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Monument to a Boy Bishop

IN SALISBURY CATHEDRAL. The ceremony of the boy bishop is Bishop's sermon: and after be at the supposed to have existed not only in hygh masse, and each of them offer a collegiate churches, but in almost every penny to the Chylde-Bishop: and with parish in England. He and his com- them the maisters and surveyors of the panions walked the streets in public pro- scole.” cession. A statute of the collegiate church By a proclamation of Henry VIII. of St. Mary Overy, in 1337, restrained dated July 22, 1542, the show of the one of them to the limits of his own boy bishop was abrogated, but in the panish. On December 7, 1229, the day reign of Mary it was revived with other after St. Nicholas's day, a boy bishop in Romish ceremonials. A flattering song the chapel at Heton, near Newcastle-upun- was sung before that queen by a boy Tyne, said vespers before Edward I. on bishop, and printed. It was a panegyric his way to Scotland, who made a con- on her devotion, and compared her to siderable present to him and the other Judith, Esther, the queen of Sheba, and boys who sang with him. In the reign the Virgin Mary. of king Edward III., a boy bishop re- The accounts of St. Mary at Hill, ceived a present of nineteen 'shillings and London, in the 10th Henry VÍ., and for sixpence for singing before the king in 1549, and 1550, contain charges for the his private chamber on Innocents' day. boy bishops of those years.

At that Dean Colet in the statutes of St. Paul's period his estimation in the church seems school which he founded in 1512, ex- io have been undiminished; for on Nopressiy ordains that his scholars shouldvember 13, 1554, the bishop of London, every Childermas (Innocents) day, “come issued an order to all the clergy of his to Paulis Churche and hear the Chylde- diocese to have boy bisnops and their

FLORAL DIRECTORY

processions ; and in the same year these into their houses, anu nad much good young sons of the old church paraded cheer. * St. Andrew's, Holborn, and St. Nicholas Olaves, in Bread-street, and other parishes. In 1556, Strype says that the Nestflowered Heath. Erica nidiflora. boy bishops again went abroad singing Dedicated to St. Nicholas. in the old fashion, and were received by many ignorant but well-disposed persons

• Hone on Ancient Mysteries

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December 7.

ard's “ Tables," is on the 7th of December

This quarter of the year comprehend. St. Ambrose, A. D. 397. St. Fara, Ab- eighty-nine days, except in leap-year bess, A. D. 655.

when it has ninety days. Winter exbu

bits as large a proportion of the cold, as The natural commencement of the summer did of the heat. In spring the winter season, according to Mr. How. cold gradually goes off, to be replaced iis

No. 50.

WINTER.

of irriga

the middle of the season by warmth; the the proportion indicated by the mean respective proportions being like those temperature; showing the dampness of which obtain in autumn, while their posi- the air at this season. tions are reversed.

“ De Luc's hygrometer averages about “ The mean temperature of the season 78 degrees. in the country is 37.76 degrees. The “ The average rain is 5.868 inches. medium temperature of the twenty-four The rain is greatest at the commencement, hours, descends from about 40 to 344 and it diminishes in rapid proportion 10 degrees, and returns again to the former the end. In this there appears a salutary point.

provision of divine intelligence : for had “ The mean height of the barometer it increased, or even continued as heavy is 29.802 inches, being .021 inches above as in the autumnal months, the water inthat of autumn. The range of the co- stead of answering the purpose lumn is greatest in this season; and in tion, for which it is evidently designed, the course of twenty winters it visits would have descended from the saturated nearly the two extremities of the scale of surface of the higher ground in perpetual three inches. The mean winter range is floods, and wasted for the season the however 2.25 inches.

plains and valleys. “ The predominating winds at the be- “ Notwithstanding the sensible indica. ginning of winter are the south-west: in tions of moisture, which in the intervals the middle these give place to northerly of our short frosts attend this season, the winds, after which the southerly winds actual quantity of vapour in the atmosprevail again to the close: they are at phere is now, probably, at its lowest proihis season often boisterous at night. portion, or rather it is so at the com

“ The mean evaporation, taken in situ- mencement of the season ; after which it ations which give more than the natural gradually increases with the temperature quantity from the surface of the earth, and evaporation."* (being 30.467 inches on the year,) is 3.587 inches. This is a third less than

• Howard's Climate of London.

Winter.

