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of the Lord against, the mighty,” for very mean appearance, and nothing seems the prince of darkness reigns mightily in so much cared for as embellishing the the hearts of the heather of these parts temples and places of superstitious cereof the earth. The Fort became an object moly. We at last came to Mr. Swartz's of attention, not only because it was the church, which is a modest plain building. Tesidence of a Prince of the ancient Four plain pintars on each side divide vt Mabratta dynasty, but because a servant into aisles, and in the middle one, at the of God, (Swartz) had erected a Christian end, stands the marble monument sent church in the very heart of heathenism. On out from England. attempting to enier this formidable place, Next day service was performed in it, which resisted the repeated attacks of in the Malabar language, and a country the French General Lally, and only bowed priest, in while raiment, gave an animated to British power, we were thronged with discourse, a copy of which I requested bullocks and men in the zig zag entrance, him to give me. The massy pagodas next and glad to get through the inner gate, invited our aitention, and we approached which was guarded by the stajah's troops, as near as the Brabminical policy would dressed in white, with broad swords and permit. In the chief pugoda is a very steet caps. They were good looking men, large figure of an ox, cut out of one solid without ferocity. Regulariiyin building, block of black inarble. Apother pagoda or domestic conveniency and cleanliness, stands near this, which was profaned and seem to be little thought of by the inha- polluted by the French, uod afterwards bitants of this Fort; and, beyond the pa- made a storehouse by the Euglish; now lace, which is hid from the observer by a it remains emply, as a monumeat of the bigh black wall, and the pagodas, little folly and superstition of man. is worth notice.
(To be continued.) The streets, such as they are, have a
The following extract of a letter from Messrs. Harvard and Crough, dated Columbo, May 30th, 1817, contains several important particulars, though of rather old date. The account of the young man, a native Cingalese, einployed in the school at Colpetty, is interesting, not only as it shews the influence of religion on the mind of a native, in circumstances of considerable worldly temptation; but Warrants the hope expressed by the brethren, that the work at Ceylon will ultimately furnish a considerable number of native missionaries, who may be most usefully eniployed in the island itself, or on the opposite shores of the continent. We greatly rejoice, in this view, in the successes of our brethren in having been made in true ments in the conversion of several of the natives of Ceylon, priests and others, whose talents of various kinds promise, should the great Head of the Church choose to sanctify them for that purpose, eminently to qualify them to spread the knowledge of the Saviour Christ among their pagan brethren.
Our Colombo circuit row includes a mons, but it brings us to a closer acspace of ground not less than 40 miles quaintance with the people, and enables
us to form better ideas of their situation; In respect to Colombo itself, we have and then we are able to ascertain when been going on very charmingly since the any are fit to be formed into classes, opening of the Mission House. Every Already, besides our English class in the week we preach twice in English, once Pettah, which is going on well, exactly in Portoguese, and occasionally in Cin- on the same principles as those in England, galese. On the Saturday eveoing we we are now forming two cthers, one in hold a public meeting; this, in the first Portuguese and anoiber in Cingalese. place, was desigoed as a prayer.meeting, Our English congregation is in general but the state of our congregation, parti- pretty large and respectable; it consists; cularly the Cingalese and Portuguese however, principally, of young men, who people, rendered it necessary for us to are employed as clerks to Government convert it into a kind of public catechising; in the different offices, as few besides Da these occasions many, both old and those understand English. young, attend; and in order to accom- The expenses attending our public modate it to all classes, we conduct it in worship are rather great, as we are forced the English, Portuguese, and Cingalese always to light up the chapel when we languages; and this meeting promises very have service, and'the doing it with oil pleasing things, both among the young necessarily occasions much trouble. Howand aged inhabitants. In the first place ever, the monthly collection which we it not only gives us an opportuniiy of have established about meets this expense. communicating instruction to them in a Our Portuguese congregation is the way which we cannot do in public ser largent. This gives the females, and many
of the aged men, an opportunity of hearing and indeed the whole appearance of the the gospel, who understand no other lan- school, is such as greatly interests every guage, unless in a very few instances a one who sees it ; and it is really surprislittle Dutch be spoken among them; and ing to see the improvenient that is made, from among this class of people we hope both by the boys and girls. A consider
to be able to communicate very able number, both of the boys and girls, pleasing intelligence.
