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allusions speak of a rather large, experiment of daily services; and, if not omnivorous, amount of read- to show the value of musical training.

ing for the speaking voice, inNo. II. has for its second title stances the fact that “the minor one that not inaptly describes it as canons of our cathedrals, on whom “a dish of rice and curry and other devolve all the cares of an intoned indigestible ingredients.” It con- service, are singularly exempt from tains, among other things, a tale of clergyman's sore throat.” But promutiny from the Hindu point of bably this is due in part to the view ; there are many pages of this fact that at a cathedral there are a volume that have their teaching sufficient number of officiating e.g., that called “ The Republic of clergy to prevent the duty from Orissa, a page from the annals of falling too heavily on any one voice. the twentieth century,” which sup

We could instance other clergyposes it passed out of the dominion

men who, in spite of musical of the British Crown. We may training from boyhood, and in spite just indicate the miscellaneous of daily or even more frequent character of the volume by nam- services, have fallen victims to the ing the paper called “Jupiter's clergyman's sore throat in an Daughters. It begins, “We aggravated form. Even where borrow the title of one of Mrs. there are not daily services, it freJenkins' novels, not to review it, quently happens that daily exerbut to brush

up our classics," cise is provided for the voice in which shows the writer well up in schools, district visiting, penny the amours of Olympus.

readings, and innumerable other

parochial speechifyings. The worst Clergyman's Sore Throat, or Folli- case of clerical sore throat we ever cular Disease of the Pharynx. By met with was in a little village deep E. B. Shuldham, M.D., Trin. Coll., in a hollow in Devonshire. A hill Dublin, M.R.C.S., M.A. Oxon.

steep as a precipice rose behind London: E. Gould and Son, 59, the village; a forest of most luxuMoorgate-street, E.C., and 20, riant vegetation lay in front, and Bishop's-road, W. 1878.

more hills beyond. On either side, This little book contains a modi. the road led gently upwards with cum of medical advice, pleasantly many windings, and two tall wrapped in a good deal of interest - hedges, doubling again and again, ing general information about the effectually shut out every breath voice and its right management. of air. When, a few miles off, a The scientific cultivation of the brisk east wind was blowing almost voice by the study of elocution, a gale at sea, it barely stirred and the daily exercise of it by the treetops here. The village reading aloud or musical practice, sweltered in its hollow, and the would, the author considers, con- exhalation from the abundant stitute the best preventive of folli- vegetation brooded over it. On cular disease of the throat in public Sunday a cadaverous clergyman speakers. In his opinion the reason mounted the pulpit. We listened. why the clergy are more prone to There came a hoarse whisper, which suffer from this form of sore throat rose at the end of the sentence into than barristers, actors, and others, a deep sepulchral groan. That was is that “clergymen will persist in the text, and the sermon was like giving the voice rest six days, and unto it. The words were mostly making it work hard

on the

undistinguishable. seventh.” He recommends the It is singular what a prejudice

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exists against the study of elocu- thought; and until elocution ranks tion as part of the training of the as a fine art, so long will the intel. clergy. They ought, it is said, to lectual manhood of England tremble be natural, and not artificial, in their when it first dares to be heard delivery. True; but even speech speaking aloud to the people, and itself is an acquired habit, and not would fain pathetically echo Ten. a natural gift. Once acquired, the nyson's wordsexercise of it becomes perfectly

"I would that my tongue could utter natural. Similarly with the artistic

The thoughts that arise in me.” management of the voice : when once the art is mastered, it is as The medical advice given in the natural for the speaker to husband present treatise is in accordance his breath wisely, to pitch his voice with the system “Similia similibus easily and pleasantly,and to place the curantur. Some may be unwilling emphasis correctly, as it is now for to grant their favour to this him to fall into the irritating faults homeopathic axiom; but even to of utterance which deface most these the chapter on lozenges, we public discourses. The chief think, cannot fail to be acceptable. causes of follicular disease of the The doctor condemns all lozenges throat are enumerated as faulty of stinging cayenne and other nasvoice production ; undue strain of tinesses, and, after examining into voice; action of cold air on the the merits of various confections, pharynx when the body is heated comes to the conclusion that few and the vocal apparatus fatigued; preparations can be more harmless the action of irritating vapours on and efficacious for voice fatigue the throat; and constitutional than the simple glycerine jujube. weakness. The crouching posi. He has also had prepared under tion in which so many clergymen his own direction a lozenge specially perform the services — stooping adapted to the clerical sore throat. over their book instead of reading In the concluding chapter, cliwith the chest expanded and the mate, respirators, stimulants, diet, head erect-is another fertile source coverings of the neck, and smoking, of follicular disease of the throat. as bearing on the hygiene of the Dr. Shuldham enters a strong voice, are respectively passed in protest against the apathy which review. Public speakers, whether exists at the Universities with re- clergymen orlaymen, can hardly gard to all elocutionary progress : fail to gather some useful hints

