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hence, he says, “some moderns have before the emperor Decius, but they carimagined that they only lay asleep till ried him to the church before St. Martin they were found." He designates them and Antipater, the consul; and the bishop in his title, however, as having been looked at the money, and marvelied at ii, “commonly called the seven sleepers ;" and demanded where he had found the and we shall see presently who his “mo. hidden treasure; and he answered, that derns" are. He adds, that “the cave he had not found it, that it was his own, wherein their bodies were found, became and that he had it of his kinsmen. Then famous for devout pilgrimages, and is the judge said his kinsmen must come still shown to travellers, as James Spon and answer for him; and he named them, testifies."
but none knew them; and they deemed The miraculous story of the seven that he had told them untruly, and the sleepers relates, that they remained in the judge said, how can we believe that thou cave till the heresy that "denyed the badst this money of thy friends, when we resurreccyon of deed bodyes” under Theo- read “that it is more than CCC.lxxii
. dotian, when a “burges" of Ephesus yere syth it was made," in the time of causing a stable to be made in the moun- Decius, the emperor, how can it have tain, the masons opened the cave, “and come to thee, who art so young, from then these holy sayntes that were within kinsmen so long ago; thou wouldst deceive awoke and were reysed," and they saluted the wise men of Ephesus : I demand, each other, and they “ supposed veryley therefore, that thou confess whence thou that they had slepte but one nyght onely,'
;" hadst this money. Then Malchus kneeled instead of two hundred and twenty-nine down, and demanded where was Decius, years. Being hungry, Malchus, one of the emperor; and they told him there themselves, was deputed to go to Ephesus was no such emperor then in the world ; and buy bread for the rest ; "and then whereat Malchus said he was greatly con. Malchus toke V shillynges, and yssued fused that no man believed he spoke the out of the cave.” He marvelled when he truth, yet true it was that he and his saw the mason's work outside, and when fellows saw him yesterday in that city of he came to one of the gates of Ephesus he Ephesus. Then the bishop told the was “all doubtous,” for he saw the sign judge that this young man was in a heaof the cross on the gate; then he went to venly vision, and commanded Malcbus another gate, and found another cross; to follow him, and to show him his comand he found crosses on all the gates; and panions. And they went forth, and a he supposed himself in a dream; but he great multitude of the city with them to comforted himself, and at last he entered wards the cave; and Malchus entered the city, and found the city also was first into the cave, and the bishop next, “garnysshed" with the cross. Then he “and there founde they amonge the went to the "sellers of breed,” and when stones the lettres sealed with two seales he showed his money, they were surprised, of syluer,” and then the bishop read and said one to another, that “this yonge them before all the people; and they all man” had found some old treasure; and marvelled, " and they sawe the sayntes when Malchus saw them talk together, syttynge in the caue, and theyr visares he was afraid lest they should take him lyke unto roses flouryng." And the before the emperor, and prayed them to bishop sent for the emperor to come and let him go, and keep both the money and see the marvels. And the emperor came the bread, but they asked who he was, from Constantinople to Ephesus, and for they were sure he had found a trea- ascended the mountain ; and as soon as sure of the “olde emperours," and they the saints saw the emperor come, “their told him if he would inform them they vysages shone like to the sonne," and the would divide it," and kepe it secret. emperor embraced them. And they de But Malchus was so terrified he could manded of the emperor that he would not speak; then they tied a cord round believe the resurrection of the body, fur lo his neck, and drove him through the that end had they been raised; and then middle of the city ; and it was told they gave up the ghost, and the emperor that he had found an ancient treasure, and arose and fell on them weeping," and “ all the cite assembled aboute hym;" and embraced them, and kyssed them debe he denied the charge, and when he be- nayrly.” And he commanded precious held the people he knew no man there; sepulchres of gold and silver io bary and he supposed they were carrying him their bodies therein. But the same night they appeared to the emperor, and de- Victor, Pope, A. D. 201. St. Innocent I. manded of him to let their bodies lie on Pope, A.D. 417. St. Sampson, A. D. 564. the earth, as they had lain before, till the
Musical Prodigies. general resurrection; and the emperor
There is at present in Berlin, a boy, obeyed, and caused the place to be between four and five years old, who has adorned with precious stones. And all manifested an extraordinary precocity of the bishops that believed in the resurrec- musical talent. Carl Anton Florian tion were absolved.*
In the breviary of the church of Salis- Eckert, the son of a sergeant in the second bury, there is a prayer for the 27th of the 7th of December, 1820. While in the
regiment of Fencible Guards, was born on July, beseeching the benefit of the resur- cradle, the predilection of this remarkable rection through the prayers of the seven child for music was striking, and passages sleepers, who proclaimed the eternal re- in a minor key affected him so much as to surrection. Bishop Patrick,t who gives make tears come in his eyes. When us the
