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erted himself to bring his writings into | ters who remained proof against the disrepute. Here it may be proper to Act of Conformity, what must have notice, that the general complexion of been the number of the flocks over Owen's writings is derived from the which those pastors presided? And state of the times in which he lived. here we cannot help warmly applauding He speaks, when drawing near the Mr. Orme for the view he has taken of close of life, of leaving the ship of the the Bartholomew ejection. “The Barchurch in a storm: it had been tossed tholomew ejection was a strong measure, in this storm during his life. The but naturally to be expected from the Arminian, Socinian, Popish, Episco- spirit of the court; and, except on acpalian, and Independent debates occu-count of the individual suffering which pied his attention, and rendered the it occasioned, ought not to be deplored. greater part of his writings controversial. The Church of England was unworthy But it is certainly the case, as Mr. of the men whom she cast out; while Orme remarks, that “ One thing ap- they were taught by their ejection better pears prominent in all his productions views of the Christian dispensation; and of this class—his strong desire to give in the enjoyment of a pure conscience, them a practical direction, and to render and the liberty of Christ, possessed & them as useful as possible to his oppo- happiness which the benefices of the nents and readers." This indeed was church, without them, could not conhis fort: it was as a practical, and fer." Page 292. The only thing one especially as an experimental writer, | feels inclined to regret, in reflecting on that Owen excelled. He was far from this subject, is, that those excellent men being original: had he been so, he gave the Church of England the honour would have written less, and said more. of casting them out. Had they, of
The real state of religion during those their own accord, come out from the troublous times has obtained from Mr. bosom of that worldly communion; Orme a due share of attention. Nothing and, as they departed, shaken off the can be more obvious, than that religion very dust of their feet, as a testimony flourished in a most remarkable manner against it, they would have added much during the Commonwealth: and it is to that high veneration which is immor. no less evident that this was chiefly tally connected with their names. Flesh owing to the absence of a religious and blood naturally shrink from the national establishment; wbich must, prospect of suffering; but to the man from the very nature of things, and whose heart is rigbt in the sight of God, under all possible circumstances, ope- suffering for conscience sake is surely rate as a standing hindrance to the much more to be desired than dreaded : progress of divine truth. No one will and we verily believe it would be imposdeny that there was much enthusiasm, sible to produce from the records of attended with many improprieties, in time, one single instance of the failure the conduct of many of the religious of the divine promise of peculiar enjoyprofessors of that day; but, as Mr.) ment under such circumstances. And Orme very properly observes, “ Admit-lif, as has always been the case, severity ting that there was even a large portion of suffering be attended with proporof pure fanaticisın, still, we apprehend, tionate joy in the Lord; if, like Stephen, an immense mass of genuine religion thousands have tasted of the inexpreswill remain. There must have been a sible felicity of the unseen world, amidst large quantity of sterling coin, when the most cruel tortures which the desthere was such a circulation of counter- perate wickedness of the human feit.” May we not add to this, that heart could devise-what opinion can when the restoration of Charles II. took we form of those teachers of religion place; when his ingratitude, illiberality, who are incessantly pouring out their immorality, licentiousness, and irre-complaints, and making most moving ligion were exerting their combined appeals to the public, respecting the force over the land, and trying the “HARD MEASURES" of their superiors sincerity of those who were called by in ecclesiastical power, while they the name of Jesus, there was found an crouch under them for employment? immense number who had not bowed, | Surely we may at least ask, where is and who could not be constrained to their faith? bow the knee to, Baal. If there were the glorious principle of religious nearly two thousand five hundred minis- liberty whichr fired the breast of Owen,
seems to have gathered strength as he , bis mind was intently fixed. "On the drew near to the close of life: to his morning of the day on which he died," unwearied exertions in behalf of their says Mr. Orme, “Mr. Thomas Payne, cause, the Independents, as a body, are an eminent tutor and dissenting mi. deeply indebted; and the part which nister at Saffron Walden, in Essex, who he took in the Stillingfieet controversy, had been entrusted with the publication must endear his memory to dissenters of his “Meditations on the Glory of of every denomination. Stillingfleet Christ," called to take his leave, and to himself thanked him for the amiable inform him that he had just been manner in which he had treated him as putting that work to press. 'I am his opponent.' In connection with this, I glad to hear it,' said the dying Chris. we may notice his work on the Popish tian; and lifting up his hands and eyes, controversy. Mr. Orme seems to think as if transported with enjoyment, he exthat this work was undertaken at the claimed, But oh, brother Payne! the suggestion of Lord Clarendon : be this long wished for day is come at last, in as it may, it is certain the Chancellor which I shall see that glory in another was so highly pleased with Owen's pro- manner than I have ever done, or was ductions on this subject, that he pro- capable of doing in this world.'” For cured an interview with him; expressed several years before his death, he seems his approbation of the service done by to have suffered much from the stone, the Doctor's Antipopish productions; and from asthma: but although often intimated that he had more merit than confined by these disorders to his chamany English Protestant of that period; ber, and prevented from preaching, they and at the same time offered him pre- seem to have interfered but little with ferment in the church, if he would his writing, and still less with the happy conform. This offer, however, Owen state of his mind. “His death took refused; «and when his Lordship ex- place August 24, 1683, the anniversary pressed his surprise, that a person of his of the celebrated Bartholomew ejection, learning should have embraced the and in the sixty-seventh year of his age. novel opinion of Independency, Owen He was speechless for several hours replied, that he had indeed spent some before; but shewed, by the lifting up of part of his time in acquiring an acquaint- his hands and eyes with great devotion, ance with the history of the church; that he retained the use of his mental and he would engage to prove against faculties, and his devotional feelings, to any bishop his Lordship would appoint the last.” “Mark the perfect man, to meet him, that the Independent and behold the upright, for the end of form of church government prevailed that man is peace!” “Blessed are the for several hundred years after Christ.” | dead who die in the Lord; they rest
