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Peruvian Ideas of the Moon. “ La reinc Christine, en quittant la cou- “When they observed the moon begin ronne pour se livrer plus entièrement aux to grow dark in her eclipse, they said she gens de lettres, ressemble à cette femme qui was sick; and when she was totally obscured, se fit arracher deux belles dents pour plaire that she was dead; and then they feared lest à son amant, qui se disoit toujours épris de she should fall from heaven, and overwhelm son âme seule, et inaccessible à tous ses and kill them, and that the world should be charmes extérieurs ; mais sa maitresse étant entirely dissolved. With these apprehenmoins belle, il ne l'aima plus.”—MADAME sions, so soon as the moon entered into NECKER.
eclipse, they sounded their trumpets and
cornets, beat their kettles, symbals, and all Drums of Captives' Skins.
the instruments which could make noise and “ In some provinces they flead the cap- beat them till they cried and howled; saying
sound; they tied their dogs in strings, and tives taken in war, and with their skins covered their drums, thinking with the sound that with their voices they called upon the of them to affright their enemies;for their moon, who having received certain services opinion was, that when their kindred heard from them, was very inclinable to hearken the rumbling noise of those drums, they to their call, and that all these varieties of would be immediately seized with fear and sounds together served to rouse and awaken
her, being fallen into a drowsiness and slumput to flight.”—GARCILASSO.
ber which her sickness bad caused; and
then they made their children cry and call Parents cat.
•Mama Quilla,' or, ‘Mother Moon, do not “What was most abominable above all, dye, lest we all perish.”—Ibid. was a custom amongst some Indians to eat the flesh of their parents, so soon as they
“CONCERNING the spots in the moon, they were dead, accounting it a part of their re
conceived another fable more ridiculous than spect and duty to bury and intomb them the former, and may be compared with that within their own entrails, which they boiled which the more refined ancients framed of or roasted according to the quantity; if the Diana, and that the moon was a huntress, body was lean and extenuated, they boiled though this seems more bestial and absurd, the flesh to make it the more tender; and if for they feignd that a certain fox, seeing it were gross and fleshy, then it was roasted: the moon so beautiful, fell enamoured of and for the bones, they buried them with her, and that his love gave him wings, with some ceremony, either in the holes of rocks, which he ascended heaven, and being ready or the hollow trees."-Ibid.
to embrace the moon, she closed and clung
so close to the fox, that ever since that time The Inca Royal Bounty.
the spots have appeared in the brightness
of her body."—Ibid. “In process of time the Inca, willing to enlarge the privileges of his people, gave them permission to bore their ears, though
Of the Sun. not so wide as the Incas."-Ibid.
“WHEN they saw the sun set within the I See anecdote of Zisca, third series, p. 381.
sea, as they may every night observe to the This extract is quoted to the lines,
westward from the coast of Peru, they fan“ He stript the skin, and formed of it a drum,
sied that the waters were parted by the force Whose sound affrighted armies."
of his fire and heat; and that being a good Madoc in Aztlan, xiii. p. 389.-J. W. W. I swimmer, he plunged himself into the waves,
and dived quite thro the sea, to appear next | how: and that since the creation four sunnes morning in the east."-Ibid.
were past, and that the fift and last is the sunnewhich now giveth light unto the world.
** The first sunne (forsooth) perished by Of Thunder.
water, and all living creatures therewith. " One of their fables is, that the Maker The second fell from heaven, and with the of all things hath placed in heaven a virgin, fall slew all living creatures, and then were the daughter of a king, holding a bucket of many giants in the country. The third sunne water in her hand, for refreshment of the
was consumed by fire: and the fourth by earth when occasion requires; and that some- tempest of aire and winde; and then mantimes her brother knocking upon this bucket, kinde perished not, but was turned into apes. causes thunder and lightning to proceed from Yet when that fourth sun perishd, all was it; these noises they say are effects of the turnd into darkness, and so continued five violent nature of man, but hail and rain and and twenty years: and at the fifteenth yeere snow, falling with less noise and impetuosity, God did form one man and woman, who are more agreeable to the gentle nature of a brought forth children, and at the end of
On this tale the following poem other ten years appeared this fift sunne newis preserved :
ly borne, which after their reckoning is now “ Pulchra Nympha,
in this year 1612, 918 years since. Three Frater tuus
days after this sun appeared, they held that Urnam tuam
all the gods did die, and that these which Nunc infringit,
since they worship, were born in process of Cujus ictus
Omens of Charles I.'s Fate.
“ The bust of King Charles I. carved by Fundens pluis,
Barnini, as it was brought in a boat upon Interdumque
the Thames, a strange bird, the like whereof Grandinem seu
the bargemen had never seen, drop'd a drop Nivem mittis.
of blood, or blood like upon it, which left a Mundi factor
stain not to be wiped off.”—AUBREY.
“COLONEL Sharington Talbot was at NotAd hoc munus
tingham when King Charles I. did set up Te sufficit
his standard upon the top of the tower there. Et præfecit."
