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1 lessa iates
youth Sybaris, the river Ciste site in
and 1, of
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rgin med they rath nap
[Descent of Asplieren
سه کلاه زمستات فن سی savage anill
2 of abit the uing ered
port, reed Palavery card that ving ther
[Vipers and the Besan Iras
by the winds, came at length to Temessa
with his ships. Here one of his associates “ In Guadaloupe.- Entering into their having ravished a virgin, in consequence of inner lodgings, they found faggottes of the being heated with wine, he was stoned to bones of mens armes and legges, which they death by the inhabitants for the action. reserve to make heades for their arrowes, But Ulysses, who considered his death as because they lack iron."--P. MARTYR. of no consequence, immediately set sail and
left the place. The dæmon, however, of
the murdered man did not at any time [Death of Timanthes.]
cease from cutting off the inhabitants of
Temessa of every age, till the Pythian deity - The statue of the Cleonæan Timanthes,
ordered them to propitiate the slain hero, who contended with men in the Pancratium,
to consecrate a temple to him, and devote and was victorious, was made by the Athe
to him every year the most beautiful virgin nian Myron. They report that Timanthes
in Temessa. When all this was performed died in the following manner : after he had agreeable to the mandate of the god, they withdrawn himself from athletic exercises,
were no longer afflicted through the wrath on account of his age, he used every day to
of the dæmon. But Euthymus, who hapbend a large bow, for the purpose of making pened to arrive at Temessa at the time in trial of his strength. Happening, however, which they sacrificed after the usual manner to take a journey, he omitted this exercise
to the dæmon, having learned the particuduring his absence from home, and on his
lars of this affair, requested that he might return attempted to bend his bow as usual
, be admitted within the temple and behold but finding that his strength failed him, he
the virgin. His request being granted, as raised a funeral pile and threw himself into
soon as he saw her he was at first moved the fire."--PAUSANIAS.
with pity for her condition, but afterwards fell in love with her. In consequence of
this, the virgin swore that she would cohabit [Story of Euthymus.]
with him if he could rescue her from the - The country of Euthymus was Locris impending death : and Euthymus, arming in Italy, near the promontory Zephyrium, himself, fought with the dæmon, conquered and his father was called Astycles; though him, and drove him out of the country; and the natives of this place affirm that he was afterwards the hero vanished and merged born of the river Cæcinas, which bounding himself in the sea. They farther report, Locris and Rhegium, affords a wonderful that in consequence of the city being freed circumstance with respect to grasshoppers, through Euthymus from this grievous calafor the grasshoppers within Locris, as far mity, his nuptials were celebrated in a very as to the river Cæcinas, sing like other splendid manner. I have likewise heard grasshoppers, but in the parts beyond this still farther concerning this Euthymus, that river they do not sing at all.
he lived to extreme old age, and that having Euthymus was crowned in boxing. His avoided death, he departed after some other statue was the work of Pythagoras, and is manner from an association with mankind. worthy of inspection in the most eminent Indeed, I have even heard it asserted, by a degree. Euthymus, after this, passing over seafaring merchant, that Euthymus is alive into Italy, fought with a hero, of whom the at present at Temessa, and such are the following particulars are related. They say reports which I have heard: but I also rethat Ulysses, during his wanderings after member to have seen a picture, which was the destruction of Troy, among other cities painted very accurately after an ancient of Italy and Sicily, which he was driven to original. In this picture there were the
youth Sybaris, the river Calabrus, the foun- So also " the inhabitants of Helicon say tain Calyca, and the cities Hera and Te- that none of the herbs or roots which are
The dæmon too was represented in produced in this mountain are destructive this picture, who was vanquished by Euthy- to mankind. They add, that the pastures
His colour was vehemently black, here even litate the venom of serpents; and his whole form was terrible in the ex- so that those who are frequently bit by treme. He was clothed with the skin of a serpents in this part escape the danger with wolf, and the name Lybas was given to him greater ease than if they were of the nation in the inscription on the picture.”—Ibid. of the Psylli, or had discovered an antidote
“The nature of the pastures contributes [Descent of Amphiaraus.]
in no small degree to the strength of the “As you go from Potniæ to Thebes, you
venom in serpents. For I once heard a will see on the right hand of the road an
that in the mountainous inclosure, not very large, and in it certain parts of Phænicia the roots that grow there pillars. They are of opinion that the earth render the vipers more fierce. The same opened in this place to Amphiaraus ; and person, too, farther added, that he saw a they say that birds will not sit on these viper pursue a man, who fled to a tree for pillars, nor grass grow, nor any tame or shelter, and that the viper blew its venom savage animal feed in this place.”—Ibid.
against the tree to which the man had es-
[Vipers and the Balsam Tree.]