It is particularly worthy of remark, from their labours, and their works do that the last production of Owen's pen follow them." “From Ealing, where was, his “Meditations and Discourses he died, his body was conveyed to a on the Glory of Christ;" and that this house in St. James's, where it lay some volume was committed to the press on time. On September 4th, it was conthe day in which he died. This work veyed to Bunhill Fields, attended by affords a fine illustration of the truth of the carriages of sixty-seven noblemen the proverb, "The path of the just is and gentlemen; besides many mourning as the shining light, that shineth more coaches, and persons on horseback. and more unto the perfect day." Much Such a testimony to the memory of a experience had taught Owen the vanity man who died destitute of court and of all earthly things: he knew what it church favour; who had been often was to bask in the sunshine of courtly abused by the sycophants of tyranny, favour; and to be pursued by the fury and the enemies of religion; and at a of persecution, while, obliged to skulk time when it was dangerous to take from place to place, he preached the part with the persecuted Nonconforgospel at the risk of his liberty. But his mists, was equally honourable to the course was now nearly finished; " Light dead and to the living." is sown for the righteous, and gladness! But it is now time to say a word or for the upright in heart;" and as his two on the merits of the work before us. end approached, we find him reflecting With regard to the subject matter of more and more of the glory of the Re- this volume, it will, of course, be viewed deemer on whose divine perfections in different lights by different parties; but we are much mistaken, if all parties stances which we think detrimental will not be ready to allow, that as a to it. piece of biography, its claims are of the The truly excellent style in which highest order. That Mr. Orme is an these Memoirs are written, made us admirer of Dr. Owen is evident; yet, regret meeting with the following exafter a careful perusal of the present pressions. Speaking of Dr. Owen's work, we cannot see that he has in- temper in conducting the Socinian concurred the charge of blind partiality in troversy, he says, “He was too much a any one instance. It was the part of Christian and a gentleman, to indulge Owen's enemies to exhibit his faults to in the temper of malevolence, or the public view: in this respect, they have, language of Billingsgate.". The epithet we believe, done their utmost, as the “ Billingsgate" may pass in the light exertions of Anthony Wood unequi- writings of Pope, but is too low for such vocally testify:-it belonged to Mr. a work as Mr. Orme's, and, we hope, by Orme, as his friend as his admirer-as far too colloquial for the extensive circuone who belongs to that body of dis-lation it may yet undergo. For the senters with which Owen was con same reason we dislike the terms nected, in delineating his character, “ fanatical slang," and “ hypocritical grito meet and refute those charges where mace,” which Mr. Orme applies to the they were false, and to acknowledge extravagance in opinion and practice of whătever of truth they contained. And many of the professors of religion in the in this respect, we think he has done time of Cromwell. “Slang" is an exjustice to the character of Owen. He ceedingly low word, and ought, with its has not met the aspersions of Owen's near relative, “ flash," to be consigned enemies with bare contradictory asser- to the abodes of the dregs of society. tions, which, in most cases, would have After the restoration of Charles II. been quite as much as they deserved ; the dissenters were certainly called to but with evidence so clear and satis endure “a great fight of affliction;" and factory, as to remove the very last perhaps it would not be straining the remains of suspicion : indeed, on this point too far, to say, that like Paul at head, we think Mr. Orme has succeeded | | Ephesus, after the manner of men they to admiration. This will appear to any fought with beasts; but we are well one who observes the promptness and assured that Mr. Orme could have told ease with which he removes the appa- us this in language much more elegant, rept inconsistencies in the Doctor's and less objectionable to many of his religious sentiments, that occasionally readers, than the following. "The appear. This he does by quotations situation of the poor dissenters was truly, from Owen's own writings; which, from pitiable. They were baited by all sorts of their very nature, shew how minutely l antagonists, from the royal mastiff, ready he must have investigated those volu- to dedour, to the contemptible church cur, minous productions, and the labour he who could only bark or snarl.” In refermust have undergone in exploring the ence to the subject of Catholic emanworks of numerous other writers, for cipation, Mr. Orme remarks, “ Let the the purpose of giving correctness to his Bible be loved and circulated, and statements, and of imparting general genuine religion prosper in those who interest to his narrative. How seldom have been the subjects of divine mercy, can one go through a volume of five and no danger may be apprehended hundred pages, without being able to from Catholic emancipation, or any point out a few of them that might have other constitutional favour bestowed on been omitted! But we should find it the followers of the beast.” We are far difficult to refer to one page of this from supposing that in Scripture the volume, which we think will ever cease term “beast" is not applied to the to be read with interest.
