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To stop the car, the throttle is closed so that the engine will not race; the high speed is released by pressing the clutch pedal forward into its neutral position and applying the foot brake slowly, but firmly, until the forward motion of the car is arrested. It is imperative that the foot be retained on the clutch pedal until the hand lever is pulled back to its neutral position.

The placing of the spark and throttle levers is clearly shown in the inset in the right-hand corner of the cut, both levers being pulled back to accelerate the motor and pushed forward to slow it down. The same rules previously given for the manipulation of the spark and throttle levers apply just as well to this make of car.

As no accelerator is furnished on stock cars, all carburetor control is by the throttle lever. No self-starter is provided, so the engine must be started with a hand crank as previously described.

Haynes.—The control parts of the Haynes car are shown at


Fig. 44.-Control Group and Dash Assembly of the Haynes Auto


Fig. 44. In this the spark and throttle levers are mounted above the steering column. The remainder of the control units also follow conventional practice. The spark and throttle are moved toward the driver to speed up the engine. When in the position shown the spark is retarded and the throttle closed. The first step in starting the engine is to bring the throttle lever down about two inches from the top of the quadrant and the spark lever about three inches down. Next turn the ignition switch so the arrowhead points to On. Pull out the ring on the cowl board under the steering wheel. As soon as the engine starts, release the ring and never hold it out for more than ten or fifteen seconds if the engine fails to start. If the weather is cool, pull out the carburetor priming button, which is at the left side of the steering column. This should be held out for at least fifteen seconds. To stop the engine, turn the ignition switch to the center position. Be sure that the switch is always turned Off if the engine is not running, because if it is allowed to stay on for any length of time the storage battery will run down so it will not furnish current enough to crank the engine. For this reason, on this car, practice should be made of always locking the switch when the engine stops and of taking out the key. The gear shift lever is moved to the left and back to obtain first speed, and to the left and forward for reverse. The second speed is obtained when the lever is in a right forward position, and the high speed in the right rear position.

Hupmobile.—The control system of the Hupmobile Series N is shown at Fig. 45. The carburetor air control is placed on the side of the steering column, the lighting switch is at the left of the speedometer, while the ignition switch is at the right of that member. Clutch and brake pedals are arranged in the usual manner. The spark lever and throttle are moved away from the driver to speed up the engine. Before starting the engine, it is necessary to set the spark and throttle levers as previously recommended and to pull up on the carburetor air control. The ignition switch is then put in the On position and the starting pedal depressed in the usual manner. The emergency brake is applied by pulling the hand lever back toward the operator. The gear

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Fig. 45.-Hupmobile Model N Control Group. shift lever is in neutral when it stands approximately vertical. To obtain the low speed, the lever is moved over to the right and the hole in the lever is engaged with the pin that projects just below the top of the slot. Pulling the lever back on the right-hand side engages the reverse speed. Pushing it forward on the left-hand side gives the slow speed. The second or intermediate speed is obtained by pushing the lever over to the left

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Fig. 46.-Control Levers and Dash Assemblies of Hudson Super-Six.

and moving it back. The high speed ratio is secured when the lever is moved to the right and pushed toward the front of the car.

Hudson Super-Six.—The driver's compartment of the Hudson Super-Six is shown at Fig. 46. The arrangement of the parts follows conventional practice. A special carburetor regulating fitting is carried on the dash just above the ignition and lighting switch and to the left of the oil gage. This has one lever at the top, which regulates the gasoline feed, and one at the bottom, which controls the air. In starting the motor, proceed as follows: See that the gasoline feed regulator lever is in the center position. Then make sure that the air control lever is in the center position, where it registers with the word Hot in the center of the plate. Note that the gasoline regulator lever should be moved over to the Rich position to facilitate starting in cold weather. When this is necessary, the air control lever should be moved over to the Choke position for a moment when cranking, and should be moved back to a position midway between choke and hot as soon as the motor starts. Have the throttle lever about an inch from the bottom of the quadrant and the spark lever midway or about three inches from the top of the quadrant. Pull out the ignition button on the combination switch as far as it will come. Have the left foot ready to use on the accelerator when the motor starts, and press down gently on the starting pedal with the right foot. If the starting gears do not mesh easily, do not force the starting pedal, but try to engage it again by returning the pedal to its normal position and again pushing it down slowly. Turn the air control to the Cold position when the motor warms up and is working smoothly. The change speed lever works in a slotted gate member and is in neutral position when it occupies the small passage between the two slots. The first speed is obtained by moving the lever to the left and pulling it back. The reverse motion is secured by moving the lever to the left and pushing it forward. The intermediate speed is obtained by moving the lever to the right and pushing it forward, while moving the lever as far back as it will go in the right-hand slot engages the high speed.

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