spell very well, and read the English We have reason to fear, that in the Testament with Auency. The girls are most fcurishing state of religion among superintended by a respectable half-cast the inhabitants of Ceyloil, there was woman, who brings them on amazingly never much more than the name of Chris. in reading, needle-work, &c. The boys tianity; and, consequently, little, very are instructed by a young man, a native little, of the inward power of godliness; Cingalese, of very respectable connectious. and that when experimental religion is This young man was first placed under enforced, they either do not understand the instruction of brother Clough, in the it, not having heard of such things before, first school that was established by our or they treat it as strange things that are mission at Galle. He was put under brought to their ears. However, the day brother C.'s care principally with a design of the Son of Man with power will fully to qualify him for some place under Godecide all these points, and the dawn of vernment, as a head-man. These situit is already seen, and the arm of his sal- ations are in general sought after with vation is beginning to be made bare. We great eagerness by the native chiefs, for are greatly encouraged at that spirit of their sons, as it gives them honour, influardent prayer wbich has lately been ence, and great emolument. And in fact, poured forth upon those who are in society their ideas seldom rise much higher than with us; and we may truly say that our such attainments. However, while this djass-meetings, and assemblies at the youth continued under brother C.'s intable of the Lord, have been remarkable struction, his mind was deeply impressed seasons to us all.
with the fear of God; and from that time We must now beg your kind and indul- he began to abandon the idea of congent attention for a moment to a different, necting himself with the affairs of Goyet not less pleasing department of our vernment, as was the design of his pawork in this station- wemeanourlabours rents respecting him. He therefore conin the country among the nativeCingalese. tinued to unite himself more and more We would just observe, however, that closely to our mission, and we are persuadit has frequently been a source of pain 10 ed he promises to be an useful character our feelings, that our nuinerous engage- among us. We watched his conduct, and ments in the town have not allowed us to kept him in mind with a view to engage spend so much of our time in the jungle him the first opportunity. During his as we wished. But from the faint ideas probation he had to resist repeated and which you will be able to form of our earnest solicitations from his connections, printing concern, &c. &c. you will to apply to Government for some situeasily see that the absence of one of us ation. One of his relations, who is one of from the spot, even for a day, is felt in the principal lead-men in the island, some department or other. In the mean promised him an office and title, if he time we have been catching up every would accept of it; this also he refused spare inoment to do what we couldin the in the most handsome way. Now lie country, and the prospects which now stands among us as a candidate for a na. preseni themselves among the natives are tive mission ; in the mean time he has the of the most pleasing kind.