[Nightingales of Orpheus' Tomb.] “ The balsam tree is nearly of the same size as a sprig of myrtle, and its leaves are
“ The Thracians say that the nightingales like those of the herb sweet - marjoram. which build their nests about the sepulchre Vipers take up their residence about these
of Orpheus sing sweeter and louder than plants, and are in some places more nume
other nightingales.”—Ibid. rous than in others ; for the juice of the balsam tree is their sweetest food, and they are delighted with the shade produced by
[Eurynomus.] its leaves. When the time therefore arrives "EURYNOMUS, according to the Delphic for gathering the juice of this tree, the Ara- interpreters of sacred concerns, is one of bians come into the sacred grove, each of the dæmons belonging to Hades, and who them holding two twigs. By shaking these eats the flesh of dead bodies, so as to leave they put to flight the vipers ; for they are the bones quite bare. His colour, as he unwilling to kill them, because they con
appears in the picture at Delphos, is besider them as the sacred inhabitants of the
tween azure and black, and like that of balsam ; and if it happens that any one is wounded by a viper, the wound resembles
1 An African people, serpent charmers, like that which is made by iron, but is not at
their descendants. HEROD. iv, 173. PLINY tended with any dangerous consequences ; speaks to the fact, lib. vii. c. 2, xxviii. c. 3, and for these animals being fed with the juice Lucan's lines are well known :of the balsam tree, which is the most odo
“Gens unica terras riferous of all trees, their poison becomes Incolit à sævo serpintum innoxia morsu changed from a deadly quality into one
Marmaridæ Psylli."- Phurs, ix. 891. which produces a milder effect.”—Ibid.
J. W. W.
fies which infest meat. He shews his teeth, keeps them extended like great sails of a and sits on the skin of a vulture."-Ibid. ship going before the wind. It has besides
two other wings underneath the former,
and which resemble a light transparent [The Sycamore of Egypt.] stuff, pretty much like a cobweb, and which “ The sycamore which in Arabic is it makes use of in the manner of smack
But when called Giomez, is of the height of a beech, sails, that are along a vessel. and bears its fruit in a manner quite dif- the locust reposes herself, she does like a ferent from other trees. It has them on
vessel that lies at anchor ; for she keeps the trunk itself, which shoots out little the second sails furled under the others.”
-Ibid. sprigs in form of grape stalks, at the end of which grow the fruits close to one another, almost like bunches of grapes.
The tree is always green, and bears fruit seve
“ Tue Dareïra is a kind of gnat, with ral times in the year, without observing which the water sometimes is almost all any certain seasons ; for I have seen some covered towards the evening. I take it sycamores that have given fruit two months for that sort of insect that the bats
in after others. The fruit has the figure and quest of upon the Nile, for their prey.”— smell of real figs, but is inferiour to them Ibid. in the taste, having a disgustful sweetness. Its colour is a yellow, inclining to an oker, [American Indian name for the Small Pox.] shadowed by a flesh colour. In the inside “ The American Indians call the smallit resembles the common figs, excepting pox Oonatàquâra, imagining it to proceed that it has a blackish colouring, with yels from the invisible darts of angry fate, low spots. This sort of tree is pretty com- pointed against them, for their young peomon in Egypt. The people, for the greater ple's vicious conduct."—ADAIR. part, live upon its fruit, and think themselves well regaled when they have a piece of bread, a couple of sycamore figs, and a
[Yo He Wah the Author of Vegetation.] pitcher filled with water from the Nile.”—
• To inculcate on their young people NORDEN.
that Yo He Wah is the author of vegetation, they call the growth of vegetables
Wahráah, moved by Yohewah. In like [Locusts.]
