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Nature herself, though pure of finful thought,
Wrought in her so, that seeing me, she turn'd;
I follow'd her, she what was honor knew,
And with obsequious majesty approv'd
My pleaded reason. To the nuptial bower

I led her blushing like the morn : all Heaven,
And happy constellations on that hour
Shed their selecteft influence; the earth
Gave sign of gratulation, and each hill;

Joyous Her virtue and her conscioufrefs of nature. We mention this because worth,


passage hath been misunderstood The word conscience (says he) is here by Dr. Bentley, and may be fo again

by others. taken in a signification unwarranted by use. But the fa& is quite other 509. And with obfequious majesty wise ; for in our English verfion of approv'd] How exactly does the Bible the word is often used in our author preserve the same chathis sense: thus in Hebr. X. 2. fhould racter of Eve in all places where he bave bad no more conicience of fins. {peaks of her! This obsequious ma1 Cor. VIII. 7. Some with con. jesty is the very same with the cop science of the idol eat. And thus con. Jubmiffion, modeft pride in the fourth scientia is used by the Latin authors, book, and both not unlike what as in Cicero de Senect. Conscientia Spenser has in his Epithalamium. bene actæ vitæ jucundiffima eft. Behold how goodly my fair Love


doth lie 595. — or to say all, &c.] The In proud humility. Thyer. conitruction of the whole passage is this, Though she was divinely


the earth brought, yet innocence and virgin is a copy from Homer, Iliad. XIV.

Gave sign of gratulation, &c.] This modesty, her virtue and the conscience of her worth, or to say all347. where the creation is made to natase herself wrought in her to give the like tokens of joy at the that seeing me she turn'd. Wrought amorous congress of Jupiter and Jana is the verb, and the nominative cases

on mount Ida. are innocence and virgix modefty, vir. Tolol di úto gA com dia quer rece tue and confcience of worth, and

Onass corny &c.

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Joyous the birds ; fresh gales and gentle airs 51;
Whisper'd it to the woods, and from their wings
Flung rose, flung odors from the spicy hrub,
Disporting, till the amorous bird of night
Sung spousal, and bid haste the evening star
On his hill top, to light the bridal lamp.

Thus have I told thee all my state, and brought My story to the sum of earthly bliss

Which Glad earth perceives, and from her Nec circa vilem patulumque mora borom pours

beris orbem, Unbidden herbs, and voluntary Nec verbum verbo curabis reddere flow'rs

fidus There golden clouds conceal the Interpres, &c.

heav'nly pair, Steep'd in soft joys, and circumfus'd For what originally others writ, with air ;

May be so well disguis'd, and fo Celestial dews, de cending o'er the

improv'd, ground,

That with some justice it may pass Perfume the mount, and breathe

for yours : Ambrofia round Pope.

But then you must not copy trivial

tnings, But Milton has greatly improv'd this, Nor word for word too faithfully as he improves every thing, in the translate. Roscommon. imitation. In all his copies of the beautiful passages of other authors Milton indeed in what he borrows he fudiously varies and difzuiles froin Scripture, observes the contrary them, the better to give himself the rule, and generally adheres minutely, air of an original, and to make by or rather religiously, to the very his additions and improvements what words as much as possible of the he borrowed the more fairly his own; original. the only regular way of acquiring

519. and bid bafie obe rvering a property in touchts taken from

star other writers, if we may believe Horace, whole laus in poetry are

On his bill top, to light the bridal of mdoubted _uthority.' De Art. to light the bridat tamp, as it was

lamp. ] beovering far is faid Poet. 131.

the signal among the ancients to Publica materies privati juris orit, fi light their lamps and torches in or


Which I enjoy, and must confefs to findiq
In all things else delight indeed, but such
As us’d or not, works in the mind no change, $25
Nor vehement desire, these delicacies
I mean of taste, sight, smell, herbs, fruits, and flowers,
Walks, and the melody of birds, but here
Far otherwise, transported I behold,
Transported touch; here passion first I felt,


Comder to conduct the bride home to

Phoebus' fiery car the bridegroom.

