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cially coloured; for this colouring as we as entering into the adulteration of these have already seen, may have been the teas; namely, carbonate of lime, carbonate work of the Chinese, and not of British of copper, tumeric, Dutch pink, gum, Prussian fabricators. In the first place the form blue, chromate and bichromate of potash, of the leaves should be particularly noticed; French chalk, carbonate of magnesia, chromate if these want the characteristic twist-if of lead, arsenite of copper and Venetian red. they be broken and agglutinated into It then gives a table of the analyses of little masses of irregular shape—there samples of green teas of British fabrication, will be reason to suspect the tea is spurious. which were furnished to it by the Excise Having noticed these particulars, the They were found to be adulterated with leaves should then be washed for a minute nearly the same substances as those menor so in cold distilled water, and quickly tioned above, some of the samples being re-dried, when, if they appear glossy, it is composed of the broken fragments of probable that they consist of exhausted sycamore, and horse-chesnut leaves, made up tca-leaves, made up with gum, a view | into little masses with catechu, and faced which will be either dispelled or confirmed with indigo. by chemical analysis, and by which the The Lancet then records the results amount of gum and tannin must be deter- of the analyses of thirty-two samples of the mined. But the spurious green tea may various kinds of green teas, in the state in consist of other leaves than those of tea; which they are imported, these analyses inthese being broken to pieces and made up cluding samples of the many varieties of with catechu. In this case the deception Twankay, Hyson, Gunpowder, and Imperial. may be more readily detected; the frag- The following are the conclusions arrived ments or particles of the tea will be still at : 1st. That the whole of the thirty-two more irregular in size, and a close exami- were adulterated. 2nd. That five of the nation of them will show that they have samples called Gunpowder, consisted of not the character of leaves at all, but are Lie tea, that is, of tea-dust and sand, made heavy and solid, resembling some resinous up with rice-water. 3rd. That one of the substances broken up; moreover, the samples was composed in part of paddy. catechu in them may be discovered, either husk, and other substances. 4th. That anoby the taste or by soaking the fragments ther sample was composed chiefly of Lie in cold water, when they will fall to pieces, tea, made up in part with other leaves than disclosing minute fragments of the leaves those of tea. 5th. That another sample used, and which may be identified with consisted principally of Lie tea. 6th. That the microscope, the water at the same time the whole of the samples were artificially acquiring a deep reddish brown colour, glazed or coloured. 7th. That this glazing and possessing the flavour of catechu. or colouring consisted of two, and, in some

The fabrication of spurious black and cases, three substances—a blue, a yellow, green tea is usually carried on in the and a white. The blue colouring matter same factory, at the same time; the was present in all the samples; and in latter, in consequence of the closeness of twenty-eight it was ascertained to be Prusthe imitation being made in larger quan- sian blue, and in the other two indigo ; the tities than the former. For these worth- yellow was detected in seventeen samples, ess, and in many cases pernicious, and and consisted in all instances of tumeric even poisonous articles, we learn from Mr. powder ; the white was observed in twentyPhillips, that the prices given by the nine samples, and was in general found to dealers is from 1s. 8d. to 2s. per lb. for the be China clay, or kaslin. That a second black, and from ls. 10d. to 2s. 6d. for the yellow substance is occasionally employed green, the appearance of the article govern- by the Chinese, mixed with tumeric powder, ing the price.

is evident from the analysis of the yellow The Lancet publishes the results of die given in our last report. 8th. That the analysis, made by Mr. Phillips, of seve- in no one of :he samples was a single leaf ral samples of spurious green tea, seized by possessed of a green colour, not produced by the E.rcise within the last few years. From artificial means, detected from which strong an examination of these analyses, it appears fact, notwithstanding a certain amount of that the following substances were detected | evidence to the contrary, we are almost led


to conclude that there is really no such tion of our own, have induced us to inthing as a 'genuine green teaof the stitute further investigations on a subject colour ordinarily supposed to be charac- of so much importance." The Lancet. teristic of that kind of tea. The leaves, then goes on to give the results of the when deprived of their artificial coating, analysis of four different samples of tea have invariably presented different shades of low quality, in which were detecter! of yellow, olive, brown, and even black. fragments of three or four kinds of leaves,

