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and if necessary will assume the schedule and take the train orders of the disabled train, proceed to the next open telegraph office, and there report to the

- The disabled train will assume the right or schedule and take the train orders of the last train with which it has exchanged, and will when able, proceed to and report from the next open telegraph office.

When a train unable to proceed against the right or schedule of an opposing train, is overtaken between telegraph stations by an inferior train or a train of the same class having right or schedule which permits it to proceed, the delayed train may, after proper consultation with the following train, precede it to the next telegraph station, where it must report to —

When opposing trains are met under these circumstances, it must be fully explained to them by the leading train that the expected train is following.

95. Two or more sections may be run on the same schedule. .

Each section has equal time-table authority.

A train must not display signals for a following section without orders from the —

96. When signals displayed for a section are taken down at any point before that section arrives, the conductor will, if there be no other provision, arrange in writing with the operator, or if there be no operator, with the switchtender, or in the absence of both, with a flagman left there for that purpose, to notify all opposing inferior trains or trains of the same class leaving such point, that the section for which signals were displayed has not arrived.

NOTE TO RULE 96.—The Committee recommends, if a company desires to have all opposing trains notified, that the last sentence of Rule 96 be changed to read: “To notify all opposing trains that the section for which signals were displayed has not arrived."

97. Extra trains must not be run without orders from the --

98. Trains must approach the end of double track, junctions, railroad crossings at grade, and drawbridges, prepared to stop, unless the switches and signals are right and the track is clear. Where required by law, trains must stop.

99. When a train stops or is delayed, under circumstances in which it may be overtaken by another train, the flagman must go back immediately with stop signals a sufficient distance to insure full protection. When recalled he may return to his train, first placing two torpedoes on the rail when the conditions require it.

The front of a train must be protected in the same way, when necessary, by the

100. When the flagman goes back to protect the rear of his train, the --- must, in the case of passenger trains, and the next brakeman in the case of other trains, take his place on the train.

101. If a train should part while in motion, trainmen must, if possible, prevent damage to the detached portion. The signals prescribed by rules 12 (d) and 14 (f) must be given.

The detached portion must not be moved or passed until the front portion comes back.

102. When cars are pushed by an engine (except when shifting and making up trains in yards) a flagman must take a conspicuous position on the front of the leading car.

103. Messages or orders respecting the movement of trains or the condition of track or bridges must be in writing.

104. Switches must be left in proper position after having been used. Conductors are responsible for the position of the switches used by them and their trainmen, except where switchtenders are stationed.

A switch must not be left open for a following train unless in charge of a trainman of such train.

105. Both conductors and enginemen are responsible for the safety of their trains and, under conditions not provided for by the rules, must take every precaution for their protection.

106. In all cases of doubt or uncertainty the safe course must be taken and no risks run.

Rules for Movement by Train Orders 201. For movements not provided for by timetables, train orders will be issued by authority and over the signature of the — They must contain neither information nor instruction not essential to such movements.

They must be brief and clear; in the prescribed forms when applicable; and without erasure, alteration or interlineation.

202. Each train order must be given in the same words to all persons or trains addressed.

203. Train orders will be numbered consecutively each day, beginning with No. — at midnight.

204. Train orders must be addressed to those who are to execute them, naming the place at which each is to receive his copy. Those for a train must be addressed to the conductor and engineman, and also to anyone who acts as its pilot. A copy for each person addressed must be supplied by the operator.

Orders addressed to operators restricting the movement of trains must be respected by conductors and enginemen the same as if addressed to them.

205. Each train order must be written in full in a book provided for the purpose at the office of the

- ; and with it recorded the names of those who have signed for the order; the time and the signals which show when and from what offices the order was repeated and the responses transmitted; and the train dispatcher's initials. These records must be made at once, and never from memory or memoranda.

206. Regular trains will be designated in train orders by their numbers as “No. 10” or “2d No. 10,” adding engine numbers if desired. Extra trains will be designated by engine numbers and the direction, as, Extra 798 “East” or “West.” Other numbers and time will be stated in figures only.

207. To transmit a train order, the signal “31or the signal “19,” followed by the direction, must be given to each office addressed, the number of copies being stated, if more or less than three-thus, “31 West copy 5,” or “19 East copy 2.”

NOTE TO RULE 207.–Where forms “31” and "19" are not both in use the signal may be omitted.

208 (A).–A train order to be sent to two or more offices must be transmitted simultaneously to as many of them as practicable. The several addresses must be in order of superiority of trains, each office taking its proper address. When not sent simultaneously to all, the order must be sent first to the superior train.

208 (B).—A train order to be sent to two or more offices must be transmitted simultaneously to as many of them as practicable.

The several addresses must be in the order of superiority of trains and when practicable must include the operator at the meeting or waiting point, each office taking its proper address.

When not sent simultaneously to all, the order must be sent first to the superior train.

Copies of the order addressed to the operator at the meeting or waiting point must be delivered to all trains affected until all have arrived from one direction.

209. Operators receiving train orders must write them in manifold during transmission, and if they cannot at one writing make the requisite number of copies, must trace others from one of the copies first made.

NOTE TO RULE 209.—If the typewriter is used for copying train orders, when additional copies are made, the order must be repeated from such copies to the train dispatcher and “complete” given in the usual manner.

210. When a “31” train order has been transmitted, operators must (unless otherwise directed) repeat it at once from the manifold copy in the succession in which the several offices have been addressed, and

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