manner, Wah-ah signifies that the fruits “ The locusts are remarkable for the are ripe, or moved to their joy by Yohehieroglyphic that they bear upon the fore- wah.”—Ibid. head. Their colour is green throughout the whole body, excepting a little yellow
[Magic Rain Stone.] rim that surrounds their head, and which “ The Indian magi, who are to invoke is lost at the eyes. This insect has two | Yo lle Wah, and mediate with the supreme upper wings, pretty solid. They are green, holy fire that he may give seasonable rains, like the rest of the body, except that there have a transparent stone of supposed great is in each a little white spot. The locust power in assisting to bring down the rain, The reader should refer to the magnificent reputed divine virtue, impressed on one of
when it is put in a basin of water ; by a passage in Thalaba“For these mysterious lines were legible,
the like sort, in time of old, which commuWhen the sun shall be darkened at noon,
nicates it circularly. This stone would Son of Hodeirah depart."
suffer a great decay, they assert, were it Third Book, 34. Poems, p. 242.-J. W. W. even seen by their own laity; but if by
foreigners, it would be utterly despoiled of “ The war-pole is a small peeled tree its divine communicative power.”—Ibid. painted red, thė top and boughs cut off
short. It is fixt in the ground opposite to
his door, and all his implements of war are [The Charake Prophet's Carbuncle.] hung on the short boughs of it till they rot."
-Ibid. A CHARAKE prophet who lived in Tymahse had a carbuncle near as big as an egg, which they said he found where a great [The Spirits of their Dead.] rattlesnake lay dead; and that it sparkled
“ Though they imagine the report of with such surprizing lustre, as to illuminate his dark winter house, like strong flashes of dred that died at home to their quiet place,
guns will send off the ghosts of their kincontinued lightning, to the great terror of yet they firmly believe that the spirits of the weak, who durst not upon any account
those who are killed by the enemy, without approach the dreadful fire-darting place, equal revenge of blood, find no rest; and for fear of sudden death. When he died
at night haunt the houses of the tribe to it was buried with him according to cus- which they belonged ; but when that kintom.”—Ibid.
dred duty of retaliation is justly executed,
they immediately get ease, and power to [War Pole of the North American Indians.] fly away."—Ibid.
“ Their law compels the widow, through the long term of her weeds, to refrain all
[The White Circle.] public company and diversions, at the pen
“ The Indians use the same ceremonies alty of an adultress, and likewise to go with
to the bones of their dead as if they were flowing hair, without the privilege of oil to
covered with their former skin, flesh, and anoint it
. The nearest kinsmen of the de- ligaments. It is but a few days since I ceased husband keep a very
saw some return with the bones of nine of over her conduct in this respect. The place their people, who had been two months beof interment is also calculated to wake the widow's grief, for he is intombed in the
fore killed by the enemy. They were tied house under her bed ; and if he was a war
in white deer-skins separately; and, when leader, she is obliged for the first moon to
carried by the door of one of the houses of sit in the day time under his mourning war
their family, they were laid down opposite
to it till the female relations convened with pole, which is decked with all his martial trophies, and must be heard to cry with flowing hair, and wept over them about
balf an hour. Then they carried them bewailing notes. But none of them are fond of that month's supposed religious
home to their friendly magazines of mortaduty; it chills, or sweats, and wastes them lity, wept over them again, and then buried
them with the usual solemnities. The so exceedingly; for they are allowed no
chieftain carried twelve short sticks tied shade or shelter.
together, in the form of a quadrangle, so I“ By the door
that each square consisted of three. The Bare of its bark, the head and branches shorn, sticks were only peeled, without any paintStood a young tree with many a weapon hung, ing ; but there were swan feathers tied to Her husband's war-pole, and his monument. There had his quiver moulder'd, his stone-axe,
each corner. They called that frame the Had there grown green with moss, his bow
? “ Soon the mountaineers string there Sang as it cut the wind.”
Saw the white deer-skin shroud,” &c. Madoc in Wales.-Erillyab, vi. Poems, p. 326.
Madec in Wales.- The Peace Poems, p. 333. J. W. w.
J. W. W.