In the numerous examinations which we other than those of tea. In order that have made of samples of tea as imported the observer may be able to discriminate into this country," writes the Lancet 1 with certainty between the tea-leaf and the " the only evidence derived from personal leaves of other plants, we give two enobservation, which we have been able to gravings made from the microscope; the obtain of the existence of tea-leaves of a one representing the upper, and the other natural green colour, is the occasional the lower surface of the tea-leaf. occurrence of several samples of Oolong, a black tea, of leaves which, after infusion, presented a bright and coppery bluishgreen colour.”

Lastly; the Lancet gives the results of the examination of twenty samples of the different kinds of green tea, as purchased of grocers and ter-dealers resident in the metropolis. The results of these analyses were nearly similar to those obtained from the examination of the samples of green tea as imported. The whole were found to be adulterated, that is, were artificially glazed or painted with different colouring inatters, more or less prejudicial to health.

In addition, the Gunpowders, in most cases, were further adulterated by admixture with various proportions of green Fig. 5.-Upper surface of the Tea-leaf, showing Lie tea, some of them consisting even entirely of this almost worthless sub

But the adulterations of tea by the Chinese, are not limited to the paint= ing of the surface of the leaves, and to


its structure.


the manufacture of Lie-tea, for there is no question but that the Chinese do even adulterate some inferior descriptions of green Gunpowder tea, with the leaves of plants other than those of tea; on this point we cite further observations as taken from the Lancet “It will be recollected, that in a former report, we quoted a statement by Dr. Dickson, that the Chinese annually gathered and dried millions of pounds of leaves, not those of tea, to be used in the adulteration of that article. It will also be remembered that in the analysis given in our last report of a sample of Gunpowder (Woping tea), we

Fig. 6.-Under surface of the Tea-leaf, exhibit

ing the stomata and cells of which it is formed, stated that we had discovered portions of and part of one of the hairs which cover this leaves presenting a very different structure from those of tea; the statement made by We also introduce a representation Dr. Dickson, as well as the above observa- showing the constituents of which Lie tea




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is made up. This article may be very tea would extend the consumption of that readily distinguished by the circumstance, useful, and for the most part unadulthat when the little pellets are moistened, terated, kind of tea so largely, that in they easily fall to pieces under the pres- place of there being any diminution in the sure of a knife,' the presence of sand revenue, even on the returns of the first being revealed by the well-known gritty, year, there would positively be an increase feeling. 12, terit , mits of income from this sources 5,34 Pij!!! SIL el 9 Tivi Tea, although not an absolute necessary

of life, is an article of daily consumption amongst a very large portion of the community, a still larger portion, however, from the high price at which it is sold, are unable to procure one-sixth part as much

as they would gladly consume, were it

ny buti placed within their reach; and we Saமாலி by firmly believe

were any considerable tulid reduction of

tea to be made, the consumption is

very soon be doubled. not only increase the consumption without Vhodil injury to the revenue, but would effect sually put a stop to the adulterations now

so prevalent, frequently to the detriment of health, 11

e Aripi rodbine Orgg115b 919 01:wwoni 34157 9 Fig. 7.–LIE TEA,

1 WASHINGTON AND THE CORPORAL. a a Fragments of the Tea-leaf, or Tea-dust; .. -During the American revolution, it is

granules of black lead; e e particles of mica; said, the commander of a little squad was ff cells of turmeric; 9g fragments of indigo. giving orders to those under him, relative

to, a log of timber which they were enWe have shown then, that there exists deavouring to raise up to the top of some inuch which is wrong in connection with military works they were repairing. The tea, especially green tea, as imported into timber went up with difficulty, and on this country. For this state of things, we this account, the voice of the little-great propose, remedy:

writes the Lancet, by way of man, was often heard, in regular vocifera

brand bitrate tions of " Heave away! there she goes! “ 1st. A reduction of duty, on all de- heave ho!" An officer, pot in military scriptions of black tea, to the extent of at least one-third, allowing it to remain the costume, was passing, and asked the com

mander why he did not take hold and rensame as at present on every kind of green, der a little aid. The latter, astonished,