Roman church; and had Mr. Orme's After what we have already said, we remark been preceded by a train of are persuaded that Mr, Osme will give reasoning proving this, it would ha us credit for sincerity, when we assure come upon the reader with a very. him that it is not from a desire offerent effect. As it stauds, it certains playing the critic, but from an earnest does not harmonize with Mr. Oru wish to contribute, as far as our in- / general manner; it appears too, fluence extends, to the success of his like the effusion of a miod under work, that we notice a few circum- influence of transient warmth;
reminds us of the disposition that pre- | indulge our own conjectures; but we vailed some fifteen years ago among the must use the freedom of telling him, students in the Scotch dissenting aca- that a viler imposition has not been demies, to designate every modification practised in modern times, than that of of Christian worship that did not appear which he is guilty! We venture to to them to quadrate with the apostolic affirm, that Mr. Romaine never wrote model, by the term “ Babylon."
one line of this “ Treatise;" for that We have observed some of our neigh- the whole of it, except the titles of each bours, in their INVESTIGATIONS of Mr. section, to which the editorship seems to be Orme's work, strongly inclined to confined, is the production of Mr. Bencharge him with affectation, in occa- JAMIN INGHAM, the fonnder of the deposionally making use of a Latin quota- mination of the Inghamites ! If the tion. We sincerely hope they did not reader will turn to the New Evan, Mag. find this operate as a personal incon- Vol. V. p. 189, col. 1. he will find it exvenience in reading the work : and even pressly mentioned under its present supposing it did, they might have title, in the life of Mr. Ingham. How allowed Mr. Orme's readers to judge could Mr. Maxwell, who certainly posfor themselves, whether they thought sesses a competent share of acquainthim a Latin scholar, or whether they | ance with the theological literature of supposed he had exhibited just enough the last century, be ignorant of this to shew that he has a smattering of the fact? But then we are told that it may language; which is exactly what they be known to be Mr. Romaine's producinsinuate, and what we feel by notion, by internal evidence! This is means anxious to disprove for their worse and worse; for the fact is, that satisfaction, having the best of reasons the doctrinal sentiment contained in it, for entertaining a very different opinion, is no more the sentiment of Romaine, and not doubting for a moment but than it is that of William Huntington ! that the bare perusal of the Memoirs The simple truth is this; Mr. Ingham of Dr. Owen, will convince any judge wrote the book, and it was printed for that the author's quotations arise from the author, at Leeds, in 1763, by Griffith his familiarity with the Roman classics. Wright, under the title of " A Discourse
But we must take our leave of the on the Faith and Hope of the Gospel," work, which we do with reluctance; with the same texts of Scripture in the and not without expressing our carnest | title page which now appear there, and hope, that we may soon have to notice the same preface, only that the preface some other performance by the same to the first edition has an additional author, of- equal interest and utility. | paragraph at the beginning, and another
at the end, with the date, and name of the
author; for it is subscribed, “ BENJAMIN A Treatise on the Faith and Hope of the INGHAM, January 6th, 1763.” This
Gospel. By W. ROMAINE, M. A. original edition is now before us; and - London, printed for A. Maxwell, Bell | Mr. Maxwell is welcome to see it, if he
Yard, 1822, pp. 200, 12mo. pr. 35. 6d. think proper to call at our office. A boards.