prayer, says, “To show the about a year and a quarter old, he listened reader in what great care the heads of the to his father playing the air “ Schone Romish church had in those days of men's Minka” with one hand, on an old harpsisouls, how well they instructed them, chord: he immediately played it with and by what fine stories their devotions both hands, employing the knuckles in aid were then conducted, I cannot but trans- of his short and feeble fingers. He continued late the history of these seven sleepers, afterwards to play every thing by the ear. as I find it in the Salisbury, breviary; He retains whatever he hears in the mewhich, if it had been designed to entertain youth as the history of the Seven mory, and can tell at once whether an instru
ment is too high or too low for concert Champions, might have deserved a less
pitch. It was soon observed that his ear severe censure; but this was read in the
was sufficiently delicate to enable him to church to the people, as chapters are out of the bible, and divided into so many struck without his seeing it. He also
name any note or chord which might be lessons.” He then gives the story of the seven sleepers as it stands in the breviary, transposes with the greatest facility into and adds, that there was no heresy about of fancy extempore. A subscription has
any key he pleases, and executes pieces the resurrection in the days of Theodo- been opened to buy him a pianoforte, as tian, and that if any had a mind to see he has got tired of the old harpsichord, the ground of their prayer in the breviary, and two able musicians have undertaken and the stuff” of the legend of the seven 10 instruct him.* sleepers, they might consult “ Baronius's notes upon the Roman Martyrology, July 27.”
Eckert was pre-rivalled in England by It appears then, that the ecclesiastics the late Mr. Charles Wesley, the son of of the church of Salisbury were among the rev. Charles Wesley, and nephew to the “moderns” of Alban Butler, “who the late rev. John Wesley, the founder of imagined" of the seven sleepers as related the religious body denominated methodists. in the legend, and so imagining, taught the The musical genius of Charles Wesley was “ stuff,” as bishop Patrick calls it, to their observed when he was not quite three floeks. Yet Alban Butler weeps over the years old; he then surprised his father by Reformation, which swept the “imagina- playing a tune on the harpsichord readily, tions” of his “moderns” away, and he and in just time. Soon afterwards he would fain bring us back to the religion played several others. Whatever his mother of the imaginers.
sang, or whatever he heard in the streets,
he could, without difficulty, make out upon FLORAL DIRECTORY.
this instrument. Almost from his birth Purple Loosestrife. Lythrum Salicaria. his mother used to quiet and amuse him Dedicated to St. Pantaleon.
with the harpsichord. On these occasions,
he would not suffer her to play only with July 28.
one hand, but, even before he could Sts. Nazarius and Celsus, A. D. 68. St. speak, would seize hold of the other, and • Golden Legend.
• The Parthenon, a new musical work typolitho
graphied, notices this precocious musician on the Romish Church."
authority of the German papers.
+ In his “ Reflections on the Devotions of the
put it upon the keys. When he played of that master, as a first attempt, was a by himself, she used to tie him by his wonderful production; it contained fugues back-string to the chair, in order to pre- which would have done credit to a provent his falling. Even at this age, he fessor of the greatest experience and the always put a true bass to every tune be first eminence. His performance on the played. ' From the beginning he played organ, and particularly his extempore without study or hesitation. Whenever, playing on that sublime instrument, was as was frequently the case, he was asked the admiration and delight of all his auto play before a stranger, he would in- ditors variably inquire in a phrase of his own, “Is he a musiker ?" and if he was answered in the affirmative, he always did with the of the preceding, and born in 1766, also
The present Mr. Samuel Wesley, brother greatest readiness. His style on all occasions was con spirito ; and there was
gave a very early indication of musical something in his manner so much beyond genius. When only three years of age, he what could be expected from a child, that could play on the organ; and, when eight his hearers, learned or unlearned, were
years old, attempted to compose an ora
torio, Some of the airs which he wrote invariably astonished and delighted. When he was four years old, Mr. Wes- occasioned the doctor to say, " This boy
for the organ were shown to Dr. Boyce, and ley took him to London; and Beard, who was the first musical man who heard him unites, by nature, as true a bass as I can there, was so much pleased with his do by rule and study,” Mr. Wesley's abilities, that he kindly offered his inte compositions are in the highest degree rest with Dr. Boyce to get him admitted masterly and grand; and his extempore among the king's boys. This, however, his performance of fugues on the organ astofather declined, as he then had no thoughts instrument all the grand and serious graces
nishing. He produces from that solenın of bringing him up to the profession of music. He was also introduced among though struck out on the instant, are sweet
of which it is capable. His melodies, others to Stanley and Worgan. The
and varied, and never common-place; his latter in particular, was extremely kind to him, and would frequently entertain harmony is appropriate, and follows them him by playing on the harpsichords of the most studious master; his execu
