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from everlasting misery. Such views | trations, and historical testimonies. of Christ's excellencies, and experience How much understanding and affection of his love, will have a powerful in- soever a man may have, if he have no fluence on the whole conduct of a powers of speech suited to the work of minister.-It will make him laborious public teaching, it is impossible he in every department of duty; will render should be a good minister of Jesus idleness an intolerable burden to him; Christ. There may be men in the and afford him pleasure in all things English senate, who understand the that are included in the duties of his constitution of their country, feel well office. - It will effectually restrain affected towards it, and can converse
dishonourable, disgraceful and, offen- the parlour, yet who are of little use in sive; will animate him with the most their capacity, except in giving their generous and noble disposition; support vote.--It is the speaking man-the man him under all the trials of his public of argument, that is likely to have and private life; and give him courage weight in any important discussion. and fortitude to encounter persecutions So the ministers of Christ should cry and afflictions for Christ's sake. How- aloud, and spare not; they must lift ever much knowledge of divine things up their voice like a trumpet, and shew a man may possess, or what gifts soever his people their transgression, and the
yet if he have but a small share of love granted, that between the highest and to Christ, he will perform the duties of the lowest degrees of natural eloquence the ministry with but a moderate de- there is a wide distance; that God can gree of propriety. He may have a bless his own word, how imperfectly decent exterior, and pay some attention soever it is delivered, and that there to those things which come under the have been instances in which his grace observation of inankind; but the main has been displayed by instruments that spring of action being weak, it will pro- some good men would never have comduce no regular and certain motion. mended as ministers of Christ; but Such a man may have a few splendid these are exercises of his own preroactions in his life, shining like a few gative, and can form no general rule, stars scattered over the expanse of either to individuals or churches. So heaven in a dark night, which enable far as men are concerned, every thing the traveller imperfectly to discern the should be done decently and in order. objects around him; but the precious. As neither gold in the mine, nor water ness of Christ, the value of souls, and in the well, can be of any use to us the great importance of eternal things, except we have the means of obtaining will be imperfectly felt by him: while them, so neither can the knowledge of a bright and burning love to Christ will others do us any good, unless it be so effectually operate upon the mind, communicated to our minds. that the man who possesses it, his life. There is a great difference between will resemble the glow of noon-day the vociferation and 'bawling of which splendour. With the love of Christ some preachers are guilty, and the will always be connected love to the manly, dignified tone of voice which souls of men for his sake. What he becomes the pulpit. Young preachers has done to redeem them from the con- should well consider, that though an sequences of sin, will be a powerful aptness to teach must, in some mea. argument with the minister of Christ sure, be natural, yet that nature may to endeavour to be instrumental in their be greatly assisted. They should be salvation.
apt to learn; every thing must be turned IV. What has been already observed, to the account of their ministry. This will, it is acknowledged, go a consider- is their great work, and ought never to able way in the formation of the cha- be forgotten. Like the bee, they should racter in question; but it is not enough. I gather honey from every flower. The There must be an aptness to teach-a teacher should be everywhere a learner; readiness to instruct men in the doc. and he that is not prompt to learn, will trines of Christ, with clear explanations, not long continue to be apt to teach.' and in the abstruse parts of Revelation, " The preacher should imitate Gains-' with cool and deliberate discussions, borough. This artist transferred nature conclusive, arguments, pertinent illus- / into his landscapes beyond any of his | voL. vi.