This is the eldest of the seasons : he

Moves not like spring with gradual step, por grows

From bud to beauty, but with all his snows
Comes down at once in hoar antiquity.
No rains por loud proclaiming tempests flee

Before him, nor unto his time belong

The suns of summer, nor the charms of song,
That with May's gentle smiles so well agree.
But he, made perfect in bis birth-day cloud,

Starts into sudden life with scarce a sound,
And with a tender footstep prints the ground,

As tho' to cheat man's ear: yet while he stays

He seems as 'twere to prompt our merriest days,
And bid the dance and joke be long and loud.

Literary P. Book.

FLORAL DIRECTORY.
Hairy Achania. Achania pilosa.

Dedicated to St. Ambrose.

December 8.
stocks, African and French marigolds

, The Conception of the Blessed Virgin great perfection, ripe strawberries and

the passion flowers, and monthly roses, in Mary. Śt. Romaric, Abbot

, A. D. 653. raspberries. In the fields and hedges The winter season of the year 1818,

were the sweet-scented violets, heart'swas extraordinarily mild. On the 8th of ease, purple vetch, red robin, wild stra: December, the gardens in the neighbour: berry blossom, and many others. The hood of Plymouth showed the following oak and the elm retained much of their Aowers in full bloom, viz. :-Jonquils, foliage, and the birds were sometimes Tarcissus, hyacinths, anemonies, pinks, heard as in spring.

a

FLORAL DIRECTONY.

obliged to be taken off before the coffin Arbor vitæ. Thuja occidentalis. could be admitted, and it was so heavy, Dedicated to the Conception of the B. V. that the attendants were forced to move it Mary.

along the churchyard upon rollers.* December 9.

FLORAL DIRECTORY

Portugal Cyprus. Cupressus Lusitanica. St. Leocadia, A. D. 304. The Seven Mar

Dedicated to St. Eulalia. tyrs at Samosata, A. D. 297. St. Wulfhilde, A. D. 990. BURIED ALIVE.

Becember 11. A remarkable instance of premature in- St. Damasus, Pope, A. D. 384. Sts. Fusterment, is related in the case of the rev. cian, Victoricus, and Gentian, A. D. 287. Mr. Richards, parson of the Hay, in St. Daniel, the Stylite, A. D. 494. Herefordshire, who, in December, 1751,

ST. NICHOLAS IN RUSSIA. was supposed to have died suddenly. His friends seeing his body and limbs did not A gentleman obligingly contributes the stiffen, after twenty-four hours, sent for

a northern usage on

subjoined account surgeon, who, upon bleeding him, and not the 5th of December, the vigil of St. being able to stop the blood, told them that Nicholas. He communicates his name to he was not dead, but in a sort of trance, the editor, and vouches for the authentiand ordered them not to bury him. They city of his relation,“ having himself been paid no attention to the injunction, but

an actor in the scene he describes." committed the body to the grave the next (For the Every-Day Book.) day; A person walking along the church

In the fine old city of Leewvarden, the yard, hearing a noise in the grave, ran capital of West Friezland, there are some and prevailed with the clerk to have the curious customs preserved, connected grave opened, where they found a great with the celebration of the anniversary of bleeding at the nose, and the body in a this saint. From time immemorial, in profuse sweat; whence it was conjectured this province, St. Nicholas has been that he was buried alive. They were now, hailed as the tutelary patron of children however, obliged to let him remain, as all and confections; no very inappropriate appearance of further recovery had been association, perhaps. On the eve, or precluded by his interment.*

Avond, as it is there termed, of this fesA writer in the “ Gentleman's Maga- tival, the good saint condescends, (as zine” some years before, observes, “I have currently asserted, and religiously beundoubted authority for saying, a man was lieved, by the younger fry,) to visit these lately (and I believe is still) living at sublunar spheres, and to irradiate by his Hustley, nearWinchester, December,1747, majestic presence, the winter fireside of who, after lying for dead two days and his infant votaries. Iwo nights, was committed to the grave, During a residence in the above town, and rescued from it by some boys luckily some twenty years agone, in the brief playing in the churchyard !"

days of happy boyhood, (that green spot in our existence,) it was my fortune to be

present at one of these annual visitations. Corsican Spruce. Pinus Laricio. İmagine a group of happy youngsters Dedicated to St. Leocadia. sporting around the domestic hearth, in

all the buoyancy of riotous health and

spirits, brim-full of joyful expectation, December 10.

but yet in an occasional pause, casting St. Melchiades, Pope, A. D. 314.