with all the exactness and discrimination The child was greatly struck by his bold tion, which is very great, is always sacriand full manner of playing, and seemed even then to catch a spark of his fire. faced to the superior charms of expression. Mr. Wesley soon afterwards returned endowments of Mr. Samuel Wesley
To this be it added, that the intellectual with him to Bristol; and when he was equal his musical talents, and that the about six years old, he was put under the amiable and benevolent qualities of his tuition of Rooke, a very good-natured man, but of no great eminence, who al- nature add lustre to his acquirements. He lowed him to run on ad libitum, whilst he is a man of genius without pretension, and sat by apparently more to observe than to
a good man without guile. control him. Rogers, at that time the oldest organist in Bristol, was one of his first friends. He would often sit him on
FLORAL DIRECTORY. his knee, and make the boy play to him, Mountain Groundsel. Senecio montanus. declaring, that he was more delighted in
Dedicated to St. Innocent hearing him then himself. For some years his study and practice were almost entirely confined to the works of Corelli,
July 29. Scarlatti, and Handel; and so rapid was St. Martha V. Sts. Simplicius and his progress, that, at the age of twelve or
Faustinus, brothers, and Beutrice, their thirieen, it was thought that no person sister, A. D. 303.
St. William, Bp was able to excel him in perforining the A. D. 1234. St. Olaus, or Olave, king compositions of these masters. He was
of Norway, A. D. 1030. St. Olursus, instructed on the harpsichord by Kelway, king of Sweden. and in the rules of composition by Dr. Boyce. His first work, « A Set of Six These anecdotes of the present Mr. Samuti Concertos for the Organ or Harpsichord,” Wesley and his deceased brother, Charles, are fie published under the immediate inspection before quoted, and praised as a most pleasant bend introduced the practice there. The pillar was designed by Messrs. Mathew and Chaplin, and executed by Mr. Turner of Dorset-street, Fleet-street, the well known manufacturer of the cast iron pumps; and not to withhold from him any of “his blushing honours," be it noted that he was till lately a common-councilman of the ward of Farringdon Without, where he still maintains his reputation as a “cun. ning workman in iron," and his good name as a good pump-maker, and as a worthy and respectable man. Public spirit should rise to the height of giving him, and others of the worshipful company of pump-makers, more orders.
Many places are sadly deficient of pumps for
raising spring-water where it is most 1821
wanted. Every body cries out for it in hot weather, but in cool weather they all forget their former want; and hot weather comes again and they call out for it again in vain, and again forget to put up a public pump. At Pentonville, a place abounding in springs, and formerly aboundiug in conduits, all the conduits are destroyed, and the pumps there, in the midst of that healthy and largely growing suburb, during the hot days of July, 1825, were not equal to supply a tenth of the demand for water; they were mostly dry and chained up during the half of each day without notice, and persons who came perhaps a mile, went back with empty vessels. So it was in other neighbourhoods. Well may we account for ill.
Mischievous liquors sold, in large quanWATER IN WARM WEATHER.
tities, at some places, for soda water and Fountains and Pumps.
ginger beer were drank to the great comfort By the process of boring, springs may of the unprincipled manufacturers, the be reached more expeditiously and eco- great discomfort of the consumers' bowels, Domically than by the old method of well and the great gain of the apothecary. digging. The expense of boring from one Were the doings in the New River to two hundred feet deep is little more during summer, or one half of the than one-fourth of digging, seventy feet is wholesale nuisances permitted in the less than a fourth, thirty feet is less than a Thames described, the inhabitants of Lonfifth, and from ten to twenty feet it is not don would give up their tea-kettles. so much as a sixth. In 1821, the water Health requires that these practices shou!d for the fountain at Tottenham High Cross, be abated, and, above all, a good supply of represented in the engraving, was obtained spring-water. The water from pumps and by boring to a depth of one hundred and fountains would not only adorn our pubfive feet, at the expense of the parish, for lic streets and squares, but cool the heated public accommodation. The water rises atmosphere, by the surplus water being six feet above the surface, and Aowing diverted into the gutters and open chanover a vase at the top of the column into nels. Besides, if we are to have dogs, and a basin, as represented in the engraving, a beast-market in the heart of the metroit pours from beneath. The boring for polis, the poor overheated animals might this spring and the fountain were suggested by such means slake their thirst from pure by Mr. Mathew, who first obtained water and refreshing streams. The condition in Tottenham, by that method, and wherein sheep and cattle are driven for
many miles before they reach the metro- elevated source or reservoir of supply for polis, is a disgrace to the appellation as- the jets, or projected spouts, or threads of sumed by men who see the cruelty, and water. Some are contrived to throw the have power to remedy it; “a merci- water in the form of sheaves, fans, and ful man is merciful to his beast," and he showers, or to support balls; others to is not a really merciful man who is not throw horizontally or in curved lines, merciful to his neighbours' beasts.