contemporaries, because he was every- | persons Why we must say with the where the painter. Every remarkable apostle, that “no covetous man hath feature, or position of a tree, every fine any inheritance in the kingdom of stroke of nature was copied into his Christ or of God!" The mind of a pocket book on the spot; and in his good man who is intended by the Lord next picture appeared with a life, and for the work of the ministry, will, even vivacity, and nature, which no strength before he is publicly called to that work, of memory or imagination could have delight to make known the way of supplied." Cecil's Works, vol. iii. p. 345. salvation to his fellow sinners. He
V. To be a good minister of Jesus will preach by day and by night, at Christ, a man should prefer that office home and abroad; and at times be so to every thing else. It must not be a taken up with this subject, as to forget matter of indifference with him, whe- other things. The word of God, like a ther he be a minister or a mechanic- burning fire shut up in his bones-zeal one of the respectable professions or a for his glory-indignation at the sins of gentleman; if he be rightly influenced, mankind and compassion for their he will renounce every other pursuit souls, will suffer him to take no rest for the sake of serving God in the in any employ till he becomes a minister gospel of his Son. A man must desire of the gospel. We could as soon prethe office of a bishop; the word we vent the man who has a fine ear for translate « desire," signifies earnest, music from listening to its sounds, or eager, passionate desire. See Dr. A. Clarke the man who was born a poet from his on 1 Tim. iii. 1. The ministry should poetical effusions, as the man to whom be chosen in preference to other things, God has given a preaching faculty from as a man chooses his wife in preference trying to compose and preach sermons. to other women. A man ought to take VI. We add, that a call in providence a wife for her own sake, and not for the seems necessary to justify the man we fortune she may happen to have; and have described, in going forth into the enter into the conjugal state with her, work of the ministry; yet, as we cannot though she may have little or nothing, doubt, when God has given to any of rather than with any other woman, his servants all the preceding qualifithough she may have a considerable cations, whether he will open his way property. I am well aware that this is into it or not, we need to say but little saying a great deal; that it is passing a on this part of the subject. It has, censure on many marriages, not only on however, sometimes happened, that those of men in general, but also on men have, in their own opinion, possessed those of too many ministers of the all the requisites for preaching, when present day. It may be observed, that wiser and better men than themselves however it may be with them as to have thought very differently; we theretheir choice of the ministry, they do fore advise young men, and old ones not always act thus with regard to their too, if any of them are thus weak, to choice of a wife; an ample fortune seems exercise patience and caution, and not to have attractions for them as well as rush forward into a work of such imporfor other men, and in numerous in- tance without due deliberation. The stances has evidently been the object ministers and members of Christian of their pursuit. This seems to be a churches may, through wrong motives, growing evil in the present day among try to keep a man back whom God calls our dissenting ministers, and calls for forward, but it may safely be said, that more severe and marked reprehension the man himself will be the last to than has hitherto been bestowed upon think so; it will be evident to others it. To see a man assuming the cha- | before he perceives it. And suppose racter of a Christian minister, yet they should, who are they that they can demonstrably under the influence of the withstand God? If He call, his voice love of money, which is the root of all must be obeyed. If a man imagine he evil-pursuing after it as if it were the is qualified to preach-that his friends chief good, the only thing that is need are not willing for him to try, but disful-and even when Providence has courage him;-if he think he hears the conferred upon him more than he can voice of God calling him forth when enjoy, to see him eagerly amassing nobody but himself can hear that voice, more adding house to house, and field although they listen for the very purto field .... What shall we say of such pose; it is certain that he is affected with a disease that has before happened (tance between the present period, and to some weak-minded good men. The that when they will be called to give up, best way in such cases, is to let the their account, cannot be great; and disorder work its own cure. If he be when the Chief Shepherd shall appear, violently opposed, he will think the he will give them à crown of glory opposition persecution for Christ's sake; which fadeth not away.* may make a party, and so do much
AN AGED MINISTER. evil,
To conclude; if, to the qualifications already mentioned, a liberal education ON MISSIONARY ORDINATIONS. can be added, it will be of great service; it gives a minister advantages which he
| MR. EDITOR, could not otherwise enjoy. But if he NorwITHSTANDING the number be so circumstanced that it cannot be and variety of Magazines which have obtained, let him not be discouraged : commenced their existence within the the divine blessing will enable him to last thirty years, perhaps there is not surmount great difficulties; he may one, with the exception of your own, in notwithstanding preach both with plea- which a person could explicitly state all sure and success. By diligent attention that is fairly deducible from Scripture to reading, and applying himself to example, and all that clearly belongs to those things which are within his reach, dissenting principles. The very conhe will gradually make acquisitions venient doctrine of expediency, or what that will be greatly useful to him, we are sometimes pleased to denominate Some of our home made ministers have propriety, has so interwoven itself with become the ablest divines and the most our views of various circumstances intiuseful labourers in the Lord's vineyard. mately connected with religion, that They have, as to human learning, been the plain import of Scripture is often self taught, but always well taught. No disregarded, in order that our favourite reflection is here intended on academics; maxims and proceedings may not be the blessing of heaven be with them: disturbed. And what Editor, besides let them remember their obligations, yourself, would be daring enough to and pray for grace to discharge them in allow the opinions and practices of the fear and love of God. And let all leading individuals in his own denothe ministers of Christ consider well mination to be controverted or opposed, the saying of their Master;" Work when probably it is in them that his while it is day; for the night cometh work lives, and moves, and has its when no man can work." The dis- being? Under these circumstances, it