9704 ho ture ou vsta di is turning round " 2nd. That all Lie tea, notwithstanding emperor, said,?? all the pomp of an

I am a corporali”. that it sometimes contains a small quantity "You are, are you?'* replied the officer, of tea-dust, and pays the same duty as " I was not aware of that;" and taking off tea, since it is invariably made up largely his hat and bowing, the officer said, "I with sand, as well as frequently leaves not ask your pardon, Mr. Corporal, and then those of tea, and as it is used chiefly for dismounted, and lifted till the sweat stood the purpose of adulteration, should as in drops on his forehead. When the work soon as it falls under the notice of the was finished, turning to the commander, Excise, be confiscated and destroyed, he said, "Mr. Corporal, when you have Similar steps should also be adopted with another such job, and have not men enough, those kinds of green teas which are send for your commander-in-chief, and I found to be admixed with Lie tea." will come and help you a second time."

We are fully persuaded that the before The corporal was thunderstruck! It was mentioned reduction of the duty on black / Washington who thus addressed him!

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will amply repay the trouble. For dining-tables Frickets. – To destroy crickets, put shuff into

it is particularly recomme elifton, i hot plates

will not mark it.-E. holes and cracks from whence they come To Sweeten an old Cask. Having first scalded

7112 211d 1110 it well with boiling water (letting the water rease for the Iron

Axles of Carriages, 804-10 stand in it till cold), fill it with cold water, and its of water, 10 lbs. of tallow, 1 lb, of soda, throw in a quantity of live coals from a

. o Clean Decanters. "Cut some raw potatoes in peating this, the cask may be made perfectly tes, put them in the bottle with a little cold

sweet, provided that it has at no time contained er, rinse them, and they will look very clean. fish. A fish barrel, can never be used for any C., Bridport.

other purpose, as it is impossible to expel the 1061 711 7176 I!! taste and smell of the fish. Scalding an old cask o Renovate Black Silk Shice some uncooked repeatedly in strong lye, and then with clear atoes, pour boiling water on them; , when water, will generally sweeten it; so will boiling l'sponge the right side of the silk with it, and

water in which potash and lime have been diss on the wrong. E. H., Clifton.''! Vi sendi solved.-J. SAUNDERS. reparation for cleaning Tin Covers. - Boil Expelling Insects generally -All insects dislike en-stone and a small quantity of prepared penny-royal; the odour of it destroys some and tening in sweet oil for two hours, until it drives away others. At seasons when fresh green tires the consistency of cream.-S.

bunches of penny-royal are not to be obtained, get ke Paste.--Instead of pure water for mixing

i mobil of penny-royal, pour some into a saucer, and lour, use glue-water, to which add some

steep in it small bits of wadding or raw cotton; lay and resin, to keep it from turning. It must

them about in corners, closet-shelves, bureauade very thick.--S. of tot ordutseen cockroaches or ants, or wherever they are

drawers, boxes, and all places where you have Heal Burns.-Steep the bark of sumach-root likely to be found. If the insects do not speedily oil it away until it is very strong; then add disappear, renew the cotton and penny-royal. It lard, and boilit until the water has all evapo- is also well to place some of them about the bedA little of this applied to a burn will steads, between the sacking and the mattress, the inflammation instantly. It has been

Bunches of penny-royal are excellent for brushing n to cure dangerous scalds when physicians' fies have failed.-S.