charge of this important school, which At Colpeity we have established a
he manages in the most pleasing and saschool, of which you have already had tisfactory way. some particulars, under the kind patro- Thus, you see, our native schools nage and assistance of Sir Alexander and promisc, (beside all other advantages Lady Johnstone, and the Hon. Robert which the people will derive from Boyd, Sole Commissioner of Revenues. them) to raise up an army of native In this populous village there are several preachers, who will carry the gospel thousands of inhabitants; but notwith
over every part of the island. standing it is in the very suburbs of But our school at Colpetty promises Colonbo, it has been greatly neglected. well in another way. It has always been We have already a school of 158 children, the custom in this country to instruct the boys and girls included, that are daily children, and conduct religious worship instructed in English and Cingalese ; at in the same place; and this we also do. the same time a strict attention is paid to Hence we go out regularly, and preach their religious instrucsion. The order, them iwo sermons in a week, one in Postuguese, and another in Cingalese. And At another place, calied Pandura, about this is regularly, we hope, bringing the 15 miles on the Galle road, an establishwhole village under our influence. As it ment of a similar nature is already begun: is only about a month since we began to and a fine clever young man, who also preach to the inhabitants, we have only has been brought up under brother Aras yet seen, as the fruit of our labours, a mour in the seminory, volunteered to good and an attentive congregation in a take charge of it. The young man has country Methodist chapel. °And even just left the Mission House to go to Panthis is not one of the least pleasing sights iura, from whence he only came yesterto us. The consequence of this establish- day, and he reports that the inhabitants ment is, that the inhabitants of other have already built the school, and all is villages are coming, and requesting that ready; so that, if all be well, brother we will go and do the same among them. Harvard and brother Fox intend to set
At a place called Morratte, about seven out to-morrow morning, to visit those miles further on the Galle road, where places, and set them a going. At both those there was lately a large government church last mentioned places the inhabitants built, we are going to begin a similar have promised to place their children establishment. One native has promised under our care. Thus, we are, by slow to give us ground. The inhabitants have yet regular and effectual degrees, gaining offered to build the school ; and we have a permanent footing among the inhabigot another very pious young man, a tants.-From this hasty sketch of our Dative Cingalese, to take charge of it. circuit you will be able to form some This same young man has met in class idea of our present situation, and also of some time: he was brought up under the the steps by which our cause must be care of brother Armour in the seminary raised. at Colombo.
On the subject of Native Preachers, we are happy to have our views confirmed by the following extracts of a letter from Messrs. Carey, Marshman, and Ward, in the last Number of the Baptist Periodical Accounts, just published :
“ In addition to these, there are, labour- respectively the soul of a missionary sys. ing in the same circle, a number of bre- tem, to the incalculable advantage of ibe thren raised up in the country, (the num- cause of God in the East. This eminently ber of whom, blessed be God! is insuits with their fewness, and with the increasing every year,) who, from their creased expense necessary to support superior knowledge of their vernacular Europeans in a country and climate so tongue, their intimate acquaintance with different from their own. When the exthe habits and ideas of their countrymen, pense of a house, a conveyance, &c. is their being accustomed to the constant considered, it will not appear strange that fatigue of walking in a climate congenial the sum absolutely requisite for a European with their constitutions, and a variety brother, j'articularly with a family, should of other circumstances, are far more be sufficient to meet the wants of twenty adapted for the work of making known native brethren; who, under due direc and explaining the gospel to small groups tion, might itinerate through a large disof their own countrymen, than Europeans, trict, and furnished by their European and have been generally more successful. brother with tracts and books of the European brethren, indeed, while abse- Scripture, might soon fill every corner of lutely necessary to planting the gospel in it with general knowledge. And whether India, far more resemble, in their work one brother thus acting as the directing and their value, the great Evangelists intelligence of twenty native brethren, who went forth from Judea--Mark, Silas, acoustomed to the climate, and thoroughly Timothy, Titus, and others: whose buo acquainted with the idiom, habits, and siness it was to publish the word, plant ideas of their countrymen, would not be churches, set things in order, and, from likely to do more than two European among the native converts, ordain elders brethren alone, it is easy to judge. Twenty in every city. True, they are not, like European brethren, placed in as many them, endued with miraculous gifts; but different provinces of India, and thus their superior knowledge of the gospel, encircled with native brethren, would go their steadiness, and energy of mind, far, in a course of years, towards diffusing supply precisely what is lacking in native that general light throughout the whole eooveris; over whom these qualities, of the contineut, which might prepare combined with meekness of wisdom, give the way for the coming of the Redeemer's them a commanding influence of the most kingdom in its fulness and glory.” salutary nature, and fit them for becomin
Extract of e. Letter from Mr. Joan CALLAWAY to the COMMITTEE, dated Mature,
October 15, 1817. Since my last communication no very devils who suffered the corn to grow with material alteration has taken place in our out molestation. The end of our excurplan of proceeding. In several instances, sion was a most delightful spot, the resi. however, our sphere of usefulness has been dence of a kind magistrate, who wished considerably enlarged; and though we us to pay the place a visit. The air is have been exercised in various ways, God particularly cool and pleasant. The has evidently favoured us with many people are generally of the Wallallah or tokens of his Divine blessing.