“ The result is, that the educa. from Dr. Shuldham's little book. tion of speech begins after a man has left the University, at the very Milton's Comus," with Glossary time when he most needs it, and and Three Essays. By D. F. Rankfeels the lack of it. The would-be ing, M.A., and B. M. Ranking. pleader at the bar can write, but London : H. West, 381, Marenot deliver, a brilliant defence; the street, Hackney, E. 1878. future preacher at Westminster This little book, which is deAbbey may have the enthusiasm of signed for the use of students, St. Paul, and the elocution of a contains the text of Milton's school-boy; the budding politician “Comus,” preceded by three intromay be full of great ideas that ductory essays, and followed by shall move the nations, but, though some explanatory notes on the brain and heart are ready to fulfil obscure passages and the allusions their mission, yet the voice refuses of the poem, and a glossary of the to utter the harmonies of inspired obsolete or unusual words.

or

The first essay is, “Of the Worth Waiting For. By J. Mas. Masque Proper : its Origin and terman. In Three Vols. London: Progress,” which the authors trace C. Kegan Paul and Co. 1878. from the miracle plays and morali- This is a novel quite innocent of ties of earlier days. These gradu- plot, devoid of literary style, and ally were relegated to the humbler with but a very slight attempt now classes, while among the more and then at character drawing. We wealthy the masque arose in their are introduced to a man of great place. It was at first, in all proba- latent talents, who seems to have bility, merely “a stately dance in been intended for the hero of the habits, splendid grotesque, book, but he scarcely makes any preliminary to a banquet.” By appearance in its pages, except in degrees it assumed the dramatic his early youth to make a few foolform, and a regular plot, with dis- ish remarks, supposed to be witty, tinctive characters, became attached and to undergo the loss of his forto it, and suitable stage machinery tune: he then disappears until the and appointments. It was by no end, when he marries the heroine, means uncommon for Royalty to and rewards her patience in waiting take part in these entertainments. for him by obtaining a bishoprie Anne of Denmark and Henrietta and making her “Mrs. Bishop." Maria frequently acted in those The heroine's adventures fill the presented at court. During the book, and, notwithstanding that Commonwealth there was a cessa- she is an eminently proper heroine, tion of masques as well as of beautiful, good, and virtuous, some almost all other forms of amuse- of these are amusing, as they take ment. After the Restoration an place in India, with which country effort was made to revive them, the author is apparently intimate. but with little success. The last It is impossible to read any book masque of any note was Crowne's touching upon Anglo-Indian so“ Calisto, a Pastoral,” which was ciety without a sense of gentle written for Katharine of Braganza, melancholy. The picture is always the queen of Charles II., who her: a forlorn one, even if it be at the self took part in the performance, same time amusing. The famiwith her nieces the ladies Mary liarity of a few families, who are and Anne, both afterwards queens bound together only by isolation, of England.

and the fact of having always a The second essay is “Comus, common enemy, the Government, considered as a Masque."

appears to breed more or less of title cannot, our authors are of contempt. The redeeming feature opinion, strictly speaking, be seems to be the real kindliness and applied to “Comus," which par- helpfulness one to another which is takes more of the character of a discovered when there is misforpastoral drama. The third essay tune. is devoted to “The History and The adventures of a handsome Structure of the Poem." The young lady, with money, and no notes and parallels are tolerably desire to marry, in the course of a copious, and the little book is stay in India, are evidently inprinted in type which is more nately funny, and greatly relieve easily legible than we have some- the sombre effect produced by a times seen employed in similar straightforward description of the small handbooks for students. ordinary dullness, monotony, and

discomfort of the life. It is impossible to help being amused with the gallant officer who proposes to so simple that, judging of them our heroine as soon as she sets foot after a careless and hasty rendering, on shore, and suggests as an effec- they might almost seem to merit tive argument, that if she makes up the epithet “commonplace.” The her mind to stay with him, she will melodies contain few intervals diffi. avoid the labour of taking herself cult to sing at sight; the harmonies and her luggage inland. The lady are, for the most part, such as are lives in a shower of offers of mar- in ordinary use; and only here and riage thenceforward.

there do we meet with a progression This part of the novel is amus- which modulates abruptly. Nevering, as affording a peep into the theless, it could scarcely be denied lives and grievances of the members that

many
of the

songs are unquesof this far-removed society. But, tionably original, and, moreover, beyond that, the book can scarcely might easily be recognised as bebe said to have any very evident longing to the Modern School of merits.

