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man's door being shadowed with green birch, of the city; their bows bent in their hand long fennel, St. John's wort, orpin, white with sheafs of arrows by their sides; pike lillies, and such like, garnished upon with men in bright corslets, burganets, &c. Halbeautiful flowers, had also lamps of glass, bards, the like the billmen in almain rivets, with oil burning in them all the night. and aprons of mail in great number. Some hung out branches of iron curiously " There were also divers pageants, morwrought, containing hundreds of lamps ris dancers, constables, the one half which lighted at once, which made a goodly shew.” was 120 on St. Johns eve, the other half -Ibid.
on St. Peters eve, in bright harness, some over gilt and every one a jornett? of scarlet thereupon and a chain of gold, his hench
man following him, his minstrels before him Midsummer Watch.
and his cresset light passing by him, the Besides the standing watches, all in waits of the city, the maiors officers, for his bright harness, in every ward and street in guard before him, all in a livery of woosted this city and suburbs, there was also a march- or sea jackets party-coloured; the maior ing watch, that passed thro the principal himself well mounted on horseback, the streets thereof; to wit, from the little conduit sword bearer before him in fair armour, by Pauls gate, through West Cheap, by the well mounted also, the maiors footmen and Stocks, through Cornhill, by Leaden Hall to the like torch bearers about him ; hench Aldgate; then back down Fen Church street men twain upon great stirring horses foland by Grasse Church, about Grasse Church lowing him. The sheriffs watches came conduit, and up Grasse Church street into one after the other in like order, but not Cornhill, and through into West Cheap so large in number as the maiors; for again, and so broke up. The whole way
where the maior had besides his giant, three ordered for this marching watch extended pageants, each of the sheriffs had besides to 3200 Taylor's Yards of a size, for the their giant but two pageants; each their furniture whereof with lights, there were
morris dance and one hench man, their appointed 700 cressets, 500 of them being officers in jackets of woosted, or sea partyfound by the companies, the other 200 by coloured differing from the maiors and each the chamber of London. Besides the which from other, but having harnessed men a lights, every constable in London, in num- great many, &c. ber more than 240 had his cresset; the
" This Midsummer watch was thus accharge of every cresset was in light 2s. 4d. customed yearly, time out of mind, until and every cresset had two men, one to bear the year 1539, in which year on 8th May or hold it, another to bear a bag with light a great muster was made by the citizens at and to serve it. So that the poor men the Miles end, all in bright harness with pertaining to the cressets taking wages, be- coats of white silk or cloth and chains of sides that every one had a strawen hat with gold, in three great battles to the number a badge painted, and his breakfast, amount- of 15,000; which passed through London to ed in number to almost 2000. The march-Westminster, and so through the Sanctuary, ing watch contained in number about 2000 men; part of them being old soldiers, of explained in Thum's edition of Stow's Survey;
1 The reader will find many of these terms skill to be captains, lieutenants, serjeants, but he candidly confesses his ignorance of “al. corporals, &c. Whifflers, drummers and fifes, main rivets.” It is easier to conjecture the standard and ensign bearers, demilaunces meaning than to supply authority for it.
J. W. W. on great horses, gunners with hand guns or
2“De l'Italien giornata. Et ce mot Italien half hakes, archers in coats of white fustian, signifie proprement une veste militaire pour un signed on the breast and back with the arms jour de bataille.” Menage in v.-J. W. W.
and round about the Park of St. James, | Lord Maior, and his brethren the Aldermen, and returned home through Oldborn. containing the manner and order of a march
King Henry then considering the great | ing watch in the city upon the even accuscharges of the citizens for the furniture of tomed, in commendations whereof, namely, this unusual muster forbad the marching in times of peace to be used, he hath words watch provided for at Midsummer that to this effect. The artificers of sundry sorts year; which being once laid down, was not were thereby well set awork, none but rich raised again till the year 1548, the 2nd of men charged, poor men helped, old soldiers, Edward VI. Sir John Gresham then being trumpeters, drummers, fifes and ensign Maior, who caused the marching watch both bearers, with such like men, meet for the on the eve of St. John Baptist and of St. princes service, kept in ure, wherein the Peter the Apostle, to be revived and set safety and defence of every commonweal forth, in as comely order as it had been ac- consisteth. Armour and weapons being customed, which watch was also beautified yearly occupied in this wise, the citizens had by the number of more than 300 demilances of their own, readily prepared for any need; and light horse men, prepared by the citi- whereas by intermission hereof, armorers zens to be sent into Scotland, for the rescue are out of work, soldiers out of ure, weaof the town of Haddington.