farming cast, and all heathens. ProfesOn looking over my journal, 1 ob erve sedly ihey are worshippers of Budha, an account of an excursion into the inte. but in faci are strongly attached to Pai. rior, within a short distance of the Kan- tene, Catteragamme, &c. There is a dian limits, undertaken by myself and col- temple of smaller dimensions than some I Jeague, and which you will perhaps deem have seen, in one of the finest situations somewhat interesting. About half the imaginable. Abana Mandua, or a temdistance we went by water. The boats porary building, stands near it, where in use here draw but little water, as their discourses are delivered to the people by bottoms are fat. We passed the first the priest. Their marriages are inostly night on the water in the boat. I believe contrived by the parents of the parties, our situation was rather dangerous, in and are celebrated in the Cingalese mán. consequence of the fall of several showers ner, but are dissolved if they cannot of rain ; the shed in the boat, formed of agree. Incest, it is said, is quite comcocoa-nut leaves, being a slender protec. mon. They have no diseases peculiar tion. The next morning we took a little to that part of the country. The surgeon refreshment on the bank of a river. Hav. is a smith, and a priest the apothecary. ing by me a copy of " O for a thousand The smith once amputated an arm, and tongues to sing,” in Cingalese, I desired lately cured a fracture, with great dexa man to take a copy of it for the people, terity. They have devil dances, &c. which he transcribed immediately. After just as in other places. They are said to sailing a few miles further we disenibarked, delight in quarrelling, and are frequently and went the remainder of the journey engaged in law-suits. A small fort, in by land. The road cannot be travelled ruins, is on a hill in the neighbourhood, by horses. In many places it is with the built by the Portuguese. The distinction utmost difficulty that a person can climb of caste is strictly kepi up, though they are over the rugged hills. One mountain has rather careless about the privileges and a very steep and exceeding rough path prohibition in point of dress. Some perfor about a mile. We sometimes walked, sons are now living there full 100 years and were soinetimes carried in chairs with of age. The Magistrate directed the inhapieces of bamboo tied by their side. li bitants to attend. We had his court-house was highly pleasing to observe the coolies pretty well filled, and a good number (a cast or tribe of men whose business is stood on the outside. They were very atto carry burdens,) readily entering into a tentive indeed during the service; and I religious conversation. They were Bude trust the seed sown will, by the Divine hists, and had scarcely heard of Chris. blessing, spring up and bring forth fruit. tianity before. The badness of the road We have been enabled, within the last would sometimes cause an interruption in few months, to do something in the the conversation, but the poor men fre- school department, for the instruction of qnently begged afterwards to hear some of native children. Those schools, which more of this good religion. In some have been established longest, exhibit, in points they remarked it was not contrary a pleasing manner, the abilities of the to the system in which they had be children. Some scores of children, wlio, brought up. The country, especially ine six or eight months ago, were in the most vallies, evidently proved that much at- deplorable state of vice and ignorance, tention had been paid to cultivation. can now read and write, and have learnt The hills are numerous and lofty, and Mr. Wesley's Catechism, which was transgenerally in a state of nature. Only three lated and printed for their use. They can or four heathen temples came within our also repeat the Lord's Prayer, the Creed, notice on the road and not many dwell- ten Commandments, and several prayers, ing-houses. In the corn fields were sticks, in a manner that would not disgrace any placed in different spots, with leaves like school-boys in England. Some of the ribbons on their tops. On inquiry, I best scholars' read the New Testament, understood, that these portions of the and learn Mr. Wood's Catechism ; and felds were reserved for offerings to those several can spell and read English a little. Their parents and others inform us that will be rendered a great blessing to the the children avoid lying and swearing, people, and especially to the school evils to which they were once notoriously children. addicted, and are now obedient to their In my last letter I had the pleasure to superiors, and kind to one another. In inform you of our having formed a class some schools we have between 40 and 50 of Cingalese women. I have now the boys; in others less.