He told me, that the first night the wind The original metre is preserved in these blew it so, that it hung down almost horiverses.-Ibid.
zontal, which some did take to be an ill omen.”—Ibid.
“ The day that the Long Parliament be“ The Indians of Culhua did beleeve that gan, 1641, the sceptre fell out of the figure the gods had made the world they knew not
of King Charles in wood, in Sir 2–- Tren
chard's hall at Wullich in Dorset, as they ! On referring to the Commentarios Reales, I were at dinner in the parlour.”—Ibid. find the words “ Pacha Camac” are omitted here. The Spanish interpretation is, “ El Dios que le ? In the edition of AUBREY's Miscellanies now anima."
See libro ii. tom. i. p. 54. Ed. Lis. before 8vo. 1784, “ Thomas” is the sirname. boa, 1609.-J. W. W.
J. W. W.
watched his motions, and then touched the Omen of Protector Somerset's Fate.
wheel with his wand. Immediately it stood “There is a tradition which I have heard still, and the stranger passed beyond it. from persons of honour, that as the Protector When he returned, he read another sentence Seymour and his dutchess were walking in from his book, and the wheel resumed its the gallery at Sheen, in Surrey, both of them motion. He then told the wondering peodid see a hand with a bloody sword come ple that he had been to view King Arthur out of the wall. He was afterwards be- and his knights of the round table, who were headed."-Ibid.
laid asleep in that cave by the enchantments
of Merlin. At a set time the magician would Ominous Fly of Fire.
rouse them from their sleep, when they would
rush forth, drive out the Saxons, and insti“ The Lady Viscountess Maidstone told
tute a Shiboleth to distinguish the genuine me she saw as it were a fly of fire fly round descendants of the ancient Britons, over about her in the dark, half an hour before whom King Arthur would reign with tranher lord died. He was killed at sea; and scendant dignity and splendour. The stranthe like before her mother-in-law, the Coun
ger departed, and no one from that day bas tess of Winchelsea, died. She was then with been able to find the entrance of the cave." child."-Ibid.
-Mrs. Morgan's Tour to Milford Haven.
Merlin's Hill is by Caermarthen. Corps' Candles. “When any Christian is drowned in the
Herb of Orpheus. river Dee, there will appear over the water
“Upon the mountain Pangæus grows an where the corps is, a light, by which means
herb which is called the harp, upon this octhey do find the body. And it is therefore
casion. The women that tore Orpheus in called the holy Dee.”—Ibid.
pieces, cast his limbs into the river Hebrus,
and his head being changed, the whole body King Arthur's Cave.
was turned into the shape of a dragon. But
as for his harp, such was the will of Apollo, “One of the legends of Arthur's posthum- it remained in the same form, and from the ous fame is, that there is in Merlin's hill a
streaming blood grew up the herb which was cave, the mouth of which many have seen at a distance ; but when they approached of the sacrifices to Bacchus, sends forth a
called the harp, which during the solemnity the place where they supposed it to be situ
sound like that of a harp when played upon. ated, they have not been able to find it.
At which time the natives being covered Once indeed a venerable stranger enquired with the skins of young hinds, and waving for the hill, and having by his skill in magic their thyrsuses in their hands, sing a hymn, walked directly to the cavern, he came to
of which these are part of the words, a narrow passage, which was obstructed by
"And then shalt thou be wise, a wheel in perpetual motion, placed there by the art of Merlin. The stranger atten
When Folly does thy brain surprise." tively surveyed the machine for a short time; As Clitonymus reports in his third book of took a book from his bosom, read out of it tragical relations.”—PLUTARCH. a few words, unintelligible to those who | The reader should refer to the whole Letter
Herb that Starves Tigers. on the Canhwyllun Cyrph, or Corps-Candles in Wales. It is addressed to Mr. Baxter. See p.
"In the Ganges grows an herb resembling 231 of the Miscellanies.-J. W. W.
bugloss, which the natives bruise and keep
the juice very charily. With this juice in | The Little Mouth of the Wicked, which is the dead of the night they go and besprinkle round like the mouth of a well; which after the tiger's dens, the vertue of which is such thirty days empties the body into the lake that the tigers not being able to stir forth Mæotis, that is full of worms, where of a by reason of the strong scent of the juice, sudden the body is seized and torn to pieces are starved to death."--Ibid.
by several vultures unseen before, nor is it known from whence they come.”—Ibid.
But if any
Flower and Herb that hate Step-Mothers.
Midwives' Magic. river Lycormas, grows a flower called the “A very singular belief prevailed not white violet, which if you do but name the many years ago in these parts (about Langword stepdame, presently dies away. holme in Scotland); nothing less than that
On the mountain Brixaba near the Tanais the midwives had power of transferring part grows an herb by the barbarians called of the primæval curse bestowed on our great Phryxa, not unlike our common rue, which first mother, from the good wife to her husif the son of a former mother have it in his band. I saw the reputed offspring of such possession, he can never be injured by his a labour, who kindly came into the world step-dame. It chiefly grows near the place without giving her mother the least uneasiwhich is called Boreas's den, and being ness, while the poor husband was roaring gathered, is colder than snow.
with agony in his uncouth and unnatural step-dame be forming a design against her pains.”—Pennant's Hebrides. son-in-law, it sets itself on fire, and sends forth a bright flame. By which means they who are thus warned, avoid the danger they
Flamborough Head, are in."-Ibid.