pons overgrown with foulness, few or none " This watch affording a great cavalcade good being provided,” &c.—Ibid. and splendid show, brought abundance of all degrees together, and not a few of the lighter sort, such as rogues, pickpurses, quarrellers, whoremongers, and drunkards,
Bartholomew-tide Sports. which was found to have much inconve- “ In the month of August, about the feast nience. Therefore in the year 1569, Sir of St. Bartholomew the apostle, before the Thomas Row, Maior, with the universal con- Lord Maior, Aldermen and Sheriffs of Lonsent of the aldermen, agreed to lay it aside, don, placed in a large tent near unto Clerkfor that year at least, and in the room enwell, of old time were divers days spent thereof to have a substantial standing watch in the pastime of wrestling; where the offifor the safety and preservation of the city. cers of the city, namely, the sheriffs, serThe Maior himself also being at this time geants, and yeomen, the porters of the so weak that he could not go in his own King's beam or weigh house (now no such person, the Recorder acquainted the Queen men) and other of the city were challengers and council with this resolution. But it of all men in the suburbs to wrestle for was signified back that the Queen disliked games appointed, and on other days beit, and that it was her pleasure to have a fore the said Maior, Aldermen and Sheriffs going watch. Whereupon the Maior sent in Fensbury field to shoot the standard, the Recorder to Sir William Cecyll the sec- broad arrow and flight, for games. But now retary, earnestly desiring his interest with of late years the wrestling is only practhe Lords that this order might at least that tised on Bartholomew day in the afternoon ; year take place, and from henceforth it and the shooting some three or four days began to be laid aside.
after in one afternoon and no more. What “ The like marching watch in this city should I speak of the ancient daily exerhath not been used, though some attempts cises in the long bow by citizens of this city, have been made thereunto, as in 1583 a now almost cleanly left off and forsaken? I book was drawn by a grave citizen,' and by overpass it, for by the means of closing in him dedicated to Sir Thomas Pullison, then of common grounds, our archers for want of
room to shoot abroad, creep into bowling " Margin, John Mountgomery. alleys, and ordinary dicing houses, near home, where they have room enough to hazard their money at unlawful games, where
Easter Water-tilts. Ileave them to take their pleasures.”—Ibid.
“ Is Easter holydays, they fight battles This was one of the great uses of publick on the water; a shield is hanged on a pole, houses in former time, namely, for game and fixed in the midst of the stream. A boat exercise, rather than for drinking excessive is prepared without oars, to be carried by ly; but now of a long while the pleasure and violence of the water, and in the forepart pastime of these houses is chiefly fuddling thereof standeth a young man ready to give and devouring vast quantities of wine and charge upon the shield with his lance; if so ale, and stout, and brandy.
be he break his launce against the shield, and doth not fall, he is thought to have
performed a worthy deed; if so be without Shrore Tuesday.
breaking his launce he runneth strongly
against the shield, down he falleth into the “ EVERY year on Shrove Tuesday, the water, for the boat is violently forced with school boys do bring cocks of the game to the tide. But on each side of the shield their master, and all the forenoon they de- ride two boats, furnished with young men, light themselves in cock-fighting. After which recover him that falleth, as soon as dinner all the youths go into the fields to they may. Upon the bridge, wharfs and play at the ball. The scholars of every houses, by the river side, stand great numschool have their ball or bastion in their bers to see and laugh thereat."—Ibid. hands. The antient and wealthy men of the city come forth on horseback, to see the sport of the young men and to take part of the pleasure in beholding their agility." Summer Holiday Evenings. FITZSTEPHEN in Stow.'