pleasure to send you an old class-paper. The present season, however, is un. You will perceive with what regularity favourable, on account of the incessant the people meet, and that we are intro rain. We have just had such showers ducing our discipline as prudently as we as I never witnessed in my life before ; can. "Praise the Lord, since the clasgo and many of the children art gone into began to meet we have had but little to the country for a time. We lately como do among them in the way of reproof or menced a school in a population altogether correction, but have been chiefly employed beathen, and had an interesting day. in "instruction in righteousness." Our A congregation assembled, composed of souls are often edified and refreshed when sereral hundreds of men, women, and we assemble. They are evidently in good chridren. They listened to the word with earnest for the kingdom of heaven, and much attention. I suppose the greater their general conduct is praiseworthy. part nerer heard a sermon before. We About half of them were professed heaafterwards formed a school there; 100 thens when they first attended Cingalese boys and about 50 girls attend. In a few preaching; several of whom have been days we propose paying the place another baptized by me, and two or three, you visit. I would not have you suppose that perceive retain their heathen names, not the formation of schools is without its dif- having been yet baptized. ficulties. In some cases the high-cast Some of the people tell us they used to children do not like to attend if the low- be always kept poor when sickness hapCast children are instructed. I suppose pened in their family, by giving donait will be sometimes necessary to have tions to astrologers, dancers, charmers, distinct schools for them. It is really and persons of that description, who. affecting to consider to what extent the sadly impose on the ignorant. The manprejadice of cast is carried; yet nothing ner in which their invocations are written is to be found in the writings of Budhu, before they are fastened on the body of it seems, which gives it countenance. the wearer, evidently proves the manu..
The people, in fact, are mostly dis, facturers to be a set of illiterate wretches. senters from Budhism, and are attached, We have also a snall class composed in a mach stronger manner, to imaginary of those who speak the Portuguese landeities, of a ten-fold worse description guage ; some account of which I hope to than Budhu. In some places the parents forward at a future day. are quite insensible to the advantages of I need not enlarge respecting the mode religious instruction, particularly with in which we spend our time; as an accuregard to their daughters, but in other rate conception of this may be formed places they know better. I have the from what I have already stated. We strongest confidence, however, that God have, regularly, preaching in English, will graciously open our way to the people Portuguese, and Cingalese, besides class and to their hearts, while we simply look meetings, &c. We thankfully embrace to him for his continual blessing on our such providential openings as the Lord of feeble efforts.
the harvest is pleased to set before us. The schools at a short distance assemble Though our sanguine wishes and earnest: together on Sunday evenings, and, alto- prayers have not been always answered. gether form a good congregation. We in the manner we expected, yet in what. have partly translated and partly com- ever way we turn our eyes, we see much piled, in Cingalese, Mr. Wesley's Abridge- to encouragę us, much to humble us, ment of the morning and evening prayers much to make us thankful. “ Hitherta. ef oor excellent Liturgy, I believe it hath the Lord helped us.”
SOUTH AFRICA. Mr. Shaw having been lately at Cape Town, waited upon his Excellency the Governor, who continued to express his approbation of Missionary efforts among the beathen, and gave liber to Mr. Shaw to form a new settlement among the bastardı Helteatots, about two days' journey from Kamies Berg, the present station. “ On my arrival at the Kamies Berg," says Mr. Shaw, "I began to teach them the wings pertaining to the kingdom of God, and to take means for the erection of a