St. frequent glances towards the door, with a Eulalia.

comical expression of impatience, mixed

up with something like dread of the imOn the 10th of December, 1741, died heard, in an instant the games are sus

At last a loud knock is

pending event. Mr. Henry Wanyford, late steward to the pended, and the door slowly unfolding, parl of Essex.

He was of so large a reveals to sight the venerated saint himsize, that the top of the hearse was

self, arrayed in his pontificals, with pas

Gentleman's Magazine, * Gentleman's Magazine, 1751.

FLORAL DIRECTORY.

BIG MAN.

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toral staff and jewelled mitre. Meihinks A. D. 622. St. Corentin, 1st. Bp. of I see him now ! yet he did “ his spiriting Quimper, 5th Cent. Another St. Cogently," and his tone of reproof,

rentin, or Cury, A. J). 401 more in sorrow thun in anger !"

An intoxicated Servant. In fine, the family peccadillos being In Lloyd's Evening Post of December tenderly passed over, and the more fa- 12-14, 1781, there is the following advourable reports made the subject of due vertisement :

YOUNG MAN having yesterday his parting benediction, together with the A

left his master's service in Smith promise, (never known to fail,) of more field, on a presumption of his pocket being substantial benefits, to be realized on the picked of one hundred pounds, his masnext auspicious morning, So ends the ter's property, when he was in liquor; first act of the farce, which it will be rea- this is to inform him, that he left it in the dily anticipated is got up with the special shop of his master, who has found it; connivance of papa and mamma, by the and if he will return to his master's serassistance of some family friend, who is vice he will be kindly received quite au fait to the domestic politics of the establishment. The concluding scene, Such was the state of society, in the however, is one of unalloyed pleasure to year 1781, that a drunken servant would the delighted children, and is thus ar. be “kindly received” by his emplover. ranged.

We are so far better, in the year 1895, Before retiring to rest, each member of that if such a servant were kindly received, the family deposits a shoe on a table in a he would not be permitted to enter on particular room, which is carefully locked, his duties till he was admonished not to and the next inorning is opened in the repeat the vice. Drunkenness is now so presence of the assembled household; properly reprobated, that no one but a when lo! by the mysterious agency thorough reprobate dares to practise it, (doubtless) of the munificent saint, the and the character of sot or drunkard in. board is found covered with bons bons, variably attaches to him. toys, and trinkets.

It may not be deemed irrelevant to In the subjoined extract taken from an add, that on the anniversary, the consec- old author, without recollection of his tioners' shops display their daintiest in- rame, there is something apt to the occaventions, and are gaily lighted up and sion. ornamented for public exhibition, much

THE TRADE OF BREWING. in the same way as at Paris on the first By a writer, in the year 1621. day of the new year.

Of all the trades in the world, a brewer These reminiscences may not prove is the loadstone which draws the cusunacceptable to many, who contemplate tomes of all functions unto it. It is the with satisfaction the relics of ancient ob- mark or upshot of every man's ayme, and servances, belonging to a more primitive the bottomlesse whirlepoole that swalstate of manners, the memory of which is lowes up the profits of rich and poore. rapidly passing into oblivion ; and who, The brewer's ait (like a wilde kesirell or perhaps, think with the writer, in one lemand hawke,) fies at all games; or like sense at least, that modern reřnements,

a butler's boxe at Christmasse, it is sure if they tend to render us wiser, hardly to winne, whosoever loses. In a word, it make us happier !

H. H.

rules and raignes, (in some sort,) as Augustus Cæsar did, for it taxetb the whole

earth. Your innes and alehouses are Aleppo Pine. Pinus Halipensis. brookes and rivers, and their clients are Dedicated to St. Damasus. small rills and springs, who all, (rery

dutifully) doe pay their tributes to the December 12.

boundless ocean of the brewhouse. For,

all the world knowes, that if men and Sts. Epimachus and Alexander,&c.A.D. 250. women did drinke no more than sufficed

St. Finian, or Finan, Bp. in Ireland, nature, or if it were but a little extraorA. D. 552. St. Columba, son of Crim- dinary now and then upon occasion, or thain, A. D. 548. St. Cormac. St. by chance as you may terme it; if drinkColman, Abbot, A. D. 659. St. Eud- ing were used in any reason, or any reabrirge, A. D. 751. St. Valery, Abbot, son used in drinking, I pray ve what

FLORAL DIRECTORY.

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