In hafte was climbing up the caftern

bill. Vesper adeft, juvenes confurgite &c.

Catul. And Shakespear, Romeo and Juliet,

Act II. Or bis bill top, says our author writing in the language as well as in

Now is the fun upon the highmoft

bill the spirit of the Ancients : for when this Atar appear'd eastward in the

of this day's journey. morning, it was said to rise on And this ceremony of the Ancients

of lighting their bridal lamps and Jamque jugis fummæ fargebat Lu- torches at evening is alluded to more cifer Ida,

plainly in Book XI. 588. Ducebatque diem.

And now of love they treat, till th' Virg. Æn. II. 801.

evening star, when it appear'd westward in the

Love's harbinger, appear'd; then

all in beat evening, it was said to be seen on moont Oeta. Virg. Ecl. VIII. 30.

They light the nuptial torch, and

bid invoke Sparge marite nuces, tibi deserit Hymen,

then first to marriage rites Hefperus Oetam.

in yok'd. Our author therefore writes in classi


but bere cal language. He does not mention Far otherwise, &c.] What a noble any mountain by name, but says mixture of rapture and innocence bas only the evening star on bis hill top, the author join'd together, in the as appearing above the hills. And reflections which Adam makes on to Spenser says of the sun, Fairy the pleasures of love compared to Queen, B. 1. Cant. 2, St. 1, those of sense! Addison.

mount Ida.

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Coundon ftranges in all enjoyments elfe
Susenior and unword, bere only weak
Açaint the charm of beauty's pow'rful glance.
0. De in me, and left fome part
Nxps excogh such objet to fustain,

Os fua crize fubducting, took perhaps
More da cavagh; at least on her bestow'd
Too much of oament, in outward show
Erbore, of inward less exact.
For weil I understand in the prime end

540 Of nature her th' inferior, in the mind And inward faculties, which most excel, Ia outward alio her resembling less His image who made both, and less expressing The character of that dominion given

545 O'er other creatures; yet when I approach

Her sistem ber ma'? la choice, but ofteft to affect the Š« se corner, is turi


543. -relembling bers Eintrar, & imunski exe) His image &c.) Mikon here feet The poes has inlang d upon the fame to adope the opinion, that the image sentiment in his Samoa Agoniles of God in man was the dominion Is it for that such outward ornament given to him over the creatures, conWas lavith'd on their fex, chat in trary to the sente he follows at ver. ward gifts

440. but this is not the only inftance, Were left for halte unfinish'd judg. where in diferent places he goes upment fcant,

on diferent hypotheses, as may bef Capacity not rais'd to apprehend, suit with us tak jest. See his diffeQr value what is bett

rent conftrudion of the sons of God

Her lovelinefs, so abfolute the feems
And in herself complete, fo well to know
Her own, that what she wills to do or fay,
Seems wisest, virtuoufest, discreetest, beft;

All higher knowledge in her presence falls
Degraded, wisdom in discourse with her
Loses discount'nane'd, and like folly shows;
Authority and reason on her wait,
As one intended first, not after made

555 Occasionally; and to confummate all, Greatness of mind and nobleness their feat Build in her loveliest, and create an awe About her, as a guard angelic placid.

To whom the Angel with contracted brow. 560 Accuse not nature, she hath done her

part; Do thou but thine, and be not diffident

Of going is to the daughters of men man nature, that he seems apprein Paradise Lost, and Paradise Re- henfive of the evils which might begain'd. Tbyer.

fall the species in general, as well 547. Jo absolute] So finish'd, as Adam in particular, from the to perfet, fo complete, as it is said excess of this paflion. He therefore in the next line, and as the word is

forrifies him againft it by timely adexplain d in the note upon ver.421. pare the mind of the reader for the

monitions; which very artfully preAnd so absolu'd is used VII. 94.

occurrences of the next book, where 560. To whom the Angel with con. the weakness of which Adam here

tracted brow.) These senti gives fuch dilant discoveries, bringe ments of love in our firlt parent gave about that farat event which is the the Angel such an insight into huw subject of the poem. Addifer.

568.- and

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