off that very annoying little insect the seed tick. to make nice Candles. - Candlewick, if To keep silk. - Silk articles should not be kept id in lime and saltpetre, and dried in the

folded in paper, as the chloride of lime will give a clearer light, and be less apt to Good candles may be made thus: Melt the colour of the silk. Brown or blue paper is ter 10ozs, of mutton tallow, a koz. of cam- better - the yellowish

smooth India paper is best 4ozs. of beeswax, and 2ozs of alum; then

of all. Silk intended for a dress should not be t into moulds, or dip the candles. These kept in the house long before it is made up, as es furnish a beautiful light.-T. Lee, Wor- lying in the folds will have a tendency to impair Whilen Linen that has turned Yellow'.-cut cularizabilize bonne has been thickenea lit, parti

. pound of fine white soap into a gallon of

We knew an instance of a very elegant and and hang it over the fire in a wash-kettle. costly thread-lace veil being found on its arrival the soap has entirely melted, put in the from France cut into squares (and therefore de and boil it half an hour. Then take it stroyed) by being folded over a pasteboard card. have ready a lather of soap and warm

A white satin dress

should be pinned up in blue wash the linen in it, and then rinse it paper, with coarse brown paper outside, sewed th two cold waters, with a very little blue together at the edges. A Friend to the "FAMILY last.-J. WILLIS, Tavistock.'11b

FRIEND." in Mixture.-Take an ounce of sal-ammo- always be shrunk or washed before it is made up,

new Flannel. or hartshorn), and an ounce of salt of tartar that it may be cut out more accurately, and that

the and bottle it for use, keeping it very

which is used in manufacturing it y corked. Pour a little of this liquid in to

may be rer , and wash in it those parts of a white it into warm (not boiling water, without soap.

Then put e that have been stained with ink, mildew, Begin at one end of the piece, and rub it with or red wine.

you come to the other end; this focess been removed, wash the article in is to sual manner.--Recommended by M. CORN

which new white flannel is always tinged. Then

do the same through another water. " Rinse cellent Furniture Polish.-Gum arabic, goz., it through a clean lukewarm water ; wring it lve this in four tablespoonfuls of vinegar, lengthways, and stretch it well. In hanging it out tie pint of cold drawn linseed oil, and 1 oz. on a line do not suspend it in festoons, but spread rpentine-shake well together. If the fur- it along the line straight and lengthways. If e is French-polished, it must be taken off. dried in festoons, the edges will be in great scolas sing the above at first, it is best to lay it on night, and wipe it off with linen cloths in

lops, making it very difficult to cut out. It must

be dried in the sun. When dry let it be stretched fiorning; it will require to be repeated many even, clapped with the hands, and rolled up 8 ere the desired effect is produced, but it I tight and smoothly, till wanted. H. S. CONTOS

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(Continued from page 203.)

Theophilus, Gr. a lover of God.
Thomas, Heb. a twin.
Thurstan, Ger. faithful.
Timothy, Gr. a fearer of God.
Toby or Tobias, Heh. the goodness of the Lord.
Tristram, Lat. sorrowful.
Valentine, Lat. powerful.
Vincent, Lat. conquering.
Vivian, Lat. living.
Urban, Lat. courteous.
Walter, Ger. a wood master.
Walwin, Ger. a conqueror.
William, Ger. defending many.
Zaccheus, Syriac, innocent.
Zachary, Heb. remembering the Lord.
Zebedec, Syriac, having an inheritance.
Zedekial, Heb, the justice of the Lord.

Abigail, Heb. the father's joy.
Adeline, Ger. a princess.
Agatha, Gr. good.

es, Ger. chaste.
Alethea, Gr. the truth.
Althea, Gr. hunting.
Alice, Alicia, Ger. loble.
Amy, Amelia, Fr, a beloved.
Anna, Anne, or Hannah, Heb. gracious.
Arabella, Lat. a fair altar.
Aureola, Lat. like gold.
Barbara, Lat. foreign or strange.
Beatrice, Lat. making happy.
Benedicta, Lat. blessed.
Bernice, Gr. bringing victory.
Bertha, Gr. bright or famous.
Blanche, I'r. fair.
Bona, Lat. good.
Bridget, Irish, shining bright.
Cassandra, Gr. a reformer of men.
Catharine, Gr. pure or clean.
Charity, Gr. love, bounty.
Charlotte, Fr. all noble.
Caroline, feminine oj Carolus, the Latin of Charles,