* Although we concur with this respectable correspondent in the general tenor of his remarks, and hope they will be useful to his readers, we cannot help lamenting that he was not led to adopt a somewhat different method of treating his subject from that which he has chosen. We will endeavour to explain ourselves as concisely as possible. The "qualifications" for the pastoral office, or the work of the ministry, are expressly laid down by the Holy Spirit, in several parts of the New Testament, particularly in 1 Tim. iii, 1–7, Titus i. 6-9; and directions are given to such respecting the manner of discharging the duties of their office, in Acts xx, 28-35, 1 Peter v. 1-4. Now we do think, that had our correspondent kept his attention steadily fixed upon these divine directions, he would have been led into a somewhat different method of handling his subject from that to which he has had recourse. For instance; he finds his Christian minister--where? Certainly not among " the (W15015 avOPWTOIs) faithful, or tried men,” 2 Tim. ii. 2, whose characters had been unfolded in the churches to which they respectively belonged-men who had given proofs of their competency to teach others, and to rule the church of God;-qualifications on which, in connection with personal piety, the main stress is laid in the apostolic writings;-but he finds him in the schools or seminaries of education, or at any rate prepared to enter them for the purpose of being qualified-not, as we suppose, to“ rule the church of God;" for who would think of sending a person, old or young, into an academy to obtain experience in conducting the affairs of the house of God?--but to learn the art of speaking, or the composition of a sermon! Now, is it not manifest at first sight, that the system, or order of things which our correspondent has in view, and which he is solicitous to promote, is something quite aside from the plan which the wisdom of God has devised for the churches ? In short; his Christian minister appears to us to be almost altogether another sort of person than the scriptural “ Elder,'' for “ Bishop,” whose character is drawn by the apostle Paul; as much, indeed, as the present order of churches differs from those planted by the apostles!
must be admitted, that it is extremely rests his vindication of the use of an difficult to give truth at all times a organ, upon the right which he affirms preference to party. - A considerable time ago, a corre-selecting that mode of performing an spondent in the Congregational Maga acknowledged duty, p. 80, col. 1. I sus. zine, (a work certainly of high respec | pect, however, that his reasoning will tability,) made some enquiries as to not bear a very rigorous scrutiny; and what are frequently denominated Mis am very sure that the principle upon sionary Ordinations. A valuable minis which he avowedly defends the practice ter, who was alluded to in that paper, in question, is a very unwarrantable afterwards communicated a sort of testy.one; and, were it once allowed as the reply, some part of which was quite basis of Christian conduct, in what rebeneath his character, with a view of jus-gards the public worship of God, it tifying the ordination, appointment, or would carry him much further in his designation of missionaries, independ. way to Rome, that he himself is at preently of the churches to which they sent aware of. belong. In this paper it is asserted, When he candidly admits that there that Paul and Barnabas were not re- can be no obligation to use an instrugarded as members of the church at ment in the worship of God, he must of Antioch, mentioned at the commence course be understood as allowing, that, ment of the thirteenth chapter of the in the kingdom of Christ, there is neiActs of the Apostles. Surely the Editor ther precept nor example for the thing of that Journal must have received in the New Testament scriptures. For, further remarks upon an assertion so could either of these be produced, it manifestly opposed to the obvious im- would not only constitute our warrant port of the passage referred to, and so for the adoption of the practice, but also contrary to the sentiments of many lay us under an obligation to obey. even of our Episcopalian and Presby- | Yet, it is not a little amusing to find terian commentators. Under the sup- J. D. after explicitly admitting that we position that this important discussion have neither precept nor example for has suffered violence at its birth, I am the thing, criticising the language used induced to solicit the attention of your by the apostles in relation to this subabler correspondents to 'a subject, Iject, so as to wiredraw from it an inwhich, unless I am greatly mistaken, ference, that the primitive Christians no Independent rightly appreciating his actually did use instrumental music in own distinguishing principle, can pos- their churches! His own words are sibly regard with indifference. While “ we find the apostles, in all their direcI earnestly pray that a divine blessing tions to the churches, invariably using may rest upon all our missionary exer- words which must necessarily imply tions, I must add, let us at all times [the use of instrumental music.)" But, regard the precepts and examples of the / if this be the case, then, what he had New Testament, as paramount to every before stated cannot be correct; for, we opinion, or doctrine, or usage of man. must be under an obligation to use instru
ments in the worship of God. He will, Norwich, April, 8, 1822.