“In the holydays all the summer the youths are exercised in leaping, dancing,
shooting, wresting, casting the stone, and Lent Fridays.?
practising their shields. The maidens trip
with their timbrels, and dance as long as “ EVERY Friday in Lent, a fresh company they can well see. In winter, every holyof young men comes into the field on horse-day, before dinner, the boars prepared for back, and the best horsemen conduct the brawn are set to fight, or else bulls or rest. Then march forth the citizens sons, bears are baited.”—Ibid. and other young men with disarmed lances and shields, and there they practice feats of war. Many courtiers likewise when the King lyeth near, and attendants on noble- Whittington's Epitaph, St. Michaels, men do repair to these exercises, and while
Ventrie Ward. the hope of victory doth inflame their minds,
“ Ut fragrans Nardus they shew good proof how serviceable they
famâ fuit iste Richardus, would be in martial affairs.”—Ibid.
Albificans ? villam
qui juste rexerat illam. 1 The reader will find these extracts sub
Flos mercatorum joined to Stow's Survey.-J. W. W.
Fundator presbyterorum. ? So SOUTHEY has headed it from Stow; but in the original Latin of Stephanides, or Fitz
Sic & egenorum, Stephen, it is “Singulis diebus dominicis in Quad
testis sit cetus eorum. ragesimâ.”-J. W. W.
Anglicè Whittington, i, e, whiting-town. Omnibus exemplum,
the buck to baking, and had the head fixed barathrum vincendo morosum. on a pole, born before the cross in their Condidit hoc templum
procession, until they issued out at the Michaelis, quam speciosum ! west door, where the keeper that brought Regia spes & pres :
it blowed the death of the buck, and then divinis res rata turbis.
the horners that were about the city prePauperibus Pater extiterat
sently answered him in like manner; for Major quater urbis,'
the which pains they had each man, of the Martius hunc vicit,
dean and chapter, 4d. in money and their En! annos gens tibi dicit.
dinner. And the keeper that brought it, Finiit ipse dies,
during his abode there, for that service, sis sibi Christe quies. Amen." meat, drink, and lodging, at the dean and
Stow. chapters charges, and 5d. in money at his
going away, together with a loaf of bread,
having the picture of St. Paul upon it. St. Paul's Buck.
“ There was belonging to the church of “ Sir William Baud, knight the 3rd of St. Paul, for both the days, two special Edward I., 1274, on Candlemas-day, grant- suits of vestments, the one imbroidered ed to Harvey de Borham, Dean of Pauls, with bucks, the other with does.”—August and to the chapter there, that in considera- | 16, 1798, Hereford. tion of 22 acres of ground or land, by them granted within their manor of Westley, in Essex, to be inclosed into his park at Curingham, he would for ever, upon the feast Ostrich-eggs, how hatched. day of the Conversion of Paul, in winter, “ We read in an old Arabian manuscript give unto them a good doe, seasonable and that when the ostrich would hatch her eggs, sweet : and upon the feast of the Comme- she does not cover them as other fowls do, moration of St. Paul, in summer, a good but both the male and female contribute to buck, and offer the same at the high altar; hatch them by the efficacy of their looks the same to be spent among the canons re-only;. and therefore when one has occasion sidents. The doe to be brought by one man, to go to look for food, it advertises its comat the hour of procession, and through the panion by its cry, and the other never stirs procession to the high altar; and the bringer during its absence, but remains with its eyes to have nothing. The buck to be brought fixed upon the eggs, till the return of its by all his meyney in like manner, and they mate, and then goes in its turn to look for to have paid unto them by the church 12 food. And this care of theirs is so necespence only, and no more to be required.