| second edition of the book was published Prefixed to this little volume is an
(we suspect surreptitiously,) about the ADVERTISEMENT, which we transcribe
year 1770; in which, instead of a “Dis
course,” it was entitled “A Treatise," verbatim,
and the paragraphs in the preface, of "The following treatise was written by which we have above spoken, were the late Rev. W. Romaine, and intended
omitted, together with the author's for publication in the year 1770. It was,
name. It was also reprinted in Dublin, however, suppressed, on account of some views of the Trinity, particularly the re
in 1812, with an advertisement prefixed, marks on the Nicene and the Athanasian and subscribed “w. Gregory," who tells Creeds; which opinions, however, he con.
his readers, that“Should any apology tinued to indulge: they form only a small be thought necessary, because the author portion of the work. The internal evidence | is unknown, it may be observed, that he of this production being written by Mr. appears to have been a Protestant Romaine, is sufficiently obvions to any per- ministerin England, of no small talents, son acquainted with his writings.-Editor." who published a few copies for his friends "Who this erudite “ Editor" is we are upwards of forty years ago, but they not informned, and are therefore left to were never intended for general circulation. A gentleman from this city, during a Sir Walter Scott are often wofully defe visit to England, having been favoured cient. The plot of the story is miserwith a copy, was anxious to reprint it, ably dull; and the execution so commonwith the hope that being more gene- place, so forced, so highly coloured, and rally known,' its usefulness might be so imitative, that the reader will find extended." This Irish edition was evi- great difficulty in believing that the dently printed from the pirated one of writer did not aim at vying with Scott 1770; as it bears the title of a “ Trea- and Young. tise," and wants the two paragraphs in The narrator of this “ affecting story" the preface. We scarcely need to in- is a gentleman, who, it seems, goes form our readers, that there is no more about with the view of doing all - the truth in the remarks of the Dublin good he can in the way of the preveneditor which we have printed in Italics, tion of crime. In one of his “ walks of than there is in attributing the pro- usefulness,” he discovers four boys filling duction to Mr. Romaine. All are their pockets with beans, in a bean field, equally unfounded!
on a Sunday evening. Tom, the hero We are not sorry to see the book of the tale, takes to his heels, and is off reprinted; because, though the note at as fast as his legs can carry him; the the bottom of p. 32 is, in our opinion, others remain, and as soon as they are in a high degree reprehensible, there is fairly recovered from their fright, their much in the work that we do approve, discoverer enforces on their attention and that we think may be useful." Thé “ The Golden Rule.” In the course of publisher, however, should not lose a this lecture is introduced a learned dismoment in cancelling the title page and cussion on botany, for the purpose of the advertisement, and not be accessary removing from the minds of the boys to so gross a fraud as that of attri the atheistical notions which Tom's buting it to Mr. Romaine.
conversation with them is supposed to have produced. This“ bean-stalk lecture,”
together with the “ Cheap Magazine," The affecting History of Tom Bragwell,
which is warmly recommended in every an unhappy young man, 8c. &c. Had
page of the work, proves effectual to the
salvation of at least two of the three; dington, printed for George Miller; sold in London by Darton and Harvey,
but, as might be expected, Tom lost the
benefit of both, and was soon after pp. 200, pr. 2s.
banged for theft and murder. Bad, This little book forrns one of the however, as Bragwell was in his boyimmense number of works now in cir- hood, his untimely end is chiefly attriculation for the purpose of facilitating buted to some illnatured remarks the education of youth, and particularly which he heard one " Simon Frisk" of promoting religious knowledge among make, respecting the religious sentithe rising generation. The author's ment of this “Cheap Magazine.” Who motive is certainly praise-worthy, being this Simon Frisk was the author has that of preventing the increase of juve- not told us; and all that we can tell pile delinquency, which is now pro- our readers about him is, that he said ceeding with most alarming rapidity, there were many “ cauldrife moral disparticularly in the southern parts of our courses" delivered in the parish churches island. The best of motives, however, in Scotland; and that the first number are not sufficient to ensure success; of the “Cheap Magazine" was alto. and we are of opinion, that had the gether, from beginning to end, cold author bestowed an hour or two in re- morality; not one word of sense in it, flecting whether the frequent execution just like fish without sauce;-deficient of boys at the debtor's door of the Old in the seasoning of grace; not a particle Bailey really tends to lessen the extent of grace in its whole forty-eight pages. of youthful depravity, “ Tom Bragwell” After reading this, we looked very had never made his appearance. We narrowly to the remaining part of the have really but little to say in commen-“ Affecting Story,” to discover our audation of this production; perhaps the thor's views on the important subject best trait in it is, the great accuracy of the grace of God; and we certainly with which the different characters in- did expect to meet with a correct disa troduced speak the Scotch dialecta play of it in the conversations between circumstance in which the writings of himself and Bragwell in the prison; or,