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to Real Estate Agents and Speculators and invalidating all future con tracts, between owners of house.property and house-renting agents and speculators.

An Act permitting fishing on Sunday.

An Act to regulate advertising for employees during labor troubles and making it compulsory to state that a strike or lockout is then on.

Making life-protective provisions for persons working in tunnels, caissons, etc., where compressed air is being used.

An Act authorizing each city in the Commonwealth to prepare, adopt and amend its own charter.

Dealing with Occupational Diseases.

Empowering the Department of Labor and Industry to investigate the question of minimum wages for women and minors.

A Joint Resolution for an amendment to the constitution, providing for the Recall of Public Officers.

A Joint Resolution to amend the constitution and to establish the Initiative and Referendum.

An Act empowering the Commissioner of Labor and Industry to appoint fifty additional inspectors and increasing the clerical help in the department.

Making it not unlawful to organize and do anything collectively that may legally be done singly.

Making an appropriation of two millions of dollars to be expended in public work so as to employ those suffering from lack of employment.

Providing for taking care of persons who may be thrown out of work by a local option bill, until such time as employment shall have been found for them.

Providing for the establishment of a Graduated State Income Tax, limiting incomes to ten thousand a year and thus raising a fund to employ otherwise unemployed citizens on public works.

Bill to restore to the wife the full right of the three-hundred-dollar

Bill to protect motormen and conductors against perils of open vestibule cars and running boards.

Bill for. State ownership of coal mines and providing for the sale of coal at cost-price for domestic purposes.

Bill to abolish State Constabulary.
Bill for Semi-Monthly Pay.
Bill to pension the blind.

law.

III. MUNICIPAL.

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In 1910 Milwaukee elected a Socialist administration under Mayor Seidel. It failed of re-election owing to a fusion of the two old parties, but the Socialist vote has grown steadily and in 1916 Daniel Hoan was elected mayor, with Emil Seidel as alderman at large; the Socialists have not, however, a majority in the city council.

The year 1911 brought three other important cities under Socialist rule, Berkeley, California; Butte, Montana, and Schenectady, New York. Mayor Wilson was not reelected in Berkeley; Mayor Duncan was re-elected in Butte, and Mayor Lunn, though failing of re-election, came again into office · in 1916.

As will be seen from the table on a previous page, there were 22 Socialist mayors in the country in 1915. Barre, Vermont, is a municipality that has elected a Socialist mayor in 1916.

THE BERKELEY MUNICIPAL ADMINISTRATION. (By J. Stitt Wilson, in The Western Comrade, Sept., 1913.)

As a matter of fact Berkeley has never had a "Socialist Administration." There have been a Socialist mayor and one councilman in a board of five. The anti-Socialist majority worked harmoniously with us on general municipal matters, but stood pat for capitalism each time we presented a genuine Socialist proposition,

In this paragraph I can only make a list of the important municipal improvements which has marked my administration in Berkeley. I copy the list from my annual report to the City council on vacating the office:

1. Municipal incinerator. 2. Municipal garage and ambulance. 3. Municipal laboratory. 4. Municipal employment bureau. 5. Perfection of the police flashlight system. 6. Additional fire department. 7. New heating apparatus. 8. Extensive street improvements. 9. Spotless town campaigns. 10. New corporation yards. 11. Passing sewer bonds.

Just a word about municipal finances. When I entered the city hall of Berkeley we had but $12,000 surplus in the general fund. At the close of my first year we had a net balance of $27,000. When I took charge, the total funds available from all sources was $32,000, but I left for my successor $60,000, besides $50,000 in the treasury for the incinerator: One of the attacks made during our campaign was that the Socialists would ruin the finance of the city; tha the candidate for niayor was a good “talker,” but “what business could he attend to?” This criticism was soon silenced. The finances of the city of Berkeley were never in better condition and everybody knows it.

Moreover, strange to say, I introduced an amendment to the city charter providing that the tax rate might be raised to $1.00 for purely municipal purposes; that is an increase of 25 cents. I wrote and talked and worked for this increase and the people carried it by a big majority. We did not raise the rate, but simply provided for a raise by charter amendment for future emergencies.

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THE BUTTE MUNICIPAL ADMINISTRATION. (From an account of his administration by Mayor Lewis

Duncan in the Kokomo Socialist, November, 1913.)
We found a bankrupt city on our hands in 1911. We

succeeded, however, in forcing the old party aldermen to consent to raising the rate of taxation for city purposes from 12.1 mills to 16.2 mills. We cut out every unnecessary salaried employee; reduced the police force to the minimum necessity. In less than seven months we had the city safely inside the legal limit of indebtedness; in four months' time, city warrants which had been discounted all the way from 20 to 30 per centum, passed at 95 per cent, and in eight months they were passing at par.

The city of Butte, in the spring of 1911, was one of the filthiest in the country. Butte is now one of the healthiest cities of its size in the United States. Inside the city limits (excepting tuberculosis cases), the average death rate to population was 31/2% lower from May, 1911, to May, 1913, than from May, 1909, to May, 1911, and the monthly average of cases of infectious and contagious diseases has fallen from 60 in 1909-10, and 73 in 1910-11, to 27 in 1911-12 and 36 in 1912-13.