but the most usual form is a simple openMay these wants be quickly supplied. ing to throw the jet or spout upright. Mr. Give us spring water in summer; and no L. judiciously rejects a jet from a naked more let
tube falling from the middle of a basin or
canal on a smooth surface as unnatural, " Maids with bottles cry aloud for pumps.”
without being artificially grand. GranLondon has but one fountain; it is in deur was the aim of the ancient" garthe Temple : you pass it on the way from dener, and hence he made a garden " after Essex-street, or “ the Grecian” to Garden- nature," look as a garden of nature dever court.
It is in the space at the bottom did look. Mr. L. suggests that “the of the first flight of stone steps, within the grandest jet of any is a perpendicular railings enclosing a small, and sometimes column, issuing from a rocky base on “ smooth shaven green, the middle which the water falling produces a double whereof it adorns, surrounded, not too effect both of sound and visual display. thickly, by goodly trees and pleasant In the “ Century of Inventions of the shrubs. The jet proceeds from a copper Marquis of Worcester,” explained and pipe in the middle of a stone-edged basin, illustrated by Mr. Partington, there is and rises to its full height of at least mention by the marquis of “ an artificial nine feet, if water from the cock by the fountain, to be turned like an hour glass hall with which it communicates is not by a child, in the twinkling of an eye, it drawing; when that process is going on yet holding great quantities of water, and the jet droops, and seems dying away till of force sufficient io make snow, ice, and the drawing ceases, and then the “Temple thunder, with the chirping and singing of Fountain" goes up again“ famously." birds, and showing of several shapes and
There was a fountain in the great square effects usual to fountains of pleasure." of Lincolns Inn, but it had ceased to play Mr. Partington observes on ihis, that “in my time." I only remember the co- “ how a fountain of water can produce lumn itself standing there
snow, ice, thunder, and the singing of “ For ornament, not use,"
birds, is not easy to comprehend." with its four boys blowing through shells. Sir Henry Wotton discoursing on archi
In the Kent-road, on the left hand from tecture remarks thus : -“ Fountains are the Elephant and Castle towards the figured, or only plain watered works; of Bricklayers Arms, there is a fountain in a either of which I will describe a matchless piece of water opposite a recently built pattern. The first, done by the famous terrace. A kneeling figure, the size of hand of Michael Angelo da Buonarou, is life, blows water through a shell; it is the figure of a sturdy woman, washing and well conceived, and would be a good or- winding linen clothes ; in which act nament were it kept clean and relieved by she wrings out the water that made the trees.
fountain ; which was a graceful and nature A“ professional” gentleman who to ral conceit in the artificer, implying this the“ delightful task” of improving country rule, that all designs of this kind should residences by laying out grounds in beau- be proper.* The other doth merit some tiful forms, has added the less "cheerful larger expression : there went a long, labour" of embodying others’ theories and straight, mossie walk of competent breadth, practice in an “ Encyclopædia of Garden- green and soft under foot, listed on both ing," views a fountain as an essential de- sides with an aqueduct of white stone, coration where the “ancient" style of land- breast-high, which had a hollow channel on scape is introduced in any degree of per- the top, where ran a pretty trickling stream; fection. As the first requisite, he directs
on the edge whereof were couched very attention to the obtaining a sufficiently thick, all along, certain small pipes of lead,
• Any one possessing a figure of this point in Mr. Loudon's ". Encyclopædia of Gardening," a designed by Michael Angelo, and probably seen book of practical and curious facts, with hundreds of Woiton during his travels in Italy, will moshe...re interesting engravings, is a most useful volume to the editor by lending it to him for the purpose wall any one who has a garden, or wishes to form one. being copied and inserted in the Every-Die bok,