on her first apof fancy than of judgment: and that frequently in pearance, recommended her no less than her agree. their native language; which every one methinks able voice and just performance. Mere bashfulness should be most concerned to cultivate, especially without merit is awkward; and merit without moletters, in which a gentleman must have so frequent desty insolent. But modest merit has a double occasions to disinguish himself. A set of genteel claim to acceptance, and generally meets with as good-natured youths fallen into such a manner of many patrons as beholders. life, would form almost a little academy, and doubt

"I am," &c. less prove no such contemptible companions, as might not often tempt a wiser man to mingle him- is impossible that a person should exert himself self in their diversions, and draw them into such to advantage in an assembly, whether it be his part erious sports as might

, prove nothing less instruct- either to sing or speak, who lies under too great ing than the gravest lessons. I doubt not but it oppressions of modesty. I remember, upon talking might be made some of their favourite plays, to with a friend of mine concerning the force of pro. contend which of them should recite a beautiful part nunciation, our discourse led us into the enumeraof a poem or oration most gracefully, or sometimes tion of the several organs of speech which an orator to join in acting a scene in Terence, Sophocles, or ought to have in perfection, as the tongue, the teeth, our own Shakspeare. The cause of Milo might the lips, the nosc, the palate, and the 'wind-pipe: again be pleaded before moro favourable judges, Upon which, says my friend, "You have omitted Cæsar a second time be taught to tremble, and an

CE other race of Athenians be afresh cnraged at the

• Mrs. Barbier. See a curious account of this lady, in Sir ambition of another Philip. Amidst these noble John Hawkina's History of Music, vol. v. p. 156.

a

VIRG. Æn. xi. 338.

DRYDEN.

the most material organ of them all and that is the Seneca thought modesty so great a check to více, forebead." IT

that he prescribes to us the practice of it in secret, But notwithstanding an excess of modesty ob- and advises us to raise it in onrselves upon imaStructs the tongue and renders it unfit for its offices, ginary occasions, when such as are real do not offer a due proportion of it is thought so requisite to an themselves; for this is the meaning of his precept orator, that rhetoricians have recommended it to That when we are by ourselves, and in our greatest their disciples as a particular in their art. Cicero solitudes, we should fancy that Cato stands before tells us that he never liked an orator who did not us and sees every thing we do. In short, if you appear in some little confusion at the beginning of banish modesty out of the world, she carries away his speech, and confesses that he himself never en- with her half the virtue that is in it. tered upou an oration without trembling and con- After these reflections on modesty, as it is a vircern. It is indeed a kind of deference which is due tue; I must observe, that there is a vicious modesty to a great assembly, and seldom fails to raise a be- which justly deserves to be ridiculed, and which nevolence in the audience towards the person who those persons very often discover who value themspeaks. My correspondent has taken notice that selves most upon a well-bred confidence. This the bravest men often appear timorous on these oc happens when a man is ashamed to act up to his casions, as indeed we may observe, that there is reason, and would not upon any consideration be generally no creature more impudent than a coward: surprised at the practice of those duties, for the per-Lingua melior, sed frigida bello

formance of which he was sent into the world. Many Dextera

an impudent libertine would blush to be caught in -Bold at the council-board;

a serious discourse, and would scarce be able to show But cautious in the field be shunnid the sword. his bead after having disclosed a religious thought.

Decency of behaviour, all outward show of virtue, A bold tongue and a feeble arm are the qualifica- and abhorrence of rice, are carefully avoided by tions of Drances in Virgil; as Homer, to express a this set of shame-faced people, as what would disman botla timorous and saucy, makes use of a kind parage their gaiety of temper, and infallibly bring of point, which is very rarely to be met with in his them to dishonour. This is such a poorness of writings, namely, that he had the eyes of a dog, spirit, such a despicable cowardice, such a degene. but the heart of a deer.*

rate abject state of mind, as one would think human A just and reasonable modesty does not only re- nature incapable of, did we not meet with frequent commend eloquence, but sets off every great talent instances of it in ordinary conversation. which a man can be possessed of. It heightens all There is another kind of vicious modesty which the virtues which it accompanies ; like the shades makes a man ashamed of his person, his birth, his in paintings, it raises and rounds every figure, and profession, his poverty, or the like misfortunes, makes the colours more beautiful, though not so which it was not in his choice to prevent, and is not glaring as they would be without it.

in his power to rectify. If a man appears ridicuModesty is not only an ornament, but also a lous by any of the afore-mentioned circumstances, guard to virtue. It is a kind of quick and delicate he becomes much more so by being out of counteJeeling in the soul wbich makes her sbrink and nance for them. They should rather give him ocwithdraw herself from every thing that has danger casion to exert a noble spirit, and to palliate those in it. It is such an exquisite sensibility, as warns imperfections which are not in his power, by those her to shun the first appearance of every thing perfections which are; or to use a very witty allu#bich is burtful.

sion of an eminent author, he should imitate Cæsar, I cannot at present recollect either the place or who, because his head was bald, covered that de time of what I am going to mention ; but I have fect with laurels.-C. read somewhere in the history of ancient Greece, that the women of the country were seized with an unaccountable melancholy, which disposed several No. 232.] MONDAY, NOVEMBER 26, 1711. of them to make away with themselves. The senate,

Nihil largiunde gloriam adeptus est.-Sallust, Bel Çat. after basing tried many expedients to prevent this sell-imurder, which was so frequent among them,

By bestowing nothing he acquired glory. published an edict, that if any woman whatever My wise and good friend, Sir Andrew Freeport, should lay violent hands upon herself, her corpse divides himself almost equally between the town and should be exposed naked in the street, and dragged the country. His time in town is given up to the about the city in the most public manner. This public, and the management of his private fortune; ediet immediately put a stop to the practice which and after every three or four days spent in this was before so common. We may see in this in- manner, he retires for as many to his seat within a stapoe the strength of female modesty which was few miles of the town, to the enjoyment of himself,

able to overcome even the violence of madness and his family, and his friend. Thus business and plea1 despair. The fear of shame in the fair sex was iu sure, or rather, in Sit Andrew, labour and rest, rethose days more prevalent than that of death. commend each other. They take their turns with 1. If modesty bas so great an influence over our ac- so quick a vicissitude, that neither becomes a habit, tique, and is in many cases so impregnable a fence or takes possession of the whole man; nor is it poscu virtue: what can more undermine morality than sihle he should be surfeited with either. I often see sthat politeness which reigns among the unthinking him at our club in good humour, and yet sometimes opart of mankind, and treats as unfashionable the too with an air of care in his looks; but in his most ingenuous part of our behaviour; which re- country retreat he is always unbent, and such a commends impudence as good-breeding, and keeps companion as I could desire; and therefore I seia man always io countenance, not because he is in- dom fail to make one with him when he is pleased pocent, but because he is shameless ?

to invite me.

The other day, as soon as we were got into his Diad, 1.225.

chariot, two or three beggars og each side king

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