THE MILWAUKEE MUNICIPAL ADMINISTRATION. (By Emil Seidel in "What we have done in Milwaukee.”)

The Socialists under Mayor Seidel were hampered in their work by the fact that several departments of the city were not completely under their control, that the city possessed only a limited measure of self-government, that they had inherited a large and indefinite municipal deficit, and that certain appropriations made by a previous administration had to be provided for in the budget. Moreover, many of the new departures originated by them were hardly capable of establishment in the short space of two years. The following are a few of the actual accomplishments: An inventory, a modern budget, and monthly financial statements were adopted, with a sound system of bookkeeping and crosschecking; a Bureau of Economy and Efficiency was organized, with a reorganization of the department of public works and a consequent saving of public money in various directions, for example, the reduction of the cost of asphalt pavement from $2.30 to $1.35 per square foot; a social survey was set in motion, with the appointment of various active commissions, among these being commissions on housing, tuberculosis, child welfare and the unemployed; an eight-hour ordinance was passed applying to all municipal work, the wages of street laborers were raised from $1.75 to $2.00 per day, and the police force was forbidden to take sides in the case of a strike.

ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF THE MILWAUKEE

ADMINISTRATION.
By Carl D. THOMPSON.

The following is a partial list of the labor measures introduced or put into operation by the Milwaukee Socialist administration:

1. Raised the wages of all the city laborers from $1.75 per day to $2 per day, and thus fixed the minimum scale.

2. Established the trade union scale of wages for all skilled employes of the city.

3. Established the eight-hour workday by ordinance for all public employes, whether working for the city or by contractors employed by the city.

4. Union labor employed exclusively in all departments wherever mechanics are employed.

5. Raised the wages of 132 employes on the Sixteenth Street viaduct to the union scale.

6. Helped to settle the garment workers' strike.

7. Secured the union label on every piece of public printing

8. Passed an engineers' license ordinance, for which the engineers' union had been fighting for twenty years. This ordinance forces every engineer to pass an examination, thereby elevating the conditions of the engineer and protecting the lives of thousands of working men and women against careless and incompetent workmen.

9. Passed an ordinance licensing every elevator operator in the city. This ordinance forces every operator to pass an examination, thereby elevating the conditions of the operator and protecting the lives of thousands of patrons of elevators every day against careless and incompetent workmen.

10. Under the county administration the Grand Avenue viaduct was built by union labor.

11. Through the influence of the Socialist members of the County Board of Supervisors the new County Agricultural School will be built by union labor in its entirety.

12. Through the influence of the City Purchasing Department the H. H. West and Siekert & Baum printing and bindery establishments were organized.

13. All horseshoeing done only in union shops by order of the Department of Public Works.

14. Secured an addition of two days “offs” for the policemen each month.

15. The new police and fire alarm posts were cast in a union shop and bear the label of the Molders' International Union. And, incidentally, the posts cost $10 apiece less than the next lowest bid of a non-union shop--thus saving the taxpayers $6,000 on the 600 posts and giving us the union label besides.

16. Wherever possible, this administration has done the work of repair, remodeling and buiiding by direct employment, employing union labor.

17. All sprinkling wagons are now repaired and painted directly by the city by union lab and for the first time in the history of the city they bear the union label.

18. All street refuse cans bear the label of the Sheet Metal Workers' and Painters' International Unions.

19. Every bridgetender in the city, numbering eightyeight, organized, and where they formerly worked 22 hours in a shift, the majority are now employed on a twelve-hour shift, and all will be placed on a twelve-hour shift as soon as possible. An attempt was made to increase the wages, but this was defeated by the combined Republicans and Democrats to a man voting to kill the increase. By a parliamentary trick they succeeded in laying the matter over for two weeks, thereby defeating the increase.

20. Every fireman, engineer, oiler, coal passer and helper in the city and county buildings now belongs to his respective union. Every man is now carrying a union card. And, besides, the men now have one day off in seven, something never before enjoyed, as they formerly worked seven days

21. The C. F. Comway Company of Chicago bid on the asphalt street paving and was the successful bidder, but the administration was informed that this firm was fighting union labor in Chicago for the past three years. The administration succeeded in persuading this firm to yield to union demands and organize its men, not only in Milwaukee, but also in Chicago, thereby materially assisting the engineers and other trades in the street paving industry.

22. All elevator operators working for the city and county have been organized into a union known as Elevator Operators' Union No. 13803 and affiliated with the Federated Trades Council and the American Federation of Labor.

23. The elevator inspectors were induced to join the union of the elevator constructors of Milwaukee.

24. Garbage and ash collectors have been organized through the assistance of the administration.

25. This administration inaugurated a thorough and systematic factory inspection to insure steady improvement of sanitary conditions of labor.

26. Established a child welfare department to help in the problem of childhood through the teaching and assistance of mothers. Reports printed in all papers.

27. Established a tuberculosis commission to help the people in the fight against that dread disease.

per week.

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