perhaps, endeavour to reconcile this apparent contradiction by pleading, as in
deed he does, that though the apostles, ON THE USE OF AN ORGAN IN " in all their directions to the churches, THE CHURCHES OF CHRIST, use language which “necessarily im
plies the use of instrumental music, MR. EDITOR,
yet, it seems quite apparent, that they Your Bristol correspondent, J. D. left it to the discretion of their converts in his paper " On Psalmody," inserted to use instruments or not according to pp. 78-80, has certainly narrowed the the situation or circumstances attending controversy very much, respecting the the worship," p. 79, col. 2. On what lawfulness of introducing instrumental evidence J. D. grounds this strange asmusic into the public worship of God. sertion, I am utterly at a loss to divine: For, in the first place, he expressly ad. but, certainly, a fact which seems to him mits that now “there can be no obliga- " quite apparent," ought to have been tion to use an instrument in the worship accompanied by some portion of eviof God," p. 78, col. 2; and, he finally dence; and, until that evidence be pro
duced, we may be allowed to regard it, ple and the times; though it was of as a mere gratuitous assumption, neces- great utility, and answered the purpose sary, indeed, to the support of his prin- of Jehovah as a shadowy dispensation ; ciple, but highly derogatory to the apos- yet, the New Testament informs us, tolic character.
that its numerous rites were the mere J. D. affects to resent it as an insult, elements of spiritual knowledge, and of that " persons wishing thus to exercise holy worship; and, compared with the and defend their right of discretion, appointments and services of the Chrisshould be charged with indirectly coun- tian church, they were beggarly elements, tenancing the farrago of Popish cere- and carnal ordinances. “The respect monies.” But, begging his pardon, the paid to God, under the Old Testament consequence is unavoidable from his dispensation," says Dr. Erskine, in his discretionary principle! For, what is Theological Dissertations, p. 69, “ corthe foundation of all the idle will. responded to his character as a temworship, the trumpery ceremonies, and poral monarch; and, in a great measure the superstitious practices of the consisted in external pomp and gaiety, churches of Rome and England, but dancing, and instrumental music, and this discretionary principle, viz. “ that other expressions of joy, usual at corothe church hath power to decree rights nations or triumphs. But, the hour is or ceremonies," &c. He, as a Protes- now come, in which the true worshiptant Dissenter, accuses the Church of pers must worship the Father in spirit England of error and will-worship, in and in truth, not with external show contending for this power, while the and pageantry.” latter affirms, that “the church of Rome But methinks I hear J. D. expostuhath erred in the manner of their cere- | lating, and saying, “ You are not doing monies,” (see her 19th Article) though, justice to my argument: I am not in truth, they have neither of them dore pleading either for the lawfulness or the any more than exercise their own discre- propriety of having a band of music in tion in those matters. “Give me,” said every dissenting congregation; all I Archimedes, “a place to stand upon, | demand is the right of exercising my and I can raise the earth.” Allow me own discretion in availing myself of the the lawfulness of exercising my own use of an organ, merely for the purpose discretion in what regards the public of keeping the singers in tune," &c. &c. worship of God, and I pledge myself to And pray what more does the Papist vindicate every invention of the man of ask, when he pleads for the privilege of sin! The principle of J. D. is utterly decorating the walls of his chapel with untenable; he must either produce an the images of the saints, to "aid his express command or approved example, gruvelling conceptions, and animate his for the use of instrumental music in the languid devotions?" It is the “ exercise apostolic churches, or he gives up the of his discretion" that is the very point point. He “calls for a proof from any in dispute. What I contend for is, that passage of the New Testament, that, Christians have no discretionary power even by implication, goes to annul” the in this matter. The authority which express command of God for the use of Christ claims as King in Zion, applies instrumental music in the Jewish to every part of his instituted worship; temple. The following is at his service: and unless we can produce his own “For the priesthood being changed, I authority, or that of his apostles, or an there is made, of necessity, a change approved example from the first also of the law," Heb. vii. 12. We rea-churches, we are not acting as his dily admit, that instrumental music dutiful subjects in adopting an organ as formed a part of the numerous rites and an appendage to public worship. pompous ceremonies which were ap
'I am, &c. pointed by Jehovah in the first esta
IOTA. blishment of the Jewish church; to which various additions were made by divine direction in the time of David.
MR. EDITOR, These things were undoubtedly suited
As you have occasionally, and to the nature of that dispensation, and very judiciously, noticed the Queries of to the church of God, while in a state of Correspondents in your able and useful minority, Gal. iv. 1-7. But, though publication, I take the liberty to offer that system was fitted to both the pen- for your consideration the following,