Chloe, Gr. a green hei).
Christiana, Gr. belonging to Christ.
Cecilia, Lut. from Cecil.
Cicely, a corruption of Cecilia.
Clara, Lat. clear or bright.
Constance, Lat. constant.
Damaris, Gr. a little wife.
Deborah. Heb. a bee.
Diana, Gr. Jupiter's daughter.
Dorcas, Gr. a wild roe.
Dorothy, Gr. the gift of God.
Drusilla, Gr. dewy eyes.
Duisabella, Lat. sweet and fair.
Fadith, Sax. happiness.
Bleanor, Sax, all fruitful.
Eliza, Elizabeth, Heb. the oath of God.
Emily, corrupted from Amelia.
Emma, Ger. a nurse.
Esther, Hesther, Heb, secret.
Eve, Heb. causing life.
Eunice, Gr. fair victory.
Eudoia, Gr. prospering in the way.

Frances, Ger. free.
Gertrude, Ger. all truth.
Grace, Lat, favour.
Hagar, Heb. a stranger.
Helena, Gr. alluring.
Jane, soflened from Joan : or,
Janne, the feminine of John.
Janet, Jeannette, little Jane.
Joyce, Fr. pleasant.
Isabella, Span. fair Eliza.
Judith, Heb. praising.
Julia, Juliana, feminine of Julius.
Kunigunda, Ger. the king's favour.
Lettice, Letitia, Lat. joy or gladness.
Lois, Gr. better.
Lucretia, Lat. a chaste Roman lady.
Lucy, Lal. feminine of Lucius.
Lydia, Gr. descended from Lud.
Mabel, Lat. lovely.
Magdalene, Maudlin, Syr. magnificent.
Margaret, Ger. a pearl.
Martha, Heb. bitterness.
Mary, Heb. bitter,
Maud, Matilda, Gr. a lady of honour.
Melicent, Fr. sweet as honey.
Mercy, Eng. compassion.
Mildred, Sax. speaking mild.
Nest, Brit. the same as Agnes.
Nicola, Gr. feminine of Nicolas.
Olympia, Gr. heavenly.
Orabilis, Lat, to be entreated.
Parnell, or Petronilla, little Peter.
Patience, Lat. bearing patiently.
Paulina, Lat. feminine of Paulinus.
l'enelope, Gr. a turkey.
Persis, Gr. a destroying.
Philadelphia, Gr. brotherly love.
Philippa, Gr. feminine of Philip.
Phæbe, Gr. the light of life.
Phyllis, Gr. a green bough.
Priscilla, Lat. somewhat old.
Prudence, Lat. discretion.
Psyche, Gr. the soul.
Rachel, Heb. a lamb.
Rebecca, Heb. fat or plump.
Rhode, Gr. a rose.
Rosamund, Sax. rose of peace.
Rosa, Lat. a rose.
Rosecleer, Eng. a fair rose.
Rosabella, Ilal. à fair rose.
Ruth, Heb. trembling.
Sabina, Lat. sprung from the Savines.
Salome, Heb. perfect.
Sapphira, Gr. like a sapphire stone,
Sarah, Ileb. a princess.
Sibylla, Gr. the counsel of God.
Sophia, Gr. wisdom.
Sophronia, Gr. of a sound mind,
Susan, Susanna, Heb. a lily.
Tabitha, Syr. a roe.
Temperance, Lat, moderation.
Theodosia, Gr. given by God.
Tryphosa, Gr. delicious.
Tryphen3, Gr. delicate.
Vida, Erse, feminine of Daria.
Ursula, Lai. a female bear.
Walburg, Sax. gracious.
Winifred, Sax. winning peace.
Zenobia, Gr the life of Jupiter.

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