Music. This effect is apparently

due to extreme originality in the Seen in an Old Mirror: A Novel form of the accompaniments. We in 1 vol., by Mary Deane. Lon- may instance that of the beautiful don : Charing Cross Publishing duet, “ The Angel,” constructed Company. 1878.

entirely on a motivo of three notes. This is a clever little bit of “The Angel,” “The Tear," “ Oh portraiture; a scarcely agreeable, fair, and sweet, and holy," and though amusing reproduction of “Good Night,” are general favourbyegone fashionable life. An at- ites. tempt to depict the vapid frivolity In this edition the duties of of a season at Bath must almost editor, translator, and publisher necessarily result in many pages of have been satisfactorily performed. worthless writing; but there are passages here and there in the Ocean and her Rulers. By Alfred course of the story which show Elwes. Griffith and Farran. 1878. that Miss Deane can write if she Mr. Alfred Elwes' book, “ Ocean will. The scene in the gambling and her Rulers,” has deservedly room is vigorously described, in reached a new edition. A popular which, as the villain of the story is account of navigation from the hiding a card beneath his hand, earliest times is to be had in it, that hand is pinned to the table by and its stories of merchant enterhis opponent's knife. The moral prise are as entertaining as its hero is perhaps rather too soberly stories of sea fights. It is no more and openly moral; but when he than a compilation, but the compleases he can make a sensible piler has done his work intelligently. remark, as, for instance, when he Where he ventures on original dissays: “ Men will not regard them- quisition he is not always so selves as undeveloped beings; they happy or so convincing as might be. will want all at once, like children; In regard to the Navigation Act, they will wait for nothing.

these are his words : “ Whatever

might have been the views of those The Royal Edition of the Rubin- who framed the Act, it must be stein Duet Album, and The Royal estimated as the foundation of the Edition of Rubinstein's Songs, with commercial greatness of our counEnglish and German words. Lon- try.” There are many of another don: Boosey and Co.

opinion. While dealing with the In construction these songs are

results of this law, Mr. Elwes might have stated what was so glaring a which was followed by all his fault in its system—the fact that, staff.” after the United States had followed While we commend this book to our example in their Navigation readers, we would hint that as a Act, the outward-bound traders precedent in literature it is to be between the two countries had to looked upon with suspicion. Fancy make the voyage in ballast.

the result, were every regiment

engaged in a campaign to find its The Crimean Campaign with the historian! Connaught Rangers.

By Lieut.Colonel Steevens. Griffith and Chums : a Tale for Youngsters, Farran. 1878.

by Harleigh Severne; Great and Lieut.-Colonel Steevens's book Small: being Scenes in the Life reads like what in great part it is of Children, from the French of -the work of a very young man.

Madame Madeleine Laroque, by Though appearing at this date, it Harriet Poole; Animals and their is compiled from journals kept in Social Powers, by Mary Turner the Crimean War. No very start- Andrewes. London: Griffith and ling piece of history is to be found in Farran. its pages, yet it is most readable as Three capital books, adapted to the plain account of an eye-witness. young folks of various ages. The Many stories are told in it of the first is a long story of over three notorious commissariat mismanage- hundred

pages,

full of movement ment; and interesting scraps like and fun, suited for boys of fifteen the following are pretty numerous. or sixteen. The second is also a The heroic Captain Butler is long story, for young girls, full of spoken of: “ It was said that at bright pictures, though rather his funeral Omar Pasha stood at worn, and decidedly French. The the head of the grave and said, third is a delightful book for · There lies the defender of younger people; it contains over Silistria ! At the same time he thirty pretty stories about the drew his sword, and, kissing the

“social powers

of animals. It blade, swore to maintain the should be a great help to mothers friendship of Christians, and never and nurses who find it difficult to to speak ill of them—an example keep the little people “good."

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