that it cannot be suspended for a mo“ Now what I have heard by report and ment; for if it should, their eggs would imhave partly seen, it followeth : On the feast mediately become addle.”—Harris's Colday of the Commemoration of St. Paul, the lect. of Voy. P. VANSLEBE, Relat. d'Egypte, buck being brought up to the steps of the high altar in Pauls Church, at the hour of
This is said to emblem the perpetual atprocession, the dean and chapter apparelled tention of the Creator to the universe. in coaps and vestments, with garlands of roses on their heads, they sent the body of I The note book which furnishes these ex.
tracts has been kindly lent to me by Mrs. This epitaph is not in the copy of Stow Southey.-J. W. W. before me. These lines are evidently defective. “Oh! even with such a look, as fables say, WEEVER, in his Funeral Monuments, calls it The mother ostrich fixes on her egg,” &c. : crazed and imperfect,” p. 407.-J. W. W.
Thalaba, book iii. p. 24.-J. W. W.
who happen to die at this season, go directly Gladiators, why suppressed.
to heaven.”—GEMELLI. BROUGHTON's Dict. “UNDER the Emperor Honorius, when of all Religions. Prudentius, a Christian poet, had endeavoured to obtain the abolition of the gladiatorian spectacles, Telemachos, a hermit of
Feast of Lights. the East, appeared in the amphitheatre. As “ HANUCA or Channuccah, the feast of soon as the combat had begun, he descend- lights, or feast of dedication, an anniversary ed, with a dignified simplicity, inflamed by festival among the Jews, in memory of Juthe spirit of benevolence and holy zeal, into das Maccabæus's repairing and dedicating the arena, and endeavoured to prevent the anew the temple and altar, which had been combatants from murdering each other. plundered and prophaned by Antiochus EpiThe spectators, enraged, rose and stoned phanes. It was observed on 25th of the him. Perhaps there may be some who will month Cisleu, and was continued eight days. feel inclined to ridicule the simplicity of On the first day they light one lamp, on the this dignified man, though had it been the second, two, and so on to the eighth day, act of a heathen philosopher, they would when they light eight lamps. The occasion have admired and cited it as exemplary of this is as follows. The enemies having Telemachos, however, was the last sacrifice prophaned the city and temple, were driven to this accursed custom. Honorius was out by Jonathan and his sons.
Upon his moved, forbad the games of the gladiators, return, he found there was not oil enough and from that period they were entirely left to light the lamps of the great branch abolished.-STOLBERG's Travels.
for more than one night, but by a miracle This S. has another name, Almachius. it lasted eight.”—BROUGHTON.
Death of Ali's Sons celebrated.
St. Peter ad Vincula.—Lammas Day.' “ The Persians observe a festival in me
“The first of August was celebrated in mory of the death of Hassan and his bro
honour of Augustus, who on that day had ther, the sons of Hali, who were killed by occasion to change the name of the month
been saluted with that name, and so given Omar, near Bagdad. It begins on the 23rd of August, and lasts ten days, during which from Sextilis to August. Eudoxia, wife of every square is adorned with lights, and a
Theodosius, having made a journey to Jelong banner or streamer, near which a Mul- rusalem, was there presented with the fetlah or priest gets up into a pulpit to preach, ters which St. Peter had been loaded with and makes a most hideous noise. All the in prison. These she presented to the Pope, inhabitants of that quarter go to hear him, who afterwards laid them up in a church clad in red and blue silk gowns, as a token built by Theodosius to the honour of St. of sorrow. The women supply the Mullahs
She also obtained a decree of her with sweatmeats and rose-water, to cool husband, that the first of August should be them when they are heated with preaching kept holy in remembrance of St. Peter's On one of the ten days, they set a figure then emperor should have a huly day.”—
bonds, thinking it unreasonable that a heaof straw, which they call Omar, on an ass,
Ibid. and after having led them about the town, they kill the poor ass, and set fire to the
Certainly July and August ought to be
christened. image. They are fully persuaded that during these ten days, the gates of heaven stand
| This day has another remarkable name, the continually open, and that all Mussulmen,
GULE of August. See SPELMAN in v.-J.W.W.