“ The vast height of the precipices, and the amazing grandeur of the caverns which
open on the north side, giving wide and Reed that discovers Guilt.
solemn admission, through most exalted “ In the river Phasis grows a reed which arches, into the body of the mountain ; is called Leucophyllus, or the reed with together with the gradual decline of light, the white leaf. This reed is found at the the deep silence of the place unless indawning of the morning light, at what time terrupted by the striking of the oar, the the sacrifices are offered to Hecate, and collision of a swelling wave against the this too, by the divine inspiration of Pan sides, or the loud flutter of the pigeons at the beginning of the spring, when they affrighted from their nests in the distant who are troubled with jealous heads gather roof, afford pleasures of scenery which this reed and strew it in their wives' cham- such formations as this alone can yield. bers to keep them chaste. And the nature These also are wonderfully diversified ; in of the reed is such, that if any wild extra- some parts the caverns penetrate far, and vagant person happens to come rashly in end in darkness, in others are pervious, drink into the room where it lies, he pre- and give a romantic passage by another sently becomes deprived of his rational opening, equally superb.
opening, equally superb. Many of the thoughts, and immediately confesses what- rocks are insulated, of a pyramidal form, ever he has wickedly done and intended to and soar to a great height. The bases of do. At what time, they that are present most are solid, but in some pierced through to hear him lay hold of him, sow him up in and arched. All are covered with the a sack, and throw him into a hole, called | dung of the innumerable flocks of migratory
birds, which resort here annually to breed, they astonish the spectator with the rapid and fill every little projection, every hole change of their form. They break out in which will give them leave to rest. Mul- places where none were seen before, skimtitudes were swimming about; others swarm- ming briskly along the heavens; are suded in the air, and stunned us with the denly extinguished, and leave behind an variety of their croaks and screams. Kitti- | uniform dusky tract. This again is brilwakes and berring-gulls, guillemots and liantly illuminated in the same manner, and black guillemots, auks, puffins, shags and as suddenly left a dull blank. In certain corvorants are among the species which re- nights they assume the appearance of vast sort hither. The notes of all sea-fowl are columns, on one side of the deepest yellow, most harsh and inharmonious. I have on the other declining away till it becomes have often rested under rocks like these, undistinguished from the sky. They have attentive to the various sounds over my generally a strong tremulous motion from head; which, mixed with the deep roar of end to end which continues till the whole the waves slowly swelling and retiring from vanishes. In a word, we who only see the the vast caverns beneath, have produced a extremities of these northern phenomena, fine effect. The sharp voice of the gulls, have but a faint idea of their splendour and the frequent chatter of the guillemots, the their motions. According to the state of loud notes of the auks, the scream of the the atmosphere they differ in colours; they herons, together with the deep periodical often put on the colour of blood, and make croak of the corvorants, which serves as a a most dreadful appearance. The rustic bass to the rest, have often furnished me sages become prophetic, and terrify the gawith a concert, which, joined to the wild zing spectators with the dread of war, pesscenery surro
rounding me, afforded in an tilence, and famine. high degree that species of pleasure which “About the Icy Sea. The Aurora Boresults from the novelty and the gloomy realis is as common here as in Europe, and majesty of the entertainment.”—Pennant's usually exhibits similar variations; one Arctic Zoology.
species regularly appears between the northeast and east, like a luminous rainbow, with numbers of columns of light radiating from
it: beneath the arch is a darkness, through Northern Lights.
which the stars appear with some brilliancy. “ They are the constant attendants of This species is thought by the natives to be the clear evenings in all these northern a forerunner of storms. There is another islands, and prove great reliefs amidst the kind, which begins with certain insulated gloom of the long winter nights. They rays from the north, and others from the commonly appear at twilight, near the ho- north-east; they augment little by little, rizon, of a dun colour, approaching to yel- till they fill the whole sky, and form a low; sometimes continuing in that state splendour of colours rich as gold, rubies, for several hours without any sensible and emeralds, but the attendant phænomena motion ; after which they break out into strike the beholders with horrors, for they streams of stronger lights, spreading into crackle, sparkle, hiss, make a whistling columns, and altering slowly into ten thou- sound, and a noise even equal to artificial sand different shapes, varying their co- fireworks. The idea of an electrical cause lours from all the tints of yellow to the is so strongly impressed by this description, obscurest russet. They often cover the that there can remain no doubt of the origin whole hemisphere, and then make the most of these appearances. The inhabitants say, brilliant appearance.
Their motions at on this occasion, it is a troop of men furithese times are most amazingly quick; and ously mad which are passing by. Every